• Title, Summary, Keyword: 뇌 선호도

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Development of an EEG Software for Two-Channel Cerebral Function Monitoring System (2채널 뇌기능 감시 시스템을 위한 뇌파 소프트웨어의 개발)

  • Kim, Dong-Jun;Yu, Seon-Guk;Kim, Seon-Ho
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.81-90
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    • 1999
  • This paper describes an EEG(electroencephalogram) software for two-channel cerebral function monitoring system to detect the cerebral ischemia. In the software, two-channel bipolar analog EEG signals are digitized and from the signals various EEG parameters are extracted and displayed on a monitor in real-time. Digitized EEG signal is transformed by FFT(Fast Fourier transform) and represented as CSA(compressed spectral array) and DSA(density spectral array). Additional 5 parameters, such as alpha ratio, percent delta, spectral edge frequency, total power, and difference in total power, are estimated using the FFT spectra. All of these are effectively merged in a monitor and displayed in real-time. Through animal experiments and clinical trials on men, the software is modified and enhanced. Since the software provides raw EEG, CSA, DSA, simultaneously with additional 5 parameters in a monitor, it is possible to observe patients multilaterally. For easy comparison of patient's status, reference patterns of CSA, DSA can be captured and displayed on top of the monitor. And user can mark events of surgical operation and patient's conditions on the software, this allow him jump to the points of events directly, when reviewing the recorded EEG file afterwards. Other functions, such as forward/backward jump, gain control, file management are equipped and these are operated by simple mouse click. Clinical tests in a university hospital show that the software responds accurately according to the conditions of patients and medical doctors can use the software easily.

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Psychological Structure and ANS Response by Odor Induced Emotion (연령별 향 감성구조 및 향 감성에 따른 자율신경계 반응)

  • 박미경;정희윤;이경화;최정인;이배환;손진훈
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.39-45
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    • 2001
  • This study was conducted to identify the structure of the sensibility and autonomic nervous responses to odor by ages. 72 participants, 24 each in their teens, twenties, and thirties were given odor stimuli, cederwood, grapefruit, teebaum, peppermint, rose. During the presentation of stimuli, participant were measured blood flow, skin temperature, skin conductance, and ECG and subjective emotion to each odor were evaluated, Five factors, aesthetic, intensity, naturality, uniqueness, and romantism were identified but there were no differences by ages. Emotional factors that predict the preference to certain odors turned out partly different by ages. However, odors that made participants feel sick created more autonomic nervous response than odors that made them feel good.

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Quantitative Analysis of Regional Cerebral Blood Flow Using $^{99m}Tc-HMPAO$ SPECT in Cerebrovascular Disease (뇌혈관질환에서 $^{99m}Tc-HMPAO$ SPECT를 이용한 국소뇌혈류의 정량적 분석)

  • Lee, Myung-Chul;Lee, Myung-Hae;Koh, Chang-Soon;Roh, Jae-Kyu;Myung, Ho-Jin;Lee, Sun-Ho;Han, Dae-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.15-19
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    • 1988
  • SPECT of regional cerebral blood flow was performed using $^{99m}Tc-HMPAO$ in 28 patients with cerebrovascular disease and quantitative analysis was done. Cerebral asymmetry index and percent index of asymmetry of cerebellar hemisphere of patients with cerebral infarction or ischemia were $0.764{\pm}0.576$ and $-5.6{\pm}7.1%$ and those of intracranial hemorrhage was $0.416{\pm}0.251$ and $-2.5{\pm}4.1%$ respectively. According to PIA of cerebellar hemisphere, 12 patients showed crossed cerebellar diaschisis. $^{99m}Tc-HMPAO$ SPECT seemed to be a useful tool for the evaluation of regional cerebral blood flow.

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Adaptive population coding model for neural networks (신경망에 대한 적응 집단 코딩 모델)

  • Jang, Ju-Seog
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics B
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    • v.33B no.1
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    • pp.178-186
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    • 1996
  • We develop a simple adaptive population coding model for neural networks based upon an error minimization method. Our model exhibits properties that have been experimentally observed in the population coding of the motor-cortical cells during the voluntary arm movements of primates. By removing a group of directionally tuned cells after learning, we study its contribution to the population coding. Through the learning process of the remained cells, we observe how the cells modify their preferred directions to reduce the coding errors. Since this adaptive property has been neither predicted nor experimentally observed before, it would be interesting to find whether a similar adaptive property exists in real cortices that are believed to encode the information in their cell populations.

