• Title/Summary/Keyword: 도시철도 역세권

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The Strategy for the Development of Impact Area around Urban Rail Transit Station (도시철도 역세권 개발방안)

  • Lee, Tai-Sik;Park, Kyoung-Soon;Kim, Young-Hyun;Yun, Sang-Yoon;Lee, Jong-Ha;Lee, Dong-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.193-199
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    • 2006
  • The financial incomes of urban rail transit authorities have been only from the fares. In order to increase the customers and expand the scope of enterprise, it is the most feasible mean to develop the area around the stations. Current experiences have confronted the excessive concentration of population and traffic congestion due to the lack of systematic planning and the excessive focus on the business. This study reviewed the necessity of the impact area around the urban rail transit stations by the organizational analysis for the urban rail transit authorities, and reviewed domestic/foreign cases. Finally, This study suggested the strategy for the development of impact area around the urban rail transit stations.

Analysis of Changes in Spatial Structure of Seoul by Analyzing the Land Price Changes of Station Influence Areas (역세권 지가 변동 분석을 통한 서울시 공간 구조 변화 분석)

  • Koo, Hyunchol;Lee, Byoungkil;Lee, Chang Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.63-70
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    • 2016
  • From 1990, Seoul Metropolitan Government has established an urban master plan for the efficient city management by introducing the central place structure with a multi-tiered hierarchy. In the plan, Seoul City uses the strategy of developing the station influence area around the urban railway, in order to form the central place structure, effectively. . Therefore, reviewing impacts of urban railway is the most fundamental study for understanding changes in the spatial structures of Seoul. In the study, we have analyzed the changes in the central place structure of Seoul City with the public land price changes in station influence area around the urban railway at each year of 2000, 2005, and 2010. As a result, we could easily recognize the changes in the hierarchical central place structure by analyzing the time-series changes of public land price in station influence area.

A study on Land use Survey and Monitoring Forcused on the Subway Station Areas in Taejeon (도시철도 역세권의 공간이용 모니터링을 위한 기초연구)

  • Cho, Byung-Ho;Choi, Bong-Moon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.457-465
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    • 2011
  • This research, which was started with a need for constant monitoring to find out urban societies and spacial effects by urban railway after the opening, was intended to empirically explore urban and social changes by the opening of Daejeon City metro line 1st which would greatly affect the spacial structure of the city. For this goal, we expected the effect of urban subway on the city with academic consideration and precedent study. Monitoring results of the subway station areas of Daejeon City metro line 1st showed the opening of urban railway had an influence on the flow of urban plan and urban space structure through population, land use, total-developing areas, and land price change. In other words, as urban railway opens the number of population and population activities centered on the subway station areas, and these movements led to the expansion of the commercial areas. Finally, they caused the average land prices to rise. Likewise, urban monitering is significantly useful comprehending the generally time-periodic changes of cities and even conceiving the present cities.

A Study on the Land Price Characteristicsin Urban Railway Station's Surrounding Zones of Gwangju City, Korea (도시철도 개통에 따른 광주시 역세권 지가의 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Yu-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.171-180
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    • 2012
  • This study shows that access to urban railway station affects the development of railway station's surrounding zone (RSSZ). For instance, the value of the property in RSSZ is likely to rise on the basis of the before and after the opening of a urban railway. Urban railway system is believed as an important solution to resolve worsening transport problems in metropolitan city. Also, the opening of a urban railway line is expected to affect the change of urban spatial structure, and to have more influence on land price of RSSZ.

Comparative Analysis on Importance of TOD Planning Factors according to Decision Making Methods (의사결정방법에 따른 TOD 계획요소 중요도 비교분석)

  • Lim, Sam-Jin;Park, Jun-Tae;Kim, Tae-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.654-661
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    • 2012
  • This study aims to identify the difference between the actual characteristics of urban station influence areas and the recognition of the importance of such characteristics in planning, by analyzing the importance of transit-oriented development (TOD) planning factors that influence the use of public transportation. In terms of the methodology for the assessment, this study gives in-depth discussions over the validity of assessment methods that utilize quantitative data and those that rely on qualitative surveys of experts. Based on such discussions, the study analyzes the importance of the actual characteristics of station influence areas (quantitative) and the characteristics in planning identified by experts (qualitative), thereby suggesting implications for the orientations for future development of station influence areas.

