• Title/Summary/Keyword: 면진

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Application of Isolation System to the Lighthouse Structure (등대구조물의 면진시스템 적용방안 연구)

  • Hur, Moo Won;Chun, Young Soo;Kim, Dong Young
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 2013
  • In this study, seismic isolation technology to the lighthouse structure is suggested and isolation effects on response reduction are studied for three types of isolation models with the proposed seismic isolation technology. A seismic isolation system is installed on the base of the lighthouse structure in model 1, on the base of the lighthouse lens in model 2, and on the base of both of them in model 3. The dynamic time history analysis verifies that in case of model 1, the earthquake loading is greatly reduced and the accelerations of superstructure are greatly reduced. Also, the inter-story drifts are very small and can be neglected. The isolated model is in translational state and can be seen as a rigid whole. as a results, model 1 is very effective to mitigate the influence of earthquake on structures. In model 2, isolation effects are valid but special care should be taken to failure of the non-isolated lighthouse sub-structure. In model 3, isolation effects are also valid but the effects are small. model 3 is less effective than model 1.

Dynamic Response of Seismically Isolated High-Story Buildings according to Earthquake Records (지진기록 사용에 따른 고층 면진건물의 동적 응답)

  • Lee, Hyun-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.643-651
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate seismic capacity of seismically isolated building according to the earthquake motion record selection method. To analyze the seismic behavior, 20-story building is designed, which has base isolation system. The using earthquake motion record were selected by two categories. The one is a proposed earthquake record according to soil type and response spectrum shape, and the other is a well known earthquake events such as El Centro (1940). The time history analysis results of base isolation buildings be induced difference results according to each ground motion records. Therefore detailed guidelines for the ground motion records selection method must be prepared. And the response of isolation story displacement and shear force show good seismic performance in consideration of the proposed earthquake records.

Application of Mid-Story Isolation System for Reducing Seismic Response of Space Structure (공간구조물의 지진응답 저감을 위한 중간면진장치의 적용)

  • Kim, Gee-Cheol;Kang, Joo-Won;Kim, Hyung-Man
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 2009
  • The seismic isolation system reduces the seismic vibration that is transmitted from foundation to upper structure. This seismic isolation system can be classified into base isolation and mid-story isolation by the installation location. In this study, the seismic behavior of arch structure with mid-story isolation is analyzed to verify the effect of seismic isolation. Mid-story isolation is more effective than base isolation to reduce the seismic responses of roof structure. Also, this isolation would be excellent in structural characteristics and construction.

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The Optimal Isolation Period of Vertically Story-added Remodeling Apartment Building with Seismic Isolation System (면진시스템을 적용한 수직증축 리모델링 공동주택의 최적 면진주기 산정)

  • Hur, Moo-Won;Lee, Yong-Hun;Lee, Sang-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.65-74
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    • 2019
  • This study presents the optimal isolation period according to the number of vertically expended stories in order to provide the basic data for the application of the seismic isolation system in the vertically expended remodeling of the aged apartment. As a result of the structural analysis, the isolation period should be at least twice the primary structure in three-story vertical expansion, three times in two-story expansion, and four times in one-story expansion for the effective application of the isolation system. On the basis of the result, the efficacy of an isolation system for the actual apartment structure, which is three-story vertically expended, was analytically verified. The maximal acceleration response on the top floor reduced by 70% and 65% of the non-isolated structure in the X and Y directions respectively. Additionally, the base shear force decreased by 30% in the both directions, compared to the non-isolated structure.

Soil-Tunnel Interaction and Isolation Effect During Earthquakes (지진시 지반-터널 상호작용 및 면진효과)

  • 김대상
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.107-115
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    • 2000
  • 충적지반에 건설된 원형 단면을 갖는 터널은 지진시에 지반의 전단 변형의 영향을 받아 좌우교차로 경사진 타원형상의 변형을 반복한다. 본 논문에서는 이 특별한 진동모드를 이용하여 지반-터널계의 상호작용 및 면진 효과가 검토되었다. 지반과 터널의 경계가 완전히 결합되어 있는 경우에 대한 지반 -터널계의 상호작용 효과 및 지하 구조물의 지진피해를 줄이는 한가지 방법으로써 터널 주위를 면진재로 피복하는 방법에 대한 면진효과가 토론되었다. 그 결과 면진재의 포아송비를 작게 하거나 지반과 면진재의 전단탄성계수의 비를 증가시킴으로서 면진 효가가 증가함을 알 수 있었다.

