• Title, Summary, Keyword: 레일안정성

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Evaluation of the Roadbed Behavior During Tilting-train Operation in Curved Track Using Numerical Analysis (틸팅차량의 곡선부 운행시 수치해석을 이용한 노반거동 평가)

  • Jeon, Sang-Soo;Eum, Gi-Young;Kim, Jae-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.115-126
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    • 2007
  • The tilting-train is very attractive to the railroad users in the world because it runs with high speed in curved track using pre-existing infrastructure. The tilting-train has a unique allowable speed and mechanism expecially in curved track. Therefore, it should be evaluated in terms of the stability of the train operation and roadbed. In this study, when the tilting-train is being operated with the allowable speed, the behavior of the roadbed is evaluated by examining the settlement and bearing capacity of the roadbed. Additionally, the stability of the roadbed is estimated in the condition of soft roadbed influenced by the weather effects and cyclic train loading. The numerical results show that the roadbed settlements satisfy the allowable settlement when Young's moduli of the upper roadbed and in-situ soil are more than $2,300t/m^2\;and\;3,300t/m^2$, respectively, in the continuous welded rail (CWR) and $3,800t/m^2\;and\;4,600t/m^2$, respectively, in the rail joint.

Optimum Design of Rail in Semiconductor Processing (반도체 공정에 이용되는 레일의 최적설계)

  • 조재승;김학선;황종균;임오강
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.241-249
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    • 2004
  • There is an over head hoist transporter(OHT) by the system for delivering the wafer in semiconductor processing. The transfer system consist of carrier, vehicle, rail and support. The Tail supporting the wafer and the transfer system should maintain enough strength and stiffness. To achieve lightness and enough strength and stiffness, optimization algorithm should be introduced in design process. In this study, two kinds of section shapes as L-type, C-type is carried out the structure analysis and optimization. Total weight of rail is to be minimized while displacement should not exceed limit. To improve the initial model, topology optimization is done by the plain problem. Size optimization is done with 3D solid element and PLBA algorithm, the RQP algorithm. The weight of optimum model as L-type, C-type is decreased by 2.3%, 10% respectively. It is improved better than the initial model in the strength and stiffness of the structure.

A Study of Improvement the Productivity of the Industrial System using Electronics and Computer Technology (전자장비와 컴퓨터기술을 이용한 산업시스템의 생산성 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Keun-Ho;Ryu, Gab-Sang
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.593-598
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    • 2014
  • To solve the labor shortage of skilled workers, the ship building industry needs the automation and mechanization. Especially, compared with other process, handrail manufacturing process of ship building falls behind the automation. In this paper, we designed and implemented a flat-iron automation system using computer convergence technology that can be used in the production of handrails in shipbuilding. The system's machine part was designed by considering the efficiency, productivity, and stability of the cutting process, and checked the stability of the structure using CATIA and ANSYS. The system's control part was used the PCNC controller to provide openness and scalability. And the part was made for system control and monitoring the system through screen manipulation with touch-screen form. A flat-iron automatic system was developed by converging the mechanics, electronics and computer technology and it will contribute to improve the productivity of the industrial system.

Parametric Study on Steel composite Girder bridges for HONAM High-Speed Railway Considering Criteria Requirement of Dynamic Response (호남고속철도 동적 안정성 요구 조건을 고려한 강합성 거더교의 변수 연구)

  • Cho, Sun-Kyu;Jung, Han-Ouk;Kim, Sung-Il
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1370-1378
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    • 2007
  • High speed railway bridge is affected on safety of bridge by dynamic amplification effect, when dynamic response of bridge is equal to effect cycle load for rolling stock axle according to high speed operation train. And excessive deformation of structure has negative effect on operation safety of train and comfort of passenger due to fluctuation of wheel load by torsion of track etc. and decrease of contact force on vehicle wheel-rail. To ensure the safety of track and train operation safety, it is have to perform the study on resonance and deformation of structure. That criteria and requirement of railway bridge is limitation of vertical acceleration on deck for dynamic behavior of structure, contact of vehicle wheel and rail, limitation of face distortion and rotation angle of end deck, and limitation of vertical displacement by train. Unlike KYEONGBU High Speed Railway, New constructed HONAM High Speed Railway have to applied the new requirement for dynamic behavior safety according to change of condition which is type of ballast (slab ballast), interval of track, and actual rolling stock load. Therefore, in this paper, it was conformed the dynamic characteristic due to parameter, which related with above mentioned criteria, for steel composite bridges.

