• Title, Summary, Keyword: 동종금속용접

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Investigation into Variations of Welding Residual Stresses and Redistribution Behaviors for Different Repair Welding Widths (보수용접부 폭에 따른 용접잔류응력의 변화 및 재분배 거동 평가)

  • Park, Chi-Yong;Lee, Hwee-Sueng;Huh, Nam-Su
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.177-184
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    • 2014
  • In this study, we investigated the variations in welding residual stresses in dissimilar metal butt weld due to width of repair welding and re-distribution behaviors resulting from similar metal welding (SMW) and mechanical loading. To this end, detailed two-dimensional axi-symmetric finite element (FE) analyses were performed considering five different repair welding widths. Based on the FE results, we first evaluated the welding residual stress distributions in repair welding. We then investigated the re-distribution behaviors of the residual stresses due to SMW and mechanical loads. It is revealed that large tensile welding residual stresses take place in the inner surface and that its distribution is affected, provided repair welding width is larger than certain value. The welding residual stresses resulting from repair welding are remarkably reduced due to SMW and mechanical loading, regardless of the width of the repair welding.

Effects of Similar Metal Weld on Residual Stress in Dissimilar Metal Weld According to Safe End Length (동종금속용접이 이종금속용접부 잔류응력에 미치는 영향 평가 시 안전단 길이에 따른 효과)

  • Song, Tae-Kwang;Chun, Yun-Bae;Oh, Chang-Young;Bae, Hong-Yeol;Kim, Yun-Jae;Lee, Sang-Hoon;Lee, Kyoung-Soo;Park, Chi-Yong
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.33 no.7
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    • pp.664-672
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    • 2009
  • Nozzle in nuclear power plant is connected to pipe using safe end. Dissimilar metal weld between nozzle and safe end is followed by similar metal weld between safe end and pipe. And thus residual stress in dissimilar metal weld can be affected by similar metal weld. Similar metal weld impose bending stress on dissimilar metal weld, which is according to the length of safe end. In this study, simple nozzle model which covers various radius to thickness ratios was proposed to quantify residual stress in dissimilar metal weld based on finite element analyses. As a result, short length of safe end was proved to be more effective to mitigate residual stress in dissimilar metal weld and critical effective length of safe end is provided according to the radius to thickness ratio.

Stress Distributions at the Dissimilar Metal Weld of Safety Injection Nozzles According to Safe-end Length and SMW Thickness (안전단 길이 및 동종금속용접부 두께 변화에 따른 안전주입노즐 이종금속용접부의 응력분포)

  • Kim, Tae-Jin;Jeong, Woo-Chul;Huh, Nam-Su
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.39 no.10
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    • pp.979-984
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    • 2015
  • In the present paper, we evaluate the effects of the safe-end length and thickness of the similar metal weld (SMW) of safety injection nozzles on stress distributions at the dissimilar metal weld (DMW). For this evaluation, we carry out detailed 2-D axisymmetric finite element analyses by considering four different values of the safe-end length and four different values of the thickness of SMW. Based on the results obtained, we found that the SMW thickness affects the axial stresses at the center of the DMW for the shorter safe-end length; on the other hand, it does not affect the hoop stresses. In terms of the safe-end length, the values of the axial and hoop stresses at the inner surface of the DMW center increase as the safe-end length increases. In particular, for the cases considered in the present study, the stress distributions at the DMW center can be categorized according to certain values of safe-end length.

Analytical Evaluation of Residual Stresses in Dissimilar Metal Weld for Cast Stainless Steel Pipe and Low-Alloy Steel Component Nozzle (스테인리스주강 배관과 저합금강 기기노즐 이종금속용접부 잔류응력의 해석적 평가)

  • Park, June-Soo;Song, Min-Seop;Kim, Jong-Soo;Kim, In-Yong;Yang, Jun-Seog
    • Proceedings of the KWS Conference
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    • pp.100-100
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    • 2009
  • This paper is concerned with numerical analyses of residual stresses in welds and material's susceptibility to stress corrosion cracking (SCC) for the primary piping system in nuclear power plants: Both the dissimilar metal weld (DMW) for stainless steel to low alloy steel joints and the similar metal weld (SMW) for forged stainless steel to cast stainless steel joints are considered. Thermal elasto-plastic analyses using the finite element method (FEM) are performed to predict residual stresses generated in fabrication welding and its related processes for both the DMW and SMW, including effects of quenching for cast stainless steel piping, machining of the DMW root, and grinding of the SMW root. As a result, the effect of quenching should be included in the evaluation of residual stresses in the SMW for the cast stainless steel piping. It is deemed that residual stresses in both the DMW and SMW would not affect the SCC susceptibility of the welds providing that the welding processes are completed without any weld repair on the inside wall of the joint. However, the grinding process if performed on the safe-end to piping weld, would produce a high level of residual stresses in the inner surface region and thus a stress improvement process (e.g. buffing) should be considered to reduce susceptibilities to SCC.

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Crack Growth Analysis due to PWSCC in Dissimilar Metal Butt Weld for Reactor Piping Considering Hydrostatic and Normal Operating Conditions (수압시험 및 정상운전 하중을 고려한 원자로 배관 이종금속 맞대기 용접부 응력부식균열 성장 해석)

  • Lee, Hwee-Sueng;Huh, Nam-Su;Lee, Seung-Gun;Park, Heung-Bae;Lee, Sung-Ho
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 2013
  • This study investigates the crack growth behavior due to primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) in the dissimilar metal butt weld of a reactor piping using Alloy 82/182. First, detailed finite element stress analyses were performed to predict the stress distribution of the dissimilar metal butt weld in which the hydrostatic and the normal operating loads as well as the weld residual stresses were considered to evaluate the stress redistribution due to mechanical loadings. Based on the stress distributions along the wall thickness of the dissimilar metal butt weld, the crack growth behavior of the postulated axial and circumferential cracks were predicted, from which the crack growth diagram due to PWSCC was proposed. The present results can be applied to predict the crack growth rate in the dissimilar metal butt weld of reactor piping due to PWSCC.

