• 제목, 요약, 키워드: 머리상해기준값

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KNCAP 머리상해기준값에 관한 고찰 (A Consideration on the Head Injury Criterion of KNCAP)

  • 임재문;이광원
    • 자동차안전학회지
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.22-26
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    • 2012
  • Prasad and Mertz published head injury risk curves for skull fracture and for Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) ${\geq}4$ brain injury due to forehead impacts based on the 15 ms HIC criterion. KNCAP adopted the HIC36 criterion for the male dummy and the HIC15 criterion for the female dummy. In this paper, it was studied that which of the HIC15 and HIC36 was more effective for the male dummy head injury evaluation. The frontal US-NCAP data for the 7 vehicles from the NHTSA test database were used to evaluate the head injuries. In the case of using the HIC15 and evaluation range 250~700, the discrimination of the rating for the occupant head injury was increased.

설계방법론을 이용한 보행자 보호 시스템의 최적설계 (An Optimal Design of a Pedestrian Safety System Using a Design Scenario)

  • 윤용원;박경진
    • 대한기계학회논문집A
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    • v.38 no.9
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    • pp.1019-1027
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    • 2014
  • 차대 보행자 교통사고는 발생빈도에 비하여 사망률이 매우 높은 특징이 있다. 전세계적으로 정부 및 보험사에서는 보행자 보호를 위한 새로운 안전기준을 수립 및 강화하는 추세이다. 보행자 보호 성능을 향상시키기 위하여 한국정부는 2007 년부터 신차안전도평가에서 보행자 안전을 평가하고 있다. 보행자 보호 성능은 점진적으로 향상되었으나 여전히 미흡한 상태이다. 전개형 후드 및 보행자 에어백 등으로 구성되어 있는 보행자 보호 시스템은 보행자 보호를 위한 대안이 될 수 있다. 보행자의 머리상해기준값을 감소시키기 위하여 새롭게 정의된 설계방법론을 바탕으로 보행자 에어백 설계 절차를 제안하였다. 제안된 설계방법론을 실용적인 측면에서 검토하였고 보행자 보호 시스템의 제작에 적용이 가능하다.

EuroSID-1에서 EuroSID-2로의 인체모형 변경이 KNCAP 측면충돌안전성 평가에 미치는 영향 연구 (Effect of Changing the Side Impact Dummy from EuroSID-1 to EuroSID-2 in the KNCAP Side Impact Evaluation)

  • 임재문;정근섭
    • 한국자동차공학회논문집
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.125-132
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    • 2007
  • In order to provide consumers with safety informations of vehicles according to the Korean New Car Assessment Program(KNCAP), the evaluation results and the star ratings of 21 vehicles for the side impact tests have been reported since 2003. Now, the KNCAP considers changing the side impact dummy from EuroSID-1 to EuroSID-2 near future. The rib deflection of EuroSID-2 is 20-30% higher than that of EuroSID-1 because of the removal of "Flat Tops" effect. In this study, the effect of changing the side impact dummy from EuroSID-1 to EuroSID-2 in the KNCAP side impact evaluation is estimated through the previous KNCAP evaluation results. The results show that the decrease of the star ratings would be one star($\bigstar$) approximately.

차륜형 전투차량 전복 시 승무원 안전성 확보를 위한 시뮬레이션 연구 (Simulation of Rollover Crashes and Passenger Injury Assessment for a Wheeled Armored Vehicle)

  • 이경수;정의진;박경진
    • 대한기계학회논문집A
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.385-391
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    • 2014
  • 차륜형전투차량은 보병부대의 전투력 강화와 기동성 향상을 목적으로 운용하는 군용차량이다. 전투차량은 운용 특성상 험난한 지형의 주행이 불가피하고 높은 무게 중심으로 인해 전복 사고의 위험성이 크다. 이러한 이유로 전투차량의 내부는 전복 사고에 따른 승무원의 안전성을 고려하여 설계해야 할 필요가 있다. 하지만 실제 차량을 이용한 시험은 현실적으로 많은 어려움이 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 차륜형전투차량의 전복 시험을 모사하여 승무원의 안전성을 측정하기 위한 컴퓨터 시뮬레이션 및 모델링 방법에 관한 연구를 수행한다. 본 논문의 연구 범위는 전투차량 전복 시험 조건, 전투차량 유한요소 모델링, 유한요소 인체 더미의 적용 방법, 전복 시험 시뮬레이션, 시뮬레이션 적용 시 발생 가능한 문제와 해결 방안 제시, 인체 상해치 계산 및 평가를 포함한다.

${\cdot}$${\cdot}$대형 중고 승용차량에 대한 차 대 차 충돌시험을 통한 차체변형 및 인체상해 특성에 관한 연구 (A Study on Human Injury Characteristics and Vehicle Body Deformation with Car to Car Crash Test for Crash Compatability)

  • 임종훈;박인송;허승진
    • 한국자동차공학회논문집
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.135-141
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    • 2005
  • Currently many safety assessment tests are conducted by crashing a vehicle against a rigid or deformable barrier. It is quite rational to evaluate crash performance of a vehicle in a barrier test in terms of vehicle stiffness and strength. However, there has been a lot of debate on whether barrier testing is a duplicate of real world crash collisions. One of the issues is car to car compatability. There are two essential subjects in compatability. One is partner-protection when crashing into another vehicle and the other is self-protection when struck by another vehicle. When considering a car to car frontal crash between a mini car and a large heavy car, it is necessary to evaluate human body stiffness of each vehicle. In this study, in order to evaluate the compatability of cars in car-to-car crashes, four tests were conducted. Test speed of each car is 48.3km/h, and the overlap of the mini and large car is $40\%$, and the overlap of the small cars is $100\%$. In all tests, only a drive dummy is used. The test results of the car to car crash test show that vehicle safety standard of mini car is not satisfied compared with large heavy car and HIC value of mini car is higher than large car. In this case observed that the relatively lower stiffness and weight of the mini car resulted in absorbing a large share of the total input energy of the system when crashed into the large heavy car.

실차평가시험을 기반으로 한 액티브 후드 및 보행자 보호 에어백 효과 (Effectiveness of Active Hood and Pedestrian Protection Airbag Based on Real Vehicle Impact Test)

  • 윤용원;박경진;김태경
    • 한국자동차공학회논문집
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.36-45
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    • 2014
  • Pedestrian to vehicle traffic accidents show a very high mortality rate compared to the frequency of occurrence. In order to improve the pedestrian protection performance of the vehicle, the korean government added a "pedestrian safety" entry from the year 2007. The performance for pedestrian protection of current vehicles gradually improved compared to the past, but it is still insufficient. It was found that the pedestrian protection performance was very weak, such as the top of the bonnet, the A-pillar and under the front windshield. A application of an active hood and pedestrian protection airbags can be countermeasures for these weak points of pedestrian safety. The active hood and pedestrian protection airbags are designed and manufactured to apply to the top of the hood and to the bottom of the windshield. The manufactured system is equipped in a test vehicle and evaluated based on the Korea New Car Assessment Program(KNCAP) test procedures for the performance of pedestrian safety. As a result, the outstanding effect of pedestrian protection has been achieved by the active hood and the pedestrian protection airbag. The rates of pedestrian injury are reduced by 82.2% and 95.4%, respectively.