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Security Interpretation of the Restriction Boundary of Building for Antiquated Tunnel using 3 Dimensional Surveying (3차원 측량에 의한 노후 터널의 건축한계 확보 해석)

  • Bae Sang-Ho;Lee Hyung-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.251-259
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    • 2006
  • For the electrification of the existing railways, the security of the restriction boundary of building with mechanistic stability research on the antiquated tunnel must be accomplished essentially. If the tunnel don't secure its restriction boundary of building, the reconstruction based on improvement of tunnel alignment are generated and its surveying data are required. The precise surveying was conducted with the same coordinate system for three tunnels of Youngdong tramline, and the restriction boundary of building of the straight and curve section were analyzed effectively by acquiring the data of profile and cross section, profile rail-height, rail-grade, cross tunnel height, and restriction boundary of building. This study is presented for valuation data of the stability of the electrification design to construct and analyze restriction boundary of building, which compared with the drawing and its existing design using profile and cross section. After this, it is interoperable to increase the development of real-time monitoring system on the tunnel structures.

Dynamic Interaction Evaluation of Maglev Vehicle and the Segmented Switching System (자기부상열차 차량과 분기기 동적상호작용 시험 평가)

  • Lee, Jong-Min;Han, Jong-Boo;Kim, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.576-582
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    • 2017
  • The switching system in a maglev train is an indispensable element for distributing train routes, and it should be designed to ensure safe operation. Unlike conventional wheels on rails, the switching track in EMS-type maglev is supported by a group of 3 to 4 steel girders. When the vehicle changes its route, the segmented track allows the girders to change from a straight position to a curved one with a small radius of curvature. Hence, the structural characteristics of the segmented switching system may affect the levitation stability of the maglev vehicle. This study experimentally evaluates the dynamic interaction between maglev vehicles and a segmented switching system. The results may be helpful for improving the switching system. The measured levitation and lateral air gaps were evaluated at a vehicle speed of 25 km/h, and the ride quality of the Maglev vehicle was determined to be "comfortable" according to the UIC 513 standard.

Conceptual Design and Analysis of Rotation-Aligning Bogie Mechanism for Inter-modal Automated Freight Transport Systems (인터모달 자동화물운송시스템을 위한 회전정렬형 대차의 개념설계 및 해석)

  • Ahn, Changsun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.632-638
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    • 2019
  • This paper presents the conceptual design and reaction force analysis of a bogie structure for an inter-modal automated transportation system, including road and rail transportation. The proposed system was based on a train with rotation-aligning bogie mechanism that can save significant time and cost. One of the critical issues in conceptual design is the lateral forces applied to the rail caused by the characteristic shapes and structure of the rails and bogie. In particular, the lateral forces are significant in the transition section between the driving and platform sections. This paper provides design guidance for the transition section through reaction force analysis. Based on the analysis result, it was confirmed that the proposed concept can be a valid design candidate of a practical system, and the radius of the rail and the distance between rails are major factors for reaction force generation.

