• Title, Summary, Keyword: 맥락모형

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A model of Worksheets with Various Levels Considering Contexts and Inquiry of the Learning Tasks for Elementary Science Classes (학습 과제의 맥락과 탐구의 수준을 고려한 자연과 학습지 모형)

  • Lee, Myeong-Je;Lee, Je-Yong
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.448-460
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    • 1999
  • Worksheets with various levels are major instructional material in open classroom, but sometimes they have been arbitrarily developed in elementaryschools. Especially, pedagogical elements of science course seem to have been neglected in developing science learning papers. To solve these problems, a model of worksheets was developed considering the contextual nature of science knowledge and educational constructivism. The frame of this model is composed of inquiry skill and context, which are two dimensions of each learning task. The level of each worksheet was determined by the level of inquiry skills and the familiarity of contexts.

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Development and Application of STEAM Education Model centered on Mathematics Subject using Real-life Context (실생활 맥락을 활용한 수학교과 중심의 STEAM 교육 모형 개발 및 적용)

  • Ban, Eun-seob
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.341-362
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to develop a STEAM education model on the basis of mathematics curriculum using real life context, and to analyze the effect of the class based on developed model to make applicable pedagogical discussion. For this purpose, STEAM class materials that can be used in terms of recognition, connection, extension, and application of mathematical concepts, principles and laws are considered, taking into consideration the ways in which real life contexts and mathematical learning could be harmonized. As a results of using these materials, it was empirically confirmed that students' cognitive thinking and affective aspects abilities were improved. The STEAM instruction centered on the mathematics curriculum and the mathematics class based on the data developed in this study have a unique identity compared to the conventional general mathematics teaching methods using the textbooks. And it is pursuing the future class model which could present desirable creativity and personality education. The result of this study would provide preliminary data and meaningful implications to the researchers for next curriculum and concomitant instructional materials as well as the mathematics teachers.

Competition & Collaboration : Why people share location context information? (경쟁과 협력 : 사람들은 왜 위치 맥락 정보를 공유하는가? 위치기반 소셜네트워크서비스(LBSNS) 사용자의 공동 경험에 관한 탐색적 모형에 관한 연구)

  • Bae, Sang-Won;Lee, Hae-In;Park, Hye-Jin;Kim, Jin-Woo
    • Journal of the HCI Society of Korea
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2012
  • Why people share location context information? The purpose of our study is that why users share location context information and which factors is related to co-experiences in LBSNS. Through an exploratory approach, first, we conducted a qualitative study in order to understand experiences among people in LBSNS and analyzed according to Grounded Theory. As a result, we found concepts regarding co-experiences cooperatively and competitively in LBSNS. Second, the theoretical model of co-experience was constructed by mediating perceived empathy based on theoretical foundation. In this study, theoretically, we suggested exploratory research model of co-experiences in LBSNS. Practically, designers could adopt concepts in terms of competition and collaboration among users to build co-experience of LBSNS services as its guidelines.

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A Study on the Implementation of ROK Army Records Management Policy : Limitations of the Street-Level Bureaucracy Model and Proposal of the Policy Network Model (육군 기록관리정책의 집행맥락에 관한 연구 일선관료제 모형의 한계와 정책네트워크 모형의 제안)

  • Lim, Jisu;Kim, Giyeong
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.49
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    • pp.175-212
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to propose a model that can polish and improve the ROK (Republic of Korea) Army's records management policy in a new records management environment by analyzing the context of policy implementation. In this study, two distinct and different policy cases were analyzed using different models for policy analysis such as the case of the records management system of the ROK Army with the street-level bureaucracy model and the case of the archives personnel within the ROK Army with a Policy Network model. The results from the comparative analysis with both cases state that the street-level bureaucracy model has limitations in analyzing even a policy implementation case when multiple actors are involved. At the same time, a network policy model is useful in identifying the problematic points that need improvement in the case. Based on these results, some improvements for effective records management in the ROK Army were proposed. This study follows the approach of the two distinctive case studies from the perspective of policy science-a view that no archive researcher has ever explored before.

Comparative Analysis of Technology Acceptance Model : Focusing on UTAUT1 and UTAUT2 (기술수용 모델의 비교분석 : UTAUT1과 UTAUT2를 중심으로)

  • Chung, Byoung-gyu
    • Journal of Venture Innovation
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.109-121
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    • 2018
  • New technology had been introduced continually and in many cases, we approached technology persepectives when the new technology were introduced. It was very important that researching users acceptance of the new technology in the areas of marketing and strategy. Regarding to user accepatance of new technology, many research models had been exited. This study compared with 2 models which were proposed by Venkatesh et al. named UTAUT1, UTAUT2 based on the criteria which composed of application context, variables of model, the impacts of variables. The dominant matric which was applied in all functions and industries was not exited. For the purpose of improving predictability, single or compound matrics were useful according to industries and usage

Analyzing the Characteristics of Pre-service Elementary School Teachers' Modeling and Epistemic Criteria with the Blackbox Simulation Program (블랙박스 시뮬레이션에 참여한 초등예비교사의 모형 구성의 특징과 인식적 기준)

