• Title, Summary, Keyword: 남조류

Search Result 416, Processing Time 0.034 seconds

Global Occurrence of Harmful Cyanobacterial Blooms and N, P-limitation Strategy for Bloom Control (유해 남조류의 세계적 발생현황 및 녹조제어를 위한 질소와 인-제한 전략)

  • Ahn, Chi-Yong;Lee, Chang Soo;Choi, Jae Woo;Lee, Sanghyup;Oh, Hee-Mock
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
    • /
    • v.33 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-6
    • /
    • 2015
  • Increased harmful algal blooms by cyanobacteria are threatening public health and limiting human activities related with freshwater ecosystems. Phosphorus (P) has long been suggested as a critical nutrient for cyanobacterial bloom through field research in Canada during the 1970s, proposing a P-based freshwater management guideline. However, recently, nitrogen (N) has also been highlighted as an impacting nutrient on cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms (CyanoHABs). Due to the intensive and frequent observation of Microcystis, this kind of paradigm shift from P limitation to season-dependent N or P limitation has an important implication for a dual nutrient management strategy in eutrophic freshwaters. Through recent international researches, general strategies to control CyanoHABs in lakes and reservoirs are as follows: a dual nutrient (N & P) reduction, wastewater collection and treatment, pre-treatment of influent water in buffer zones, dredging of sediment, reduction of residence time, algal collection, and precipitation and flocculation of cyanobacteria. In addition, sustainable and integrative freshwater algae management should be carried out, based on the ecological aspect, because cyanobacteria are not the target organism to be eradicated, but an essential microbial member in the freshwater ecosystem.

Correlation between Phytoplankton Dynamics and Water Quality in Paldang Reservoir (팔당호에서 식물플랑크톤 군집 동태와 수질과의 상관성)

  • Han, Myung-Soo;Jheong, Weon-Hwa;Park, Jun-Dae;Kim, Jong-Min
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
    • /
    • v.38 no.2
    • /
    • pp.217-224
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study was aimed to analyze the long-term fluctuation of water quality and phytoplankton dynamics of Paldang reservoir in Korea and to assess the relationship between algal bloom patterns and hydrological, limnological data. Diatoms in Paldang reservoir occurred continuously through the year. Blue- green algae occurred during the summer season (from June to Sept.), and the highest count was observed in July. Occurrence pattern of green algae was similar to that of blue-green algae. The rest of algae contained a lot of Cryptomonas spp. whose concentration was high from May to Aug. Dominant algal genera (>>7,000 cells $mL^{-1}$) in Paldang reservoir were Aulacoseira, Cyclotella, Microcystis, and Cryptomonas spp. Microcystis and Anabaena occurred during the summer season. Many different green algal genera were found in Paldang reservoir but their abundances were very low. There were some significant correlations (r>0.3, p<0.05) between algal taxa and water quality; diatoms and water temperature, TP:blue-green algae and water temperature, pH, DO saturation, COD, TP; green algae and water temperature, pH, DO saturation, COD, SS, TP. Furthermore, algal genera and water quality was significantly correlated (r>0.3, p<0.05) ; Aulacoseira and TN, TP; Anabaena and water temperature, DO saturation, COD, TP : Microcystisand water temperature, pH, DO saturation, TP; Coelastrum and COD, SS; Scenedesmus and water temperature, COD, TN, TP; Cryptomonas and DO saturation, TN. In Paldang reservoir, the water temperature had relatively big effect on blue-green algal bloom that was also dependant upon its hydrologic condition.

The Calculation Method of Cell Count for the Bloom-forming (Green tide) Cyanobacterium using Correlation between Colony Area and Cell Number in Korea (군체 크기와 세포수 상관관계를 이용한 녹조 유발 남조류의 세포수 산정 방법)

