• Title, Summary, Keyword: 긍정심리자본

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Influence of Positive Psychological Capital and Death Awareness on Terminal Care Performance of Hematooncology Unit Nurses (혈액종양내과 병동간호사의 긍정심리자본과 죽음인식이 임종간호 수행에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Seo Yeon;Kim, Jeong Hye
    • The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.77-86
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to confirm the influence of hematoonchology unit nurses' positive psychological capital and death awareness on their terminal care performance. Methods: This descriptive study data were collected from self-reported questionnaire filled by 127 oncology nurses at a tertiary hospital in Seoul, Korea. The variables were positive psychological capital, death awareness, and terminal care performance. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 22.0 software. Results: The participants scored $3.93{\pm}0.83$ on positive psychological capital, $3.68{\pm}0.99$ on death awareness and $2.86{\pm}0.65$ on terminal care performance. The three variables were positively correlated. The factors affecting the nurses' terminal care performance were hope and resilience in the subcategory of positive psychological capital and experience of death of family members, relatives or friends within the past year; The explanatory power was 32.1%. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop educational programs to foster hope, resilience, etc. in hematooncology unit nurses to improve their quality of terminal care performance.

An Empirical Study on the Effects of Career Ambition and Self-Compassion on Innovation Work Behavior of CEOs and Executives of SMEs (중소기업 최고경영자(CEO 및 임원)의 커리어 야망과 자기자비가 혁신행동에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jinsook;Hwang, Kumju
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.139-158
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    • 2018
  • Considering that the subject of innovation of SMEs is the CEO, it is very important to study the innovation behavior of the CEO at the individual level. The purpose of this study is to examine factors affecting innovation work behavior of SME CEOs. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of self-compassion and self-transcendence on innovation work behavior, which are the emotional intelligence factors that show the psychological growth and potential of individual, and the career ambition and positive psychological capital did. In order to verify the research hypothesis, we analyzed 238 questionnaires collected from CEOs and executives of SMEs focused on auto parts and manufacturing. Factors affecting innovation behavior of SME CEO are summarized as follows. First, career ambition has a positive effect on positive psychological capital. Second, positive psychological capital has a positive effect on innovation work behavior. Third, self-compassion of CEO has positive influence on self - transcendence. Fourth, the self-transcendence of CEO has a positive effect on innovation work behavior. This study confirms the relationship between CEO career ambition, positive psychological capital, self-compassion, self-transcendence, and innovation work behavior of SME CEO and confirms the influence relationship between positive psychological capital and self-transcendence It is meaningful. Finally, theoretical and practical implications were discussed based on the results of the study.

Mediating Effects of Intrinsic Motivation on The Relationship Between Positive Psychological Capital, Psychological Empowerment and Creativity (긍정심리자본, 심리적 임파워먼트와 창의성의 관계에서 내재적 동기의 매개효과 검증)

  • Choi, Ik-Sung;Chang, Young-Chul
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.3571-3586
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    • 2014
  • This study examined the relationship among PsyCap(positive psychological capital), psychological empowerment, personal creativity and verified the mediated effects of intrinsic motivation in this relationship using the SEM(Structural Equation Model). For this study, the data was collected through on/off-line surveys of members and managers from 12 different enterprises. Among the 418 answers from voluntary participating employees, 332 answers were finally used for statistical analysis. The results were as follows. First, PsyCap had a positive influence on the intrinsic motivation and personal creativity. Second, Psychological Empowerment had a positive influence on intrinsic motivation, but psychological empowerment has no influence on creativity. Third, intrinsic motivation had a meaningful influence by partially mediating PsyCap and personal creativity but completely mediated psychological empowerment and personal creativity. This study focused on intrinsic motivation among the internal factors that have influences on showing personal creativity and has importance in the point that it has suggested the statistical significance by analyzing the psychological/emotional mechanism to reinforce this intrinsic motivation in a positive way. Positive analysis on the relationships among these variables suggests a theoretical meaning on providing a future direction for the study and practical meaning on providing ideas to reinforce the employees' personal creativity. The details of this study are followed in the main text.

