• Title, Summary, Keyword: 노반응답

Search Result 15, Processing Time 0.047 seconds

Dynamic Response Characteristics for Two-layered Trackbed Structure by Train Load (열차하중에 의한 이층노반구조의 동적 응답특성)

  • Lee, Il-Wha
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
    • /
    • v.14 no.2
    • /
    • pp.160-166
    • /
    • 2011
  • It is difficult to clarify the dynamic response characteristics of trackbed because of various environmental conditions. However, track irregularity be affected by ununiformed bearing capacity and its dynamic response, study for dynamic response characteristics is required to investigate the cause of track irregularity and countermeasure. In this paper, the response variation for dominant frequency and vibration energy by trackbed structure and material stiffness are investigated. The analysis section is two layered ground structure that is comprised of trackbed and soft rock. This structure amplifies the energy of dominant range easily. It is evaluated to affect track irregularity on comparing by theoritical, analytical and empirical method for dynamic response of the trackbed.

Tilting Train-induced Roadbed Response on the Conventional Line (틸팅열차 주행시 기존선 흙 노반의 응답특성)

  • Koh, Tae-Hoon;Kwak, Yeon-Suk;Hwang, Seon-Keun;SaGong, Myung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
    • /
    • v.14 no.5
    • /
    • pp.433-441
    • /
    • 2011
  • It is a fact that the straightening of track alignment is one of the undoubted ways to improve the train speed on conventional lines, while that requires huge investment resources. Therefore, the operation of a tilting train as well as the minimum improvement of track is suggested as an effective and economical alternative way for the speed-up of conventional lines. Since a driving mechanism of tilting train is different from those of existing trains, in order to make sure its operation safety and stability on conventional line, the performance of track and roadbed must be preferentially evaluated on the conventional line. Furthermore, it is necessary to estimate the tilting-train-induced roadbed response in detail since the roadbed settlement can lead to the track deformation and even derailment. In this research, the patterns of wheel load and lateral force were monitored and analyzed through the field tests, and the derailment coefficient and degree of wheel off-loading were calculated in order to evaluate the tilting train running safety depending on the running speeds (120km~180km) on the conventional line. Moreover, roadbed pressure, settlement and acceleration were also observed as tilting-train-induced roadbed responses in order to estimate the roadbed stability depending on the running speeds. Consequently, the measured derailment coefficient and degree of wheel off-loading were satisfied with their own required limits, and all of the roadbed responses were less than those of existing high-speed train (KTX) over an entire running speed range considered in this study. As a result of this study, the tilting train which will be operated in combination with existing trains is expected to give no adverse impact on the conventional line even with its improved running speed.

Settlement Characteristics of the Reinforced Railroad Roadbed with Crushed Stones Under a Simulated Train Loading (모사 열차하중 재하에 따른 쇄석강화노반의 침하특성)

  • Hwang, Seon-Keun
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.5-13
    • /
    • 2004
  • Conventional railroad roadbeds constructed with soils can easily deteriorate with time due to the increase of repeated traffic loading, increase of train speed, built-up of ground water on the roadbed and decrease of permeability in the roadbed layer, etc. In this study, performance of reinforced railroad roadbeds with the crushed stones was investigated through the real scale roadbed tests and numerical analysis. It was found that the reinforced roadbed with crushed stone had less elastic and plastic vertical displacement(settlement) than general soil roadbed regardless of the number of loading cycles. It was also found through the actual testing that for the roadbed with the same thickness, the displacement of reinforced roadbed decreases with the increase of subgrade reaction modulus. The settlement of reinforced roadbed with the same subgrade reaction modulus also decreases with the increase of thickness of the reinforced roadbed. However, the subgrade reaction modulus is a more important factor to the total plastic displacement of the track than the thickness of the crushed stone roadbed.

Study of the Long-Term Behavior Characteristics of Roadbed on Concrete Track of High-speed Railway (고속철도 콘크리트 궤도상 토공노반의 장기거동 특성 연구)

  • Choi, Chan-Yong;Jung, Jae-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.19 no.4
    • /
    • pp.8-16
    • /
    • 2018
  • This study examined the long-term behavior of a roadbed using high-speed railway concrete track and roadbed measurement data and evaluated the long-term performance of the track and roadbed. Recently, high-speed railway track type has been adopted as a concrete slab. On the other hand, the concrete track is vulnerable to roadbed settlement. In the case of gravel tracks, it is easy to restore the original state by maintenance even if the roadbed settles. On the other hand, in the case of the concrete track, if excessive settlement of the roadbed occurs, cracks are generated continuously on the slabs and sleepers, resulting in greatly reduced usability. For this reason, it is difficult to restore the original state only by partial maintenance. In this paper, a long-term performance evaluation was carried out on a concrete track during operation by monitoring the measurement data of sensors buried from the beginning of construction for approximately 3 years after the high-speed railway opened. Performance evaluation methods include a performance evaluation of track/roadbed when the train passes, long-term track and roadbed performance evaluation, analysis of the track/roadbed effect on long-term settlement and analysis of the factors influencing long-term settlement. The trail response of KTX-Sancheon was greatest in the track/roadbed performance evaluation by train. The results of the long-term track and roadbed performance evaluation were measured within the standard values. The track and roadbed performance impact assessment with long-term settlement was strongly related to TCL settlement. The influences of the water content and groundwater level were verified by analyzing the external factors of long-term settlement. Through such a method, the stability of a track/roadbed can be secured.

