• Title, Summary, Keyword: 도시객체식별자

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Development of Urban Object Identification System for Urban Facilities Managment (도시시설관리를 위한 도시공간객체식별자 시스템 개발)

  • Lee, Sang-Hoon;Na, Joon-Yeop
    • Proceedings of the Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies Conference
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    • pp.299-301
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    • 2009
  • 최근 유비쿼터스 기술을 도시 인프라에 적용하는 u-City 개발연구가 활발히 진행되고 있다. u-City에서의 시설관리는 실시간으로 도시내 시설물의 위치 및 상태정보를 모니터링하고 필요에 따라 지능적인 제어가 요구된다. 이를 구현하기 위해서는 기존 도시정보시스템에서 이용되던 GIS도면 혹은 대장에 의한 관리방식에서 벗어나 관리대상의 상태를 원격에서 직접 관리할 수 있는 체계가 필요하다. 이미 '지능형국토정보기술혁신사업'을 통하여 시설물 뿐만 아니라 부재와 센서의 상태파악을 원거리에서 효율적으로 하기 위하여 도시공간객체식별자(UOID:Urban Object IDentifier)를 제안하였다. 본 연구에서는 UOID의 효율적인 부여와 관리를 위한 DBMS기반의 시스템을 개발하였다. 본 시스템을 통해 관리자는 UOID의 생성, 수정, 소멸 등의 이력을 시간정보와 함께 관리할 수 있다. 또한, 3차원 도시객체모델과 함께 UOID를 관리하여, ID를 이용하여 좀 더 직관적인 도시시설 관리가 가능토록 하였다. 향후, 개발될 UOID시스템은 도시공간정보플랫폼에 적용되어 도시 내에 발생하는 모든 이벤트를 효과적으로 관리할 수 있는 식별자가 될 것이다.

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Management Plan of Urban Object IDentification through Status-Analysis of Existing Object Management Code (기존 공간정보 관리코드 현황분석을 통한 도시공간정보 객체식별자 관리 방향)

  • Jang, Yong-Gu;Lee, Woo-Sik;Kim, Hyung-Su
    • Spatial Information Research
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.51-64
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    • 2008
  • Recently, development and research of u-City established the ubiquitous environment which can be anytime, anywhere computing or network, has been much highlighted. Thus, current urban facilities should be managed by ubiquitous concept, and monitored location and status information in a real-time manner, and controled if necessary. In order to be establish in the purpose of management, indirect mapping through id-tag is better than facility management directly. For instance, RFID, UCODE, UFID. In this paper, we propose that represent facility object through UOID(Unique Object IDentification). UOID comprises three parts; 1) sensing object, 2) facility object, 3) cell object consists of facilities. and Life cycle management system in UOID, and network system connected with internet is proposed. We wish that proposed UOID and network system mange u-City facilities effectively, and also provide ubiquitous service to the citizen, one of the integrate service of u-City platform.

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Development of Urban Object Identification System Based on Network for Intelligent Urban Facility Management (지능형 도시시설물 관리를 위한 네트워크 기반 도시공간객체식별자(UOID) 시스템 개발)

  • Kim, Tae-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.172-181
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    • 2011
  • Recently, Urban has been innovated through u-City and Smart City. Urban facility management system is developing using the latest IT technology for real-time monitoring and prevention. In this paper, we propose an UOID(Unique Object IDentification), a standard location-based ID system for urban facility object and develop the UOID service system based on network for innovation of urban facility management system. The system has been tested through Test-bed for connectivity and stability. We wish that the proposed UOID and network service system manages u-City facilities effectively and also provides various ubiquitous services to the citizen, one of the integrate service of u-City platform.

The Concept and Application of Sensor-based Integrated Intelligent Management of Urban Facilities for the u-City (센서 기반 지능형 u-City 도시시설물 통합관리의 개념 및 적용)

  • Lee, Jae Wook;Baik, Song Hoon;Seo, Myung Woo;Song, Kyu Seog
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.97-104
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    • 2009
  • In the process of urban development, the increase in the number and the complexity of urban facilities gives rise to a variety of problems, such as increase in construction and maintenance cost. In particular, taking into account the fact that an emergency situation in an urban facility can cause substantial loss of property as well as casualties, it becomes important to intelligently perceive states of facilities and properly execute countermeasures through real-time monitoring. In recent years, practitioners and researchers have made efforts to improve current passive and manpower-dependent facility management systems to be more active and intelligent, by applying diverse ubiquitous computing technologies for the u-City project. In this study, after discussing major drawbacks of the conventional facilities management, the concept and the model of a sensor-based integrated intelligent management system for urban facilities are proposed. The proposed model, by analyzing and processing real-time sensor data from urban facilities, not only supports the management of individual facilities, but also enables the detection of complex facility-related events and the process of their countermeasures. This active and intelligent management of urban facilities is expected to overcome the limitation of the conventional facilities management, and provide more suitable facility management services for the u-City development.

