• Title, Summary, Keyword: 내부균열

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An Analytical Method for the Evaluation of Micro-cracking in Concrete Shrinkage Induced (콘크리트의 수축으로 인한 미세균열 발생 평가를 위한 해석적 기법)

  • Song, Young-Chul;Kim, Do-Gyeum;Moon, Jae-Heum
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.69-76
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    • 2010
  • The majority of research that has been performed on cracking potential of concrete by shrinkage has assumed that concrete acts as a homogeneous material. However, with this approach, it is not able to evaluate the micro-cracking behavior in concrete due to autogenous shrinkage under unrestrained boundary condition (free boundary condition) nor to understand the cracking behavior properly because of the heterogeneous nature of concrete. To better understand the micro-cracking behavior of concrete induced by autogenous shrinkage, series of experiments were performed measuring the length change and acoustic emission energy. As an analytical approach, this research uses an object oriented finite element analysis code (OOF code) to simulate the behavior of the concrete on a meso-scale. The concrete images used in the simulations were directly obtained from mortar samples. From the experiments and simulation results, it was able to better understand the micro-cracking behaviour of concrete due to shrinking of paste phase and internal restraint by aggregates.

An Experimental Test for Air-tightness Performance Evaluation of Cracked Concrete Vacuum Tube Structures (콘크리트 진공튜브의 균열 발생에 따른 기밀성능 평가 실험)

  • Park, Joonam;Park, Hyeong-Jun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.377-385
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    • 2018
  • Super-speed vacuum tube system, where the air resistance is minimized to obtain high speed of the vehicle, is considered to be a viable alternative transportation system. Air-tightness is one of the most important design requirements of the system, because the internal pressure of the system needs to be maintained significantly lower than the atmospheric pressure. This study performed an experimental test, where a series of concrete tube specimens were applied by external loads to induce cracks and the effective air-permeability of the cracked tube structures were measured. The test results indicates that the information on the length and the width of the load-induced cracks are not enough to anticipate the system air-tightness, whereas the load-induced displacement has higher correlation with the systems air-tightness. Based on these results, a direction of future research for effect of the load-induced cracks on the system air-tightness is suggested.

Influence of the Cleavage Anisotropy of Pocheon Granite on Hydraulic Fracturing Behaviour (포천 화강암의 결 이방성이 수압파쇄거동에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Sung-Gyu;Zhuang, Li;Yeom, Sun;Kim, Kwang-Yeom;Min, Ki-Bok
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.327-337
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    • 2016
  • In this study, laboratory hydraulic fracturing tests are carried out to evaluate the effects of the cleavage anisotropy of Pocheon granite. Breakdown pressure is smaller when cracks are generated to the direction of rift plane in constant pressurization rate condition because of higher microcracks density. Besides not only injection rate changes but also the amount of injection pressure for fracture initiation and crack expansion is detected while testing due to internal deformation. Pressurization rate is higher while hydraulic fracture testing with constant injection rate condition in case of the specimen which has rift plane perpendicular to borehole because there are much flow paths to penetrate compared to the specimen which has hardway plane perpendicular to borehole. Observation by X-ray CT scanning shows that almost all of cracks due to hydraulic fracturing are generated to the direction of plane which has higher microcrack density that is rift plane or grain plane.

Non-Linear Fracture Analysis of Concrete Composite (콘크리트 복합체의비선형 파괴해석)

  • 김상철
    • Magazine of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.187-196
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    • 1997
  • 시멘트를 기초로하는 복합재료의 파괴거동은 주균열이 진행하기 이전에 파괴진행영역이라고 하는 미세균열대가 콘크리트 내부에 형성고기 때문에 선형파괴역하게 입각하여 해석하게 되면 실험치와 상당한 차이를 나타낸다. 이러한 문제점을 해결하기 위해 가상균열모델이나 균열띠 모델, 두 파라메터 파괴모델 등 비선형해석에 따른 여러 파괴역학모델들이 제안되었으나 이들 모델들은 2차원 해석에 근거를 두고 있기 때문에 구조체의 두께 방향으로 동일한 균열이 형성되며, 특히 콘크리트 실험에서 관찰되는 비연속적 균열발생에 대해서 설며이 어려웠다. 이에 본 연구는 콘크리트를하나의 다종복합체로 가정하고 연립변형모드 및 진행파괴모드 방향으로 구성재료를 배열한 상태에서 가상균열 이론에 근거한 비선형해석방법으로 모델링하였다. 진행파괴모드로 구성재료를 배열하면 강성이 높은 구성재료를 통과하여 균열이 진행될 때 균열선단으로부터 분포된 응력이 상층의 허용인장강도를 초과하게 되어 균열이 발생되며 이러한 균열은점진적인 균열진행과는 달리 비연속 동시 발생 균열ㄹ로 나타났다. 본 연구는 진행파괴모드에서의 파괴 해석 방법과연립변형모드에서의 해석 방법을 제시하였으며, 해석결과를 실험결과와 비교함으로써 검증하였다.

