• Title, Summary, Keyword: 도시철도기관사

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A Study on Job Stress-Coping Plans for Urban Railroad Drivers (도시철도 기관사의 직무스트레스 대처방안에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Taesoo;Lee, Jinsun;Kim, Hongki
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.233-239
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    • 2013
  • This paper studied the stress of Metropolitan Transit driving crews. Stress to such workers can not only lead to fatalities and infrastructure damage but also enormous loss of competitiveness. The study was carried out to search for ways of alleviating stress of driving crews. In order to reduce the various factors that exacerbate job stress of driving crews of Metropolitan Transit, it is first necessary to expand training in order to enhance their expertise, and improve facilities to protect driving crews in the event of accidents. Second, psychological compensation or organization's systems may cause job stress. It may therefore be possible to solve fundamental problems through typical organization level approach such as leadership training programs. Third, job stress may be reduced through proper life habits such as personal regular exercise. Fourth, we need to improve driving crews' working conditions and adjust working hours by avoiding excessive performance competition and an unfair evaluation system, by understanding their mental states, and by setting up systems such as a comprehensive health improvement and management program at the organization level.

A Study on the Comparative Survey and Improvement of Human Error Risk Factors in Urban Railway Driver (도시철도 기관사의 인적오류 위험 비교조사 및 개선방안 연구)

  • Kim, D.W.;Lee, H.S.
    • Journal of The Korean Society For Urban Railway
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.259-268
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    • 2018
  • To reduce conducted a survey on human error risk factors and related experience frequency to drivers of Seoulmetro and Korail. The human error arising from systems operating urban railway aimed at eliminating and reducing the fundamental causes of urban rail accidents is based on research from a factorial point of view, since it contains problems dealing with the types and situations of accident generation. It is required to contribute to reducing human error so that urban railway accidents may be reduced and safe operation will be continuedly seared.

Allocating Revenues to Metropolitan Railroad Operators Using Public Transportation Card Data (대중교통 카드(RF Card) 자료를 활용한 수도권 도시철도 운영기관 간 수입금 정산 방법론에 대한 연구)

  • Sin, Seong-Il;Lee, Chang-Ju;Kim, Chan-Seong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.7-19
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    • 2010
  • Users of metropolitan railroad is increased continuously because of its various advantage such as comfortableness, convenience and punctuality. Thus, several local government including Seoul considered new installation or extension of railroads and four railroad operators maintain seventeen lines at present. After public transportation reforms in 2004 and integrated discount fare system in 2007, public transportation become more convenient in many aspects. However, these trials gives much more complex allocating problems of revenues among public transportation operators. In this paper, we deal with revenue allocating problems among public transportation operators after integrated discount fare system in 2007. Specifically, this study focuses on allocating revenues to metropolitan railroad operators by using RF card data. This research roughly proposes the methodology of O/D extraction from RF card data, generalized cost estimation and allocating revenue algorithm. We use RF card data in order to draw out exact individual O/D data and try to compare our results with those of Korea Smart Card Company. In generalized cost estimation, survey study about transfer factors is conducted for accurate estimation of generalized cost function. Lastly, new allocating revenue algorithm using k-path and non-dominated path concept is suggested. It is expected that case study is also performed with real revenues and O/D data in order to check up the application. Preposed methodology in this research can contribute to solve present and future revenue allocating issues according to the introduction of LRT and private railroad.

A Study on the Cause of Job Stress of Urban Railroad Drivers: Focused on Railroad Companies of Daejeon, Daegu, Incheon and Seoul Metro 9 (도시철도 기관사의 직무스트레스 원인 특성에 관한 연구: 대전, 대구, 인천, 서울9호선 운영회사를 대상으로)

  • Park, Taesoo;Lee, Jinsun;Kim, Hongki
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.340-347
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    • 2013
  • This paper studied the causes of job stress of driving crews working in Metropolitan Transit Authorities in Daejeon, Daegu, Seoul Metro Line 9, and Incheon, analyzing psychological, physical, and environmental factors, along withdriving crews' assignments. Regarding driving crews' assignments, it was found that driving crews had strong senses of obligation for their job, and hence their aptitude for their job was in accordance, and also it was found that most driving crews worked devotedly with a desirable occupational view and pride. However, psychological and physical factors that contributed to stress were identified: lack of sleep, high task burden, physical fatigue, and boring daily life. Furthermore, the driving crews' irregular working conditions and irregular meal time and burden related to on-time transit service with prolonged immobilization raised their stress levels. In terms of external environmental factors, it was found that driving crews' anxiety due to possible accidents caused a roughly four-fold increase in stress levels compared to other factors. Furthermore, personnel system and salary issue were also found to be closely related to the driving crews' job stress.

