• Title, Summary, Keyword: 대테러활동

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A Study on Community Counter-terrorism (지역사회 대테러활동에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Woo-Il
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.19
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    • pp.187-205
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    • 2009
  • In this study, Horgan(2005)'s argument highlights the centrality to any successful counter-terrorism strategy of understanding the social context in which terrorist ideologies take root. Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, techniques, and strategies that governments, militaries, police departments and corporations adopt in response to terrorist threats and/or acts, both real and imputed. Pickering et al.(2008) historically explained four counter-terrorism strategies as traditional counter-terrorism model, community intelligence model, belonging model, social cohesion model. It is thus proposed that counter-terrorism strategies are based in established networks within the community and proactively seeks to continually renew these relationships between the community and police. This approach must embrace an explicit recognition of multiculturalism and its political imperative and drive in a policing organization explicitly committed to social cohesion and human rights in both discourse and practice. We, therefore, suggests community tree counter-terrorism approaches, or community intelligence model, belonging model and social cohesion model to apply to counter-terrorism agencies in Korea. These models are on the basis of Pickering et al.'s counter-terrorism models, which by using community policing to boot socially cohesion police are better able to position themselves as mediators to negotiate settlements between the competing demands of different social groups.

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The Introduction and the Application of PMSCs System on Counter-terrorism (대테러활동에 있어서 민간군사보안업(PMSCs) 제도의 도입과 활용방안)

  • Kim, Sang-Jin;Kim, Jong-Kul
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.89-98
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    • 2011
  • The counter-terrorism in Korea should be approached practically divided both internally and externally. However, in reality it is impossible for the military and the police to control all the counter-terrorism. So there is a need of precaution using the partnership with private companies. But the military and the police have stressed the conservative and closed operation. Furthermore, the focus of counter-terrorism in Korea is more on expose facto treatment than prevention, so they are almost the defenseless. In order to solve this problem, we should form the private subcontractors of the counter-terrorism experts. That is the introduction and the application of PMSCs system. First, the military and the police need to change its mind set for the partnership with private companies to prepare appropriateness. Second, it should be built up infrastructure to let the hands-up workers on counter-terrorism out place. Third, it should be set up the institutions of learning to train regularly to applicate PMSCs system and to specialize. Fourth, the training of counter-terrorism should be made it mandatory about exit passengers to danger zone. Fifth, the selection of PMSCs suitable for counter-terrorism should be strict.

Unconstitutionality of Call to Arms for Police Action (치안활동을 위한 군병력동원의 위헌여부에 관한 고찰)

  • Cho, Sung-Je
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.419-427
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    • 2011
  • As for the anti-terrorism bills, which were submitted to the National Assembly, the mobilization of anti-terrorism commando, which was designated or established by the National Defense Minister, is mobilized the military troops without being based on marital law in light of the constitutional law, thereby possibly violating the constitution, first of all, with regards to mobilization of anti-terrorism commando, which was formed with military troops. The anti-terrorism commando is the military force, which was trained professionally for the anti-terrorism activity. Thus, the violation of human rights may be greatly reduced rather than what general soldiers are putted in the public-order activity such as anti-terrorism. However, it is thought to be desirable to make it possible for the input of special forces, which were trained professionally in relation to anti-terrorism activity, through constitutionally revising the constitutional law. As for the provision of 'support for military troops' in the anti-terrorism bill, what is a case that the nation's important facilities and multi-use facilities are difficult to be protected from terror with the anti-terrorism commando and police force needs to be constitutionally regarded as resulting in reaching the level enough to correspond to 'a state of national emergency equivalent to wartime incident.' Thus, enacting the future anti-terrorism law, it is thought to be unnecessary for having the provision of 'support for military troops' with receiving criticism obstinately for possibly violating the constitution.