Dynamic Response for Critical Velocity Effect Depending on Supporting Stiffness of High-Speed Railway Trackbed (고속철도 노반지지조건에 따른 임계속도효과의 동적응답)

  • Lee, Il-Wha
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
    • /
    • v.29 no.1
    • /
    • pp.5-12
    • /
    • 2013
  • The critical velocity effect on railway trackbed means the amplification of vibration energy when the train running-speed and group velocity of ground surface wave are superimposed. It is called a pseudo-resonance phenomenon of time domain. In the past, it was not issued because the train speed was low and the ground group velocity was higher. But since the high-speed train is introduced, critical velocity reported causing a track irregularity. So far, theoretical analysis has been performed because of the complexity of formation process. However it requires reasonable consideration which is similar to actual track and trackbed conditions. In the present paper, finite element analysis to verify the critical velocity effect is performed considering each track structure and trackbed supporting stiffness. As a result, the deformation amplification caused by the critical velocity effect is verified to analyze each supporting stiffness and track system.

A Study on Transferred Load Reduction on Paved Track Roadbed with Low Elastic Base Plate Pad (저탄성 베이스플레이트 패드 적용에 따른 포장궤도 노반에서의 전달하중 저감에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Il-Wha;Kang, Yun-Suk;Lee, Hee-Up
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
    • /
    • v.28 no.3D
    • /
    • pp.399-405
    • /
    • 2008
  • Development of the paved track is required as a low-maintenance of conventional line. The paved tracks are one of the types of the ballast reinforced tracks those are manufactured by adopting the prepacked concrete technique. The main elements of this tracks are large sleeper, low elastic pad, fastener, cement mortar, geotextile and recycled ballast. Low elastic pad is the most effective element of such tracks on the basis of stress-displacement characteristics, dynamic response and fatigue characteristics. The stiffness of the pad determine the stiffness of the track. Consequently, it is more important in case of concrete track structure such as paved track because application of low elastic pad seriously effect the durability and stability of the track. The main objective of this study is to confirm the reduction of train load, which transfer to roadbed through various pad effects. To achieve this task static, numerical analysis and real scale repeated loading test was performed while load reduction effect of low elastic pad was analyzed by using displacement, stress and strain ratio characteristics of the paved track.

  • PDF

An Experimental Study on Dynamic Behavior Evaluation of Transitional Track (접속부 궤도의 동적거동분석을 위한 실험적 연구)

  • Cho, Sung-Jung;Choi, Jung-Youl;Chun, Dae-Sung;Kim, Man-Cheol;Park, Yong-Gul
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.1379-1385
    • /
    • 2007
  • In domestic transitional zone design, there is regulation to prevent generation of irregular substructure behaviors that negatively influence in prevention of plasticity settlement on approach section and contact section as well as relieve overall track rigidity by reducing sectional foundation and track stiffness difference, but design guideline that considers dynamic behavior of transitional track in actual service line is very insignificant. Therefore in this study, characteristics of transitional track dynamic behaviors by substructure stiffness are researched and measured dynamic response of transitional track by substructure stiffness in order to prove correlation between substructure and track and calculate elasticity(stiffness) and track load of transitional track by using measurement and formula to provide basic information for developing design guideline considering dynamic behavior of service line transitional track.

  • PDF

A Study on Transferred Load Reduction effect of Low Elastic Pad through Dynamic Response Analysis (동적응답해석을 통한 저탄성패드의 전달하중 저감효과 연구)

  • Kim, Hyun-Ju;Lee, Il-Wha;Cho, Guk-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.2464-2472
    • /
    • 2011
  • Train runs on high speed and the concrete track is constructed. Rail fastening device needs to reduce elasticity, transferred load, noise, and vibration etc. Consequently, low elastic pad has a great impact of the durability and stability of the track. In this study, discussed in previous studies, static numerical analysis and real scale repeated loading test, followed by dynamic response analysis were implemented. The most distinctive characteristics of the model proposed is to simulate the real wheel behavior on rail. And the main analysis object is to evaluate and compare the deformation characteristics of the transition track while load reduction effect of transfer on roadbed assessed by various low elastic pad.

  • PDF

Seismic Responses of Highway Multiple Span Steel Bridges Retrofitted by Protective Devices (저감장치에 의해 개선된 고속도로 다경간 강교량의 지진응답)

  • Choi, Eun-Soo;Kim, Joo-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures
    • /
    • v.4 no.1
    • /
    • pp.49-59
    • /
    • 2004
  • A previous study evaluated the seismic response of typical multi-span simply supported (MSSS) and multi-span continuous (MSC) steel-girder bridges in the central and southeastern United States. The results showed that the bridges were vulnerable to damage resulting from impact between decks, and large ductility demands on nonductile columns. Furthermore, fixed and expansion bearings were likely to fail during strong ground motion. In this paper, several retrofit measures to improve the seismic performance of typical multi-span simply supported and multi-span continuous steel girder bridges are evaluated, including the use of elastomeric bearings, lead-rubber bearings, and restrainer cables. It is determined that iead-rubber bearings are the most effective retrofit measure for reducing the seismic vulnerability of typical bridges. While isolation provided by elastomeric bearings limits the forces into the columns, the added flexibility results in pounding between decks in the MSSS steel-girder bridge. Restrainer cables, which are becoming a common retrofit measure, are only moderately effective in reducing the seismic vulnerability of MSSS and MSC steel girder bridges.

  • PDF