A Comparative Analysis on the Operating System of Urban Railway & Conventional·High speed Railway (도시철도와 일반·고속철도의 운영방식에 관한 비교 분석)

  • Choi, Jong-Gil;Yun, Hak-Sun
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.953-958
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    • 2015
  • Generally, Urban railway have special characteristics with short distance journey and minimum headway intercity transportation. These days, urban railway operators choose the driverless operation system without driver. On the contrary, Conventional & high speed railway utilize for long distance and high speed running. Because of special conditions of freight railway operation compared with urban railway, operation of conventional & high speed railway is showed very different characteristics. In this paper, We compares different operation scheme of urban railway and conventional & high speed railway and then present condition for train control system based on radio.

The case study on precise diagnosis for extending durability period of urban railroad cars (도시철도 차량 내구연한 연장을 위한 정밀진단 사례 연구)

  • Kim, Yong-Wook;Park, Hee-Chul
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.540-545
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    • 2010
  • As the urban railroad durability period law has revised on march 19, 2009, the life cycle of urban railroad cars has lengthened to 40 years for the longest period. It seems to be attributed to the development of railroad car making technique along with their durability being longer thanks to the quality improvement of their materials and parts. As the stability of urban railroad cars is directly linked to the safety of passengers, safety should be considered first, and more precise examination is necessary for endurance extension. Hereupon, the rolling stocks with their durability near expiration should get precise diagnosis following the revised "RDG for urban railroad cars" This study aims to suggest a diagnosis method for the institute and the urban railroad operating body which enforce the revised diagnosis, through the case of Busan transportation corporation which firstly started the revised diagnosis after the durability related law has been revised.

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The Effects of Emotional Burnout and Empowerment, and Organizational Commitment on Cooperation Behavior and Safety Behavior: Focus on Railway Controllers and Railway Engineers (감정소진과 임파워먼트, 조직몰입이 협력행동 및 안전행동에 미치는 영향: 철도 관제사 및 기관사를 중심으로)

  • Hwang-Bo, Jak
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.430-438
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    • 2013
  • An empirical study on railway controller and railway engineer who work in a domestic railway corporation was undertaken to verify the effects of emotional burnout and empowerment and organizational commitment on cooperation and safety behavior. The results of the analysis confirmed that the relations between emotional burnout, empowerment and organizational commitment as well as the relations between cooperation and safety behavior had negative effects. In contrast, the results of the analysis confirmed that empowerment and organizational commitment had positive effects on safety behavior and cooperation, and were effective because of all interactions among emotional burnout, safety behavior and cooperation. In conclusion this study convincingly demonstrates that emotional control, empowerment and organizational commitment of controller and engineer are important factors to secure safe operation of trains based on high safety behavior and cooperation behavior.

A study on the system improvement of the electric vehicle driving licence according to AHP analysis (AHP 분석에 따른 제2종 전기차량 운전면허 제도 개선 방안 연구)

  • Han, Kee Youl;Kim, Hyung Jun
    • Journal of The Korean Society For Urban Railway
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.401-410
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    • 2018
  • Human error of the engineer are constantly occurring by insufficiency of scientific analysis considering the behavior of railway engagements and actual working conditions and lack of research for accidents. This study investigated how to improve the system through AHP and FGI analysis of interviews and questionnaires for electric vehicles driving licenses, which cultivates the most train drivers.

Railroad accident analysis and countermeasure (철도사고 분석과 대책)

  • Ahn, Chang-Geun;Lee, Won-Young
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.658-670
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    • 2007
  • Most railroad accidents are due to human errors. In particular, most of the causes of these accidents are faults of an engine driver, such as lack of signal confirmation, insecure braking, driving by guess or force of habit. This paper identifies a problem(s) by analyzing accidents for the past 10 years and also seeks a solution to train good engine drivers in order to prevent railroad accidents. In summary, what is needed are: 1) proper placement of various manpower, 2) proper training of engine drivers, 3) proper legislation for a 2-man on board system, and 4) proper reformation of personnel management.

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The Effect of Organizational Culture and Safety Climates on Safety Behavior and Accidents: Focused on the metro train drivers (조직문화와 안전풍토가 안전행동 및 사고에 미치는 영향: 도시철도 기관사를 중심으로)

  • Ro, Choon-Ho;Shin, Tack-Hyun;Lee, Yong-Mann;Gu, Seung-Hwan;Kim, Seung-Tae
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.91-99
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    • 2014
  • This study highlights the theme of human error of train drivers, conducting empirical analysis on the relationship between organizational culture, safety climates, safety behavior, and accident. The empirical test results based on questionnaires received from 223 train drivers working at A subway firm indicated that relationship conflict and psychological reward as the elements of organizational culture variables showed a significant positive effect on CEO philosophy, communication, and boss's leadership. And only boss's leadership showed a positive influence on safety behavior, which in turn showed a significant negative relationship with accidents.