Evaluation of Similar Metal Weld Effects on Residual Stress of Nozzle Dissimilar Metal Weld (노즐 이종용접부 잔류응력에 미치는 동종용접의 영향 평가)

  • Yu, Seung-Cheon;Jeong, Jae-Uk;Chang, Yoon-Suk;Kim, Young-Jin
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.110-114
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    • 2008
  • Determination of weld-induced residual stress has been an important issue in nuclear power industry because several failures were reported in dissimilar metal weld parts due to primary water stress corrosion cracking. In this context, a couple of remarkable round robin analyses were conducted to quantify the welding simulation variables and to establish optimized numerical analysis process. The purpose of the present research is to introduce welding simulation results for a safety and relief nozzle, which has a dissimilar metal weld part as well as a similar metal weld part. First, finite element analyses are carried out to calculate residual stresses at the inside of nozzle considering only dissimilar metal welding. Subsequently, residual stresses taking into account both the dissimilar and similar metal welding are computed. The similar metal weld effect is evaluated by compa

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Fundamentals of Ultrasonic Welding (초음파 용접의 기초)

  • ;Jeong, H. S.
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.24-31
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    • 1997
  • 2매의 금속을 맞대어 그 한 쪽에 접촉면과 평행하게 고주파진동을 가하면 단 시간에 접합된다. 이공정을 초음파 용접이라고 하며 그 물리적인 본질은 아직 불분명 하지만, 첫째로는 강한 마찰에 의해 금속 자유면의 산화물층이 제거되기 때문이라는 점과 둘째로는 마찰에 의해 금속 표면이 강하게 가열되어 이에 따른 연화에 의해 접합 이 된다고 하는 점이다. 그러나 이와 같이 가열된다고 하더라도 가열은 표면부에만 국한되고 다른 부분은 가열되지 않는다. 따라서 초음파용접은 냉간접합이라고도 한다. 또 가압력과 진동에 의한 힘이 동시에 작용하기 때문에 용접할 면을 미리 청정하게 할 필요는 없고 용접전의 단계에서 자연적으로 청정화가 이루어진다고 하는 사실이 간접 적으로 증명되고 있다. 초음파 용접(Ultrasonic welding)의 특징을 요약하면 고상용접 의 일종으로서 용접중에 국부적으로 고주파 진동에너지와 압력을 가하여 용접하는 방법이다. 이 때 모재를 용융시키지 않고 건전한 야금학적 결합부가 얻어진다는 데에 큰 특징이 있다. 또한 초음파용접은 다른 용접법에 비해 경제성이 매우 높고, 초음파 용접에 필요한 출력이 전기아크 용접에 필요한 출력의 5 - 10%로 충분한 경우가 많다. 초음파 용접은 통상의 방법으로는 용접하기 어려운 동종 금속이나 이종 금속의 용접에 널리 사용된다. 이 용접법은 반도체, 미세회로, 전기 접점의 형성에 대한 생산기술 로서 사용되고 있는데 소형 모터, 알루미늄 박의 가공, 알루미늄 합금의 조립 등에 이용되고 있다. 한편 최근에는 자동차, 우주항공산업 분야의 구조제 용접용으로도 채용되고 있다.출함이 바람직하다.분비되는 배설-분비 항원의 자극과 깊은 관계가 있음을 알 수 있었다.넌트 명세서를 대한 XML DTD(Document Type Definition)를 정의하고, HTML 기반 검색 방법과 XML 기반 검색 방법에 대한 컴포넌트 검색 성능을 비교한다.따라 NO 생산 및 세포독성이 증가하였고. NO 생산을 저하시키는 약제들은 활성화된 복강 대식세포 및 RAW264.7 세포에 의한 질편모충에 대한 세포독성을 현저히 감소시키는 것으로 보아 NO는 질편모충에 대한 대식세포의 숙주 방어기전에서 중요한 역할을 감당할 것으로 생각된다.nction index) 와 최대개구시 동통의 정도는 시술전과 시술 4주후간에 유의한 차이가 관찰되었다.피부온도는 검사자간에는 특정부위에 따라 다소 차이가 있을 수 있으나 일반적으로 높은 재현성을 보여줌으로서 향후 교근 및 측두근의 임상연구 평가에 피부온도조사는 도움이 되리라 사료된다. lactobacilli의 양은 peroxidase system을 함유하거나(p < 0.01) 함유하지 않은(p < 0.05) 치약을 사용한 군 모두에서 양치전에 비해 유의성있게 감소하였다. 6. 양치후 30분에 채취한 구강건조증 환자의 자극성 전타액내 S. mutans 양은 peroxida system을 함유한 세치제를 사용한 군에서 대조군에 비해 유의성있게 낮았다(p < 0.05). 7. 양치후 30분에 채취한 구강건조증 환자의 자극성 전타액내 lactobacilli양은 peroxidase system을 함유한 세치제를 사용한 군에서 대조군에 비해 상대적으로 낮게 나타났으나(p = 0.067)

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