• Title, Summary, Keyword: 돌봄

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Longitudinal Relationship between Public Care and Family Care: Focusing on Home Care for Older People in South Korea (공적돌봄과 가족돌봄의 종단적 관계: 재가 노인 돌봄을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Seungho;Shin, Yumi
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.1035-1055
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between public care and family care. Public care for older adults began in 2008 with the implementation of the Long-Term Care insurance in South Korea. Although the expansion of public care has the purpose of reducing the care burden for the family, it is not easy to say whether the developments of public care system reduce the amount of family care for older family members. Theoretically, public care and family care are expected to have various relationships depending on the degree of the role and function(substitution, hierarchical compensatory, task specific, supplementation, complementarity). And literatures have showed inconsistent results depending on the country, data, and methods. In this study, we analyzed the relationship between two care types focusing on home care services for older persons. Analyses were based on data from the second(2008) to sixth(2016) waves of Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing(KLoSA). To investigate elderly care dynamics in the households, we pooled the data for four changes between two periods(2008-2010, 2010-2012, 2012-2014, and 2014-2016). This study used an analytic sample of 262 older adults, who are aged 55 over and experienced public care at least one point of time. We used Fixed-Effects(FE) model to analyze the differences within the same individuals under the condition that time-invariant unobserved factors are controlled. This study distinguished the cases of entry into public care and other cases of exiting public care. The results showed that older people who are dependent on public care are less dependent on family care than before. In both entry and exit groups, negative relations were maintained, but in the entering stage of public care, the degree of negative relations was relatively small, whereas in the stage of maintaining or departing from public care, relatively negative relations were strong. At the beginning periods, even though public care increased, family care did not decrease significantly. On the other hand, at the time of ending public care and relying on family care, family care increased significantly. The results of this study show that the relationship between public care and family care is close to hierarchical compensatory model and varies according to the stage of caring transition. Also, it was found that the cases of transition from public care to family care have the biggest burden of elderly care than other groups.

A Study of the Employment Condition and Labour Experience of Elementary After-School Care Teachers: A Case of Gwangju Metropolitan City (초등돌봄교사의 고용형태와 노동경험에 관한 연구: 광주광역시 사례를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hyun Mi;Shin, Julia Jiwon
    • 한국사회정책
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.141-172
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    • 2016
  • This study examines the employment conditions and labour experience of elementary after-school care teachers in South Korea. Based on the empirical data collected through in-depth interviews with after-school care teachers in Gwangju Metropolitan City, the study considers multifaceted problems faced by after-school care teachers in their workplace. The after-school care class is part of educational policies initiated and rapidly expanded by the Ministry of Education, resulting in the substantial increase of non-regular school workers. The irregularization of after-school care teachers illustrates that the common problems faced by female non-regular workers, such as social discrimination, exclusion and inequality, are also transplanted into the typical public sector. In the case of Gwangju Metropolitan City, during the past two years there have been evident increases both in under 15-hour short time contract care teachers and outsourcing of care classes. Temporary part-time contract care teachers suffer relentless job insecurity and experience poor working conditions, exclusion and discrimination within the workplace and labour alienation. In order to minimize the organized resistance of care teachers, school authorities implicitly individualize and isolate care teachers through hierarchization, the division of labour and the spatial division of classes between indefinite and temporary contract teachers.

The Impact of the Korean Long-Term Care Insurance System on its Family Caregivers: Focusing on Family Caregiving Arrangement (노인장기요양보험제도에서 재가노인돌봄의 변화에 대한 연구)

  • Yang, Nanjoo;Choi, In-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.31-56
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes that family caregivers have experienced since using the Korean Long-Term Care Insurance(LTCI) system. In-depth interviews were conducted to determine how the services offered within the LTCI program had affected family caregiving and what changes they had incurred. Results from the qualitative content analysis show that the LTCI program significantly reduced the caregiving burden among family caregivers although burdens that family caregiver perceived varied greatly depending on the types of service that the family selected, and assigned family caregivers different identities and diverse roles(i.e., service user, family caregiver, certified care provider) depending on the service they use. The phenomenon of 'certified family care provider', which was not an intention of LTCI, demonstrates the practical need of elderly persons who require both care and the comfort of family and economic status of the family. Despite the positive impact of the LTCI policy on the family caregivers' burden and family relationship, the current LTCI system should be modified in order to better meet the needs of beneficiaries and their family caregivers.

