• Title, Summary, Keyword: 노인

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Analyzing Driving Risk Self-Perception Characteristics of Elderly Drivers (노인 운전자의 운전 위험성 자각 특성 분석)

  • Choi, Seong-Youl
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.7
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    • pp.223-231
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    • 2020
  • Older drivers have an increased risk of accidents due to poor function, but they also develop self-regulation ability to check their own changes. Thus, information on whether the actual elderly driver responds to changes in driving ability and risk may provide a meaningful basis for the clinic and research of the elderly's driving ability assessment. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to provide basic data for the evaluation of elderly drivers by analyzing the driving risk self-perception characteristics in terms of driving behavior and function with Korean elderly drivers. A self-reporting assessment was conducted on 500 elderly drivers living in the community and the characteristics of driving risk perception were analyzed. As a result, it was confirmed that many elderly drivers are aware of the driving risk when their vision and hearing are impaired or when they find it difficult to adapt to changes in driving conditions. On the other hand, the characteristics of insensitive reactions to changes in medical health conditions, such as drug use or epilepsy, seizures, and loss of consciousness, were identified. The researcher hopes this study will contribute to the safety management of elderly drivers in Korea, where aging is accelerating.

Images of the Elderly held by Non-Elderly (비노인층이 갖는 노인 이미지 연구)

  • Lee, Yun-Kyoung
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.1-22
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    • 2007
  • This study explores the images of the elderly held by non-elderly. Unlike previous studies on the topic, it considers various dimensions of the images including health, personality, intelligence, and economic ability. The study also attempts to examine factors affecting the images by age groups of non-elderly as well as the dimensions above. The data come from a nationwide survey on the Korean Elderly conducted by Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs in 2004. Analysis of the samples aged 20-64 reveals that the overall image of the elderly are negative across four dimensions. Nonetheless, differences by dimensions are also observed. Young people in their 20s are more likely than other age groups to have negative views on elderly's health. In the meanwhile, the middle aged are more likely to have negative views on elderly's economic ability. Multivariate analysis based on legit regression model shows that the images of the elderly are affected by age, place of residence, co-residence with older persons, attitude toward life in old age. The findings from this study contain important implications for the improvement of the elderly's images in rapidly aging society.

Attitudes toward Caring for the Elderly and Geriatric Nursing Practice of Nurses in a General Hospital (일 병원 간호사의 노인돌봄태도와 노인간호실천)

  • Kang, Mi-Ran;Jeong, Kyeong-Sook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.127-137
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship among attitude toward caring for the elderly and geriatric nursing practice and the influencing factors on geriatric nursing practice of nurses in a general hospital. Data were collected from October 1 to October 30, 2017 by questionnaires from 228 nurses who work at a general hospital in B city. The data were analyzed by IBM SPSS statistics 20.0 program using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe's test, Pearson's correlation coefficient and Stepwise Multiple Regression. The average score of attitude toward caring the elderly was 3.39 and geriatric nursing practice was 3.21. Significant correlation were found among attitude toward caring the elderly and geriatric nursing practice. According to the research, the significant factors influencing geriatric nursing practice were attitude toward caring the elderly, total clinical careers, elderly education experience influences the attitude toward the elderly, the present working department, have a friendly elderly person, and these factors explained 30.4%. Based on these findings, it is necessary to develop and apply a program to improve positive attitude of care for the elderly to hospital nurses and a program to promote the geriatric nursing practice.

The Effect of Experience of Abuse on Life Satisfaction of the elderly in Long-term Care Facilities (노인요양 시설내 학대경험이 이용 노인의 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Jin-Hee;Jung, Mee-Soon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.591-599
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    • 2017
  • With the introduction of long-term care insurance, the number of long-term care facilities and the elderly using it is increasing. Nevertheless, there was a lack of concern and research on elderly abuse and how to affect the life of the elderly in long-term care facilities. The study analyzed the data collected from 278 senior citizens of 44 long-term care facilities in two regions. The analysis was conducted to analyze the relationship among elderly abuse, service quality, service satisfaction and life satisfaction. An analysis showed that some of the elderly experienced elderly abuse, especially sexual abuse. The experience of abuse affect the perception of the service quality, service satisfaction and life satisfaction of the elderly. The elderly experienced abuse was undervalued in service quality, service satisfaction and life satisfaction. Based on these findings, the implications to prevent elderly abuse of long-term care facilities are suggested.

