• Title, Summary, Keyword: 긍정심리자본

Search Result 116, Processing Time 0.052 seconds

Mediating Effect of Positive Psychological Capital on the Relationship between Emotional Labor and Job Satisfaction in Clinical Nurses (임상간호사의 감정노동과 직무만족 관계에서 긍정심리자본의 매개효과)

  • Yeo, Su Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.21 no.4
    • /
    • pp.400-409
    • /
    • 2020
  • This descriptive research study investigated the mediating effect of positive psychological capital (PPC) on the relationship between emotional labor (EL) and job satisfaction (JS) of clinical nurses. The data was collected from 274 nurses working for two hospitals in the D city, Korea, from 7 Sep. 2016 through 23 Sep. 2016. General characteristics, EL, JS, and PPC were surveyed using structured questionnaires. Statistical analysis was performed using descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression analysis with SPSS/WIN 21.0. The mediating effect of PPC on the relationship between EL and JS was tested using Baron & Kenny's 3-step hierarchical regression analysis. There were negative correlations between EL and JS (r=-.36, p<.001) and EL and PPC (r=-.25, p<.001) and a positive correlation between JS and PPC (r=.47, p<.001). In addition, the PPC, had a partial mediating effect (z=-3.44, p=.001) on the relationship between EL and JS. It is proposed, based on the results, to develop an organized intervention program that enhances job satisfaction by reducing emotional labor and strengthening positive psychological capital in clinical nurses.

Impact of Shared Leadership on Team Work Engagement: Focusing on the Mediating Role of Team Positive Psychological Capital and the Moderating Role of Task Characteristics (공유리더십이 팀직무열의에 미치는 영향: 팀긍정심리자본의 매개효과와 직무특성의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Yoo, Tae-Seob;Oh, Sang-Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.16 no.9
    • /
    • pp.308-328
    • /
    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to examine, at the team level, the relationship between shared leadership and team work engagement and team psychological capital which have rarely been introduced into academic leadership research in Korea. This study tested the impact of shared leadership on team work engagement and the mediating role of team psychological capital between the two variables. And also, this study tested moderating role of task characteristics between shared leadership and team psychological capital. A total of 421 employees of 100 teams in 16 companies in South Korea participated in this study. The SPSS 23.0 statistical program was used in this study to analyze and statistically process the collected survey data. The result showed that high level of shared leadership positively influence team work engagement and team PsyCap works as mediator in the relationship between shared leadership and team work engagement. This results means that shared leadership is a crucial factor to facilitate team's psychological capital toward team's work engagement. However, Task characteristics had no moderating effect between shared leadership and team PsyCap. Finally, theoretical and practical implications of the study results have been discussed along with limitations and future direction of the study.

The Effects of Child Care Teachers' Professionalism, Learning Agility and Positive Psychological Capital on Their Job Satisfaction (보육교사의 전문성 인식, 학습민첩성, 긍정심리자본이 직무만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Jin-Sook;Ha, Jung-Youn;Kim, Dae-Myung;Kang, Jiyeon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.20 no.3
    • /
    • pp.116-130
    • /
    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of childcare teacher's professional recognition, learning agility, and positive psychological capital on job satisfaction in order to suggest policies that required for child care teacher's positive performance. For this purpose, an online survey was conducted with 283 in-service nursery teachers in Jeonnam and the results are as follows. First, teachers with more than five years of experience showed higher levels of professional recognition and positive psychological capital. Second, the job satisfaction of child care teachers was highly correlated in order of professional recognition, positive psychological capital, and learning agility. Third, the professional recognition and positive psychological capital of the childcare teachers have positive effects on their job satisfaction. Through this study, it was confirmed that the professional recognition, learning agility, and positive psychological capital of the childcare teachers were significant variables in explaining job satisfaction. Therefore, in order to increase job satisfaction in daycare centers, it is necessary to firmly recognize that they are professional workers by providing training courses and consulting supports. Furthermore, there is a need to allow teachers more autonomy and to reform the hierarchical system in day care places.

Analysis of Influencing Relationship Between Private Security Guards' Positive Psychological Capital and Job attitudes (민간경비원의 긍정심리자본과 직무태도 변수간의 영향관계 분석)

  • Lee, Sang-In;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • Korean Security Journal
    • /
    • no.51
    • /
    • pp.127-149
    • /
    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between psychological capital on job attitudes. For this purpose, the private security guards who were working at private security companies in Gyeonggi province from September to October, 2016 were selected as the population and the convenience sampling method was used for 310 persons. A total of 295 copies of the questionnaire were used for the final analysis, except for 15 questions that were answered in appropriately or were partially missing. Data were analyzed by frequency analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, correlation analysis and structural equation modeling using SPSS 21.0 and AMOS 21.0. The results are as follows. First, the positive psychological capital of the private security guard has a positive(+) effect on job satisfaction. Second, the positive psychological capital of the private security guard has a positive(+) effect on job commitment. Third, job satisfaction of the private security guards has a positive(+) effect on job commitment. Fourth, job satisfaction is partly mediated in the relationship between positive psychological capital and job commitment. In summary, the positive psychological capital of the private security guard is an important variable that positively affects job satisfaction and job commitment, and the higher the job satisfaction of the private security guard, the higher the commitment to the job.

