• Title, Summary, Keyword: 도시철도 역세권

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Study on approach to segmentation of Station Influence Area into zones appropriate for demand estimation of Urban Railway (도시철도 수요추정을 위한 역세권 ZONE 세분화 방안 연구)

  • Cho, Hang-Ung;Lee, Seung-Yong;Jeon, Gong-Jun
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.2122-2136
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    • 2010
  • Existing model formula in the 4 phase model is limited in the estimation of the demand for urban railway because the administrative region-based formula reflects no spatial characteristics of station surrounding area(SSA) that urban railway forms. The purpose of this study is both to analyse the behavior in selecting the method regarding spatial range of SSA and to do the basic research for the development of new model through the survey conducted in the stations of the metropolitan area. This study will review the domestic and foreign cases about designation of SSA, study the spatial range of SSA through case studies, analyze the selection of methods by the spatial range and estimate the demand of the station on the basis of social and economic indices regarding SSA. This study focuses on the verification of real results and model estimates, due to the time constraint and lack of resources for collecting and analysing the data. According to this study, 500m,1000m division of SSA shows the closest results of the model estimates to the real demand of the targeted stations.

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A Study on the Changes the Urban Space at Station Influenced Areas by the Open of Incheon Urban Railroad Line 1 (인천광역시 도시철도 1호선 개통에 따른 역세권 도시공간 변화 연구)

  • Ahn, Jung Geun;Park, Man Hee
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.31 no.1D
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    • pp.141-148
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    • 2011
  • City of Incheon opened rapid transit(urban railroad line 1) in 1999 in order to relieve traffic congestion on major arterials. This research analyzed urban space changes of each station influenced area by examining the changes of residents, industrial employees, and floor area ratios before and after the open of Incheon urban railroad line 1. Analysis of variance was applied to change of station influence area. This research found out that the types of central business and agricultural station influence area had been changed significantly after the open of urban railroad. However, the residential, semi-residential, and suburban type of station influence area had not been changed after the open of urban railroad. Thus, it is necessary to provide diverse facilities for inducing residents and employees to the station influence area of residential and semi-residential. Furthermore, the suburban type of station influence area which is difficult to develop naturally by the law of Green Belt is needed to develop station influence area simultaneously with the construction of a station building.

A Study on Improvement of Demand Estimation in Urban Railway through Segmentations of Station Influence Areas (역세권 세분화를 통한 도시철도 수요예측 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon, Sangmin;Chung, Sungbong;Kim, Sigon;Cho, Hangung
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.32 no.6D
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    • pp.673-678
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    • 2012
  • Accurate demand estimating process in the construction of urban railway is very important, and precise validation is required. Existing model formula in the 4 phase model is limited in the estimation of the demand the administrative boundary-based zone system reflects no spatial railway demand characteristics around railway stations. The purpose of this study is improving the accuracy of urban rail demand estimation through segmentations of station influence areas and modal split characteristics within the areas. According to the case analysis, it is possible to set up the ststion influence area with a radius of 500m in the urban region and 1,000m in the suburban. And eastablishing proper segmentations of the ststion influence area shows more accurate results to the real demand of railway stations.

A Study on the Land Price Characteristicsin Urban Railway Station's Surrounding Zones of Gwangju City, Korea (도시철도 개통에 따른 광주시 역세권 지가의 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Yu-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.171-180
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    • 2012
  • This study shows that access to urban railway station affects the development of railway station's surrounding zone (RSSZ). For instance, the value of the property in RSSZ is likely to rise on the basis of the before and after the opening of a urban railway. Urban railway system is believed as an important solution to resolve worsening transport problems in metropolitan city. Also, the opening of a urban railway line is expected to affect the change of urban spatial structure, and to have more influence on land price of RSSZ.

A study on Land use Survey and Monitoring Forcused on the Subway Station Areas in Taejeon (도시철도 역세권의 공간이용 모니터링을 위한 기초연구)

  • Cho, Byung-Ho;Choi, Bong-Moon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.457-465
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    • 2011
  • This research, which was started with a need for constant monitoring to find out urban societies and spacial effects by urban railway after the opening, was intended to empirically explore urban and social changes by the opening of Daejeon City metro line 1st which would greatly affect the spacial structure of the city. For this goal, we expected the effect of urban subway on the city with academic consideration and precedent study. Monitoring results of the subway station areas of Daejeon City metro line 1st showed the opening of urban railway had an influence on the flow of urban plan and urban space structure through population, land use, total-developing areas, and land price change. In other words, as urban railway opens the number of population and population activities centered on the subway station areas, and these movements led to the expansion of the commercial areas. Finally, they caused the average land prices to rise. Likewise, urban monitering is significantly useful comprehending the generally time-periodic changes of cities and even conceiving the present cities.

