• Title, Summary, Keyword: 노인의 사회자본

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A Study on Development of the Social Capital Scale and Validity of the Elderly (노인의 사회자본 척도개발과 타당도 연구)

  • Kim, min-joo;Ji, eun-gu
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.79-80
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    • 2017
  • 사회자본은 노인에게 있어 그들의 욕구 및 문제를 해결하는데 용이하게 작용을 할 뿐 만아니라, 나아가 지역사회에서 생활함에 있어 삶의 질을 향상시키는데 기능적 역할을 하기 때문에 중요한 요인이라 할 수 있다. 많은 선행연구들에서 노인의 사회자본 연구들이 진행되고는 있지만, 대부분의 연구에서 척도의 검증 없이 사용되어지고 있다. 따라서 본 연구는 선행연구를 토대로 사회자본의 개념 및 구성요소를 정의하고, 기존연구에서 제시된 사회자본 측정 문항들을 활용하여 우리나라 노인들이 인지하는 사회자본 척도를 개발한 후 타당도를 검증하고자 한다.

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A Study on the Effects to the Change of Social Capital from Participation in Elderly Employment Programs (노인일자리사업 참여가 사회적 자본 변화에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • Jang, Yu-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.63 no.2
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    • pp.261-289
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    • 2011
  • This study has been conducted to assess the effectiveness of the elderly employment programs through change of social capital by understanding how the elderly employment programs in the elderly employment policy of Korea has effected the change of social capital. The method of research was to design the research in the nonequivalent control groups design from the quasi-experimental design for the 500 elderly who participated and 250 who have not participated in the elderly employment programs through distributing structured questionnaire by classifying into before and after the project during 7 months from March 1, 2010 to September 30, 2010 to those above 65 living in Changwon. The social capital which is an important variable among the measurement index of the study has been set as trust, network, and social participation fields based on the aforementioned theoretic background. When the fact that there is a partial difference in the change of social capital of the elderly according to the participation in the elderly employment programs and the timing (before/after) is looked at in terms of change of social capital after controlling the general character of the elderly and the pre-score, there are differences per timing according to the participation in the elderly employment programs. Thus, the participation in the elderly employment programs had a significant difference in the change of social capital. It is possible to see that the trust, network, and social participation of the social capital all increased in the elderly with difficulties in their living status. It can be seen that the participation in the elderly employment programs brings forth increase of social capital for the elderly with difficulties in their living status. Among the social capitals, the elderly who participated in the elderly employment programs showed that the trust increased the most. Consequently, in order to increase the comprehensive social capital, the programs must be carried out focused on the vulnerable class in parallel to the elderly employment programs for the general elderly of other classes.

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Effects of the Elderly's Human, Economic and Cultural Capitals on Successful Aging: Focused on Mediating Effects of Engagement in Social Activities (노인의 인적·경제·문화자본이 성공적 노화에 미치는 영향: 사회활동참여의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Han, Hee Kyung
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.981-997
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    • 2018
  • This paper verifies if the engagement in social activities mediates the effects of human, economic and cultural capitals on successful aging in elderly citizens. The questionnaire survey data collected from 356 elderly citizens aged 65 and over in Busan undergoes structural equation modeling for analysis. The analysis highlights the following. First, human and cultural capitals influence social engagement activities whereas economic capital does not. Second, economic capital affects successful aging whereas human and cultural capitals do not. Third, engagement in social activities impacts on successful aging. Fourth, engagement in social activities mediates the effects of human, economic and cultural capitals on successful aging. Based on these findings, this paper makes suggestions for improving the capitals and social activities of the elderly for successful aging.

