• Title, Summary, Keyword: 뇌 선호도

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Case Analysis of Problem Solving Process Based on Brain Preference of Mathematically Gifted Students -Focused on the factors of Schoenfeld's problem solving behavior- (수학영재들의 뇌선호유형에 따른 문제해결 과정 사례 분석 -Schoenfeld의 문제해결 행동요인을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Jae Hee;Song, Sang Hun
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.67-86
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze selection of factors of Schoenfeld's problem solving behavior shown in problem solving process of mathematically gifted students based on brain preference of the students and to present suggestions related to hemispheric lateralization that should be considered in teaching such students. The conclusions based on the research questions are as follows. First, as for problem solving methods of the students in the Gifted Education Center based on brain preference, the students of left brain preference showed more characteristics of the left brain such as preferring general, logical decision, while the students of right brain preference showed more characteristics of the right brain such as preferring subjective, intuitive decision, indicating that there were differences based on brain preference. Second, in the factors of Schoenfeld's problem solving behavior, the students of left brain preference mainly showed factors including standardized procedures such as algorithm, logical and systematical process, and deliberation, while the students of right brain preference mainly showed factors including informal and intuitive knowledge, drawing for understanding problem situation, and overall examination of problem-solving process. Thus, the two types of students were different in selecting the factors of Schoenfeld's problem solving behavior based on the characteristics of their brain preference. Finally, based on the results showing that the factors of Schoenfeld's problem solving behavior were differently selected by brain preference, it may be suggested that teaching problem solving and feedback can be improved when presenting the factors of Schoenfeld's problem solving behavior selected more by students of left brain preference to students of right brain preference and vice versa.

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Mutual information analysis of EEG in stimuli of odors (향 자극에 대한 뇌파의 상호 정보량 분석)

  • 민병찬;강인형;진승형;전광진;김태은;김수용;성은정;김철중
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Emotion and Sensibility Conference
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    • pp.135-138
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    • 2002
  • 판매직에 종사하는 여성을 대상으로 100%의 Basil oil, Lavender oil, Lemon oil, Jasmin oil, Ylangylang oil (KIMEX co. Ltd), Skatole의 총 6가지 종류의 천연향을 사용하여 자극하였을 때의 상호 정보량을 분석, 비교하였다. 그 결과, 선호도가 낮은 Basil과 Skatole을 자극할 때 무향에 비해 상호 정보량이 많고, 향 간의 비교에서도 선호도가 낮은 향에 대한 상호 정보량이 선호도가 높은 향에 비해 더 많음을 보여주었다. 이는 뇌에서 상호 정보량이 향에 대한 선호도와 관련이 있고, 특히 선호도가 낮은 향의 경우, 정보량의 증가 경향이 확인되었다.

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A Qualitative Study on the Influence of College Student Preference Job Type on Confirmation Bias (대학생의 선호직업유형이 확증편향에 미치는 영향에 관한 질적 연구)

  • Roh, Seon-Hee;Kim, Ki-Seung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.10
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    • pp.169-178
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    • 2019
  • This study examined the influence and role of college students' career preference type on the decision-making process of career selection, and also analyzed the effect on the confession bias in the process. The data was collected from June 20th to July 9th, 2017. The case analysis method was used for three times over 20 days by interviewing university students in the metropolitan area. The results of the analysis of the data from the study participants show that there are differences in the degree of individuals regardless of the preferred occupation type and career aptitude, but mostly there is a bias toward career and career. Confirmed biased thinking is a phenomenon that is shaped by the psychological and environmental factors of the research participants and that they try to fit themselves into a framework that reflects social awareness. The implication of this study is that the preference type affects the selection of the major, and that confirmation bias is a hindrance to proper employment and a job search. The preference for the individual job type should be properly established. Environment and opportunity should be provided.

The potentiality of color preference analysis by EEG (뇌파분석 통한 색상의 선호도 분석 가능성)

  • Kim, Min-Kyung;Ryu, Hee-Wook
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.311-320
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    • 2011
  • To quantitatively analyze the effects of color stimulation which is one of the major affecting factors on human emotion, we studied the relationship between color preference and the Electroencephalography (EEG) to 3 color stimuli; bright yellow red (BYR), deep green yellow (DGY), and vivid blue (VB). Physiological signal measured by EEG on the color stimulation was closely related with their well-known colorful images. The brain become more activated with decreasing the color temperature (BYR${\geq}$DGY>VB), and the right brain is more sensitive than the left. On the whole, the EEG values of the frequency bands are in order to beta ${\geq}$ theta and alpha > gamma. As decreasing the color temperature, beta wave increased (BYR${\geq}$DGY>VB), and alpha, beta and gamma waves increased with increasing the color temperature (BYR${\geq}$DGY>VB). The relationship between the color preference and EEG values showed EEG gets more activated at some frequency bands when the color preference becomes higher. In conclusion, the specific frequency band could be activating by a color stimuli which had showed higher the preference. It means that these color stimuli can apply for various industries such as beauty industry, interior design, fashion design, color therapy, and etc.

