• Title, Summary, Keyword: 레일안정성

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Sensitivity of the Continuous Welded Rail and the Fastener on the Track Stability (궤도 안정성에 대한 장대레일과 체결구의 민감도)

  • Han, Sang Yun;Park, Nam Hoi;Lim, Nam Hyoung;Kang, Young Jong
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.26 no.4A
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    • pp.719-726
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    • 2006
  • The use of CWR track not only reduces the track maintenance cost, but increase the life cycle of track components. Therefore, the use of the CWR track has increased consistently in the worldwide. As the use of CWR increases in track structures, derailing disasters associating with track buckling also increase in great numbers due to high compressive thermal stress in the summer. Among many CWR parameters, the influence of the sectional properties of the rail was investigated on the stability of CWR track in this study. Also, the sensitivity of the broken fastener and the stiffness of the fastener system such as the translational and rotational stiffness was investigated.

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Numerical Analysis of the Roadbed Settlement beneath Rail Joint Induced by Tilting-Train Loading (틸팅차량 하중에 의한 레일 이음매 하부 노반침하에 대한 수치 해석적 분석)

  • Jeon, Sang-Soo;Eum, Gi-Young;Kim, Jae-Min;Jung, Du-Hwoe;Han, Sung-Dae
    • Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.7-14
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    • 2006
  • The tilting-train being operated in pre-existing rail road has a different running mechanism compared to currently operated trains. Therefore, it needs to investigate the evaluation of the track performance, the stability of the tilting-train in operating condition, and the stability of the roadbed. In this study, when the tilting train is operated in the rail joint with the allowable velocity limited by the track performance and the stability of the tilting-train, the settlement of the roadbed has been evaluated by using numerical analysis. The loading on the ground surface generated by the operating tilting-train generates the settlement of the roadbed. The settlement induced by the tilting-train loading has been compared to the allowable settlement and the factor of safety defined by the ratio of the allowable settlement to the settlement generated by the applied loading is evaluated.

Stability of Continuous Welded Rail Track under Thermal Load (온도하중을 고려한 장대레일 궤도의 안정성 해석)

  • Kang, Young Jong;Lim, Nam Hyoung;Shin, Jeong Ryol;Yang, Jae Seong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.281-290
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    • 1999
  • For many decades, the railway was constructed using tracks with jointed rails of relatively short lengths in accordance with rolling and handling technology. The joints cause many drawbacks in the track and lead to significant maintenance cost. So, railroad engineers became interested in eliminating joints to increase service loads ana speeds by improving rolling, welding, and fastening technology. Continuous welded rail(CWR) track has many advantages over the conventional jointed-rail track. But, in the case of the elimination of rail joints, it may cause the track to be suddenly buckled laterally by thermal loads. In this paper, CWR track model and CWRB program are developed for linear buckling analysis using finite element method. Rail element with a total of 14 degrees of freedom is used. The stiffness of the fastener, tie, and ballast bed are included by a set of spring elements. The investigation on the buckling modes and temperature of CWR track is presented.

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Influence of Lateral Ballast Resistance on the Buckling Fragility Curve of the Continuous Welded Rail Tracks (장대레일 궤도의 좌굴 취약도 곡선에 대한 도상횡저항력의 영향)