Working Elderly Persons' Formation of Social Capital and Self Efficacy (일에 참여하고 있는 노인의 사회적 자본형성과 자기효능감에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Shin-Sook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.555-572
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    • 2017
  • The Purpose of this study was to examine the relationship social capital between self efficacy, and the elderly in participated employment or not. The subjects were 340 elderly people in K, S, Y City in Jeonnam. The statistics used for data analysi were reliability, frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, one way ANOVA, correlation and multiple Regression. The results of this study were as follows ; First, the degree of social capital of the elderly in participated employment was 86.5(median value 81), while the degree of social capital who did not participated was 79.7. And the degrees of elderly's self efficacy was 43.2, those data showed higher than median. while the degree of self efficacy who did not participated was 39.1. Second, The elderly's social capital level in participated employment were significantly according to residence, religion, living state, economic state, frequency of employment, health state, spouse, monthly income, and the elderly's self efficacy level in participated employment were significantly according to social capital, economic state, monthly income, spouse, health state, living state, education, religion, frequency of employment, Third, participation on the employment for elderly' social capital was the highest correlation variable in self efficacy. Fourth, The variables that affect the elderly's social capital level were economic state, health state, spouse, religion, which explained about 13% of the total variance. And the variables that affect elderly's self efficacy level norm, economic state, network, participation, residence, health state, trust, age, spouse, which explained about 34% of the total variance.

Influences of Social Capitals Affecting Self-esteem and Psychological Wellbeing of the elderly (노인의 사회자본이 자존감과 심리적 복지감에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Weon-Cheol;Park, Sun-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.12
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    • pp.235-245
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    • 2013
  • This study attempted to study the relation between the social capitals and self esteem, psychological wellbeing of the elderly. This study took a questionnaire survey to 162 elderly persons over 65 years old in Busan Metropolitan City. The results of the impact of social capitals upon mental health of the elderly were as follows. For the social capitals and self esteem, formal reliability, formal network and the norm, women had significantly positive(+) impact on self esteem. For the social capitals and psychological wellbeing, formal reliability, women had significantly positive(+) impact on psychological wellbeing, while the norm had significantly negative (-) impact on psychological wellbeing. Based on such results, this study suggested meaning and necessity to construct the social capitals and its activation for the improvement of psychological health of the elderly. Finally, it remarked the limits of the study and the suggestions for the further research direction.

A Study on Social Capital and Satisfaction of Elderly life (사회적 자본과 노인 삶의 만족도 연구)

  • Lee, Changhwa
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.287-292
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    • 2018
  • This paper investigates the differences in norms, values, and trusts that affect the quality of life of the elderly, as well as the elderly population. The elderly surveyed 401 households (65 years old or older) residing in N city. As a result of the analysis, there was a difference in life satisfaction according to sex, marital status, educational background, type of household composition and income level in the comparison of life satisfaction according to demographic variables. As a result of examining the influence of social capital on the elderly's life satisfaction, it was found that they contributed to trust, norm, and participation order. This study suggests that future policies of the elderly welfare policy should be considered as a policy that focuses on participation in various social activities that can activate social capital.

Factors and Categorization of Perception toward Social Capital for Korean Older Adults (한국 노년층의 사회자본에 대한 인식 유형화 및 영향요인)

  • Hong, Seokho;Hwang, Sunyoung;Kim, Soon Eun
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.707-726
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    • 2017
  • Korea is proceeding to aging society at much faster pace than other countries. To alleviate various problems (health, environment, social relationships, psychology and emotion, and financial problems) of the elderly caused by aging society, there has been increasing attention to social capital. This study investigated types of ways that the elderly at individual level are aware of social capital and the characteristic. In addition, factors that influence the types were studied. Data from 1060 elderly with the age of 65 and older were collected in Korea. Excluding missing data on variables used in the study, data of 960 elderly were used for analyses. K-mean cluster analysis was conducted to investigate types of elderly awareness on social capital at individual level. Multinominal logistic regression was used to find out factors of the types. K-mean cluster analysis resulted in three types of awareness on social capital among the elderly: (1) potential of social capital; (2) severance of social capital; and (3) wealth of social capital. Multinominal logistic regression resulted in that compared to potential of social capital type, when the elderly were younger, inclination of politics was more progressive, they did not have religion, they did not reside in rural, and they did not live in multiplex housing, the elderly were more likely to be in severance of social capital type. Also, when the elderly were women, had higher education and standard of living, were Christian, and did not reside in rural regions. they tended to be in wealth of social capital type. Based on the study results about awareness on social capital among the elderly and factors related to the awareness types, practical and political suggestions that promote social capital to solve problems of the elderly were provided.