  • PDF

A Study on Relationship among Positive Psychological Capital, Physical Health Status, Depression, Interpersonal Relationship and Learning Flow in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 긍정심리자본과 신체적 건강상태, 우울, 대인관계 및 학습몰입의 관련성 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Ok;Lee, Hae Jin;Lee, A Yeong
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.349-357
    • /
    • 2020
  • This study is a descriptive study designed to identify the relationships among positive psychological capital, physical health status, depression, interpersonal relationship and learning flow. The subjects were 181 nursing students and the data collection was from May 8 to June 20, 2019. Data analysis methods were descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression, using the SPSS 22.0 program. Positive psychological capital showed statistical differences according to age, grade, motive for major choice, major satisfaction and subjective health status. Positive psychological capital was correlated with depression(r=-.454, p<.001), interpersonal relationship(r=.611, p<.001) and learning flow(r=.452, p<.001). The factors affecting learning flow were positive psychological capital(β=.414, p<.001), major satisfaction(β=.177, p=.014), and grade(β=-.150, p=.026), which explained 24.4% of the variance. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and apply educational programs that can promote positive psychological capital in nursing students.

Effects of the Positive Psychological Capital, Professional Self-Concept and Self-Leadership on Nursing Work Outcome : Focused on the Nurses in Small and Medium Hospitals (긍정심리자본, 전문직 자아개념, 셀프 리더십이 간호업무성과에 미치는 영향 : 중소병원 간호사를 중심으로)

  • Yang, Hee-Mo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.18 no.11
    • /
    • pp.87-97
    • /
    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting nursing work outcome of nurses in small and medium-sized hospitals. The data were collected from 131 nurses working in the four small and medium-sized hospitals located K city using self-reported questionnaires and October 3 2016 to November 1 2016. Nursing work outcome had a significant positive effect on positive psychological capital, professional self-concept and self-leadership. The multiple regression analysis shows that the factors affecting nursing work outcome were positive psychological capital and self-leadership, and their explanation was 44.5%. Based on this research, it is believed that to improve nursing work outcome of nurses in small and medium hospitals, it will be necessary to develop diverse programs to lead nurses themselves positively, responsibly and autonomously.

The Effect of Job Stress of Hotel Employee's on Depression: Focused on Moderating Effect of Positive Psychological Capital (호텔종사원의 직무스트레스가 우울에 미치는 영향: 긍정심리자본의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Yeo, Young-suk;Na, Jeong-mi
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
    • /
    • v.4 no.3
    • /
    • pp.305-312
    • /
    • 2018
  • This study investigates moderating effects of positive psychological capital between job stress and depression focusing on hotel employees. Data were collected for 3 weeks from November 7 to November 27, 2017. 6 five-star and deluxe hotels in Seoul and Gyeonggi province were chosen for this study and samples were collected from employees working the hotel. A total of 330 employees were attended in this research and finally 308 samples were used for the empirical analysis. The result of this study showed that 3 factors(self-efficacy, restoration ability, optimism) of positive psychological capital but hope factor moderated the relationship between job stress(working environment, time pressure constraint, communication factors among them) and depression. However, all factors of positive psychological capital did not moderated between job instability and depression.

Effects of Nursing Practice Environment and Positive Psychological Capital in Clinical Nurses on Turnover Intention (임상간호사의 간호근무환경과 긍정심리자본이 이직의도에 미치는 효과)

  • Jung, Mi-Ra;Jeong, Eun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.277-285
    • /
    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to examine influences on turnover intention in the clinical nurses. The data were collected from 193 nurses working in the three general hospital located Y city. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, T-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression. The result of the stepwise multiple regression indicates the nursing practice environment, positive psychological capital and clinical career predict 41.8% (F=7.35, p<.001) of turnover intention. Therefore, it is necessary to develop changing the nursing practice environment and positive psychological capital strategy program for decrease turnover intention in clinical nurses.

Effects of Nursing Students' Peer Tutoring on Self-leadership, Positive Psychological Capital and Learning Satisfaction : A Pilot Study (동료교수학습이 간호대학생의 셀프리더십, 긍정심리자본 및 학습만족에 미치는 영향에 대한 예비연구)

  • Jung, In-Sook
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
    • /
    • v.9 no.7
    • /
    • pp.48-56
    • /
    • 2019
  • This pilot study is to investigate the effects of peer tutoring on self-leadership, positive psychological capital(PPC) and learning satisfaction of nursing students, and to examine the feasibility of following study through identifying problems in research design. Before the experiments, there was no significant defferences confirming homogeneity of between groups which consisted with 10 and 8 subjects each among general characteristics, and also among their mean ranks by Mann-Whitney U test(Z=-1.40~-.31, p=.160~.754). There was a significant difference in mean rank of 'hope', one of the subdomains of PPC, between groups before and after 10 times of peer tutoring as experiments(Z=-2.27, p=.023), there were positive correlations between self-leadership and confidence, hope and learning satisfaction each before and after experiments(r=49, p=.03), (r=65, p=.01). Finally, the feasibility of experimental study applying this experimental design to investigate the effects of peer tutoring on self-leadership, PPC and learning satisfaction of nursing students was confirmed in this results.

Convergent Relationship between of Positive Psychological Capital on College Life Adaptation in Freshmen of Dental Hygiene Department (치위생(학)과 신입생의 긍정심리자본과 대학생활 적응과의 관련성에 대한 융합적 연구)

  • Cho, Mi-Sook;Park, Jung-hyun;Jang, Kyeung-Ae
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
    • /
    • v.9 no.10
    • /
    • pp.195-202
    • /
    • 2019
  • This study aimed to investigate the effects of positive psychological capital on college life adaptation in freshmen of dental hygiene department of universities in Daegu, Busan and Ulsan. The major variables including hope, resilience, optimism, self-efficacy, academic adaptation, social adaptation, personal emotional adaptation, and university environment adaptation all showed significant positive correlations. Among the influential factors of positive psychological capital on college life adaptation, academic adaptation and social adaptation showed significant differences in optimism(p<.001) and self-efficacy(p<.001), while personal emotional adaptation and university environment adaptation showed significant differences in optimism(p<.001). Therefore, it is necessary to develop intervention programs that can improve positive psychological capital and apply them systematically to the educational field.