• Title/Summary/Keyword: 농약잔류

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The Extrapolations to Reduce the Need for Pesticide Residues Trials on Continuous Harvesting Leafy Vegetables (농약 잔류 시험을 위한 연속수확 엽채소류의 외삽)

  • Son, Kyeong-Ae;Im, Geon-Jae;Hong, Su-Myeong;Kim, Chan Sub;Gil, Geun-Hwan;Jin, Yong-Duk;Kim, Jinba;Ihm, Yang Bin;Ko, Hyeon Seok;Kim, Jang Eok
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.293-301
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    • 2013
  • This study was carried out to investigate the pesticide residue pattern among different leafy vegetables applied with foliar spraying under greenhouse and to check extrapolating from some residue trial data to other minor crops. Leafy vegetables used in this study were: Mustard greens (Brassica juncea L.), Kale (Brassica oleracea L.), Dacheongchae (a kind of pak-choi (Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis L.)), Leaf broccoli (Brassica oleracea var alboglabra), Perilla leaf (Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton var. Frutescens), Leaf lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), Swiss chard (Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris) and Red leaf chicory (Cichorium intybus L. var. foliosum Hegi). These are cultivated all year under indoor or outdoor and cut the leaf from plant continuously during harvest time. The amounts of pesticide deposit in/on the continuous harvesting leafy vegetables were affected by the ratios of leaf area to weight. Ratio of perilla leaf was the largest among crops as 58 $cm^2/g$. The residue levels of 7 pesticides in/on perilla leaf were the highest than those of other crops through the statistical analysis from zero day to fifth day after last application. The representative crop in 8 crops was perilla leaf selected based on the amounts of daily consumption and the high residues. This study suggest that the continuous harvesting leafy greens should be separated from the one time harvesting leafy vegetables for the pesticide recommendations because of different harvesting habits and pre-harvest intervals.

Information Resources for the Establishment of Tolerance Standards on Pesticide Residues in Soils (토양 중 농약잔류 허용기준 설정을 위한 자료)

  • Lee, Su-Rae;Lee, Hae-Keun;Hur, Jang-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.128-144
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    • 1996
  • The usage level of pesticides in Korea reached the relatively high extent of 13 kg a.i./ha for arable land, and therefore, establishment of legal standards on pesticide residues in soil environment has been requested. This paper presents relevant information on soil contamination and proposes tentative standards on 20 pesticides in agricultural, urban and forest soils, respectively, as well as needed background data to support the justification of the standards.

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Information Resources for the Establishment of Tolerances on Pesticide Residues in Golf Courses (골프장의 농약잔류 허용기준 설정을 위한 자료)

  • Lee, Su-Rae;Han, Dae-Sung;Lee, Mi-Gyung
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.262-272
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    • 1996
  • The objective of this paper is to present relevant information and for proposing legal standards on pesticide residues around golf courses. Among 67 pesticide ingredients used for the courses in Korea, 30 items necessary for standard setting were selected and theoretical residue limits were computed. Pesticide residue limits applicable to golf courses in Korea were for 16 pesticides in run-off water on the health and ecotoxicological bases and in soil on the health basis, as selected by practical use pattern. It is recommended to accumulate scientific data by continuous research efforts in order to justify the pesticide residue limits in run-off water and soils of golf courses.

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Procedures in Establishing Residue Limits of Pesticides on Food Crops in Korea (한국에서 농산물중 농약잔류 허용기준의 설정절차)

  • Lee, Mi-Gyung;Hong, Moo-Gi;Park, Kun-Sang;Choi, Dong-Mi;Lim, Moo-Hyuk;Lee, Su-Rae
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.685-694
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    • 2005
  • Korean practices in tolerance setting of pesticide residues on food crops were compiled with an effort to harmonize with international standards. Based on scientific data including historical background, limit setting protocols, adoption of ADI values, food factors, nation's body weights, and regulatory margins which are required for the setting of maximum residue limits, necessary measures to be taken by Korean regulatory authorities were proposed.

