• Title, Summary, Keyword: 농약잔류

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A Safety Survey of Pesticide Residues in Fruit Products Circulated in Chungcheongnam-do Province, Korea (충남도내 유통 과일류의 잔류농약 안전성 조사)

  • Lee, Kang-Bum;Kim, Nam-Woo;Song, Nak-Soo;Lee, Jung-Ho;Jung, Sang-Mi;Shin, Myoung-Hee;Choi, Seon-Sil;Kim, Ji-Hee;Sung, Si-Youl
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.421-430
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    • 2019
  • In this study, 195 pesticide residues in fruit samples (n=150) at local markets in Chungcheongnam-do Chungnam, Korea were monitored using a multi-residue method combined with GC-MS/MS and LCMS/MS. Among 150 fruit samples, 40 types of pesticides were detected in 63 samples and the detection rate was 42.0%. However, the amounts were below the maximum residue limit (MRL). Detection rates for pesticides in each thpe of fruit were as follows ; citrus fruits (55.2%), pome fruits (41.3%), berries (38.7%) and stone fruits (36.0%). Although the sample size was small (n=2), pesticide residues were not detected in tropical fruits. Occurrences of detection of pesticide residues in apple showed the highest level, and mainly, insecticides were detected most frequently. The most commonly detected pesticides residues were bifenthrin (21), pyraclostrobin (17), novaluron (13), boscalid (10), chlorfenapyr (9), trifloxystrobin (9), furathiocarb (9), acetamiprid (8) and chlorpyrifos (8). Five types of residual pesticides (bifenthrin, chlorfenapyr, deltamethrin, fenpropathrin and fenvalerate) were detected in quince, and out of these five, fenpropathrin exceeded the MRL based on the Positive List System (PLS). These results suggested that pesticide residues in fruit samples should be continuously monitored, although residue levels in 63 other fruit samples were evaluated as being within a safe level.

Dietary Risk Assessment for Pesticide Residues of Vegetables in Seoul, Korea (서울지역 유통 채소류 섭취에 따른 잔류 농약의 위해성 평가)

  • Jang, Mi-Ra;Moon, Hyun-Kyung;Kim, Tae-Rang;Yuk, Dong-Hyun;Kim, Jung-Hun;Park, Seog-Gee
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.404-412
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    • 2010
  • This paper specifically discusses the risk assessment on the pesticide residues in vegetables collected from traditional markets, big marts and departments in the southern part of Seoul. Vegetable samples were 6,583 cases from January to December in 2009. Monte-Carlo simulation was used to calculate the uncertainty for the risk index using pesticide residues, average dietary intake for vegetables and acceptable daily intake. Deterministic risk indexes were 7.33% of diethofencarb, 5.13% of indoxacarb, 3.96% of EPN, 3.92% of diniconazole and 3.09% of chlorothalonil, respectively. And other pesticides were below 3%. Distributions of risk indexes obtained by the Monte-Carlo simulations were similar to the deterministic values, even though the confidence intervals for 95% were very wide. We confirmed that health risks caused by eating vegetables exceeded maximum residue limits of pesticide are very low and the population is generally safe, judging from the risk indexes located between 0.07 to 9.49%.

Residual Patterns of Acaricides, Etoxazole and Flufenoxuron in Apples (살응애제 Etoxazole 및 Flufenoxuron의 사과 중 잔류양상)

  • Hwang, Jeong-In;Kim, Jang-Eok
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.61-68
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    • 2014
  • Dissipation constants and half-lives of acaricides etoxazole and flufenoxuron in apples were calculated to establish their pre-harvest residue limits (PHRLs). The acaricides were sprayed on apples with single and triple doses based on safe use guidelines, and their residual patterns in the apple were interpreted using first order kinetics equation. The residual amounts of acaricides during the experimental period were below their maximum residue limits (MRL) for apple. The dissipation constants of acaricides in the apples were calculated at 0.0788 for etoxazole and 0.0319 for flufenoxuron corresponding to their biological half-lives; 8.8~21.7 days for etoxazole and 21.7~23.1 days for flufenoxuron. The PHRLs of acaricides in the apple showed the residual amounts of etoxazole and flufenoxuron at the harvesting date would be below their MRLs if their residual amounts were less than 0.87 and 0.88 mg/kg, respectively, at 7 days prior to harvesting the apples.

효소저해법을 이용한 Carbamate계 농약의 간편한 잔류분석법

  • 김정호;조동현;박문기;문영수
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Sciences Society Conference
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    • pp.271-273
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    • 2004
  • Enzyme inhibition기술을 이용한 습식 및 건식 kit는 carbmate계 농약의 잔류를 검출하는데 매우 민감하므로, carbmate계 잔류농약을 신속하게 검색할 수 있다. 즉 AChE효소를 이용한 습식 및 건식 kit로 carbamate계 농약을 검출 할 수 있다. 따라서 빠르고 간편하게 carbamate계 농약을 검출하기 위한 습식 kit 및 건식 kit로 상업화 할 수 있다.

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