An Analysis of the Impact of Subway Construction on Apartment Price in the Station Areas: Focusing on the Daegu Subway Line 3 (도시철도 건설과 역세권이 아파트가격에 미치는 영향 분석 - 대구도시철도 3호선 역세권 거리와 아파트 면적 구분을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Kyutai;Kim, Eunjee;Doh, Soogwan
    • Journal of the Korean Regional Science Association
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.3-26
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to examine the influence of the Daegu Subway Line 3 construction on apartment price fluctuation and to find the factors causing the apartment price fluctuation in the station area of the Daegu Subway Line 3. Empirical results of this study are as follows: first, the apartment price is more fluctuated or increased at the time of completion of subway construction than at the time of breaking ground; second, the opening of the Daegu Subway Line 3 has positive impact on apartment price nearby the station area of the Daegu Subway Line 3, especially apartment prices in the second station area (200-600m) are positively related to the opening of the Daegu Subway Line 3; third, medium-large size ($85-135m^2$) and large size (excess of $135m^2$) apartment are sensitively related to the apartment price fluctuation by the Daegu Subway Line 3 construction; and fourth, Buk-gu and Suseong-gu areas are the main beneficiaries. The results of this study suggest implications for tax and redistribution policies in the station areas.

Modeling the Urban Railway Demand Estimation by Station Reflecting Station Access Area on Foot (역세권을 반영한 도시철도 역별 수요추정 모형 개발)

  • Son, Ui-Yeong;Kim, Jae-Yeong;Jeong, Chang-Yong;Lee, Jong-Hun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 2009
  • There exist some limits when we forecast urban railway demand by traditional 4 step model. The first reason is that the model based on socioeconomic data by an administrative unit, 'Dong', yields a 'Dong' unit trip matrix. But a 'Dong' often has two or more stations. The second reason is that urban railway demand by station would be affected rather by station access area on foot than by a 'Dong' unit. So the model based on 'Dong' characteristic data have some inaccuracies in itself. Owing to the limits of the model based on 'Dong' unit data, there exits some difficulty in forecasting urban railway demand by station. So this paper studied two alternatives. The first is to forecast the demand by using the data of station access area on foot rather than 'Dong' unit data. This needs too much time and effort to collect data and analyse them, while the accuracy of the model didn't improve a lot. The second is to adjust the location of 'Dong' centroid and the length of centroid connector link. By this way we can reflect the characteristics of station access area on foot under traditional 4 step model. Comparing the expected demand to the observed data for each station, the result looks like very similar.

Land Rent Changes in the Subway Catchment Area: Case Study of Gwangju Metropolitan Area (도시철도 역세권의 지가분포 변동: 광주시 사례연구)

  • Gu, Jaung;Song, Yena
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.423-436
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    • 2016
  • In a densely developed metropolitan area, the subway system is often constructed to address the mobility problems. Subway system was first introduced in Seoul in late 1970s, then Korean metropolitan cities began to adopt the system later. Subway systems not only resolve the mobility problems, but also interact with regional socioeconomic landscape. This study aims to find the association between the subway network and land rent within the subway catchment areas in Gwangju metropolitan city in a spaciotemporal framework. The analysis results indicated that proximity to the subway station and the size of nearest road were positively associated with the land rent. Also from a cluster analysis, it was found that the old and new Central Business Districts as well as stations at peripheral areas had distinctive land rent change characteristics. This empirical analysis indirectly proves the strong association between land rent and urban planning and also the positive relationship between land rent and transportation networks.

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Development of Selection Model of Subway Station Influence Area (SIA) in New town using Categorical and Regression Tree (CART) (CART분석을 이용한 신도시지역의 지하철 역세권 설정에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Tae-Ho;Lee, Yong- Taeck;Hwang, E-Pyo;Won, Jai-Mu
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.216-224
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    • 2008
  • In general, based on criteria of subway law, radius 500m from subway station is defined as SIA(Subway Station Influence Area). Therefore, in this paper, selection models of SIA are developed to identify appropriate SIA for recently developed 4 new towns based based on CART analysis. As a result, following outputs are obtained; (1) walking distance from subway station is the most influential factor to define SIA (2) SIAs vary with new towns (i.e., bundang city: 856m, ilsan sanbon city 508m, pyungchon city 495m), and (3) walking distance from subway station is influential to land price of SIA. In addition, bundang and pyungchon new town are more affected in land price and walking distance. Therefore, it is desirable for current definition of SIA (radius 500m from subway station) to reflect characteristics of land use and walking distance in the new towns.