The Study on the Mediating Effect of Caring Empowerment in the Relationship between Caring Burden and Life Design of Caregivers of Disabled Children (장애자녀부모의 돌봄부담감과 라이프디자인의 영향관계에서 돌봄효능감의 매개효과 연구)

  • Lee, Yu-Ri
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.503-510
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    • 2017
  • This study aimed to investigate the mediating effect of caring empowerment in the relationship between caring burden and life design. To get the results, a survey was conducted, targeting caregivers of disabled children and caring burden, caring empowerment, life design measures were used in the survey. Key outcomes of the analysis were as follows. First, it was verified that caring burden and caring empowerment, caring empowerment and life design had a direct relationship. Second, it was analyzed that caring empowerment had a full mediating effect in the relationship between caring burden and caring empowerment. Based in these results, comprehensive interventions for activating life design were proposed.

A Study on Double-Care and Multiplicity of Caring Experiences among Women Aged 30s to 40s in Korea (한국 30대~40대 여성의 이중돌봄 현실과 돌봄경험의 다중성에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Dayoung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.66 no.3
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    • pp.209-230
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    • 2014
  • The study is to show the prevalence of double-care burdened households who care simultaneously for children(under 6) and provide invalid elderly care for aging parents among women aged 30s to 40s in Korea. The study aims to place care as ordinary needs for our whole lifetime, not as a special happening to a certain age group at specific period. Also, study attempts to reveal that care experiences include both burden and pleasure, and that care relationship, such as care giver-receiver-assistants(second-helpers), strongly affects the diversity of caring experience. Results are as follows. 38.1% of the survey respondents report that they are/have ever been the double-care burdened households who carry both child care under 6 and elderly care suffering from health problems in the past or the present. If including those who expecting the double burden of care in the near future, the prevalence rate goes up to 54.9%. As hypothesized, caring includes both pleasure and burden. The order of pleasant feelings is child care> parents care>in-law parents care, and that of burden is in reverse. However, caring relationship has a strong influence on pleasure or agony of the caring experience. The association between the relationship and the experience, which is expressed by pleasure or pain, occurs to both daughter-parents and in-laws. Interestingly, the caring experiences by daughter to her parents tend to go more burdensome because their husbands do not commit their identity as carer aid, with no additional caring effort for their in-laws. In conclusion, some policy suggestions for double care problems are provided.

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Burden, Coping Behavior and Ego-resilience on Caregivers of Stroke Patients (뇌졸중 환자 주돌봄자의 돌봄 부담감, 대처행동 및 자아탄력성)

  • Jeong, Ji-Yeong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.649-660
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the differences and relations among burden, coping behavior and ego-resilience on caregivers of stroke patients. Participants were 74 caregivers of stroke patients who were hospitalized in the department of Neurosurgery and Neurology. Data was collected from March, 30 to September, 30 of 2014. Result: Caregivers burden was 3.66, coping behavior and ego-resilience were 2.67 and 3.10. Caregivers burden had significant differences according to caregivers gender, age, relationship with the patient, education level, marital state, and subjectively perceived physical condition. Coping behavior had significant differences according to martial state and caregiving hours, ego-resilience had no variable which showed significant differences. There is little correlation among these three variables. In conclusion, the burden levels are high in caregivers. It requires measures for reducing the caregivers burden. Further replication studies to identify the relation among these three variables are needed as well.

The Conceptualization of Caring Justice and an Evaluation of Long-Term Care Policy in Korea (돌봄정의(Caring Justice) 개념구성과 한국 장기요양정책의 평가)

