• Title, Summary, Keyword: 노인시설

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Research and Analysis of Elderly Welfare Facilities to Prevent Fire (노인복지시설의 화재방지를 위한 실태조사 및 분석)

  • Jeong, Seong Hui;Shim, Kee Oh
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.186-186
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    • 2011
  • 고령화사회의 도래는 노인의 신체적 정신적 특성과 더불어 장기적인 보살핌과 보호에 대한 요구를 증대시키고 있다. 노인을 입소시켜 급식과 요양서비스를 제공해주는 노인복지시설은 점차 그 시설수가 증가할 것으로 예상되며 재난상황에 대비한 시설의 설계, 운영, 관리, 유지단계에서 화재방지대책에 대한 연구가 필요하다고 본다. 본 연구에서는 노인복지시설의 실태조사를 통해 양로시설에서는 입지유형과 시설규모별 특징을 분석하고, 노인요양시설에서는 시설의 설계방식과 운영방식에 따른 재난상황 발생시 문제점을 분석하였다. 중점 조사항목은 화재발생시 대피장소 확보, 대피시설 및 장비 유무, 인력배치 기준 준수 등 이며 각 시설별 도출한 취약점을 바탕으로 법 제도적 측면에서 개선방안을 제시하였다. 개선이 필요한 항목은 크게 3분류로, 첫째, 설계 및 건축 단계는 노인복지시설 건축허가 기준 재정립, 피난계단, 피난공간 등 기준 보완을 위해 건축 허가시 화재안전성 검토 등이 필요하다. 둘째, 운영 및 유지 단계는 피난 방화(防火)시설 관리 개선, 시설운영자의 책임안전관리, 소방시설 기능유지 강화 등이 필요하다. 셋째, 대응 및 경감 단계는 방재관련 운영관리매뉴얼, 장비 등의 정비 및 보완, 현장대응 및 전문능력 향상, 화재상황전파 시스템 개발 등이 필요할 것으로 분석되었다.

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Comparative Study on Dietary Life and Nutrient Intakes of Elderly Persons at Nursing Home or Their Home in Chungnam (충남지역 일부 시설노인과 재가노인의 식생활 및 영양섭취상태 비교)

  • Song, Eun-Sook;Kim, Eun-Jin;Kim, Myung-Hee;Choi, Mi-Kyeong
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.649-660
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the dietary life and nutrient intakes among elderly persons residing at nursing homes and their homes in order to provide fundamental data for improved foodservice and dietary management. We recruited 150 subjects at a nursing home stay and 150 home stay elderly persons for a survey. The results were as follows. There was no significant difference in frequency of napping between the two groups. The frequency of going out was higher in the home stay subjects, but regular exercise was higher in nursing home stay subjects. Subjects possessed the following diseases: dementia and digestive disorders for nursing home stay elderly men, blood vessel disorder and diabetes for home stay elderly men, digestive and blood vessel disorders for nursing home stay elderly women, and blood vessel and heart disease for home stay elderly women. In a health-related assessment, smoking, drinking, and teeth condition of nursing home stay subjects were not higher than those of home stay subjects. The ratio of subjects who ate meals everyday was higher in nursing home stay elderly women than in home stay women. While most nursing home subjects ate adequate amount of meals, home stay subjects ate until they were full. The daily energy intakes of men and women were 2,229.9 kcal and 2,302.1 kcal for nursing home subjects and 1,894.0 kcal and 1,885.9 kcal for home subjects, respectively. Nutrient intake was also higher in nursing home than home stay subjects. In summary, the dietary life of elderly persons residing in a nursing home was higher than that of elderly persons residing at their home from the view point of meal frequency, meal intake, and nutrient intakes. Therefore, systematic assessment and management of nutrition for elderly staying at a nursing home or at home alone should be conducted continually.

A Comparision on Frailty, Health Promotion Behavior, and Perceived Health Status in the Elderly according to the Type of Residency (거주유형별 노인의 허약정도, 건강증진 행위 및 주관적 건강상태 비교)

  • Kwon, Sang-Min;Park, Jeong-Sook
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to classify frail and non-frail elderly and to investigate health promoting behaviors and perceived health status in the elderly according to the type of residency. Methods: This was a descriptive study. Data collection was performed from June 15th, 2009 to August 2nd, 2009. The subjects were selected at D city in Korea. Data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, $x^2$-test, and ANCOVA test with SPSS/Win 15.0 program. Results: 20.8% of the elderly living at home and 49.2% of those living in institution were frail. Frailty of the elderly living in institution was severer than those living at home. Non-frail elderly according to the type of residency showed higher scores of health promotion behavior and perceived health status than frail elderly. The elderly living at home showed higher scores of health promotion behavior than those living in institution. Conclusions: In the comparison study between the elderly living at home and institution, ratio of frail elderly among the elderly living in institution is high and health promotion behaviors are deficient as well. Frail preventive program for the elderly is needed to develop and apply in consideration of these findings.