  • You, Kyung-A;Song, Mi-Ae;Byeon, Myeong-Seop;Lee, Hae-Jin;Hwang, Soon-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
    • /
    • v.47 no.4
    • /
    • pp.350-357
    • /
    • 2014
  • Harmful Algal Bloom Alert System (HABAS) for drinking water supply is require to fast and accurate count as system monitoring of cyanobacterium occurrence and inducing a response action. We measured correlation between colony size and cell number including genus Anabaena, Aphanizomenon, Microcystis, Oscillatoria which are targeted at HABAS, deducted from standard formula, and suggested calculation method from colony size to the number of cell. We collected cyanobacteria samples at Han River (Paldang reservoir), Nakdong River (Dalseong weir, Changnyeonghaman weir) and Geum River (Gobok reservoir) from August to October, 2013. Also, we studied correlation between colony size and cell number, and calculated regression equation. As a result of correlation of harmful cyanobacteria by genus, Anabaena spp. and Aphanizomenon spp. having trichome showed high correlation coefficients more than 0.93 and Microcystis spp. having colony showed correlation coefficient of 0.76. As a result of correlation of harmful cyanobacteria by species, Anabaena crassa, Aphanizomenon flos-aquae, A. issatschenkoi, Oscillatoria curviceps, O. mougeotii having trichome showed high correlation coefficients from 0.89 to 0.96, and Microcystis aeruginosa, M. wessenbergii, M. viridis having colony showed correlation coefficients from 0.76 to 0.88. Compared with other genus Microcystis relatively showed low correlation because even species and colony size are the same, cell density and cell size are different from Microcystis strains. In this study, using calculated regression might be fast and simple method of cell counting. From now on, we need to secure additional samples, and make a decision to study about other species.

Using $CuSO_4$ for Preventing Algae Attachment on the Sedimentation Basin of Industrial Water Treatment Plant (공업용수 생산 정수장의 침전지 조류 부착방지를 위한 황산동 투입)

  • Son, Hee-Jong;Jung, Jong-Moon;Kim, Sang-Goo;Jang, Seong-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
    • /
    • v.34 no.11
    • /
    • pp.780-785
    • /
    • 2012
  • Existing states of attached algae in the sedimentation basin was observed during late april to early october, and the attached algae were visible 7 days after of cleaning the trough and the communities of algae became larger with increasing the operation periods. Attached algae community included bluegreen algae (Oscillatoria sp.), diatom (Synedra sp.,) and green algae (Mougeotia sp., Oedogonium sp.) and suspended diatom (Stephanodiscus sp.) as well. Diatom (Cymbella sp., Navicula sp., Synedra sp. and Stephanodiscus sp.), green algae(Mougeotia sp. and Cosmarium sp.) and blue-green algae (Anabaena sp.) were detected in the effluent of sedimentation basin. The chlorophyll-a (chl-a)concentrations of algae community on a square centimeter after 14 and 28 days were distinctively different depended on the copper sulphate treatment. The concentration of chl-a were $4{\mu}g/L/cm^2$ and $19{\mu}g/L/cm^2$ for the copper sulphate treated water and $59{\mu}g/L/cm^2$ and $147{\mu}g/L/cm^2$ for the untreated water. Diatom algae fragments were observed in red-brownish sediments on the bottom of industrial water distribution basin and degraded blue-green and green algae formated organic sediments combined with oxidized iron.

Effects of Cyanobacterial Bloom on Zooplankton Community Dynamics in Several Eutrophic Lakes (부영양호수에서 남조류 bloom이 동물플랑크톤 군집변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Bom-Chul;Choi, Eun-Mi;Hwang, Soon-Jin;Kim, Ho-Sub
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
    • /
    • v.33 no.4
    • /
    • pp.366-373
    • /
    • 2000
  • Toxin production and low digestibility of cyanobacteria are known to cause low exploitability of cyanobacteria by zooplankton. In this study, we compared relative tolerance and compatibility of zooplankton taxa in eight eutrophic lakes, exposed to frequent cyanobacterial blooms, uring the summer season of 1999. Microcystis, Anabaena, Oscillatoria and Phormidium were common cyanobacteria in all lakes. with relatively lower $NO_3-N$ concentration (<0.2 mgN/l) and TN/TP ratio (<20), compared with other lakes where colonial cyanobacteria dominated. Rotifers were dominant zooplankton in most lakes, and among them, Keratella, Polyarthra and Hexathra were common. The laboratory feeding experiment showed that relative copepods that greatly decreased (90%) after 4 day when cyanobacteria were used as the food source of zooplankton, while rotifers gradually increased with the change of dominant taxa from Keratella through Pompholyx to Monostyla. These results suggest that rotifers may be capable of coexisting with cyanobacteria by exploiting them for the food source.