Land Rent Changes in the Subway Catchment Area: Case Study of Gwangju Metropolitan Area (도시철도 역세권의 지가분포 변동: 광주시 사례연구)

  • Gu, Jaung;Song, Yena
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.423-436
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    • 2016
  • In a densely developed metropolitan area, the subway system is often constructed to address the mobility problems. Subway system was first introduced in Seoul in late 1970s, then Korean metropolitan cities began to adopt the system later. Subway systems not only resolve the mobility problems, but also interact with regional socioeconomic landscape. This study aims to find the association between the subway network and land rent within the subway catchment areas in Gwangju metropolitan city in a spaciotemporal framework. The analysis results indicated that proximity to the subway station and the size of nearest road were positively associated with the land rent. Also from a cluster analysis, it was found that the old and new Central Business Districts as well as stations at peripheral areas had distinctive land rent change characteristics. This empirical analysis indirectly proves the strong association between land rent and urban planning and also the positive relationship between land rent and transportation networks.

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Analysis of Factors Affecting Rail Transit Ridership at Urban Rail Stations (도시철도역별 이용수요의 영향요인에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Chan Hwi;Yun, Dae Sic
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.139-151
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    • 2014
  • This paper analyzes factors affecting rail transit ridership at urban rail stations of the Daegu Metropolitan City in 2011. Rail transit ridership is analyzed by dividing weekdays and weekends in order that their differences may be observed. The data used in this study includes various explanatory variables, such as floor area which was collected from building ledger and GIS cadastral map, number of bus routes(line) possible to transfer from urban rail transit, number of students enrolled in middle and high schools, and universities located in access areas of rail transit. For this study, multiple regression models are estimated including various explanatory variables affecting rail transit ridership of weekdays and weekends. From the study, the number of statistically significant explanatory variables and the relative effect of each variable are shown to be different between weekdays and weekends.

Modeling the Urban Railway Demand Estimation by Station Reflecting Station Access Area on Foot (역세권을 반영한 도시철도 역별 수요추정 모형 개발)

  • Son, Ui-Yeong;Kim, Jae-Yeong;Jeong, Chang-Yong;Lee, Jong-Hun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 2009
  • There exist some limits when we forecast urban railway demand by traditional 4 step model. The first reason is that the model based on socioeconomic data by an administrative unit, 'Dong', yields a 'Dong' unit trip matrix. But a 'Dong' often has two or more stations. The second reason is that urban railway demand by station would be affected rather by station access area on foot than by a 'Dong' unit. So the model based on 'Dong' characteristic data have some inaccuracies in itself. Owing to the limits of the model based on 'Dong' unit data, there exits some difficulty in forecasting urban railway demand by station. So this paper studied two alternatives. The first is to forecast the demand by using the data of station access area on foot rather than 'Dong' unit data. This needs too much time and effort to collect data and analyse them, while the accuracy of the model didn't improve a lot. The second is to adjust the location of 'Dong' centroid and the length of centroid connector link. By this way we can reflect the characteristics of station access area on foot under traditional 4 step model. Comparing the expected demand to the observed data for each station, the result looks like very similar.

A Study on the Changes the Urban Space at Station Influenced Areas by the Open of Incheon Urban Railroad Line 1 (인천광역시 도시철도 1호선 개통에 따른 역세권 도시공간 변화 연구)

  • Ahn, Jung Geun;Park, Man Hee
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.31 no.1D
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    • pp.141-148
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    • 2011
  • City of Incheon opened rapid transit(urban railroad line 1) in 1999 in order to relieve traffic congestion on major arterials. This research analyzed urban space changes of each station influenced area by examining the changes of residents, industrial employees, and floor area ratios before and after the open of Incheon urban railroad line 1. Analysis of variance was applied to change of station influence area. This research found out that the types of central business and agricultural station influence area had been changed significantly after the open of urban railroad. However, the residential, semi-residential, and suburban type of station influence area had not been changed after the open of urban railroad. Thus, it is necessary to provide diverse facilities for inducing residents and employees to the station influence area of residential and semi-residential. Furthermore, the suburban type of station influence area which is difficult to develop naturally by the law of Green Belt is needed to develop station influence area simultaneously with the construction of a station building.