  • Bae, Hyun Ung;Choi, Jin Yu;Lee, Chin Ok;Lim, Nam Hyoung
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.185-185
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    • 2011
  • 기존 장대레일 궤도의 안정성 평가는 궤도 매개변수에 대하여 고정된 안전측의 값을 사용하는 결정론적인 해석에 의존해서 평가되어져 왔다. 그러나 실제현장의 궤도조건은 많은 영향인자들에 의해 그 특성이 불확실하게 변하고 있다. 따라서 온도하중에 의한 궤도 좌굴에 영향을 미치는 궤도 구성인자들의 불확실성 및 임의성을 보다 합리적으로 고려하기 위해서 확률론적 기법을 적용하는 것이 필수적이다. 본 연구에서는 기존 본 연구진에 의해 개발된 장대레일 궤도의 좌굴확률 평가시스템을 이용하여 좌굴 취약도 곡선을 나타내었으며, 궤도 좌굴에 영향을 미치는 주요변수 중 하나인 도상횡저항력에 대한 영향을 분석하였다. 좌굴확률 평가시스템에서는 장대레일 궤도의 좌굴확률을 산정하기 위하여 구조물의 안정과 파괴를 판단할 수 있는 기준을 한계상태방정식으로 표현하고, 이 한계상태방정식으로부터 확률론적 기법 중 하나인 AFOSM(Advanced First Order Second Moment) 방법을 이용하여 파괴확률의 간접적인 지표인 신뢰도지수(${\beta}$)를 통해 좌굴확률을 계산한다. 한계상태방정식에서 구조물의 강도(보유성능)에 해당하는 부분은 궤도의 허용좌굴온도이고, 하중(요구성능)에 해당하는 부분은 레일온도하중으로써 현재 레일온도와 중립온도의 차로 반영된다. 허용좌굴온도 산정에 고려되는 주요변수는 곡선반경(Radius), 도상횡저항력(Lateral Ballast Resista nce), 연직도상강성(Vertical Ballast Stiffness), 궤도 틀림량(Misalignment), 틀림길이(Half Wave Length), 열차운행속도(Velocity)이다. 각 확률변수들이 갖는 확률분포는 모두 정규분포로 가정하였다. 궤도의 기하학적 특성은 곡선반경 5,000m에 대해 고려하였으며, 열차는 KTX의 제원을 사용하여 정지된 상태에서 고려하였다. 틀림량과 틀림길이는 이에 대한 통계적 특성자료가 부족하여 확률변수로 고려하지 않고 결정론적 값으로 취급하였다. 레일온도의 통계적 특성치는 본 연구진에 의해 구축된 기후요소 및 레일온도 DB를 근거로 결정하였으며, 중립온도는 선로관리지침에 따라 $25{\pm}3^{\circ}C$를 기준으로 결정하였다. 또한 도상횡저항력은 실측 데이터를 참고로 하여 평균값에서 10%의 변동량을 갖는 것으로 보고 통계적 특성치를 결정하였다. 도상횡저항력이 좌굴확률에 미치는 영향을 매우 큰 것을 알 수 있었으며, 레일온도 $60^{\circ}C$일 때 도상횡저항력이 증가하면서 감소되는 좌굴확률이 도상저항력이 커질수록 그 감소량이 작아지는 것을 알 수 있었다.

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Determination of the Upper Limit of Railpad Stiffness in Concrete Track of High-Speed Railways Considering the Running Stability of Train (주행안정성을 고려한 고속철도 콘크리트궤도 레일패드강성 상한값 결정)

  • Yang, Sin-Chu;Jang, Seung-Yup;Kim, Eun
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.485-488
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    • 2011
  • 본 연구에서는 경부고속철도의 콘크리트궤도에서 열차주행안전측면에서 관리해야할 레일패드강성의 상한값을 차량 및 궤도의 동특성과 운영환경을 고려하여 결정하는 방법을 제시하였다. 차량과궤도의 상호작용의 해석의 중요 입력파라메타인 궤도틀림과 관련하여 프랑스 및 독일에서 제시한 궤도틀림 PSD(Power Spectral Density)와 경부 1단계구간 콘크리트궤도에서 계측한 궤도틀림 자료를 통하여 얻은 PSD를 기초로 하여 넓은 범위의 주파수영역에서 적용할 수 있는 콘크리트궤도의 궤도틀림 PSD를 제시하였다. 제시된 PSD 기준모델을 사용하여 시간영역에서의 궤도틀림 입력을 Random Generation을 통하여 구한 후 개발된 차량-궤도 상호작용해석 기법을 사용하여 레일패드에 따른 윤중감소율을 산정하였다. 산정된 윤중감소율에 대하여 국내 철도차량 안전기준에 관한 규칙의 탈선계수 규정을 적용하여 주행안전측면에서 허용할 수 있는 레일패드강성의 상한값을 제시하였다.

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Levitation Controller Performance Analysis according to Vehicle Speed (차량 속력에 따른 부상제어기 성능 해석)

  • Kim, Hong-Ju;Kim, Choon-Kyung;Kwon, Soon-Man
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.458-459
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    • 2008
  • 이 논문은 자기부상열차 속력에 따른 부상제어기 성능을 분석한다. 현재 실용화 사업은 시속 110km/h 속력으로 부상공극 8 mm 기준으로 상하 3 mm 이하 변화를 목표로 개발 중에 있다. 부상제어기의 안정성에 영향을 미치는 외란으로는 가이드웨어 처짐, 크로스아암에 의한 레일 처짐, 레일 불균일, 레일 연결부 단차 등이 있다. 이러한 외란이 복합적으로 작용하지만, 설계 단계에서 각각의 영향을 단순화하여 독립적으로 그 영향을 분석할 필요가 있다. 본 논문에서는 차량속력에 따른 가이드웨어 처짐이 부상제어기에 미치는 영향을 분석한다. 하나의 전자석과 유연레일을 모델링하고 상태궤환을 갖는 제어기를 제안하여 속력에 따른 부상공극 변화를 관찰한다. 모의시험 결과 12 mm 레일의 휘어짐 상황에서 속력에 따라 부상 공극 변화가 커지지만, 실용화 사업의 목표를 달성함을 알 수 있었다.

