• Title, Summary, Keyword: 디메토에이트

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Safety Assesment of Pesticides Treated on Garlic to Control Black Rot during the Storage (마늘 저장 중 부패병 방제를 위하여 처리한 농약의 경시적 농약 잔류량 평가)

  • You, Oh-Jong;Jin, Yong-Duk;Hwang, Se-Gu;Lee, Yong-Hoon;Ihm, Yang-Bin;Kim, Jin-Bae;Kwon, Oh-Kyung;Kyung, Kee-Sung;Kim, Jang-Eok
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.148-158
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    • 2009
  • We tested and selected some agrochemicals reducing the occurrence of major pests and diseases during garlic storage. Tebuconazole, diphenylamine and prochloraz as fungicides and dimethate as a insecticide were sprayed or drenched before harvest. And the harvested garlic was dipped in each of the agrochemicals. The residues of pesticides in garlic bulbs treated were analyzed every month from harvesting time for 6 months. In case of Danyang garlic, which was treated with pesticides before and after harvesting, the residues of diphenylamine, tebuconazole, prochloraz, and dimethoate ranged from 0.008 to 0.28, from 0.03 to 0.32, from 0.02 to 0.12, and from 0.02 to 0.25 mg/kg, respectively. In case of Uiseong garlic, the residues of diphenylamine, tebuconazole, prochloraz and dimethoate ranged from 0.008 to 0.09, from 0.08 to 0.45, from 0.02 to 0.57, and from 0.04 to 0.38 mg/kg, respectively. And, in case of Namdo garlic, the residues of diphenylamine, tebuconazole, prochloraz, and dimethoate ranged from 0.008 to 0.52, from 0.07 to 1.67, from 0.02 to 0.17, and from 0.03 to 0.73 mg/kg, respectively. Some of the garlic samples treated with tebuconazole exceeded its maximum residue limits (MRLs) of 0.1 mg/kg set by Korea Food Drug Administration (KFDA), but dimethoate was detected below its MRL of 1.0 mg/kg. In case of diphenylamine and prochloraz, their MRLs for garlic were not set. Adapting their MRLs, 5.0 mg/kg of diphenylamine for apple and pear and 0.5 mg/kg of prochloraz for strawberry and grape, residue levels of diphenylamine and procloraz were below than their MRLs, with the exception of samples two times treated with procloraz in Namdo garlic. These results indicate that dimethoate can be used as an agrochemical to control the postharvest disease in garlic in only MRL aspect.