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A Study on the Problem Solving Styles according to Left/Right Brain Preference of Earth Science Gifted Students (좌우뇌 활용 선호도에 따른 지구과학 영재들의 문제해결방식에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Duk-Ho;Park, Seon-Ok
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.172-184
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    • 2010
  • This study is to investigate the problem solving styles according to the left /right brain preference among earth science gifted students. We took the R/LCT and the test of BPI to investigate the brain preference of earth science gifted students (N=16), and took S-CPST to investigate the problem solving styles on them. In the R/LCT, the earth science gifted students were classified into 3 groups (8 left-brain preference students, 7 right-brain preference students, 1 middle-brain preference student). In the BPI, 8 students had the appearance of left-brain preference, whereas 8 students had the appearance of right-brain preference. According to the result of S-CPST, first the left brain preference students tended to resolve a problem into simple components, then they put together each simple component. They prefer to solve a problem using numbers and mathematical signs logically, but they were afraid of giving trouble to describe own idea with pictures. Whereas the right brain preference students solved a problem with 3 steps. First, they saw an overall form of problem. Second, they tried to analyze each simple component of it, and then, made up all in one. Also, the right brain preference students observed the intuitive pattern of problem first, and then suggested the various problem solving methods later, and they took a solving plan using a picture in detail. In sum, earth science gifted students are unequal in problem solving styles according to the left/right brain preference. Thus, a teaching-learning method needs to be developed based on left/right brain preference for more effective gifted education.

Mutual information analysis of EEG in stimuli of odors (향 자극에 대한 뇌파의 상호 정보량 분석)

  • 민병찬;강인형;최지연;정순철;김철중
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.17-20
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    • 2003
  • The present study analyzed and compared the mutual information obtained by stimulating saleswomen with 6 natural fragrances 100% basil oil, Lavender oil, lemon oil, jasmine oil, ylang-ylang oil (KIMEX Co., Ltd.), and skatole. When stimulated with basil and skatole, which were less favored fragrances, the women produced a greater amount of mutual information than when not stimulated with any fragrance. In addition, a comparison among the effects of the fragrances revealed that the subjects tended to produce more mutual information regarding less favored fragrances than regarding more favored ones. This is because the amount of mutual information in the cerebrum is linked to the women's preference regarding fragrances. Consequently, less favored fragrances have been demonstrated clearly to produce more mutual information among the subjects.

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Statistical methods for modelling functional neuro-connectivity (뇌기능 연결성 모델링을 위한 통계적 방법)

  • Kim, Sung-Ho;Park, Chang-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Applied Statistics
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.1129-1145
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    • 2016
  • Functional neuro-connectivity is one of the main issues in brain science in the sense that it is closely related to neurodynamics in the brain. In the paper, we choose fMRI as a main form of response data to brain activity due to its high resolution. We review methods for analyzing functional neuro-connectivity assuming that measurements are made on physiological responses to neuron activation. This means that we deal with a state-space and measurement model, where the state-space model is assumed to represent neurodynamics. Analysis methods and their interpretation should vary subject to what was measured. We included analysis results of real fMRI data by applying a high-dimensional autoregressive model, which indicated that different neurodynamics were required for solving different types of geometric problems.

Subjective sensibility factors determining the preference of perfume (향 선호도 결정에 영향을 미치는 주관적 감성 요인)