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An Experimental Study on Fiber Reinforced Elastomeric Bearing (섬유보강 면진베어링의 실험적 특성 해석)

  • 문병영;강경주;강범수;김계수
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2002
  • In order to study the characteristics of fiber reinforced bearing, the steel plates of laminated rubber bearing were replaced with fibers which have same effects of steel plates. The comparison of vertical test and horizontal test of laminated rubber bearing and fiber reinforced bearing shows that the effective damping of fiber reinforced bearing is higher than laminated rubber bearing. This result implies the high energy dissipation ability of fiber reinforced bearing under earthquake excitation. These fiber reinforced bearing can be applied to the low-coast building.

Seismic Isolation Effects Due to the Difference Between the Center of Mass of the Building and the Center of Stiffness of Isolation Layer (건물의 질량중심과 면진층의 강성중심 차이에 따른 면진효과)

  • Hur, Moo-Won;Chun, Young-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.107-115
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    • 2014
  • In this study, we examined the seismic isolation effects due to the difference between the center of mass of the building and the center of stiffness of isolation layer. Because the base isolation technique is a technique that is highly dependent on the performance of seismic isolation devices installed on the seismic isolation layer, we have to examine the horizontal stiffness of seismic isolation devices after making them. If difference between the design stiffness and the actual stiffness of the seismic isolation device occurred, a big problem may be generated in the upper members on the seismic isolation layer. The analytical results show that the more eccentricity increases, the more maximum response acceleration, story shear and the member forces of the upper part of the structure increases, and the damage is expected to be in excess. Therefore, it is recommended that if possible, isolation devices have to be designed to coincide the center of mass of the building with the center of stiffness of isolation layer. If not after making isolation devices, they need to be relocated to prevent the eccentricity.

내진벽 강성이 면진시스템의 지진응답에 미치는 영향

  • Koo, Gyeong-Hoe;Lee, Jae-Han;Lee, Hyeong-Yeon;Kim, Jong-Beom;Yoo, Bong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
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    • 1995.05a
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    • pp.989-994
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    • 1995
  • 본 연구의 목적은 국내에서 개발중인 액체금속로의 면진설계를 위하여 면진층과 원자로용기 사이에 있는 내진벽의 강성이 면진시스템의 지진응답에 미치는 영향을 분석하는 것이다. 이를 위하여 내진벽강성을 고려한 모우드해석을 수행하여 내진벽의 강성변화에 따른 동특성해석을 수행하였으며 면진 및 비면진시스템의 경우에 대하여 지진해석을 수행하였다. 면진 및 비면진시스템에 대한 지진해석결과에서 비면진시스템의 경우에 내진벽강성은 지진응답에 영향을 주지만 면진시스템의 경우에는 그 영향이 매우 작은 것으로 나타났다.

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Evaluation of Structural Response of Base Isolated Frame Considering Uplift Effect of Isolators (면진장치 들림 효과를 고려한 면진된 골조의 구조 거동 평가)

  • Kim, Dae-Kon
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.69-76
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    • 2010
  • After obtaining tensile and compressive stiffness as well as shear stiffness of elastomeric seismic isolator experimentally, those stiffness were modeled analytically using nonlinear computer program. To induce tensile stress due to overturning in the seismic isolators of an isolated frame for horizontal force, free vibration simulations generated by large initial displacement were conducted. Since elastomeric seismic isolator is weak for tensile stress, the axial stiffness of isolators shall be included properly in the analytical model to evaluate the uplift phenomenon of elastomeric seismic isolator.

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Seismic Isolation Effects According to Set up the Isolation Period in the Medium and Low-rise Framed Building (중.저층골조에서 면진주기 설정에 따른 면진효과)

  • Chun, Young-Soo;Hur, Moo-Won
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.93-99
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    • 2010
  • Seismic isolation offers an attractive approach for reducing seismic loads in the building and its components. This paper deals with the seismic isolation effects due to variation in period ratio between superstructure and isolation layer of the building. Seismic isolation effects of the moment-resisting frames with the various period ratio were studied by nonlinear time history analysis, and the guidelines on the stiffness ratio of the superstructure and isolation layer of the building for the effective seismic isolation follow from the results of this study. It is recommended that the isolation period should be greater than 2.5 times of that of the superstructure for the effective seismic isolation.