• Title, Summary, Keyword: 긍정심리자본

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Effects of Positive Psychological Capital, Academic Stress and Academic Achievement in Nursing Student on Grit (간호대학생의 긍정심리자본, 학업스트레스, 학업성취도가 그릿(Grit)에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Eun;Jung, Mi-Ra
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.309-317
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to examine influences on grit in the nursing student. The data were collected from 146 nursing students in the H university located Y city and April 16 2018 to April 20 2018. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, T-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression. Grit was found to be in a significant positive correlation with positive psychological capital and academic achievement. The result of the stepwise multiple regression indicates the positive psychological capital predict 21.1% of grit. Therefore, it is necessary to develop an education program to strengthen the positive psychological capital of nursing students.

Convergence Effects of Positive Psychological Capital and Social Support in Adolescents on Depression (청소년의 긍정심리자본과 사회적 지지가 우울에 미치는 융복합적 효과)

  • Jeong, Eun;Jung, Mi-Ra
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.9
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    • pp.365-373
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine relationships among positive psychological capital and social support on depression and identify the factors that influence on depression in the adolescents. The data were collected from 140 adolescents in the two middle school located J city using self-reported questionnaires and May 9 2017 to May 19 2017. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, T-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS 20.0 program. Depression was found to be in a significant negative correlation with positive psychological capital and social support. The result of the stepwise multiple regression indicates the positive psychological capital, social support and economic status predict 22.4% (F=14.38, p<.001) of depression. Therefore, it is necessary to develop convergence positive psychological capital and social support strategy program for decrease and prevents depression in adolescents.

Study on the Factors Effecting the Positive Psychological Capital of Social Workers at Seniors Welfare Centers on Job Burnout (노인복지관 사회복지사의 긍정심리자본이 직무소진에 미치는 영향 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kyong-Suk;Kim, Min-Jung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.581-597
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    • 2019
  • This study was designed to examine the factors effecting the positive psychological capital of social workers at senior welfare centers on job burnout. The subjects were 350 social workers who care for the elderly at senior welfare centers in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. Based on a total 344 data collected and using the SPSS 22.0 statistical program. Reliability test, frequency analysis, t-test, One-way ANOVA, correlation analysis and Multiple regression analysis were performed. The results showed that positive psychological capital had a statistically significant negative effect (-) on emotional exhaustion, a sub variable of job burnout and depersonalization. The effect of sub-variables of positive psychological capital on emotional depletion and depersonalization was in order of optimism> resilience> hope> self-efficacy. Lastly, it was found that positive psychological capital had a statistically significant negative effect(-) on decreased sense of accomplishment. The effect of sub-variables of positive psychological capital on decreased sense of accomplishment was in order of optimism> hope > self-efficacy > resilience. The effect of positive psychological capital on decreased sense of accomplishment was not significant depending on sub-variables. Based on the results of this study, suggestions, the limits of this study, and future directions for research were presented for the improvement of positive psychological capital, which is confirmed as a factor to reduce the job burnout of social workers.

Mediating Effect of Positive Psychological Capital on the Relationship between Emotional Labor and Job Satisfaction in Clinical Nurses (임상간호사의 감정노동과 직무만족 관계에서 긍정심리자본의 매개효과)

  • Yeo, Su Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.400-409
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    • 2020
  • This descriptive research study investigated the mediating effect of positive psychological capital (PPC) on the relationship between emotional labor (EL) and job satisfaction (JS) of clinical nurses. The data was collected from 274 nurses working for two hospitals in the D city, Korea, from 7 Sep. 2016 through 23 Sep. 2016. General characteristics, EL, JS, and PPC were surveyed using structured questionnaires. Statistical analysis was performed using descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression analysis with SPSS/WIN 21.0. The mediating effect of PPC on the relationship between EL and JS was tested using Baron & Kenny's 3-step hierarchical regression analysis. There were negative correlations between EL and JS (r=-.36, p<.001) and EL and PPC (r=-.25, p<.001) and a positive correlation between JS and PPC (r=.47, p<.001). In addition, the PPC, had a partial mediating effect (z=-3.44, p=.001) on the relationship between EL and JS. It is proposed, based on the results, to develop an organized intervention program that enhances job satisfaction by reducing emotional labor and strengthening positive psychological capital in clinical nurses.