Ethnic Differences in the Adjustment to Poverty and Disability among Unmarried Elderly Americans : An Analysis of Multi-State Transitions in Living Arrangements from 1984-1990

  • 박경숙;프랜시스골드샤이더;로저애버리
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.123-151
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    • 1999
  • 미국사회에서 노인의 거주지 적응양식은 인종간에 차이가 크다. 일반적으로 소수인종노인은 백인 노인에 비하여 자녀와 함께 사는 경향이 강하다. 이에 대하여 문화적 입장에서는 소수인종은 백인에 비하여 가족부양규범이 강하다고 주장한다. 다른 한편 경제적 입장에서는 소수인종은 그들의 생애를 지배하는 빈곤 때문에 규모의 경제를 통하여 가계비용을 줄이기 위하여 확대가족을 유지할 수밖에 없다고 주장한다. 본 연구는 노인이 질병과 빈곤에 적응하는 방식에 있어 인종간 차이를 검토함으로써 기존의 경제학적 논의와 문화적 논의의 적합성을 검정하는데 목적을 두고 있다. 이를 위하여 노인의 거주지 적응에 대한 문화적 영향과 관련하여 두가지 가설을 검정하고 있다. 첫째, 소수인종 노인은 백인노인에 비하여 빈곤과 질병상황에서 가족으로부터 더 오랜기간 보호를 받는지를 검토한다. 둘째, 소수인종 노인은 백인노인에 비하여 건강이 악화될 때 더욱 신속하게 가족으로부터 보호를 받을 수 있는지를 검토한다. 분석을 위해서 1984년에서 1990년기간 동안 실시된 "고령화에 대한 종단적 조사(Longitudinal Survey on Aging)"를 이용하여 마르코비안 다중생명표 모형과 사건분석을 수행하였다. 본 연구결과에 따르면 소수인종 노인은 가족부양규범의 문화적 이점을 그다지 크게 다지고 있지 않다. 인종간 사망력과 시설입소의 차이를 통제할 때, 소수인종 노인은 백인노인에 비하여 보다 흔하게 자녀동거에서 단독거주형태로 혹은 그 반대방향으로 거주지 변화를 경험하고 있다. 백인 노인은 소수인종에 비하여 질병상태와 관련하여 자녀와 동거하는 경향이 더 강하다. 사망력과 시설입소의 인종간 차이를 통제할 때 소수인종노인이 백인노인보다 쉽게 자녀동거에서 단독거주로 이행하는데 이는 소수인종에서 가족부양체계가 불안정함을 의미한다. 또한 빈곤시에 소수인종 노인은 백인노인에 비하여 쉽게 자녀와 떨어져 살게 된다. 이러한 결과는 소수인종 노인에 대한 가족의 지원은 그 가족의 경제적 제약속에서 매우 안정적이지 못함을 시사한다. 못함을 시사한다.

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A Study on the Solutions of the Elderly Problems in Terms of Social Issuest (사회문제 측면에서 본 노인문제의 해결방안에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Su-Il;Kim, Bo-Ki
    • Industry Promotion Research
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.109-119
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    • 2016
  • This study analyzed how the situation of the elderly problems around the issue appeared on theory and field. First was to identify elderly issues with a theoretical argument about the elderly problem, from the perspective of structural functionalism, conflict theory, symbolic interaction theory. The issues of older issues was selected to increase, divorce increases and remarried decline in the elderly, exclusion from the labor market, and dilemmas, such as political participation and volunteering in the elderly households study the current situation and their problems for them. the results in terms of social issues the first solution to the problem, the elderly, it is necessary to switch recognition for the elderly. Second, we need to remove negative perceptions about older people. Third, we must establish a complementary relationship between the state and the private sector.In conclusion, it should be full in order to solve the elderly problem in terms of social issues, not limited to the elderly problem in the elderly subject matter of an individual or family corresponds to publicize it as a social problem social preemptively.

The Representations and Audience Reception of the Elderly in Reality Shows : Focusing on Gender Difference (리얼리티 쇼에서의 노인 재현과 수용 연구 : 젠더 재현의 차이를 중심으로)

  • Oh, Eun-Hye;Kim, Sujeong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.493-507
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to examine the representations of elders in reality shows focusing on gender disparity by employing a textual analysis and audience interviews. According to findings, as for elderly men, various images are presented while as for elderly women, traditional gender images are mainly reproduced. In the audience reception, the audiences' understanding of genres and their preexisting gender perceptions have important roles on their interpretations in the ways of producing gender discriminated meanings.