An Analysis on the Relative Importance of the Determimative Factors with the Performance Evalution in the Elderly Welfare Facilities (노인복지시설 성과평가의 결정요인에 대한 상대적 중요도 분석)

  • Lee, Dong-Su
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.337-344
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    • 2009
  • 본 연구는 노인복지시설의 성과평가에 미치는 우선순위 결정요인을 파악한다. 이론적 고찰과 선행연구를 통하여 노인 복지시설에 미치는 결정요인을 설정하였다. Saaty의 계층분석과정(Analytic Hierarchy Process; AHP)를 활용하여 각각의 결정요인들에 대한 가중치와 우선순위를 분석하였다. 노인복지는 특정한 분야로 한정되어 있지 않기 때문에 양적인 방법만으로 설명하는 것은 한계가 있다. 따라서 질적 및 양적 방법을 활용할 수 있는 계층분석과정방법과 SPSS프로그램을 이용하여 실증분석을 하였다. 노인복지시설의 분석결과를 요약하면 투입에 대한 상대적 중요도를 분석한 결과 예산이 가장 높게 나왔으며, 산출에 대한 상대적 중요도를 분석한 결과는 운영체계화와 노인복지성이 가장 높게 나타났다. 세부항목 간의 상대적 중요도를 분석한 결과는 결산서와 전문인력이 가장 높게 나타났다. 시설유형별 투입요인은 이용시설과 생활시설 모두 예산이 가장 높게 나타났으며, 산출요인은 이용시설은 운영체계화, 생활시설은 노인복지성이 가장 높게 나타났다. 노인복지시설에 미치는 결정요인에 따른 몇 가지 구체적인 정책적 시사점을 대안으로 제시하였다.

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Effect of Relational Aggression on Depression of Nursing Home Residents -Focusing on Low-income Elderly- (시설거주 노인의 관계적 공격성이 우울감에 미치는 영향 -기초생활수급권자 입소노인을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Dongbae;Min, Jungsun;Jung, Guhyung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.203-227
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    • 2012
  • This study analyzes the effect on depression of mutual relational aggression experienced by elderly residents at charity nursing home. It also verifies the mediated effect of adaption by the residents to the nursing home. For this end, the researchers conduct a survey for 182 elderly residents in 7 charity nursing homes in Seoul and Kyonggi Province. The statistical methods for the analysis were SPSS version 18.0 and AMOS 7.0program. Following are the findings. First, there turns out to be no statistical significant effect between mutual relational aggression and depression. Second, elderly residents' adaption to the nursing home is proved to serve as a mediated effect between mutual relational aggression and depression. In other words, the more the relational aggression, the more difficult it is for residents to be adapted to the nursing home, and the more depressed the residents are prone to be. Following are suggestions based on the findings. First, nursing home staffs need to establish a system in consideration both of relational aggression and of resident's adaption, to reduce its elderly residents' consequential depression. Second, nursing home staffs need to take measures to help adaption of new residents to prevent or reduce their depression. For example, new residents can be allowed to bring their belongings to the nursing home as much as they want and the nursing home can stand. Third, nursing homes also need to develop programs to prevent or reduce any negative relation, including bullying or casting out, among peer residents in the nursing home.

The related factors of job satisfaction in care facilities for the aged (노인요양시설 직원의 직무만족 관련요인 -사회인구학적 특성과 시설특성을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Hyo Shin;Lee, Inn Sook
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.79-87
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to search the related factors of job satisfaction in care facilities for the aged in order to improve quality of service and to help management of care facilities. Data was collected from staff who agreed with informed consent of this study among care facilities for the aged. Subjects were 152 staff members from 29 care facilities. The research was conducted during six month. The major findings of this study are as follows. Firstly, in the job satisfaction of staffs according to demographic characteristics of subjects, it was found that the workers with longer work experience in current facilities had higher job satisfaction. Secondly, in the job satisfaction according to characteristics of care facilities, it was found that when staff's opinion was accepted or considered that job experience was higher. In Conclusion, to increase job satisfaction of care facilities for the aged, we should consider the above two points.