Subject and Prospect of Terror Confrontation National Institution (테러대응을 위한 국가기관의 과제와 전망)

  • Park, Jun-Seok
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.17
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    • pp.157-172
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this research is to suggest a construction device that can transform a public safety, security service, security system on counter- terrorism device system, from government leading type to private management type. There are purpose on this thesis to research for the bringing up counter-terrorism experts certification system and about all sorts of developed device among our country's counter-terrorism situation and through comparing developed country's private security's developing device. This summary of thesis is like below. First we need to establish total counter-terrorism center, like developed country on national corresponding strategy. Second, we need to make an organization as a country security department unified as an America's President directly belonging organization. Third, it is to legislate about an counter-terrorism. Fourth, we need to make a coorperate system according to counter-terrorism duty come under private management, so that can recover a trust among people. Fifth, a terror warning system is necessary. Private security's mutual relationship and developing devices is First, it is necessary to bring up counter-terrorism expert. Second, it is necessary to bring in counter-terrorism experts certification system. Third, counter-terrorism research center that come under private management is necessary. It is considered that various research need to be continued after by bringing up counter-terrorism experts, transforming a consciousness, counter- terrorism education, building an equipment and education center, not for a special group, that can minimize human infringement.

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The limits in legislating and the methods for improving the current 'National Guidelines on Anti-Terror Activities' (현행 '국가대테러활동지침'의 문제점과 입법적 개선방안에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Soon-Seok;Shin, Jae-Chul
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.20
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    • pp.95-117
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    • 2009
  • Ever since the 9/11 terror attack, all the world has perceived the need and taken actions to make an anti-terror law, however The Republic of Korea has not yet come up with any relevant output. Currently, the Korean government apportions duties to each related government agency and sets up systems for cooperation among them to make preparations against and cope with terror threats, according to The National Guidelines on Anti-Terror Activities (the presidential directive number 47 given on January 21, 1982). However, the directive has many limits and shortcomings in coping with national emergencies. In this situation, this research aims to compare the national anti-terror laws of others countries with Korea's, in order to understand the problems in Korea, i.e., that The National Guidelines on Anti-Terror Activities, which are the only anti-terror regulations in Korea do not clearly describe the concept and range of a terror, that national anti-terror meetings and the anti-terror standing committee have problems with their operation, that the Terrorism Information Integration Center has also its own problems, and that Korea lacks in preparatory actions against terror crimes and there are still problems about investigations into terror incidents. In order to solve these problems for the future, the present author suggests that the purpose of the law on The National Guidelines on Anti-Terror Activities shall be re-established so as to meet the current anti-terror conditions of Korea, the concept of a terror and anti-terror activities shall be clarified, anti-terror organizations shall be unified, the chair of the anti-terror standing committee shall be appointed legally and automatically according to the relevant rule and be given more rights so as to have free access to private information for anti-terror activities and terror-related information, and systems shall be supplemented for reporting terror-involved persons and funds.

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Countermeasure of Uumanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) against terrorist's attacks in South Korea for the public crowded places (국내 소프트 타깃 대상 드론테러의 법제도 개선방안 연구)

  • Oh, Hangil
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.49-66
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study aims to apply the counter terrorism policy in pertain to malicious drone abuse and the croweded public places in South Korea. And, to improve counter terrorism protection measure, this study suggests an adoptation of Anti UAV technology into counter terrorism related regulation. Method: Compared to nations' operations of counter terrorism prevention and protection activities with the South Korean gov, problems and limitations are suggested. Results: Anti UAV technology could not be applied for Multi-user facilities by any law due to the limitation, so that it is required to amend counte terrporism related policies and law. Conclusion: This study intends to identify various protection methods against UAV threats. To reduce the risk of UAV, the law of public safety and counter terrorism should be promoted and reinforced for the first.

Proposal on for Response System to primary leaders' Terrorism (국가요인 테러리즘의 대응체제 구축방안)

  • Suh, Sang-Yul
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.11
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    • pp.61-86
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    • 2006
  • Various terrorism in modern society against nation's dignitaries are constantly existing. They damage severely to the society and the nation's security, and they cause disorganizations of social and national rule orders. In order to provide the key figures' perfect protection, the threatening terroizing environment for primary leaders and the route of terrorism should be intercepted. Effective methods of these are summarized as follow. First, recent terrorism against the primary leaders are mostly assassinations, bomb attacks, and suicide bomb attacks, which terminate in a moment. Therefore, security service agents should keep in mind that protection is the best, and government's anti-terrorism agencies should develop policies and set the directions within a new paradigm to the advance anti-terrorism. Second, advance prevention activities against nation's VIP terrorism should be strengthened, such as strengthening security informational activities, constructing cooperative systems of domestic and international facilities, considering continuous system to prevent terrorism, and intensifying safety counterplans of human and material weak points. Third, international cooperative system should be set to apply economical and political sanctions to nations which support terror organizations in direct or indirect ways, and this system needs to strengthen the punishment against terrorists. Fourth, security systems to protect nation's primary leaders should complement, and developing programs for coping with the terrorism and establishing laws for anti-terrorism should be made. Also, educational training of agents who perform anti-terrorism duties should be strengthened, and scientific techniques and equipment for security should be made to protect primary leaders from terrorism.