  • Seok, Jae-Eun
    • 한국사회정책
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.57-91
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    • 2018
  • Despite the rapid growth of social care, understanding of care is segmental and caring is still marginalizing. The socialization of caring is actually a 'half-socialization' that is the result of injustice surrounding caring. Therefore, it is necessary to approach the problem of caring in terms of justice. In this paper, I discuss the limitations of social justice based on John Rawls 's social contract theory in the discussion of caring justice through feminists'writings on caring ethics. And then applying Nancy Fraser' s three scales of Justice-redistribution, recognition, and representation, the concept of caring justice has been newly constructed. The concept of caring is defined as a unified concept of caring including the aspect of the social rights of the care recipient as well as the labor rights of the care provider. Based on the analysis of care justice, we derive the ideal types of care policy and then evaluate the long-term care policy for the elderly, which is the central axis of Korean care policy. The results of this study are as follows: First, it is necessary to strengthen the labor rights of care providers especially for the socialization of care responsibilities and the proper allocation of social resources. Second, a service delivery system and care culture are needed to ensure the relational autonomy of care-receivers and care-givers for caring ethics and individualization of care. Third, the issue of care should be treated as the central agenda of politics in order to distribute care responsibility democratically and to distribute legitimate resources. This requires a paradigm shift from marginalization of care to mainstreaming of care. Ultimately, we should aim for a Caring Society.

A Study on the Actual Condition and Improvement Plan of the Space for Elementary School Care Classroom (초등돌봄교실 공간 조성 실태 분석 및 개선방안 연구)

  • Cho, Jin-Il;Choi, Hyeong-Ju
    • The Journal of Sustainable Design and Educational Environment Research
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to diagnose the problems of an elementary school care classroom in terms of facilities and physical environment and to suggest an improvement plan for building safer and more pleasant facilities and environment in further proceeding the policies of a whole-day care classroom. To this end, we analyzed the main contents of the domestic policies for elementary school care classes and the related spatial standards amongst the management plans of provincial education offices nationwide. In addition, we analyzed the relevant care facility standards of advanced countries such as the U.S., Australia, and Singapore and diagnosed the physical environmental level of Korean care classes in comparison to the international standards. Afterwards, we conducted a case study of elementary school care classes in order to examine the key issues with the environment of care classes, the causes of these issues and the user recognition and demand. The key results of this research are as follows. First, it is necessary to elaborate and refine the guidelines on elementary school care classrooms. Second, in order to provide high-quality elementary care services, it is important to have a combined classroom that can be operated at the level equivalent to or similar to a dedicated care classroom. Third, it is necessary to regularly check the facilities and environment of the elementary school care classroom.

An Empirical Analysis Of The Care Work in Korea (한국 돌봄노동의 실태와 임금불이익)

  • Hong, Kyungzoon;Kim, Sahyun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.66 no.3
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    • pp.133-158
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    • 2014
  • Over the past decades, changes in economic, social and demographic structures have pushed the growth of care employment across countries around the world. Women's increasing labor force participation has squeezed the time so far available for unpaid caregiving and led to increased demand for paid care services. Population aging and increasing needs for pre-school education also have contributed to the growth in demand for care services. As a result, care workers now comprise a large and growing segment of the labor force in many countries including South Korea. But, there are not a few problems. Especially, we take underpaid and undervalued care work very seriously. care work has been generally characterized as underpaid and undervalued compared with other work in developed and developing countries alike. This study tries to show current situation of care work and estimate the wage penalty for doing care work in Korea using official employment micro-data and applying propensity matching analysis. Especially, recent expansion of social service is a big step up for Korean Welfare State. But, there are not a few problems. Especially, we take underpaid and undervalued care work very seriously. This presentation tries to show current situation of care work and estimate the wage penalty for doing care work in Korea using official employment micro-data and applying propensity matching analysis.

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Korean Long-Term Care Insurance System and Caring Justice (노인장기요양보험제도와 돌봄 정의)

  • Choi, Hee Kyung
    • 한국사회정책
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.103-130
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    • 2018
  • The study aims to analyse Korean Long-Term Care Insurance system in terms of caring justice on the premise that elder care should be included in discussions and policies of care. Caring justice means an ideal of equal sharing duties and rights of care by all citizens. Four dimensions of caring justice(decommodification, defamilialization, degenderization and elderly participation and power) were established for the analysis. The results of the analysis were presented that Korean Long-Term Care Insurance system was maintained by commodificated and gendered care services attempting defamilialization with the exclusion of elderly beneficiaries, which represented typical caring injustice. Policy suggestions were made to realize caring justice: improving the status of caring labour by achieving proper service price and public employment, reorganization of life cycle based caring system integrating children, disabled adults and elders, and developing user-centered long-term care system to guarantee participation and choice of people in caring relationships.