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A Study on the Activation of Senior Welfare Facilities (노인복지시설의 활성화 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Woo-Hong
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.231-237
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    • 2008
  • As aged population has increased and family structures have changed in current industrialized society, weakened traditional family functions, increased economic activities of women, changed senses of value and changed status and role of senior people have caused may problems. So as it is getting harder to expect family support for the aged, more senior care facilities are needed. In this aspect, to activate senior welfare facilities, the following directions are required: First, facilities should be expanded in governmental level; Second, regional networks and various programs should be developed according to regional characteristics; Third, the environment of senior welfare facilities should be improved; Fourth, marketing strategies that are appropriate for characteristics of clients are needed through development of supporters; Fifth, treatment of senior welfare facility staff should be improved and the number of the professional staff should increase.

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The Effect of Experience of Abuse on Life Satisfaction of the elderly in Long-term Care Facilities (노인요양 시설내 학대경험이 이용 노인의 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Jin-Hee;Jung, Mee-Soon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.591-599
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    • 2017
  • With the introduction of long-term care insurance, the number of long-term care facilities and the elderly using it is increasing. Nevertheless, there was a lack of concern and research on elderly abuse and how to affect the life of the elderly in long-term care facilities. The study analyzed the data collected from 278 senior citizens of 44 long-term care facilities in two regions. The analysis was conducted to analyze the relationship among elderly abuse, service quality, service satisfaction and life satisfaction. An analysis showed that some of the elderly experienced elderly abuse, especially sexual abuse. The experience of abuse affect the perception of the service quality, service satisfaction and life satisfaction of the elderly. The elderly experienced abuse was undervalued in service quality, service satisfaction and life satisfaction. Based on these findings, the implications to prevent elderly abuse of long-term care facilities are suggested.

The Moderating Effect of Home-Based Welfare Facilities for Older Adults between ADL/IADL and Depressive Symptoms among Korean in Later Life (노인의 일상생활수행능력이 우울감에 미치는 영향에 대한 지역사회 재가노인복지시설의 조절효과)

  • Joo, Susanna;Jun, Heyjung;Choi, Bomi
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.243-259
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the moderating effect of home-based welfare facilities for older adults on the associations between the activities of daily living (ADL) / instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) and the depressive symptoms among Koreans in later life. Multilevel analysis was conducted with Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging 5th data and the public report about welfare facilities from Ministry of Health and Welfare in Korea. Samples were 4,139 older adults over 65 years old. The dependent variable was depressive symptoms, and individual level independent variables were ADL and IADL. The ratio of home-based welfare facilities out of 10,000 older adults in each city and province was the moderator. As a result, the effects of ADL on depressive symptoms vary according to the proportion of elderly welfare facilities out of the old population in the community. In specific, the older adults who live in the place where the elderly welfare facility rate was higher were less affected by ADL. Also, the more IADL people had, the more depressive symptoms they had. However, the interaction effect between IADL and the proportion of home-based welfare facilities was not significant. It suggests that delivering welfare services helping ADL through the home-based welfare facilities may be useful for decreasing depressive symptoms. Moreover, considering the proportion of facilities and older population will be helpful to make the welfare facilities efficiently work.

A Study on the Model Based for Jop Factor, Organization Performance of Senior Care Facilities Workers (노인복지시설 종사자 직무요인, 조직성과의 모형정립에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Woo-Hong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.345-349
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    • 2009
  • 본 연구는 노인복지시설 종사자의 직무요인이 조직성과에 미치는 영향요인에 대해 실증적으로 분석하는 것을 목적으로 한다. 이론적 배경에서 노인복지시설에 관한 문헌 검토와 노인 복지시설 종사자의 직무요인 및 조직성과에 대한 제이론을 검토하였다. 이론을 근거로 실증적 자료의 분석을 통하여 노인복지시설 종사자의 직무요인이 조직성과에 미치는 인과관계의 영향요인에 대해 검증하고자 하였다. 노인복지시설 종사자의 직무요인인 보수, 승진, 조직풍토, 업무환경, 조직구조가 조직성과인 직무만족과 조직몰입 및 충성도에 다르게 영향을 미칠 것으로 가정하였다. 실증적 분석에서는 연구대상에 대한 인구통계학적 분석과 연구모형에 대한 적합도를 검증하며, 구조방정식모형을 향해 가설검증을 실행하고자 한다.

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