  • 백은주;이윤영;김완석;이배환
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.23-30
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    • 1999
  • 향은 방향성 또는 휘발성 물질에 의해 코의 점막을 통해 흡입되어 뇌파등의 생체 신호의 변화를 초래하고 풍부한 감성도 유발시킨다. 향은 기억력에 관련된 원시 감정을 유발시킬 뿐만 아니라 생체에서 나오는 페로몬(pheromone)은 행동 양식까지 영향을 미친다. 또한 향을 이용하여 증상의 경감, 예방효과등 질환을 치료하는 aromatherapy는 매우 유망한 분야이다. 본 연구에서는 이러한 페로몬향과 aromatherapy에 사용되는 essential oil등을 이용하여 주관적 감성 평가를 실시하고 이를 통계 분석하여 여러 종류 향들의 자극으로 유발되는 감성의 특징을 밝혀내고자 하였다. 둘째로 향의 선호도를 결정하는데 작용하는 감성요인을 알고자 하였다. 실험에 사용된 향은 26종류이고, 총33명의 지원자가 참여하였다. 설문지는 9점척도의 18문항을 선별하여 4가지 유형으로 작성한 후 유형별로 자료를 정리하여 베리막스의 요인분석, 외귀분석, 군집분석등을 이용하여 분석하였다. 베리막스의 요인분석으로 설문에 사용한 감성 형용사를 쾌한 감성으르 결정하는 요인, 자극의 강도를 결정하는 요인, 이외의 다른 고풍스럽거나 현대적인 요인 등 비슷한 3개 요인으로 나누었다. 향의 선호도를 결정하는데 중요한 감성척도에서는 피검자 성별에 따라 차이가 있음을 보여주었다. 남성의 경우 '황홀하다, 여성적이다' 인데 반해 여성인 경우 '쾌적하다. 친숙하다'라는 감성 척도가 중요하게 작용하였다. 또한 각 향별로 군집을 분류하여 향의 종류를 구분할 수 있었으며 또한 각 향별 선호도를 결정하는 감성 척도도 구해 보았다. 또한 향의 분류에 따른 감성 척도의 특징을 성별로 관찰한 결과 페로몬 향의 경우 essential oil과는 달리 성별에 따른 차이가 나타났다. 결론적으로 후각을 자극하는 향물질로 유발된 감성을 측정해 본 결과 성별에 다라 선호도를 결정하는 감성요인의 차이를 알 수 있었으며, essential oil에서는 성별 차이가 없는데 비하여 페로몬 향의 경우 성별의 차이를 나타내었다.

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Reaction Pattern Influenced by Relative Values in the Evaluation of Preference for Image (이미지에 대한 선호도 평가에 있어 상대가치 작용 반응 패턴)

  • Heo, Seong-Cheol
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.41-50
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    • 2014
  • This study examined the characteristics of brain's reaction pattern concerning the preference for product images and compared them with the result of subjects' intuitive evaluation of their preference for the same materials. Two tests were conducted; the first one that calculated comfort properties based on brainwave measurements in order to examine the impression given by the images of products presented separately, one-by-one, and the second one that had subjects evaluate the preference directly by comparing the images of all products simultaneously. The first test was titled 'Independent Cognitive Response' and the second test, 'Relative Cognitive Response', and their characteristics were as follows. In the 'Independent Cognitive Response', the state of emotion was expressed in absolute values based on the comparison with the information accumulated through the subject's own experience and the feeling expressed as 'pleasant' or 'unpleasant' persisted as absolute values. In the 'Relative Cognitive Response', the state of emotion relative to the information of other images compared in the stage of perceiving the images was expressed, and in this case, the state of emotion described as 'calm' or 'excited' acted as relative values.

The Effects of Preferred Job Type of University Students on the Confirmation Bias and Job Anxiety (대학생의 선호직업유형이 확증편향과 취업불안에 미치는 영향)

  • Roh, Seon-Hee;Kim, Ki-Seung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.8
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    • pp.190-199
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    • 2019
  • This quantitative study analyzed the influence of college students' preferred type of occupation on a confirmation bias and job anxiety during the process of making a career decision. The questionnaires were distributed to university students in Seoul and the metropolitan area for 500 weeks from July 10 2017 to August 8, 2017. Among them, 482 valid samples of data were analyzed by data coding and data cleaning usin SPSS 18.0 statistics and the AMOS 18.0 program. The main results of this study are that the type of business preference for an affirmative bias has a positive (+) direct influence (${\beta}=.374$) and the type of freedom has a positive direct influence (${\beta}=.326$) and a negative direct influence (${\beta}=-.274$). In the case of job anxiety, the influence of job type is more increased. The confirmation bias shows that the business type and freestyle type find cause in effort or achievement motive, while rect type is recognized as social environment and structural problem. In conclusion, there is a difference in the degree of confirmation bias and job insecurity. This study shows that college students' preferred occupation types can help them to understand the bias and anxiety that they have in preparing for the job and help to reduce job anxiety, and these findings are expected to be useful for career guidance.