  • Park, Jeongwoo;Lee, Sun-Kyung;Shim, Han Su;Lee, Gyeong-Geon;Shin, Myeong-Kyeong
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.305-317
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    • 2018
  • In this study, we investigated the characteristics of participant students' modeling with the blackbox simulation program and epistemic criteria. For this research, we developed a blackbox simulation program, which is an ill-structured problem situation reflecting the scientific practice. This simulation program is applied in the activities. 23 groups, 89 second year students of an education college participated in this activity. They visualized, modeled, modified, and evaluated their thoughts on internal structure in the blackbox. All of students' activities were recorded and analyzed. As a result, the students' models in blackbox activities were categorized into four types considering their form and function. Model evaluation occurred in group model selection. Epistemic criteria such as empirical coherence, comprehensiveness, analogy, simplicity, and implementation were adapted in model evaluation. The educational implications discussed above are as follows: First, the blackbox simulation activities in which the students participated in this study have educational implications in that they provide a context in which the nature of scientific practice can be experienced explicitly and implicitly by constructing and testing models. Second, from the beginning of the activity, epistemic criteria such as empirical coherence, comprehensiveness, analogy, simplicity, and implementation were not strictly adapted and dynamically flexibly adapted according to the context. Third, the study of epistemic criteria in various contexts as well as in the context of this study will broaden the horizon of understanding the nature of scientific practice. Simulation activity, which is the context of this study, can lead to research related to computational thinking that will be more important in future society. We expect to be able to lead more discussions by furthering this study by elaborating and systematizing its context and method.

Development of a Theoretical Model for STEAM Education (융합인재교육(STEAM)을 위한 이론적 모형의 제안)

  • Kim, Sung-Won;Chung, Young-Lan;Woo, Ae-Ja;Lee, Hyun-Ju
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.388-401
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    • 2012
  • This study attempted to propose a theoretical model for STEAM education, entitled to the Ewha-STEAM education model, which could provide more concrete guidelines for science educators and curriculum developers to execute STEAM ideas. We identified key knowledge and key competencies to nurture future creative/convergent human resources. Key knowledge included an understanding of core ideas cutting across traditional disciplinary boundaries as well as the nature of different disciplines. And additionally, key competencies implied such abilities as to explore the scientific world, to resolve problems, and to communicate and collaborate with others. We also added creativity and character as an essential part of key competencies. In order to provide more specific guidelines when developing, implementing, and evaluating STEAM curriculum, we suggested three elements of convergence to consider: 1) unit of convergence (i.e. concept/skills, problem/phenomenon, activity), 2) degree of convergence (i.e. multi-disciplinary, inter-disciplinary, extra-disciplinary), and 3) context of convergence (i.e. personal, societal, global). It is expected that the Ewha-STEAM education model would contribute towards diverse education communities understanding the direction of STEAM education and its educational potentials.

The Effect of Emotional Content and Context on Memory Encoding: ERP Studies (자극과 맥락의 정서성이 기억 부호화에 미치는 영향: ERP 연구)

  • Park, Sun-Hee;Park, Tae-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.387-408
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    • 2010
  • This study examined the effects of emotional content on the encoding process of emotional stimuli and the effects of emotional context on those of neutral stimuli. It was examined whether the superior memory of emotional stimuli is due to attentional resource allocation. This study were performed an emotional picture and a neutral word were presented in succession at every trials. The results of recognition judgement showed superior memory of emotional pictures than neutral pictures, but showed poorer memory of neutral words in emotional context than those in neutral context. LPC(Late Positive Complex) of ERP results showed the similar pattern: higher amplitude by emotional pictures than neutral pictures, and lower amplitude by neutral words in emotional context than those in neutral context. This result is considered to support attention allocation hypothesis.

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A study on the Policy Formation Process of Multi-Functions of Social Welfare Facilities (사회복지시설 다기능화 정책 형성과정에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jin Woo
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.69 no.1
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    • pp.125-145
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    • 2017
  • The Purpose of this research is to draw implications of Multi-Functions of social welfare facilities on non-public social welfare delivery system especially in the rural area where there is not enough welfare infrastructure. The policy formation process of social welfare facilities was reviewed with 'Modified Policy Streams Framework" which combined Kingdon's Model with Mucciaroni's Model. Multi-Functions Policy of Social Welfare Facilities was led by the government with background of powerful President's initial stage of taking the power and finally legislated by amending Social Welfare Service Act in line with efficiency of non-public social welfare delivery system. However, the process did not represent the summation of needs originated from social work practice. The government just play the role of collecting some evidence underpinning the necessity of multi-functions of social welfare facilities and rearanging how to deploy the multi-functions policy. As the result the multi-functions policy is not activated and is not able to be the key criteria in expanding social welfare infrastructure. However, in spite of these limitation, the issue of multi-functions of social welfare facilities can cast the light on expanding infrastructure in the rural area where the gross size of area in larger in comparison to the district in the metropolitan city whereas residents are scattered because more number of social welfare facilities can not be the solution due to the limitation of finance and logic of efficiency.

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