정규모드 동역학을 활용한 비선형 진동

  • 박철희
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.6-12
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    • 1997
  • 물리계에서 일어나는 동적 현상들은 선형해석 만으로 설명하기에는 불충분한 점이 많이 있다. 이는 기계구조물과 같은 실제 계의 진동이 기하학적 비선형성, 강성 의 비선형성 또는 경계조건의 비선형성 등의 영향으로 비선형적인 거동을 하기 때문 이다. 비선형 진동을 하는 기계 계는 우리 주변에서 쉽게 찾아 볼 수 있는데, 그 예로써 진자운동을 포함하여 동흡진기, 회전체계, 공작기계의 절삭운동, 건마찰 (dry friction) 관련 기계장치, 치차 및 기차의 바퀴와 레일 간의 접촉에서 볼수 있는 구분적 선형(piecewise linear) 진동계, 충격 진동계 등을 들 수 있다. 비선형 진동 연구는 limit cycle, 준주기운동(quasiperiodic motion), 점프현상(jump phenomena) 등의 인식에서 시작되어, 과거에는 설명이 안되어 회피되 왔던 랜덤(random) 형태의 비주기운동에 대한 연구로 까지 발전하고 있다. 비선형 진동을 다루는데 있어서 정규모드(normal mode)를 이용하는 방법이 있다. 일반적으로 선형계는 선형 정규모드 (linear normal mode)가 존재하는 것과 같이 비선형계에도 이와 유사한 정규모드가 존재한다는 사실이 연구 보고된 바 있다. 비선형계에 존재하는 정규모드는 계의 매개 변수(system parameters)에 따라 그 안정성이 바뀔 수 있으며, 만일 안정한 정규모드 가 어떤 매개변수에서 그 안정성이 바뀐다면 선형이론으로는 설명될 수 없는 새로운 운동이 일어나고 이러한 운동을 분기모드(bifurcation mode)라고 한다. 안정한 정규 모드 및 분기모드를 포함하여 비선형계를 다류는 것을 "정규모드 동역학(normal mode dynamics)"이라고 한다. 정규모드 동역학은 앞에서 언급된 비선형 현상들의 원인규명, 예측, 안정성해석 및 강제진동 해석을 가능하게 한다. 또한 최근에 활발히 연구되고 있는 혼돈운동(chaotic motion)의 해석도 가능하다. 이 글에서는 비선형 진동해석을 위한 정규모드 동역학에 대한 연구동향 및 기본 이론을 살펴 보았고, 그 적용 예를 통하여 실험결과와 비교 고찰 함으로써 정규모드 동역학의 적용성을 서술하여 보았다. 선형이론으로 이해하기 어려운 현상들에 대하여는 비선형의 관점에서 새롭게 접근하 려는 노력이 필요하며 비선형 이론에 대한 연구가 지속적으로 진행되어야 한다. 진행되어야 한다.

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Experimental Study on Applying a Transition Track System to Improve Track Serviceability in Railway Bridge Deck Ends (철도교량 단부 궤도의 사용성 향상을 위한 횡단궤도시스템 적용에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Lim, Jongil;Song, Sunok;Choi, Jungyoul;Park, Yonggul
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.207-216
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    • 2013
  • The components of concrete track (rail and rail fastening system) in railway bridge deck ends are damaged and deteriorated by track-bridge interaction forces such as uplift forces and compression forces owing to their structural flexural characteristics (bridge end rotation). This had led to demand for alternatives to improve structural safety and serviceability. In this study, the authors aim to develop a transition track to enhance the long term workability and durability of concrete track components in railway bridge deck ends and thereby improve the performance of concrete track. A time-history analysis and a three-dimensional finite element method analysis were performed to consider the train speed and the effect of multiple train loads and the results were compared with the performance requirements and German standard for transition track. Furthermore, two specimens, a normal concrete track and a transition track, were fabricated to evaluate the effects of application of the developed transition track, and static tests were conducted. From the results, the track-bridge interaction force acting on the track components (rail displacement, rail stress, and clip stress) of the railway bridge deck end were significantly reduced with use of the developed transition track compared with the non-transition track specimen.

A Study on Transferred Load Reduction effect of Low Elastic Pad through Dynamic Response Analysis (동적응답해석을 통한 저탄성패드의 전달하중 저감효과 연구)

  • Kim, Hyun-Ju;Lee, Il-Wha;Cho, Guk-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.2464-2472
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    • 2011
  • Train runs on high speed and the concrete track is constructed. Rail fastening device needs to reduce elasticity, transferred load, noise, and vibration etc. Consequently, low elastic pad has a great impact of the durability and stability of the track. In this study, discussed in previous studies, static numerical analysis and real scale repeated loading test, followed by dynamic response analysis were implemented. The most distinctive characteristics of the model proposed is to simulate the real wheel behavior on rail. And the main analysis object is to evaluate and compare the deformation characteristics of the transition track while load reduction effect of transfer on roadbed assessed by various low elastic pad.

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