Preparation for retirement of retirees and prospective retirees, positive psychological capital and Relationship to successful aging (은퇴자와 예비은퇴자의 은퇴준비, 긍정심리자본 및 성공적 노화와의 관계)

  • Lee, Sang Joo;Kim, Joung Hoon;Jegal, Sun A
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.267-274
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    • 2020
  • This study examines the relationship between retirement preparation, positive psychological capital and successful aging for retirees and retirees, promotes successful aging of retirees and retirees, and increases positive psychological capital to increase desirable retirement time. I want to find a direction I can have. This study was conducted on 537 retirees and retirees who were preparing for retirement or retired from across the country as a structural relationship analysis, and the data collection period was from April 1 to April 20, 2019. As for the data, frequency analysis, correlation analysis, and structural relationship analysis were performed using SPSS 20.0 and AMOS 9.0. As a result of the study, retirement preparation of retirees and retirees had a negative relationship with successful aging, and retirement readiness had a positive effect on self-acceptance of successful aging and autonomous life as mediators of resilience of positive psychological capital and self-efficacy. This means that the positive psychological factors of positive psychological capital have a positive effect on retirees and retirees who are struggling with anxiety about retirement preparations, enabling a successful retirement life. Therefore, when operating a retirement preparation program, it is necessary to organize and operate a program that can expand positive psychological capital.

Impact of Shared Leadership on Team Work Engagement: Focusing on the Mediating Role of Team Positive Psychological Capital and the Moderating Role of Task Characteristics (공유리더십이 팀직무열의에 미치는 영향: 팀긍정심리자본의 매개효과와 직무특성의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Yoo, Tae-Seob;Oh, Sang-Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.308-328
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to examine, at the team level, the relationship between shared leadership and team work engagement and team psychological capital which have rarely been introduced into academic leadership research in Korea. This study tested the impact of shared leadership on team work engagement and the mediating role of team psychological capital between the two variables. And also, this study tested moderating role of task characteristics between shared leadership and team psychological capital. A total of 421 employees of 100 teams in 16 companies in South Korea participated in this study. The SPSS 23.0 statistical program was used in this study to analyze and statistically process the collected survey data. The result showed that high level of shared leadership positively influence team work engagement and team PsyCap works as mediator in the relationship between shared leadership and team work engagement. This results means that shared leadership is a crucial factor to facilitate team's psychological capital toward team's work engagement. However, Task characteristics had no moderating effect between shared leadership and team PsyCap. Finally, theoretical and practical implications of the study results have been discussed along with limitations and future direction of the study.

The Effects of Child Care Teachers' Professionalism, Learning Agility and Positive Psychological Capital on Their Job Satisfaction (보육교사의 전문성 인식, 학습민첩성, 긍정심리자본이 직무만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Jin-Sook;Ha, Jung-Youn;Kim, Dae-Myung;Kang, Jiyeon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.116-130
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of childcare teacher's professional recognition, learning agility, and positive psychological capital on job satisfaction in order to suggest policies that required for child care teacher's positive performance. For this purpose, an online survey was conducted with 283 in-service nursery teachers in Jeonnam and the results are as follows. First, teachers with more than five years of experience showed higher levels of professional recognition and positive psychological capital. Second, the job satisfaction of child care teachers was highly correlated in order of professional recognition, positive psychological capital, and learning agility. Third, the professional recognition and positive psychological capital of the childcare teachers have positive effects on their job satisfaction. Through this study, it was confirmed that the professional recognition, learning agility, and positive psychological capital of the childcare teachers were significant variables in explaining job satisfaction. Therefore, in order to increase job satisfaction in daycare centers, it is necessary to firmly recognize that they are professional workers by providing training courses and consulting supports. Furthermore, there is a need to allow teachers more autonomy and to reform the hierarchical system in day care places.