  • PDF

A study on building spectral library for classification of algae species based on hyperspectral technique (초분광 영상 기반 조류종 분류를 위한 기초라이브러리 구축에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Jong Min;Kim, Young Do;Kyun, Yeong Hwa;Kim, Dong Soo
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.160-160
    • /
    • 2020
  • 조류는 계절별 기상 및 수질 조건에 따라 규조, 녹조, 남조의 발생 및 천이가 이루어지는데 최근 기후 변화로 인해 출연종 별 발생 및 천이의 시기 또한 빨라지고 있다. 이 중 남조류의 경우 초여름에 발생하여 급격한 증식으로 대발생되어 녹조현상을 야기하고 이는 해당 수역의 생태계 파괴, 그 이외에도 사회적, 경제적, 환경적인 측면에서 많은 문제를 유발한다. 하천·호소의 조류의 발생과 거동에 대한 이해와 효과적인 대응책 마련을 위하여 현상에 대한 모니터링이 선행되어야 하지만 기존 조사방식은 점, 선 단위의 간헐적 측정을 통해 진행되고 있어 많은 인력과 시간이 필요로 하고 있는 실태이다. 현재 이에 따른 문제 해결을 위한 하천·호소의 원격탐사 기법을 이용한 조류의 발생 및 거동에 대한 모니터링 연구가 많이 진행되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 초분광 영상을 이용한 원격 탐사 모니터링을 위한 선행연구를 위해 400-1000 nm에서 NIR(visNIR)파장을 분석할 수 있는 초분광 카메라 CORNING사의 micro HSITM 410 shark와 영상 흔들림 보정을 위한 DJI사의 로닌-MX를, 이용하여 현재 녹조류, 남조류 5종의 배양액과 방사보정을 위해 99% 반사율의 반사판과 함께 촬영하여 영상을 수집하였다. 수집된 영상을 통하여 방사보정 및 해당 Base 제거를 통한 조류의 분광 정보 추출 과정을 통해 조류별 분광 정보를 추출, 분석하여 해당 조류의 분광특성을 파악하고 기초 라이브러리를 구축하여 제시함으로 추후 하천·호소에서의 초분광 영상 기반 원격탐사 모니터링에 적용하고자 한다.

  • PDF

Factors analysis of the cyanobacterial dominance in the four weirs installed in of Nakdong River (낙동강의 중·하류 4개보에서 남조류 우점 환경 요인 분석)

  • Kim, Sung jin;Chung, Se woong;Park, Hyung seok;Cho, Young cheol;Lee, Hee suk
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.413-413
    • /
    • 2019
  • 하천과 호수에서 남조류의 이상 과잉증식 문제(이하 녹조문제)는 담수생태계의 생물다양성을 감소시키며, 음용수의 이취미 원인물질을 발생시켜 물 이용에 장해가 된다. 또한 독소를 생산하는 유해남조류가 대량 증식할 경우에는 가축이나 인간의 건강에 치명적 해를 끼치기도 한다. 그 동안 국내에서 녹조문제는 댐 저수지와 하구호와 같은 정체수역에서 간헐적으로 문제를 일으켰으나, 4대강사업(2010-2011)으로 16개의 보가 설치된 이후 낙동강, 금강, 영산강 등 대하천에서도 광범위하게 발생되고 있어 중요한 사회적 환경적 이슈로 대두되었다. 한편, 대하천에 설치된 보 구간에서 빈번히 발생하는 녹조현상의 원인에 대해서는 전 지구적 기온상승에 따른 기후변화의 영향이라는 주장과 유역으로부터 영양염류의 과도한 유입, 가뭄에 따른 유량감소, 보 설치에 따른 체류시간 증가 등 다양한 의견이 제시되고 있으나, 대상 유역과 수체의 특성에 따라 녹조 발생의 원인이 상이하거나 또는 다양한 요인이 복합적으로 작용하기 때문에 보편적 해석(universal interpretation)이 어려운 것이 현실이다. 따라서 각 수계별, 보별 녹조현상에 대한 정확한 원인분석과 효과적인 대책 마련을 위해서는 집중된 실험자료와 데이터마이닝 기법에 근거로 한 보다 과학적이고 객관적인 접근이 이루어져야 한다. 본 연구에서는 2012년 보 설치 이후 남조류에 의한 녹조현상이 빈번히 발생하고 있는 낙동강 4개보(강정고령보, 달성보, 합천창녕보, 창녕함안보)를 대상으로 집중적인 현장조사와 실험분석을 수행하고, 수집된 기상, 수문, 수질, 조류 자료에 대해 통계분석과 다양한 데이터모델링 기법을 적용하여 보별 남조류 우점 환경조건과 이를 제어하기 위한 주요 조절변수를 규명하는데 있다. 연구대상 보 별 수질과 식물플랑크톤의 정성 및 정량 실험은 2017년 5월부터 2018년 11월까지 2년에 걸쳐 실시하였으며, 남조류 세포수 밀도와 환경요인과의 상관성 분석을 실시하고, 단계적 다중회귀모델(Step-wise Multiple Linear Regressions, SMLR), 랜덤포레스트(Random Forests, RF) 모델과 재귀적 변수 제거 기법(Recursive Feature Elimination using Random Forest, RFE-RF)을 이용한 변수중요도 평가, 의사결정나무(Decision Tree, DT), 주성분분석(Principal Component Analysis, PCA) 기법 등 다양한 모수적 및 비모수적 데이터마이닝 결과를 바탕으로 각 보별 남 조류 우점 환경요인을 종합적으로 해석하였다.