Development of Integrated Spatial Information Identifier for Developing 3D Cadastral Information System (3차원 지적정보시스템 개발을 위한 통합 공간정보식별자 개발)

  • Song, Myung Su;Song, Sang Cheol;Jang, Yong Gu;Lee, Sung Ho
    • Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.11-17
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    • 2012
  • The study aims to secure an integrated UFID system-based ID system as it defines the three-dimensional land registration record through selection and standardization of objects. By comparing the integrated ID system secured by the study and the objected ID system proposed by Seoul City, the study came up with practicality of the integrated ID system for the three-dimensional land registration record information system. An integrated UFID-based intellectual spacial information which is consisted of 41 figures in total was developed by the study. The study confirmed the practicality of the integrated ID system by comparing it with the objected ID of the three dimensional land registration record information system established by Seoul City.

Development of Digital Map On-demand Updating System (수치지도 수시갱신 시스템 개발)

  • Lee, Jae-Kee;Lee, Dong-Ju;Jung, Sung-Heuk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.537-546
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    • 2008
  • The digital map has been updated in every five years in the past. However, it has been changed to make corrections and updated in every two years for metropolitan region and every four years for other regions since year 2008. Although, the correctness and reliability were decreased and updating work is being delayed due to the updating work in a lump. The period update spends a lot of money because this method uses aerial photogrammetry, and the digital map has the time gap between periods. Therefore, this study provides information necessary for digital map produced by the government and develops digital map production system based on objects which can be updated frequently in order to save state and local government budgets that double investment are generated to update digital map. In order to analyze usefulness of the developed system, subject area was selected and errors of updated data were analyzed. As the result of analysis, checked 66 errors were corrected and saved in the database.

A Study on People Counting in Public Metro Service using Hybrid CNN-LSTM Algorithm (Hybrid CNN-LSTM 알고리즘을 활용한 도시철도 내 피플 카운팅 연구)

  • Choi, Ji-Hye;Kim, Min-Seung;Lee, Chan-Ho;Choi, Jung-Hwan;Lee, Jeong-Hee;Sung, Tae-Eung
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.131-145
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    • 2020
  • In line with the trend of industrial innovation, IoT technology utilized in a variety of fields is emerging as a key element in creation of new business models and the provision of user-friendly services through the combination of big data. The accumulated data from devices with the Internet-of-Things (IoT) is being used in many ways to build a convenience-based smart system as it can provide customized intelligent systems through user environment and pattern analysis. Recently, it has been applied to innovation in the public domain and has been using it for smart city and smart transportation, such as solving traffic and crime problems using CCTV. In particular, it is necessary to comprehensively consider the easiness of securing real-time service data and the stability of security when planning underground services or establishing movement amount control information system to enhance citizens' or commuters' convenience in circumstances with the congestion of public transportation such as subways, urban railways, etc. However, previous studies that utilize image data have limitations in reducing the performance of object detection under private issue and abnormal conditions. The IoT device-based sensor data used in this study is free from private issue because it does not require identification for individuals, and can be effectively utilized to build intelligent public services for unspecified people. Especially, sensor data stored by the IoT device need not be identified to an individual, and can be effectively utilized for constructing intelligent public services for many and unspecified people as data free form private issue. We utilize the IoT-based infrared sensor devices for an intelligent pedestrian tracking system in metro service which many people use on a daily basis and temperature data measured by sensors are therein transmitted in real time. The experimental environment for collecting data detected in real time from sensors was established for the equally-spaced midpoints of 4×4 upper parts in the ceiling of subway entrances where the actual movement amount of passengers is high, and it measured the temperature change for objects entering and leaving the detection spots. The measured data have gone through a preprocessing in which the reference values for 16 different areas are set and the difference values between the temperatures in 16 distinct areas and their reference values per unit of time are calculated. This corresponds to the methodology that maximizes movement within the detection area. In addition, the size of the data was increased by 10 times in order to more sensitively reflect the difference in temperature by area. For example, if the temperature data collected from the sensor at a given time were 28.5℃, the data analysis was conducted by changing the value to 285. As above, the data collected from sensors have the characteristics of time series data and image data with 4×4 resolution. Reflecting the characteristics of the measured, preprocessed data, we finally propose a hybrid algorithm that combines CNN in superior performance for image classification and LSTM, especially suitable for analyzing time series data, as referred to CNN-LSTM (Convolutional Neural Network-Long Short Term Memory). In the study, the CNN-LSTM algorithm is used to predict the number of passing persons in one of 4×4 detection areas. We verified the validation of the proposed model by taking performance comparison with other artificial intelligence algorithms such as Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP), Long Short Term Memory (LSTM) and RNN-LSTM (Recurrent Neural Network-Long Short Term Memory). As a result of the experiment, proposed CNN-LSTM hybrid model compared to MLP, LSTM and RNN-LSTM has the best predictive performance. By utilizing the proposed devices and models, it is expected various metro services will be provided with no illegal issue about the personal information such as real-time monitoring of public transport facilities and emergency situation response services on the basis of congestion. However, the data have been collected by selecting one side of the entrances as the subject of analysis, and the data collected for a short period of time have been applied to the prediction. There exists the limitation that the verification of application in other environments needs to be carried out. In the future, it is expected that more reliability will be provided for the proposed model if experimental data is sufficiently collected in various environments or if learning data is further configured by measuring data in other sensors.