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A Study on the Counter-Terrorism and Security Strategy for Korean Companies Engaged in the Overseas Business (해외진출 한국 기업의 대테러 경호${\cdot}$경비 전략에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jin-Tai
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.13
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    • pp.507-528
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    • 2007
  • June 2006, five korean oil workers, three who worked for Daewoo and two for Korea Gas, released after being held hostage by separatist militants in Nigeria. The kidnapping was happened in the Niger Delta where armed separatists are demanding a larger share in oil revenues and compensation for environmental destruction due to oil exploration. Seven months later, nine Korean pipeline workers of Daewoo together with a Nigerian were kidnapped again and safely released thanks to the efforts of the company and the Korean government. These two kidnapping incidents have shown that companies engaged in the overseas business are not safe any more from the terrorist attacks and has given an invaluable lesson that the company having an intention to go abroad for business should take all possible anti and counter-measures against terrorism. The main purpose of this study is to suggest a guideline for the establishment of counter-terrorism and security strategy against terrorist attacks on the private companies at the overseas. In order to foster a better understanding of the problem, a brief history of terrorism is presented in the first part. In addition, this study analyses and describes the variations of terrorist attacks against private companies together with the terrorism related environment of Korea. Based on the outcome of the study, this paper takes a global view and perspectives of terrorist attacks against private companies and suggests consideration for the future.

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Study on threat analysis about national important facility and control process (국가중요시설에 대한 위협분석과 처리절차에 관한 연구 - 인천국제공항을 중심으로 -)

  • Hwang, Ho-Won;Lee, Ki-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.31-40
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    • 2009
  • South Korea opened Incheon international airport(IIA) in march 29, 2001, with high expectations of becoming the distribution hub of Northeast Asia and aiming at a world best air hub. IIA compares quite well with any other leading airports in the world in it's facilities for the movement of people and vehicles. However, with the sequence of events following the September, 2001. terrorist attack and the war in Iraq, South Korea, an ally of the US, cannot be considered a safe haven from terrorism. At a point in time when national security is given utmost importance, it is necessary to reevaluate the security of airports, because international terrorism can only occur via air and seaports. Nowadays all the countries of the world have entered into competition for their national interests and innovation of their images. with the increasing role of international airports also comes an increased likelihood as a terrorist target, because it can affect so many people and countries. From the condition of current international terrorism, we can realize that our IIA is not completely safe from a terrorist attack. The major part of counterterrorism is event control process. It's very important for quickly saves an accident and rescues a life of person, In addition for the normalization which the airport operation is prompt. In conclusion, we should secure the legal responsibility and establish and establish a system under which we can work actively in order to implement counter terror activities from being taken an airport.

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A Study of the Future Terrorism : Its Patterns and Perspectives (미래 국제 테러 유형과 전망에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jin-Tai
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.15
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    • pp.337-358
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    • 2008
  • With the Japanese attacks on Pearl Harbor in 1941, approximately 2,500 people were killed. The terrorist attack on World Trade Center in the United States resulted in the heavy loss of people's lives, 2,749 in all. The 9.11 demonstrated that terrorist attack could be more serious problem than the war in our modern life. In addition, terrorist armed with new and high technologies have become more dangerous elements to the international community. Especially, the fact that the weapons of mass destruction are used by terrorist organizations is a matter of great concern. The strength of terrorist arsenal gives terrorist a decided advantage over us. The chances of success for terrorist have been increased due to the terrorist friendly environments. Terrorism has evolved without stopping from its birth, which is imposing a great burden on the authorities concerned. The counter-terrorism strategy and tactics used in the past have been useless in the fighting against new terrorism. To cope with the fast changing terrorism, comprehensive countermeasures should be developed. The purpose of this study is to know the enemy. To achieve the goal, the current situation on international terrorism as a whole is examined. Based on the result of the research, this paper also tried to give a perspectives on the future terrorism. At the same time, it provides a guidelines of the direction in the fighting against terrorism.

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