Relationship between Crack Width and Gas Diffusion Coefficient of Cracked Acrylic Specimens (균열 아크릴 시편의 기체 확산계수와 균열폭의 관계)

  • Lee, Do-Keun;Lim, Min-Hyuk;Shin, Kyung-Jun
    • Journal of the Korean Recycled Construction Resources Institute
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.245-251
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    • 2018
  • Recently, as the importance of structural maintenance has been increased, studies on self - healing concrete technology are being actively carried out. On the other hand, test for evaluating the self-healing performance is not standardized yet. Although visual test is used as a basic method for measuring crack widths, it is difficult to observe the crack width inside the specimen, and there is a disadvantage that only the local measurement of the surface can be measured due to the inhomogeneous cracking characteristics. Although permeability test has been widely used as an indirect method for measuring crack width, there is a problem due to the viscosity of water, and also a possibility that the internal material of the specimen may be eluted during the test. In this study, we propose a crack width evaluation method using gas diffusion characteristics. Idealized straight cracks were fabricated by acrylic and the diffusion coefficients of specimens were analyzed with respect to crack width and thickness. The experimental results show that the crack width and the diffusion coefficient are in a linear relationship and that the thickness and diffusion coefficient are inversely related.

Concrete Lining Behaviors of Subway Tunnels according to Temperature Variations (온도변화에 따른 지하철 터널의 콘크리트 라이닝 거동)

  • Yoo, Ji-Hyeung;Lee, Seung-Won;Kim, Dae-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.410-414
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    • 2014
  • In this study, the behavior of urban subway tunnels is measured using instrumentation sensors installed in the lining concrete inside subway tunnels in order to analyze their behavior according to temperature variations. It is observed that the stresses of the concrete lining, tunnel convergence, and cracks change according to the temperature variations. However, the crack deformation differs depending on the size and status of the crack. In addition, this study proposes a correction formula for the lining stress and tunnel convergence through numerical analyses of the concrete lining according to the temperature variations. The results of this research can be used in the tunnel maintenance considering the tunnel behavior depending on the temperature variations in the tunnel.

Horizontal Cracks in Continuously Reinforced Concrete Pavement Structures (연속철근콘크리트 도로포장 구조물의 내부 수평균열)

  • Kim, Seong-Min;Cho, Byoung-Hooi;Kwon, Soon-Min
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.425-429
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    • 2006
  • Horizontal cracks at the mid-depth of concrete slabs were observed at a section of the continuously reinforced concrete pavement(CRCP) structures on the Korea Highway Corporation's Test Road. To investigate the existence and the extent of horizontal cracks in the concrete slab, a number of cores were taken from the section of CRCP. To identify the causes of horizontal cracks, numerical analyses were conducted. Several variables relative to design, material, and environment were considered in the studies to evaluate possible causes of horizontal cracking. A numerical model of CRCP was developed using the finite element discretization, and the shear and normal tensile stress distributions in CRCP were investigated with the model. Numerical analysis results show that the maximum shear and normal tensile stresses develop near the depth of steel bars at transverse cracks. If those maximum stresses reach the strength of concrete, horizontal cracks occur. The maximum stresses become higher as the environmental loads, coefficient of thermal expansion of concrete, and elastic modulus of concrete increase.

Determination of Thermal Cracking Index of Internal Restricted Mass Concrete Using a Numerical Analysis (수치분석을 통한 내부구속 매스콘크리트의 온도균열지수 결정)

  • Seo, Ki-Young;Kim, Hee-Sung;Jin, Chi-Sub
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.57-67
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    • 2007
  • The service life of concrete structure is to a great extent influenced by crack developed at early ages of concrete material. Especially, hydration heat is a main cause of thermal cracking at mass concrete structures. The thermal cracking of massive structure is analyzed of the thermal cracking index which was presented Concrete Standard Specifications. The thesis analyzed the thermal cracking index which considered various variable (cement type, height of casting, curing condition, concrete mixing temperature, the unit cement content) at internal restricted mass concrete. The analysis result is denoted increase and decrease rate of thermal cracking index whenever the variables change. The results is helped to understand thermal cracking every time structures is designed and constructed. And I think that it is useful economic and stable design of mass concrete structures.

Cracking Behavior of Concrete Box Culvert for Power Transmission Due to Drying Shrinkage (전력구 콘크리트 구조물의 건조수축 균열특성에 관한 연구)

  • Woo, Sang-Kyun;Chu, In-Yeop;Kim, Ki-Jung;Lee, Yun
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to predict the cracking behavior and suggest the method of controlling the cracking in concrete box culvert for power transmission due to differential drying shrinkage. Drying shrinkage cracking is mainly influenced by the moisture diffusion coefficient that determines moisture diffusion rate inside concrete structures. In addition to the diffusion coefficient, surface coefficient of concrete surface and relative humidity of ambient air simultaneously affect the moisture evaporation from concrete inside to external air outside. Within the framework of drying shrinkage cracking mechanism, it is necessary to perform the numerical analysis, which involves these three influencing factors to predict and control the shrinkage cracking of concrete. In this study, moisture diffusion and stress analysis cor responding to drying shrinkage on concrete box culvert are performed with consideration of diffusion coefficient, surface coefficient, and relative humidity of ambient air. From the numerical results, it is found that cracking behavior due to differential drying shrinkage of box culvert shows the different feature according to three influencing factors and the methodology of controlling of drying shrinkage cracks can be suggested from this study.