Influence of the Elderly Feeling of Self-Efficacy on Preparation after Retirement -Focused on the Mediating Effect of Social Capital- (노인의 자기 효능감이 노후준비에 미치는 영향 -사회적 자본의 매개 효과를 중심으로-)

  • Shin, Kun-Young;Ko, Jea-Ug
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.255-267
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this research is to secure the foundational data for analyzing the mediating role of social capital from the influences of the feeling of self-efficacy of the elderly on the preparations for the old age. The subjects of this study were 518 questionnaires collected from March 20 to April 1, 2016 for the elderly over 60 years old who were living in S city. Regarding the data, the SPSS 20.0 and the AMOS 20.0 were used. And, the results of this research were the following: First, if we take a look at the influences of the feeling of self-efficacy on social capital, the feeling of self-efficacy has the positive influences. And, second, the influences of the feeling of self-efficacy on the preparations for the old age, also, are positive. Third, the influences of the social capital on the preparations for the old age, too, are positive. As such, we can find out that both the direct and indirect effects were shown. Lastly, we can find out that the feeling of self-efficacy has the partial mediating effects on the social capital and the preparations for the old age. Consequently, although the feeling of self-efficacy is insufficient with regard to the economic preparations, we can positively find out that it was able to effectively derive the satisfaction in life by utilizing the social capital. In preparation for the super-aged society, the improvements and the expansions of the social programs and the services resulting from them are needed through the establishment of a foundation regarding the life-periodical, social participation, the establishment of a socially-shared system that can be continued, and the policy of strengthening the social capital.

The Effects of Capital and Ecological Variables on Volunteering Among Older Adults (자본 및 생태환경 요인이 노인자원봉사활동에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Myeong-Suk;Ko, Jong-Wook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.236-248
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of human, social and cultural capital and ecological variables on volunteering among older adults. In this study, three variables of education, income and physical health were examined as human capital factors, two variables of formal and informal interaction as social capital factors, three variables of religion, cultural organization participation and quality of life as cultural capital factors, and three variables of existence of spouse, housing tenure and residence area as ecological factors. In addition, two variables of volunteering participation and continuous volunteering participation intention were considered as dependent variables. For this study, "Senior Job Replacement Project Participants" data collected by the Korea Labor Force Development Institute for the Aged were used and analyzed employing logistic regression analysis technique. This study found that three human capital variables(education, income, physical health) had positive effects on volunteering participation and continuous participation intention among older adults; of the two social capital variables, informal interaction had a positive effect on both volunteering participation and continuous participation intention, whereas formal interaction had a positive effect only on continuous participation intention; three cultural capital variables(religion, cultural organization participation, quality of life) had positive effects on both volunteering participation and continuous participation intention; and of three ecological variables, housing tenure and residence area had positive effects on volunteering participation and continuous participation intention, whereas existence of spouse had no significant effects on dependent variables.

The Effects of Participation Motive Level of the Volunteer Activities on the Social Capital Convergence Formation of the Elderly (노인 자원봉사활동 참여동기 수준이 사회적 자본의 융복합 형성에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Jin-Yi;Lim, Wang-Kyu
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.39-53
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to consider the effect of the volunteer participation motivation of the elderly on the convergence formation of the social capital. This study is based on the quantitative research of 390 older adults who have participated on the volunteer programs run by welfare center and culture center for the elderly at Incheon area. The results are as follows. First, social responsibility and self-realization (independent variables) have effect on social trust(dependent variable). Second, self-realization(independent variable) has effect on social participation(dependent variable). Third, but social activity(independent variables) have not effect on social trust and social participation(dependent variable). This study can be use to propose policies related to the social activity for the elder's good life.