The Effect of Perceived Flexible Culture of adhocracy-clan on the Change Oriented OCB through Meditator of Positive Psychological Capital (혁신-관계의 유연문화 지각이 긍정심리자본의 매개로 변화지향 조직시민행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Jin-Hwan
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.133-141
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    • 2020
  • Currently, companies are focusing on how they make their members have change-oriented organizational citizen behavior in the era of fierce competition due to the 4th industrial revolution. Therefore, this study verified how the flexible culture of adhocracy-clan plays a role in positive psychological capital and change-oriented organizational citizen behavior. A survey was conducted for employees in companies located in Daejeon-si, Sejong-si, Chungcheongnam-do, and Chungcheongbuk-do, and 394 valid questionnaires were used for analysis. The concrete analysis results are obtained from the study as follows. First, among the flexible cultures of adhocracy-clan, the innovation culture was found to have a significant effect on change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior while relationship culture was found to not directly affect change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior. Second, the flexible cultures of adhocracy-clan, the innovation culture was found to have a significant effect on the positive psychological capital. Third, the positive psychological capital was found to have a significant effect on the change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior. Fourth, the positive psychological capital was found to play a mediating role in the relation between the recognition of flexible cultures of adhocracy-clan and the change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior. Therefore, it can be said to find out the fact that the change-oriented organizational citizen behavior can appear under the fierce competition as nowadays only when the organization should establish the organization culture of innovation-relation or the members are in the positive psychological state. We expect that the future study on the type of subculture and new organizational citizen behavior will be made in the manner of classifying the unit of organizational culture into a headquarter or team for measurement.

An Influence of Transformational Leadership and Leader's use of Humor on Employee's Innovativeness, Job Satisfaction, Organizational Citizenship Behaviors (리더의 변혁적 리더십과 유머사용이 부하의 혁신성향, 직무만족, 조직시민운동에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Dae-Yong;Park, Kwon-Hong
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.725-728
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    • 2010
  • 변혁적 리더십이 비전제시, 동기부여 등으로 부하 직원의 심리상태에 영향을 주고 변화를 유도한다는 점에서, 조직구성원의 긍정심리자본에 유의한 영향을 미친다는 연구결과(Lyttle, 2007; 이동섭 최용득, 2009)가 최근 발표된 바 있다. 또한 리더의 유머사용이 직원에게 긍정적인 마음과 동기를 심어줌으로써 긍정심리자본형성에 중요요인이라는 연구결과(Lyttle, 2007)처럼, 인재중시의 측면에서 재미있고 훌륭한 일터의 구현을 제공 및 기여하는 리더의 유머 경영에 대한 관심은 지속적으로 높아지고 있는 추세이다(Avolio, Howell, & Sosik, 1999). 본 연구는 리더의 변혁적 리더십과 유머사용이 긍정심리자본을 매개변수로 하여 부하의 혁신성향, 직무 만족, 조직시민행동에 유의한 영향을 미치는지에 대하여 국내중소제조업을 대상으로 검증하고 최종적으로 대안모형을 탐색하였다. 근로자 272명을 대상으로 실증 분석한 결과, 모든 가설에서 유의한 결과가 나타났으며 또한 변혁적 리더십은 직무만족과 조직시민행동에 직접적으로 정(+)의 효과가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 연구결과는 국내 중소기업의 경우 리더가 리더십 발현과 유머사용으로 부하 직원의 동기를 부여하고 긴장을 완화시켜주는 등 긍정적이고 낙관적인 심리형성에 기여함으로써 혁신성향, 직무만족, 조직시민행동에 영향을 준다는 것을 보여준다.

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소상공인의 긍정심리자본이 경영성과에 미치는 영향: SNS활용정도중심으로

  • Yun, Ji-Yeong;O, Sang-Do
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.103-107
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    • 2018
  • 최근 SNS사용범위 및 활용 목적이 다양해지고 있으며 급격하게 발전하는 환경에서 마케팅은 개인 또는 소상공인, 기업에서 중요한 경영전략이 되고 있다. 그중 모바일 온리시대에 들어와 소상공인의 홍보 및 마케팅에서 온라인마케팅의 모바일이 차지하는 비중은 계속 증가하고 있다. 정부에서는 소상공인의 마케팅을 돕기 위한 방안으로 다양한 방법으로 마케팅교육을 준비하고 교육을 진행하고 있다. 하지만 소상공인을 대상으로 모바일에 집중된 다양한 SNS온라인 마케팅 교육이 계속적으로 진행되고 있음에도, 실제 SNS온라인마케팅을 교육을 통해 모두가 성공적인 경영성과를 올리고 있지는 않다. 이에 소상공인의 경영성과에 미치는 다양한 요인이 있지만, 본 연구는 SNS를 활용하고 있는 소상공인들을 대상으로, 소상공인의 긍정심리자본이 SNS활용에 유의한 영향을 미치는지와 이러한 SNS활용이 경영성과인 재무적 성과와 비재무적성과에 유의한 영향을 미치는지에 대해 알아보고 그에 따라 시사점을 도출하고자 한다.

