• Title, Summary, Keyword: 마음에 대한 이해

Search Result 125, Processing Time 0.053 seconds

Children's Development in Applying Theory of Mind and Mind-Related Knowledge (초등학교 아동의 마음에 대한 이해의 사용과 마음관련 지식의 발달)

  • 송영주;유연옥
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.41 no.7
    • /
    • pp.107-120
    • /
    • 2003
  • This study was purposed to explore children's development in the theory of mind. Children of age 7, 9 and 11 explained others' good and bad behaviors, and answered to questions about ‘mind’ and ‘heart’ Children's behavior explanations with internal factors, including traits and mental states, were scored and analyzed. The responses of mind-related knowledges were categorized and compared by age. Results showed that children's internal explanations were not different with age, and most of the children explained internally for others' bad behaviors more than for good ones. Secondly, children conceptualized cold-minded ‘mind’ and hot-minded ‘heart’ differentially, but showed developmental differences in mind-related knowledges. It was hard for the younger children to explain ‘mind’ and ‘heart’ Children came to construct their knowledge with age; ‘mind’ including cognitive monitoring, and ‘heart’ working outside the personal emotions.

Understanding Mind in Buddhism : Focusing on the Perspective of 'Dependent Arising' and 'Nature Arising' (불교의 마음 이해 -연기(緣起)적 관점과 성기(性起)적 관점을 중심으로-)

  • Jang, Jin-young
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
    • /
    • v.123
    • /
    • pp.347-377
    • /
    • 2012
  • We have numerous terms representing mind. We can understand them largely as the relationship of 'Discernible Mind' and 'Indiscernible Mind.' Because, our understanding mind is formed by linguistic discernment. When any discernment arise from our mind, we recognize the mind shown by discernment[Discernible Mind]. At the same time, we can think orignal mind[Indiscernible Mind] outside that discernment. Buddhism, generally, has understood mind in the relation with everything. That is to say, they have understood it from the perspective of dependent co-arising. In the early Buddhism and the abhidharma Buddhism, approaches to mind were mainly made by the discerning method. They explained arising and vanishing of 'Discernible Mind' by the law of dependent arising. Co-arisen 'Discernible Mind' is impermanent and temporary. But they never be denied on 'Discernible Mind' as an vainness. In $Mah{\bar{a}}y{\bar{a}}na$ Buddhism, $N{\bar{a}}garjuna$ understood the essence of dependent arising as the ${\acute{s}}{\bar{u}}nyata$ (emptiness) and the law of dependent arising as simultaneous dependence, not gradual dependences. $N{\bar{a}}garjuna$ criticized on vainness of Discernible Mind through ${\acute{s}}{\bar{u}}nyata$, and made possible to directly perceive Indiscernible Mind, before Discernment. Undiscriminating Mind can not be explained for being stayed beyond the state linguistic discernment(false discrimination), however, had been approached from various other names to potential consciousness or original nature. While ${\acute{s}}{\bar{u}}nata$ thought focused on criticizing vainness of discernment, Hwaeum thought suggested aspect of Indiscernible mind from the aspect of $ekay{\bar{a}}na$ dependant co-arising that everything has been co-arisen, the truth of discrimination. Furthermore, it opened the path to affirm the both indiscernible mind and discernible mind by illuminating that everything is manifestation of original nature itself, i.e. nature-arising. Hwaeum thought focused on perfect understanding by explicating the relation both indiscernible mind and discernible mind from the view point of non-abiding, rather than clarifying 'Discernible Mind' and 'Indiscernible Mind', itself. That is to say, from the aspect of dependant co-arising, Hwaeum thought plays a role that enters the indiscernible world from discernible world, and also, another role, from the aspect of nature-arising that is manifesting discernible world from indiscernible world. These aspects are important for righteous understanding on mind, and also simultaneously, very effective for healing disease of obsession, a kind of metal disease.