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A study of the free drawing GUI of the touch phone by human sensibility ergonomics approach (감성 공학적 접근에 의한 터치폰의 자유 드로잉 GUI에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Ji-Hye;Hwang, Min-Cheol;Kim, Jong-Hwa;U, Jin-Cheol;Kim, Chi-Jung;Kim, Yong-U;Jo, Bong-Hwa
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Emotion and Sensibility Conference
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    • pp.175-178
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    • 2009
  • 본 연구는 감성공학적 접근법으로 터치 모바일 폰의 자유 드로잉 GUI 요소를 디자인 하기 위한 프로세스를 검증하는 것이 목적이다. 본 연구의 프로세스는 다음과 같이 진행되었다. 첫째, 터치폰에서 자유드로잉하는 행태를 파악하기 위하여 남 녀 대학생 57 명을 대상으로 터치폰 일기를 쓰게 하여 분석하였다. 또한 관찰 대상자가 선호하는 패션, 좋아하는 이미지를 수집하여, IRI 표준 이미지 스케일 맵에 매핑하여 감성 요소를 추출하였다. 둘째, 추출된 감성 요소는 Norman(2002)에 의거한 감각적(Visceral), 행태적(Behavioral), 심볼적(Reflective) 감성 어휘로 도출하고, 요인 분석을 통해 대표 감성 어휘를 도출하였다. 셋째, 자유 드로잉을 위한 터치 모바일폰 GUI 요소를 도출한 후 대표 감성 어휘와의 관계성을 분석하여 관계성이 높은 디자인 요소를 추출하였다. 마지막으로 추출된 대표 디자인 요소와 대표 감성 어휘는 다차원척도(Multidimensional scaling : MDS) 분석을 실시하여 2 차원 축에 모델링하고, 정량적으로 디자인에 반영될 주요 감성을 도출해본 결과 사용자의 감성적 경험을 통해 도출된 GUI 와 유사성이 높은 감성 어휘는 감성적 디자인을 할 때 주 요소로 적용 된다는 사실을 확인하였다.

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Ventricular Tachycardia during Arthroscopic Shoulder Surgery - A Case Report - (관절경하 견관절 수술 시 발생한 심실성 빈맥 - 증례 보고 -)

  • Jo, Seung-Hyeon;Lee, Jin-Ung;Jo, Nam-Su;Lee, Yong-Geol
    • The Academic Congress of Korean Shoulder and Elbow Society
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    • pp.84-84
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    • 2008
  • 최근 견관절 질환의 상당수가 관절경 수술로 이루어지고 있다. 좌체위(beath chair position)를 이용한 관절경 수술은 시술 중 관헐적 방법으로의 전환이 용이하고 공간에 대한 orientation을 쉽게 잡을 수 있어 선호되고 있다. 또한 관절경 수술 시 시야 확보를 위해 epinephrine을 혼합한 세척액이 통상적으로 사용되고 있다. 관절경 수술 시 심부 정맥 혈전증(deep vein thrombosis), 가스 색전증, 세척액에 사용하는 epinephrine에 의한 심실성 빈맥 등과 같은 치명적인 부작용이 가끔 보고되어 있다. 관절경하 견관절 수술 도중 심실 빈맥의 발생은 매우 드문 경우이며 이에 대한 보고도 거의 없는 상태이다. 저자들은 2주의 기간 동안 좌체위로 관절경하 견관절 수술을 하는 도중 갑작스럽게 발생한 심실 빈맥 2예를 경험하였기에 원인 및 치료 과정을 보고하고자 한다. 좌체위로 인한 뇌혈류 저하, 가스 색전증 등의 증세는 없었다. 관절경술 도중 세척액에 투입된 소량의 epinephrine이 동시에 체내로 급속히 유입되어 심실 빈맥이 왔으리라 추정하고 있으며, 실험을 통해 이를 증명하고자 하였다.

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Analysis of fMRI Signal Using Independent Component Analysis (Independent Component Analysis를 이용한 fMRI신호 분석)

  • 문찬홍;나동규;박현욱;유재욱;이은정;변홍식
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.188-195
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    • 1999
  • The fMRI signals are composed of many various signals. It is very difficult to find the accurate parameter for the model of fMRI signal containing only neural activity, though we may estimating the signal patterns by the modeling of several signal components. Besides the nose by the physiologic motion, the motion of object and noise of MR instruments make it more difficult to analyze signals of fMRI. Therefore, it is not easy to select an accurate reference data that can accurately reflect neural activity, and the method of an analysis of various signal patterns containing the information of neural activity is an issue of the post-processing methods for fMRI. In the present study, fMRI data was analyzed with the Independent Component Analysis(ICA) method that doesn't need a priori-knowledge or reference data. ICA can be more effective over the analytic method using cross-correlation analysis and can separate the signal patterns of the signals with delayed response or motion related components. The Principal component Analysis (PCA) threshold, wavelet spatial filtering and analysis of a part of whole images can be used for the reduction of the freedom of data before ICA analysis, and these preceding analyses may be useful for a more effective analysis. As a result, ICA method will be effective for the degree of freedom of the data.