유럽의 '가축사료 안전한 이용을 위한 가이드 라인'

  • 정완태
    • Feed Journal
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.101-103
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    • 2005
  • 가축사료가 인간의 건강 위해의 잠재적 원인의 하나라고 생각되지 않았던 것이, 치근 다양한 식품안전 위기로부터 사료도 식품안전과 관련이 있다는 것이 명백하게 되었다. 소해면상뇌증(일명 광우병)의 발생이 반추동물에 포유동물 육골분사료 급여와 관련되어 인간의 CJD 와의 관련가능성, 1998년 citrus pulp의 다이옥신 오염사례, 2001년의 사료의 다이옥신 오염과 농장에 영향을 미친 가축사료의 호르몬(MPA) 오염 등이 가축사료 안전성과 관련된 사례가 유럽 도처에 있었다. 이러한 사건의 모두는 가축사료의 안전에 대한 주의를 필요로 하고 있다. 이러한 특정의 문제 외에 가축사료와 관련하는 잠재적 위해를 주는 것은 마이코톡신(사료원료의 곰팡이 생성으로 인한)을 포함하여 살모넬라균속과 같은 전염성 물질, 제초제, 살균제등의 농약잔류 및 산업/환경 등에 의한 다른 외부 오염물(수은, PCB, 납, 카드뮴) 등이 있다. 가축과 인간의 건강에 잠재적인 영향과 사료품질은 농장에서 사료 원인 작물의 성장에서부터 곡물 수확 시까지 모든 단계에서 좋은 상황에서 이루어져야 하고, 농장에서부터 철저하게 관리하는 사료의 안전한 이용을 위한 가이드라인이 설정되어 있다.

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Effect of Storage Temperature, Washing, and Cooking on Postharvest-treated Pesticide Residues in Polished Rice (쌀의 저장온도, 세척 및 취반이 일부 농약잔류의 제거에 미치는 효과)

  • 한선희;조한빈
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 1999
  • Effect of storage temperature, washing, and cooking on postharvest-treated pesticide residues in polished rice was investigated. After being treated with each 500 mg/kg of captan, carbaryl, phenthoate, fenthion, fenitrothion, chlorpyriphos-methyl, pirimiphos-methyl, the polished rice was stored for 8 weeks at 4 and 3$0^{\circ}C$, respectively. The penetation rate of carbaryl was the highest as 27.5% and the others, 13 to 18%. The half lives of pesticide residues were estimated as 30 to 230 weeks at 4$^{\circ}C$, but 1 to 12 weeks at 3$0^{\circ}C$. The residues were reduced faster at 3$0^{\circ}C$ than at 4$^{\circ}C$. The half lives of pesticide residues by water washing were estimated as 0.7 to 4.6 trials and the removed with the washing trials. The residues of captan and carbaryl in cooked rice were removed 100 and 98%, respectively, comparing to initial residues concentration in treated rice but those of other 5 pesticides were removed 80%.

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Current status on pesticide residues in commercial agricultural commodities in Seoul area (서울시내 유통 농산물에서의 농약잔류 실태)

  • 한선희
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society of Environmental Toocicology Conference
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    • pp.49-53
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    • 2003
  • Through the five years analysis of monitoring data on pesticide residues from 1998 to 2002, current status on pesticide residues on commercial agricultural products in Seoul area was evaluated. The rate of over maximum residue limits(MRLs) has been decreased into 5.8% in 1998, 2.5% in 1999, 1.6% in 2000, 1.4% in 2001, and 1.5% in 2002 gradually, where as total sample numbers analyzed increased 1,300 in 1998, 4,200 in 1999, 5740 in 2000, 6,160 in 2001, and 5,440 in 2002 annually, The pesticide which frequently detected in samples were endosulfan, procymidone, chlorotalonil, vinclozolin, and chlorpyriphos and pesticide found over MRLs were procymidone, vinclozolin, endosulfan and etc.

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