Factors Influencing Entrepreneurs' Well-Being : Positive Psychological Capital and Antecedents (창업가의 웰빙에 미치는 영향요인 : 긍정심리자본과 선행요인)

  • Kim, Hyeong Min;Kim, Jin Soo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.203-220
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the importance of entrepreneurs' well-being, and to propose several ways to improve it. First, the factors influencing entrepreneurs' well-being were explored via previous literature review, and positive psychological capital based on positive psychology was selected as the main factor. In addition, the hypotheses were formulated and the research model was constructed by selecting authentic leadership, mastery goal orientation, and social support as the antecedents predictably associated with positive psychological capital. To empirically analyze the proposed model, a questionnaire survey was conducted for the entrepreneurs who fulfilled the training/coaching/consulting programs offered by the Youth Startup Academy. By using the collected 133 responses, PLS-Structural Equation Analysis, PLS-Multi Group Analysis(MGA), and PLS-Importance-Performance Map Analysis(IPMA) were performed. As a result, it was found that positive psychological capital had a high causal relationship with the well-being of entrepreneurs; and authentic leadership and mastery goal orientation had a positive effect on positive psychological capital. However, the statistical significance of the impact of social support has not been verified. While differences in causality between early and growing stages of start-ups only acted as sub-factors of positive psychological capital, the aforementioned three antecedents showed a significant difference for hope and optimism, respectively. This study expanded the topic of entrepreneurship-related research, which mostly focuses on identifying the performance factors of start-ups. It is meaningful in that it empirically verified the causality model constructed by exploring the factors with respect to the mental well-being of entrepreneurs, which is a main theme in the entrepreneurship-related research. These results found in the current study will render practical insights to entrepreneurs, researchers, and educators.

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Analysis of Influencing Relationship Between Private Security Guards' Positive Psychological Capital and Job attitudes (민간경비원의 긍정심리자본과 직무태도 변수간의 영향관계 분석)

  • Lee, Sang-In;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.51
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    • pp.127-149
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between psychological capital on job attitudes. For this purpose, the private security guards who were working at private security companies in Gyeonggi province from September to October, 2016 were selected as the population and the convenience sampling method was used for 310 persons. A total of 295 copies of the questionnaire were used for the final analysis, except for 15 questions that were answered in appropriately or were partially missing. Data were analyzed by frequency analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, correlation analysis and structural equation modeling using SPSS 21.0 and AMOS 21.0. The results are as follows. First, the positive psychological capital of the private security guard has a positive(+) effect on job satisfaction. Second, the positive psychological capital of the private security guard has a positive(+) effect on job commitment. Third, job satisfaction of the private security guards has a positive(+) effect on job commitment. Fourth, job satisfaction is partly mediated in the relationship between positive psychological capital and job commitment. In summary, the positive psychological capital of the private security guard is an important variable that positively affects job satisfaction and job commitment, and the higher the job satisfaction of the private security guard, the higher the commitment to the job.

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A Study on Relationship among Positive Psychological Capital, Physical Health Status, Depression, Interpersonal Relationship and Learning Flow in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 긍정심리자본과 신체적 건강상태, 우울, 대인관계 및 학습몰입의 관련성 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Ok;Lee, Hae Jin;Lee, A Yeong
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.349-357
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    • 2020
  • This study is a descriptive study designed to identify the relationships among positive psychological capital, physical health status, depression, interpersonal relationship and learning flow. The subjects were 181 nursing students and the data collection was from May 8 to June 20, 2019. Data analysis methods were descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression, using the SPSS 22.0 program. Positive psychological capital showed statistical differences according to age, grade, motive for major choice, major satisfaction and subjective health status. Positive psychological capital was correlated with depression(r=-.454, p<.001), interpersonal relationship(r=.611, p<.001) and learning flow(r=.452, p<.001). The factors affecting learning flow were positive psychological capital(β=.414, p<.001), major satisfaction(β=.177, p=.014), and grade(β=-.150, p=.026), which explained 24.4% of the variance. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and apply educational programs that can promote positive psychological capital in nursing students.