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Preparation and Characteristics of Bread by Medicinal Herb Composites with Cognitive Function (인지기능활성을 가진 생약복합물을 이용한 빵의 제조 및 특성)

  • Kang, Jin-Soon;Kang, Shin-Kwon;Kim, Hee-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.9
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    • pp.1131-1138
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    • 2009
  • In this study, the breads with medicinal herbs (MH) composites showing cognitive function were prepared and their characteristics were examined. Fifteen kinds of medicinal herbs were extracted with hot water and divided into 3 groups (MH-1, MH-2, MH-3) based on their contents. All groups showed cognitive function in terms of promoting muscarinic receptor, NMDA receptor and acetylcholinesterase inhibition. In the preparation of breads containing MH extracts of various contents (0, 10, 20, 30, and 50%), there were no significant difference among loaf weight of all groups, but loaf volume of all groups were significantly (p<0.05) decreased with increasing content of MH extracts compared to the control group. The "a" and "b" values of bread crumb increased with the content of MH extracts while "L" value decreased, but these values of bread crust were similar to the control group. The most improvements in hardness, fracturability, cohesiveness, gumminess and chewiness of bread were noticed by the addition of 10$\sim$20% MH extracts, while adhesiveness and springiness of bread were the most by the 30% addition ones. Through the sensory evaluation, it was revealed that appearance, mouth feeling, taste, overall preference and crumb texture of bread were not significantly different (p<0.05) between control and those with the 10% addition ones. Therefore the 10% addition ones, which got similar scores to control, will make the most desirable product.

Injury of the Medial Rectus Muscle by Using a Microdebrider During Endoscopic Sinus Surgery: A Case Report

  • Choi, Yoon-Seok;Bai, Chang-Hoon;Song, Si-Youn;Kim, Yong-Dae
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.240-246
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    • 2006
  • A microdebrider is increasingly used in endoscopic sinus surgery. Although it has many advantages over conventional instruments, it has been associated with severe complications. We treated a case of rupture of the left medial rectus muscle after use of a microdebrider during endoscopic sinus surgery in a 50 year-old female patient who complained of binocular diplopia and exotropia. The patient showed marked limitation on adduction and about 40 prism diopters of left exodeviation. The orbital computed tomography showed a bony defect at the left medial orbital wall, and injury of the medial rectus muscle. The exodeviation was corrected after ophthalmologic surgery. We report a case of the rupture of the medial rectus muscle after use of a microdebrider during endoscopic sinus surgery and review the medical literature.

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Petrochmical study on the Volcanic Rocks Related to Depth to the Benioff Zone and Crustal Thickness in the Kyongsang Basin, Korea: A Review (경상분지 화산암류의 지화학적 연구. 섭입대(베니오프대)의 깊이와 지각의 두께)

  • Jong Gyu Sung
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.323-337
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    • 1999
  • Late Cretaceous to early Tertiary volcanic rocks in the Kyongsang basin exhibit high-K calc-alkaline characteristics, and originated from the magmatism related genetically to subduction of Kula-Pacific plate. They represent HFSE depletion and LlLE enrichment characteristics as shown by magmas related to subduction. Early studies on the depth of magma generation has been estimated as 180-230 km based on K-h relation should be reevaluated, because the depth of peridotite partial melting with 0.4 wt. % water is 80-120 km at subduction zone, and subducting slab in premature arc can melted even lower than 70 km. Moreover the increase of potassium contents depends on either contamination of crustal material and fluids of subducting slab or low degree of partial melting. If the inclination of subduction zone is 30 degrees and the depth to the Benioff zone is 180-230 km, the calculated distance between the volcanic zone and trench axis would be 310-400 km. It is unlikely because the distance between the Kyongsang basin and trench during late Cretaceous to early Tertiary is closer than this value and not comparable with generally-accepted models in subduction zone magmatism. $K_{55}$ of the volcanics in the Kyongsang basin is 0.3-2.3 wt.% and the average indicate that the depth ranges between 80-170 km on the diagram of Marsh, Carmichael (1974). Fractionation from garnet lherzolite, assumed the depth of 180-230km, is not consistent with the REE patterns of the volcanoes in the Kyongsang basin. Futhermore, the range of depth suggested by many workers, who studied magmatism related to subduction, imply shallower than this depth. Crustal thickness calculated by the content of CaO and $Na_2O$ is about 30 km and about 35 km, respectively. Paleo-crustal thickness during late Cretaceous to early Tertiary times in the Kyongsang basin inferred about 30 km calculated by La/Sm versus LaJYb data, which is also supported by many previous studies.

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