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Speciality Satisfaction, Nursing Professional Value, and Positive Psychological Capital as Factors Affecting Career Preparation Behavior among Nursing College Students with Clinical Practice (임상실습경험의 간호대학생들의 전공만족도, 간호전문직관, 긍정심리자본이 진로준비행동에 미치는 영향)

  • WOO, CHUNG HEE
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.287-288
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    • 2016
  • 본 연구의 목적은 간호대학생의 진로준비행동에 미치는 영향요인을 규명하기 위함이다. 일 지역 159명의 간호대학생을 대상으로 자료수집은 2014년 9월 25일부터 10월 4일까지 진행되었으며 자료는 SPSS/WIN 21에 의해 분석되었다. 연구결과로는 간호전문직관, 전공만족도 및 긍정심리자본이 대상자의 진로준비행동에 양의 상관관계를 보였다. 진로준비행동에 영향을 미치는 요인으로는 전공만족도의 교과만족과 간호전문직관의 사회적 인식인 것으로 나타났다. 결론적으로 긍정심리자본은 비록 통계적으로 유의하지는 않았지만 앞으로도 대학생의 진로관련 변인과의 관련성을 규명하는 반복연구가 요구된다.

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The Impact of the Middle Age's Positive Psychological Capital to Reemployment (신중년의 긍정심리자본이 재취업의지에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Han-Seok;Lee, Young Gyun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.33-40
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    • 2019
  • It is important meaning that the middle ages are to reenter the labor market. The middle age's reemployment give an opportunity to provide mental health improvement and to get self-confidence in their life. If governments make full use of the middle age's capital, it bring about. having a good opportunity to reduce finance burden. In this respect, this study is to design for investigating the impact of the middle age's positive psychological capital to reemployment. Thus, this study has conducted the survey on a random sample of the middle age who has lived in Uijeongbu cities. The findings are the follows. (1) The middle age's educational level has positive relationship to reemployment will. To this, in order to revitalize the reemployment, we have to develop suitable occupational category and to operate educational program systematically. (2)The middle age's positive psychological capital has an effect on reemployment will positively. In this respect, in order to improve the middle age's reemployment we need to energize self-esteem, the effort of obtaining reemployment information, and social network.

Relationships among Psychological Capital, Job Attitude and Service Climate in Hotel Corporations (호텔기업에서 심리적 자본, 직무태도 및 서비스 풍토의 관계)

  • Kim, Yong-Soon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.10
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    • pp.480-488
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to research the relationships among psychological capital, job attitude, and service climate of employees in hotel corporations. Psychological capital has been demonstrated to be important for performance at both individual and group levels of analyses. In addition psychological capital has been shown to provide additive value to more established measures of employee's positive job attitudes. To accomplish this study, it was determined that the analysis derived from a hypothesis and literature reviews and data collected from 295 employees in hotel corporations. The results of empirical analysis showed as follows. First, Psychological capital has a significant effect on job satisfaction. Second, Psychological capital has a significant effect on organizational commitment. Third, Service climate was also found to have moderating effect upon the relationship between psychological capital and job satisfaction. Based on these findings, the implications and limitations of the study were presented including some directions for future studies.

Effects of Positive Psychological Capital and Academic Self-efficacy on Academic Stress in Adolescents (청소년의 긍정심리자본, 학업적 자기효능감이 학업스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Mi-Ra;Jeong, Eun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.399-407
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine relationships among positive psychological capital and academic self-efficacy on academic stress and identify the factors that influence on academic stress in the adolescents. The data were collected from 140 adolescents in the two middle school located J city using self-reported questionnaires and May 9 2017 to May 19 2017. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, T-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression with SPSS 20.0 program. The result of the multiple regression indicates the positive psychological capital, academic self-efficacy and grade predict 27.1%(F=7.68, P<.001) of academic stress. Therefore, In order to prevent and decrease the academic stress, the developing programs to improve positive psychological capital and academic self-efficacy are needed.Therefore, it is necessary to develop positive psychological capital and academic self-efficacy strategy program for decrease academic stress in adolescents.