Children's theory of Mind in Making Stories (이야기 만들기에서 나타나는 아동의 마음에 대한 이해)

  • 송영주
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.41 no.1
    • /
    • pp.27-38
    • /
    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate how the children show their theory of mind in making stories. Eleven children of age 6, twelve children of age 9, and eleven undergraduates made their stories using the picture book “Frog, where are you?”. All of the stories were audiotaped, parsed with clauses, and were coded into mental & para-mental categories. Results showed that the children used less mind-related terms, like belief, intent, desire, and emotion, than the adults did. And the children talked primarily about the characters' intent of the mind, whereas the adults expressed other mental processes. But there were no differences between age 6 and age 9, in expressing the theory of mind.

Computational Possibility of Natural-Language Understanding (자연언어 이해의 전산적 가능성)

  • Lee, Cho-Sik;Rhee, Young-Eui
    • Annual Conference on Human and Language Technology
    • /
    • /
    • pp.637-646
    • /
    • 1992
  • 컴퓨터를 이용하여 자연언어를 처리하려는 연구가 진행되고 있다. 언어가 사고와 밀접한 관계에 있다는 점에서 이러한 연구가 성공한다면 인공지능의 발전과 더불어 인간의 마음에 대한 이해의 폭을 넓히게 될 것이다. 이글은 이러한 연구와 관련하여 컴퓨터에 의한 자연언어 이해의 가능성을 다루고 있다. 먼저 그러한 이해가 불가능하다는 써얼의 비판을 시발로 해서, 써얼에 대한 라파포트의 재반박을 검토할 것이다. 라파포트는 자신의 인공지능 프로그램과 사고실험 등을 통해서 가능성을 인정한다. 그의 주장의 핵심은 컴퓨터가 자연언어를 이해하는데 있어 구문론적 이해만으로도 충분하다는 것이다. 이러한 주장은 기호학적 관점에서 볼 때 성립될 수 없다고 비판된다. 인간이나 컴퓨터가 자연언어를 이해하기 위해서는 언어와 그 지시 대상, 그리고 언어의 사용자간의 관계를 고려하는 기호학적 관점이 요구된다. 그결과 컴퓨터에 의한 자연언어 이해의 가능성에는 한계가 있다는 결론에 이르게 된다.

  • PDF

3- and 4-Year-Old Children's Understanding of the Theory of Mind : False Belief, Perspective Taking, and Intention (3세와 4세 유아의 마음에 대한 이해 : 틀린 믿음, 조망 수용, 의도를 중심으로)

  • Han, Yoo Jin;Kang, Min Jung;Dan, Hyun Kook
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
    • /
    • v.27 no.3
    • /
    • pp.255-270
    • /
    • 2006
  • The present study applied the research of Endres(2003) to investigate understandings of theory of mind by 3- and 4-year-olds based on false belief, perspective taking, and intention. Participants were 86 3- and 96 4-year-old children in three kindergartens. Individual interviews were conducted for each task. Results showed that 4-year-olds scored higher than 3-year-olds on all three variables. Both 3- and 4-year-olds scored highest on perspective taking and lowest on intention. These results suggest that children's understandings of the theory of mind are still developing between 3 and 4 years of age and that their understanding of intention develops more slowly than false belief and perspective taking.