  • PDF

Cyanobacterial Blooms and Water Quality of Major Recreational Park Ponds in the Capital Region (수도권 주요 공원 연못의 수질 특성과 남조류 대발생)

  • Park, Myung-Hwan;Suh, Mi-Yeon;Hwang, Soon-Jin;Kim, Yong-Jae;Han, Myung-Soo;Kim, Baik-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
    • /
    • v.41 no.1
    • /
    • pp.54-65
    • /
    • 2008
  • The seasonal dynamics of phytoplankton and water quality were evaluated bimonthly at 7 park ponds in the capital region from October 2004 to August 2005. With out the change of water temperature $(0.4\sim26.0^{\circ}C)$, cyanobacteria dominated in park ponds such as Gyungbokgung Gyunghyaeru and Seokchon reservoir. The standing crops of phytoplankton was significant related with cell densities of cyanobacteria (r=0.993), while they did not significant correlation with environmental factors. Almost of all park ponds in the capital region were classified as eutrophic state with high TP concentrations and TN/TP ratios less than 10. Major dominant cyanobacteria were as followed; Anabaena sp., Aphanocapsa elachista, Lyngbya contorta, Merismopedia elegans, Microcystis aeruginosa, M. wesenbergii, Microcystis sp., Oscillatoria sp., Phormidium tenue, and Plectonema sp. To date, although the concentration of chlorophyll-${\alpha}$ and cyanobacterial densities in the capital region was below the 'danger' level of WHO guidelines value, the monitoring of cyanobacterial densities and its toxin (microcystin) in recreational/bath water should be continued.

Temporal and Spatial Distribution of Microbial Community and Odor Compounds in the Bukhan River System (북한강 수계 미소생물 군집 및 이취미 물질의 시공간적 분포 특성)

  • Byun, Jeong-Hwan;Yu, Mina;Lee, Eunjeong;Yoo, Soon-Ju;Kim, Baik-Ho;Byun, Myeong-Seop
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
    • /
    • v.51 no.4
    • /
    • pp.299-310
    • /
    • 2018
  • Odor compounds (geosmin, 2-MIB) have been causing problems in the Bukhan River system, but the causative organisms have not been clearly identified. To evaluate the relationship between dynamics of microbial community and odor compounds, two times monthly monitoring of water quality and microbial community from the three serial lakes (Lake Uiam, Lake Cheongpyeong and Lake Paldang) in the Bukhan River system were conducted from April to October 2017. The odor compounds were analyzed by HS-SPME analysis method using GC/MS. Bacteria communities were identified at the class level by NGS analysis. Actinobacteria and Betaproteobacteria were dominant taxon in bacteria community of three serial lakes. In the case of phytoplankton communities showed that seasonal changes by Bacillariophyceae and Cryptophyceae in spring, Cyanobacteria in summer, and Bacillariophyceae and Cryptophyceae in autumn. Dominant species was Dolichospermum (=Anabaena), Microcystis and Pseudanabaena in Bukhan River system in all study period. At the same time the odors geosmin and 2-MIB were also detected at high concentration. There is a significant positive correlation between proportion of Actinobaceria and 2-MIB concentration (r=0.491, p<0.01). In addition, proportion of cyanobacteria showed a significant correlation of geosmin (r=0.381, p<0.05) and 2-MIB (r=0.386, p<0.05) concentration. In this study, odor compounds in the Bukhan River system are considered to be a direct relationship between with Actinobacteria and cyanobacteria.