Status of health and nutritional intake of the elderly in long-term care facilities: focus on Gwangju Metropolitan City (노인의료복지시설 입소 노인의 건강 상태 및 영양소 섭취 현황: 광주광역시를 중심으로)

  • Han, Gyusang;Yang, Eunju
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.53 no.1
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    • pp.27-38
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study assessed the food intake and nutritional status of the elderly in long-term care facilities in order to provide adequate food services and improve the nutritional status. Methods: The survey was carried out from August 2019 to October 2019 for the elderly in long-term care facilities located in Gwangju Metropolitan City. The survey was conducted to collect data from 199 elderly persons (34 males and 165 females) aged over 65 years old. The food intake was assessed using a 1-day 24-hour recall method. Results: More than 90% of the subjects were over 75 years old. Forty five percent of the subjects were active, 44.2% of the subjects perceived themselves as not being healthy. Dementia and Parkinson's disease were the most common diseases, followed by hypertension, musculo-skeletal disease, diabetes, and stroke. Only 25.6% of the subjects had most of their teeth intact, and 44.7% of the subjects had difficulty in chewing and swallowing. The total food intake was 1,127 g in males and 1,078 g in females. The most frequently consumed foods were kimchi, cooked rice with multi-grains, soybean soup, cooked rice with white rice, yogurt, pumpkin porridge, soy milk, and duck soup. The average energy intake of the subjects was 1,564.9 kcal in males and 1,535.5 kcal in females. The overall nutritional status of the elderly in the long-term care facilities was poor. In particular, the intake of vitamin D and calcium, vitamin C, riboflavin, and potassium were very low. The intake of vitamin D was 5 ㎍, and 86.4% of the elderly were below the estimated average requirement, while the intake of sodium was high. Conclusion: The results of this study can be used to understand the health and nutritional status and to improve the food services and nutrition management for the elderly in longterm care facilities.

A Study of the Relations between the Furnace and Housing structure - Focusing on The Honam Area - (원시$\cdot$고대의 노시설과 주거구조와의 상관성 연구 - 호남지역을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee Min-seok
    • KOMUNHWA
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    • no.62
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    • pp.29-58
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    • 2003
  • It has been well known that the function of the furnace is to cook, to heat, and to light. Especially, it is easy to grasp relations between the furnace forms and the dwelling structure because the furnace was a part of the most important housing culture.

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가족불안정성이 노인자살에 미치는 영향, 1995-2005

  • Yu, Jeong-Gyun
    • Proceedings of the Population Association of Korea Conference
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    • pp.299-316
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    • 2007
  • 이 연구는 가족의 불안정성이 노인자살에 미치는 영향을 확인하고 시간의 흐름에 따른 변화추이를 살펴보기 위한 것이다. 이를 위해 입지조건 가족불안정성 사회경제적 수준을 설명변수로 인과구조의 분석모형을 만들었다. 자료는 1995년, 2000년, 2005년의 사망원인통계와 시 군 구 지역단위통계를 활용하였다. 이혼을 통해 가족불안정성을 측정하였으며, 이혼이 미치는 영향을 자세히 살피기 위해 노인과 20-50대, 그리고 남자노인과 여자노인자살률을 분석에 같이 사용하였다. 이 논문은 GIS를 이용하여 세시점의 자살률을 제시하였고, 입지조건 및 이혼에 따른 노인자살률의 차이를 검증하기 위해 분산분석과 회귀분석을 실시하였다 일부 지역에서만 높은 수치를 보이던 노인자살률이 시간의 흐름에 따라 높아져, 최근에는 남서해안을 제외한 대분 지역에서 높게 나타나고 있다 또한 노인의 자살이 높은 지역이 대도시에서 농촌지역으로 변화해 농촌지역에서의 노인자살이 심각한 것을 알 수 있다. 경제위기를 겪으면서 급증한 이혼은 가족불안정성으로 이어져 자살률을 높이는 효과를 보여준다. 노인자살률과 20-50대 자살률에 미치는 이혼의 효과는 동일하게 나타나고 있으며. 노인의 경우 더 강한 정적인 영향을 미치고 있다. 이혼이 자살에 미치는 효과는 성별에 따른 차이를 보여주는데, 여자노인보다 남자노인자살률을 높이는 방향으로 작용하고 있다 이러한 결과들을 보면 가족불안정성이 특히 남자노인자살에 가장 큰 영향을 미치고 있음을 알 수 있다.

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