  • PDF

장여헌과 이토 진사이의 도·도덕론 비교

  • Eom, Seok-In
    • (The)Study of the Eastern Classic
    • /
    • no.50
    • /
    • pp.139-178
    • /
    • 2013
  • 본 논문은 조선시대의 장여헌(張旅軒)과 일본 에도(江戶) 시대의 이토 진사이(伊藤仁齋)의 사상, 특히 도(道)에 관한 견해를 중심으로 인간론과 도덕론을 고찰하여 그 둘의 사상적 특징을 밝히고자 하는 시도이다. 논의의 진행은 먼저 도(道)에 관한 여헌과 진사이의 이해를 주자학적 논의와의 원근 거리와 천도(天道) 인도(人道)와의 관계에서 살펴보았고, 다음으로 인간관에 있어서는 자기와 타인과의 관계를 중심으로 인간에 관한 이해를 논하였으며, 다음으로 마음과 경(敬), 서(恕)에 관한 두 사상가의 상반된 이해를 소개하면서 도덕론을 논하였다. 이하 요점을 추려보면 다음과 같다. 진사이는 도를 천지의 도와 단절된 인륜일용의 인간의 도로 한정하였고 인간에 대해서도 개적 존재를 사상시킨 관계적 존재에 초점을 두고 파악하였다. 그런 관점 위에서 개인 수양의 출발점이 되는 마음이나 경에 대해서도 큰 비중을 두지 않았고, 그것은 개인의 자율성보다는 외적인 규범에 보다 많은 신뢰를 두고 그것에 자신을 맞추어 가는 일종의 타율적인 관계(집단) 속의 도덕론의 전개로 나타나고 있음을 논하였다. 여헌은 도(道)를 천지만물과 사람 모두가 의거하는 총체적인 개념으로 파악하였고, 더 나아가 사람의 도가 능동적으로 천도와 지도를 구현하는 중심이라고 하였다. 이런 관점 위에서 여헌은 인간은 몸(형기(形氣))을 가진 개적 존재이지만 동시에 그 몸의 일부인 천지만물과 통하는 마음을 갖고 있다는 점에서 보편적인 존재라고 정의하며, 그 마음을 다스리는 경(敬)공부를 개인 수양의 기본임과 동시에 천지만물의 보편적 이치를 체득하는 근본적인 실천공부로 중시하였다. 이러한 여헌의 도와 인간에 대한 이해는 도덕의 실현에 있어서 자신이 중심이 되어 그것의 확장으로 모두가 하나가 되는 동심원적 파동의 도덕론으로 전개되고 있음을 고찰하였다.

The Effect of the Color Mind Expression Program on the Psychological Mindedness of University Students (색채마음표현 프로그램이 대학생의 심리적 마음상태에 미치는 효과)

  • Baek, Hyeon-Gi;Yun, Ji-Won;Ha, Tai-Hyun
    • Journal of Industrial Convergence
    • /
    • v.18 no.3
    • /
    • pp.117-124
    • /
    • 2020
  • In addition to education, the effects of color on humans have been studied in various areas such as human emotions, behaviors, and relationships between bodies. This study is based on the assumption that the color expression of University students can be observed to understand the inner and inclinations of University students, and that color expression activities can be a means of psychological expression, self-expression, and emotional relief. This study is aimed to find how much the color mind expression program effects the psychological mind state of University students. As a result of the study, the color mind expression program influenced the expression of inner feelings and emotions of University students, and had a positive effect on color psychology and utilization. In addition, overall, the color mind expression program was effective in positive and psychological recovery of negative emotions, such as being able to honestly express the difficulties felt in the process of preparing for employment.

An Empirical Study on the Importance of Mindfulness Practice in the Success of Information Systems Outsourcing (정보시스템 아웃소싱 성공에 있어서 마음챙김 실천의 중요성에 대한 실증연구)

  • Lee, Jong Man
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.13 no.12
    • /
    • pp.412-421
    • /
    • 2013
  • The purpose of this paper is to recognize an importance of its practice by rightly understanding mindfulness, and to find one method to solve the success of Information Systems outsourcing through mindfulness practice. To do this, this paper proposes and analyzes a theoretical model consisting of factors such as contract completion, relationship strength, mindfulness practice, trust level and Information Systems outsourcing success. Data was collected using the survey method, and was analyzed using the PLS method. The results of this empirical study are summarized as followings. First, mindfulness practice has positive effects on Information Systems outsourcing success as well as trust level. Second, both contract completion and relationship strength have positive effects on mindfulness practice. The findings will provide basic data for understanding the role of mindfulness practice in Information Systems outsourcing success.

A study of utilizing literature for healing human's brain and mind (뇌와 마음의 치유를 위한 문학의 활용에 대한 연구)

  • Ryu, Da-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.12 no.12
    • /
    • pp.545-552
    • /
    • 2014
  • Most people think that our brain and mind are separate, however, they are closely connected. With this idea, we can heal the sickness of our brain and mind. People understand their lives better through the process of 'Identification-Catharsis-Insight' by reading literatures. In addition, they can speak out from their suppressed heart and take comfort when they write. Therefore, they will enjoy the self-healing effects. In this regard, we can help the people who are suffering from their brain damages or people who have wounded heart using literatures, and heal their mind.