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The Problem and Improvement Plan of Ultrasonic Exploration of Weld Zone in Railway Rails (철도 레일 용접부 초음파 탐상의 문제점 및 개선방안)

  • Jang, Suk-Jae
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.123-133
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    • 2004
  • The evaluation standard method of weld zone in rails is not exhibited in case of the domestic and the outside about ultrasonic inspection method. therefore, practical affairs a mans on the ground know very little about evaluation method of pass and failure. This paper discuss about ultrasonic exploration of weld zone in railway rails to know practical affairs a mans that the first, "problem and improvement direction of domestic track construction specifications applied according to a place ordering" and the second, "the method applied of ultrasonic exploration test of weld zone in railway rails".

Behavior Analysis of Fill Slope by Vehicle Collision on Guardrail (가드레일에 차량 충돌 시 성토사면의 거동분석)

  • Park, Hyunseob;Ahn, Kwangkuk
    • Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2014
  • Recently, the number of road construction is increasing by industrial development. According to this industrial tendency, the number of traffic accidents are consistently increasing due to increasing number of vehicle on the road. This is mainly because traffic accidents are occurred by various parameter such as negligence of driver, vehicle defects, state of unstable road, natural environment etc. Lane department of vehicles from guardrail is occurring frequently. This type of accident is caused by vehicle performance improvement and shape of vehicle, weak guardrail installation and maintenance. Guardrail has the purpose on prevention such as prevention of traffic accident and prevention of deviating out of road, minimizing damage of driver and vehicle by collision as well as entry into the road through guardrail. Stability evaluation test of guardrail verifies the behavior of guardrail through the crash of truck. At this time, the crash condition has 100 km/h of velocity and $15^{\circ}$ of impact angle. In the case of ground condition, filling slope condition has relatively high bearing capacity of infinite ground towards the test. Guardrail is generally installed on road of shoulder in fill slope in korea. It is possible for stability problem to deteriorate ground bearing capacity in Guardrail in fill slope. The existed study towards stability of guardrail has been carried out in the infinite ground. However, the study on the behavior of fill slope with guardrail is not performed by vehicle collision. Therefore, In this study, the numerical analysis using LS-DYNA was executed for verification on behavior of fill slope with guardrail through vehicle collision. This numerical analysis was carried out with change of embedded depth on installed guardrail post in shoulder of fill slope by vehicle collision and 8 tonf truck crash providing at NCAN (National Crash Analysis Center). As the result, displacement and stress on fill slope are decreased in accordance with the increase of embedded depth of guardrail post. Ground bearing capacity is deteriorated at depth of 450 mm form shoulder of road on fill slope.

Evaluation of Rail Fatigue and Bending Fatigue Considering Concrete Track Condition (콘크리트도상(STEDEF)의 선로조건을 고려한 레일휨응력 예측과 피로수명 산출)

  • Lee, Soo-hyung;Kang, You-song;Park, Yong-gul
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.658-667
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    • 2017
  • Rail is the main track component, playing the most important role in safe railways. For the sake of safety, it is strictly required to secure reliability against fatigue and destruction of rail. In this paper, by field measurement on concrete track, it is confirmed that the rail surface roughness and rail bending stress are linearly correlated with each other; the bending stress of rail can be presented as a function of train speed, track support stiffness, and rail surface roughness. The fatigue life of rail can be estimated by deriving the S-N curve through the fatigue test.

Field Test to Investigate the Thermal Stress of Continuous Welded Rail on High Speed Railway Bridges in Summer Period (고속철도 교량상 장대레일의 하절기 온도응력 계측)

  • Kwark, Jong-Won;Choi, Eun-Suk;Chin, Won-Jong;Lee, Jung-Woo;Kim, Byung-Suk;Kang, Jae-Yoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.131-136
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    • 2006
  • Most modern railways, especially the high speed railway tracks, use continuous welded rail(CWR) for the less maintenance. For the CWR track has very few expansion joints, track buckling has always been an unpredictable event and it happens mainly by high compressive stress in rail in summer period. Therefore, it is important to understand the variation of rail stress induced by thermal loads which has direct influence on the rail buckling and stability of railway track. This paper describes the experimental investigation of the variation of rail temperature and stress in a high speed railway track on bridge structure. Field measurement was performed to examine the correlation between the rail temperature and rail stress on the Korean High Speed Railway line. Regression functions were derived from measured data to determine the rail stress f3r an arbitrary rail temperature varies from 20 to 50 degree Celsius.