• Title, Summary, Keyword: 모멘트-회전각함수

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Elastic Analysis of Steel Frame with Semi-rigid Connections using the Log Model (로그 모델을 사용한 반강접 철골 골조의 탄성 해석)

  • Lee, Sang Sup;Moon, Tae Sup
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.527-535
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    • 2000
  • Accurate determination of the relative restraint of beam-to-column connections is important for both the strength and the serviceability of structural frames. But steel frame analysis is carried out under the assumption that the connections are either fixed or pinned. Overestimating the connection restraint can result in underestimating lateral sway and underestimating the connection restraint can lead to underestimating forces developed in the beams and columns. This implies that the exact stiffness of connections as well as the geometric effects should be considered in the frame analysis and the overall behavior of connections could be described adequately. Therefore, the stiffness matrix which is able to consider the moment-rotation of connection was derived previously and the modified exponential model, power model and the proposed log model are adopted for modeling the semi-rigid connections. The main purpose of this study is to examine the feasibility of the derived stiffness matrix and to show the validity of log model proposed.

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A Study of Aerodynamic Modelling for Fin Unfolding Motion Analysis (공력면 전개 모사를 위한 공력 모델링 연구)

  • Jung, Suk-Young;Yoon, Sung-Joon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.420-427
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    • 2008
  • For simulation of a fin unfolding motion for the various aerodynamic conditions, equations and moments applying to the unfolding fin were modelled. Aerodynamic roll moment consists of the static roll moment and the damping moment, which were obtained through wind tunnel tests and numerical analyses respectively. Panel method was used to compute the roll damping coefficient with deflected fin, whose angle was equivalent to angle of attack due to the deployment motion. Roll damping coefficient is a function of angle of attack, sideslip angle, and deployment angle but not of angular velocity of deployment. Simulation with aerodynamic damping model gave more similar deployment time compared to fin deployment test results.

A Numerical Study on the Semi-Rigid Behavior of Steel Tubular Column to H Beam Connection with Exterior Square-Plate Diaphragms (직각판형 외다이아프램 각형강관기둥-H형강보 접합부의 방강접거동에 관한 해석적연구)

  • Chae, Yong-Soo;Choi, Sung-Mo;Kim, Dong-Kyu
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.289-299
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of semi-igid behavior of the steel tubular column to H-beam connection reinforced with exterior square-plate diaphragms and to check the main parameters that affect this behavior. Steel tube connections without interior diaphragm and/or complicated exterior diaphragm show the considerable flexibility due to out of-plane deformation of tube flange. For the exact analysis well-reflected the effect of this flexibility on the overall frame performance. it need to find out the moment-rotation curve function that well trace the result of experiment in the whole region and the function should be simply transformed into an adequate form for the nonlinear analysis program. After collecting several test data same to the connection type considered. we carried out FEM analysis using ANSYS for the assumed beam-to-column connection developed from the simple tension test and the results are compared with experimental values. Based on the parametric study. we proposed the moment-relation curve function and performed the multiple-regression analysis procedure for three parameters consisting of this function with the main geometric parameter of this connection type.

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Ultimate Strength Analysis of Space Steel Frames Considering Spread of Plasticity (점진적 소성화를 고려한 공간 강뼈대구조의 극한강도해석)

  • Kim, Sung Bo;Han, Jae Young;Park, Soon Cheol;Kim, Moon Young
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.299-311
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    • 2003
  • This paper presents a finite element procedure to estimate the ultimate strength of space frames considering spread of plasticity. The improved displacement field is introduced based on the inclusion of second-order terms of finite rotations. All the non-linear terms due to bending moment, torsional moment, and axial force are precisely considered. The concept of plastic hinges is introduced and the incremental load/displacement method is applied for elasto-plastic analyses. The initial yield surface is defined based on the residual stress, and the full plastification surface is considered under the combined action of axial forces, bending and torsional moments. The elasto-plastic stiffness matrices are derived using the flow rule and the normality condition of the limit function. Finite element solutions for the ultimate strength of space frames are compared with available solutions and experimental results.

Effect of Partially Restrained Connections on Seismic Risk Evaluation of Steel Frames (강 뼈대 구조물의 지진위험도 평가에 대한 부분구속 접합부의 영향)

  • 허정원;조효남
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.537-549
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    • 2001
  • The effect of partially restrained(PR) connections and the uncertainties in them on the reliability of steel frames subjected to seismic loading is addressed. A stochastic finite element method(SFEM) is proposed combining the concepts of the response surface method(RSM), the finite element method(FEM), the first-order reliability method (FORM), and the iterative linear interpolation scheme. The behavior of PR connections is captured using moment-relative rotation curves, and is represented by the four-parameter Richard model. For seismic excitation, the loading, unloading, and reloading behavior at PR connections is modeled using moment-relative rotation curves and the Masing rule. The seismic loading is applied in the time domain for realistic representation. The reliability of steel frames in the presence of PR connections is calculated considering all major sources of nonlinearity. The algorithm is clarified with the help of an example.

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Real-Time Feature Point Matching Using Local Descriptor Derived by Zernike Moments (저니키 모멘트 기반 지역 서술자를 이용한 실시간 특징점 정합)

  • Hwang, Sun-Kyoo;Kim, Whoi-Yul
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SP
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.116-123
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    • 2009
  • Feature point matching, which is finding the corresponding points from two images with different viewpoint, has been used in various vision-based applications and the demand for the real-time operation of the matching is increasing these days. This paper presents a real-time feature point matching method by using a local descriptor derived by Zernike moments. From an input image, we find a set of feature points by using an existing fast corner detection algorithm and compute a local descriptor derived by Zernike moments at each feature point. The local descriptor based on Zernike moments represents the properties of the image patch around the feature points efficiently and is robust to rotation and illumination changes. In order to speed up the computation of Zernike moments, we compute the Zernike basis functions with fixed size in advance and store them in lookup tables. The initial matching results are acquired by an Approximate Nearest Neighbor (ANN) method and false matchings are eliminated by a RANSAC algorithm. In the experiments we confirmed that the proposed method matches the feature points in images with various transformations in real-time and outperforms existing methods.

ATTITUDE STABILITY OF A SPACECRAFT WITH SLOSH MASS SUBJECT TO PARAMETRIC EXCITATION (계수자극을 받는 유동체를 포함한 위성체의 자세 안정도 해석)

  • Kang, Ja-Young
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.205-216
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    • 2003
  • The attitude motion of a spin-stabilized, upper-stage spacecraft is investigated based on a two-body model, consisting of a symmetric body, representing the spacecraft, and a spherical pendulum, representing the liquid slag pool entrapped in the aft section of the rocket motor. Exact time-varying nonlinear equations are derived and used to eliminate the drawbacks of conventional linear models. To study the stability of the spacecraft's attitude motion, both the spacecraft and pendulum are assumed to be in states of steady spin about the symmetry axis of the spacecraft and the coupled time-varying nonlinear equation of the pendulum is simplified. A quasi-stationary solution to that equation and approximate resonance conditions are determined in terms of the system parameters. The analysis shows that the pendulum is subject to a combination of parametric and external-type excitation by the main body and that energy from the excited pendulum is fed into the main body to develop the coning instability. In this paper, numerical examples are presented to explain the mechanism of the coning angle growth and how angular momenta and disturbance moments are generated.