• Title, Summary, Keyword: 문항분석

Search Result 1,949, Processing Time 0.061 seconds

Ageism Survey : A Report on Instrument Development (연령주의(Ageism) 척도의 개발 및 타당성 연구)

  • Kim, Ju-Hyun
    • Korea journal of population studies
    • /
    • v.35 no.1
    • /
    • pp.53-75
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study aims to identify and evaluate the contents of ageism and to develop instrument of ageism. Ageism instrument development remains a necessary in aging research, for the explication of actual condition of ageing. The current study describes multidimensional view of ageism toward aging and the elderly. After pre-test and review of professionals, 31 items was constructed. Data were obtained from KGSS Survey of 1535 participants. The sample was randomly divided into two group to test reliability and validity of the scale. Finally, the 23-items with seven factors were suggested, based on the internal reliability and exploratory factor analysis with the first group. Another group were conducted confirmatory factor analysis. The results showed that the final 23-item scale with seven factors had a good model fit. Development and refinement of ageism scale are necessary elements for proceeding beyond theoretical and empirical discussions in ageism. It also provides a implications for current views of ageism and strategies for reducing ageism.

  • PDF

Gender Differences in Content Analysis of TIMSS 2003 Released Items (TIMSS 2003 과학 공개 문항 내용 분석에서 나타난 성별 문항 응답 특성)

  • Shin, Dong-Hee;Kwon, Oh-Nam;Kim, Hee-Baek
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
    • /
    • v.26 no.6
    • /
    • pp.732-742
    • /
    • 2006
  • This study expects to understand Korean girls' weaknesses in science achievement and to make suggestions for improvement. The analyses of 95 released items in TIMSS 2003 show that Korean girls had few difficulties in 'inference and analysis', 'very hard or very easy' items, 'previously-learned' items, and items presented in context of 'school science'. They achieved lower in items of understanding science concept or factual knowledge. Inference and analysis items, which were favorable to girls, worked unfavorably to them as case science knowledge intervened. Girls outperformed boys in items with 80% or more and with 20% or less percent correct. Also, the boys showed much higher achievement in previously learned and contextualized items, which proves girls' lack of interest in science in everyday life. On the base of item analysis, several suggestions were made for the girl-inclusive science education in Korea: First, girls should have more opportunities for science experience not only in school context but also in everyday life. Second, more teaching and learning programs should be developed to care girls' weaknesses in science learning. Lastly, gender issues in science education should be actively included in curriculum development process and teacher training programs.

Self-esteem item goodness-of-fit in sports talented children (스포츠영재들의 자아존중감 문항적합도)

  • Kim, Eung-Joon;Kim, Jong-Kyu;Lee, Nam-Ju;Lee, Mi-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.487-494
    • /
    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate self-esteem item goodness-of-fit in sports talented children with socio-psychological aspect, which may be a basis of developing global sports leaders. Fifty children who were selected by 2010 sports talent identification program at Korea National Sport University participated in this study. All participants were asked to answer the questionnaire using Rogenberg (1965) self-esteem scale. Total 8 questions were used with 4 point Likert scale and high point stands for higher self-esteem status. Reliability of Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ was.785 in this study. Frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, and reliability analysis were conducted with SPSS 18.0. WINSTEPS 3.70 (Linacre, 2010) was used for calculating item goodness-of-fit and subject reliability, scale propriety, item goodness-of-fit and item level of difficulty, and level of difficulty were calculated. Statistical analysis showed results as follows. First, it was reported to be suitable for subject reliability in self-esteem as 1.01~1.03 and item reliability as 1.01~1.01. Second, 4 scale was suitable for scale propriety resulting from stage index judgment. Third, 2,7,8 and 3 question showed problems in item goodness-of-fit and item level of difficulty. Finally, scale propriety was reported to be inappropriate for considering sports talented children's ability distribution and scale level of difficulty.

온라인 평가 시스템을 위한 평가문항 분류 기준에 관한 연구

  • Lee, Jae-Won;Choi, Eun Man
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.992-995
    • /
    • 2009
  • 온라인 평가 시스템의 발전으로 오프라인을 통한 전통적인 시험에서 수준에 맞는 다양한 평가가 가능한 온라인 평가가 폭넓게 수행되고 있다. 하지만 평가문항에 대한 체계적인 유형 분류가 미흡하여 평가문항을 온라인 평가 시스템을 통해 표현하고 이기종 시스템간의 평가문항을 원활하게 공유하지 못하고 있다. 이 논문은 국내외 평가문항 유형 분류를 분석하고 온라인 상에서 평가문항을 효과적으로 표현하기 위한 명확한 문항 분류 기준을 제시한다.

  • PDF

A Study on Development of Early Childhood Teacher's Guidance Efficacy Scale (유아교사의 생활지도 효능감 척도개발 연구)

  • Choi, Yeun Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Child Education & Care
    • /
    • v.19 no.2
    • /
    • pp.165-176
    • /
    • 2019
  • Objective: The purpose of this study is to develop a measure of the Early Childhood Teacher's Guidance Efficacy Scale based on guidance and teacher-efficacy theory. Methods: This subjects were 243 teachers in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. Results: An exploratory factor analysis was conducted on the data collected of 4 factors, namely, guidance efficacy for problem behavior, children understanding, home-connected, basic life habits. In addition, there are significant positive correlations between the sub-area score and the overall in the early childhood teacher's guidance efficacy scale(r = .26 ~ .72, p < .001). Internal consistency and split-half reliability of each sub scale were reasonably accept. Conclusion/Implications: 'The guidance efficacy scale for early childhood teachers' developed in this study is an appropriate tool. Therefore, the developed scale can become a useful tool to measure the overall guidance efficacy level of early childhood teachers.

Analysis of Test Items and the Applicants' Responses on the Chemistry Part in the General Science of College Scholastics Ability Test (대학수학능력시험 공통과학 중 화학 영역의 문항 및 응시자 응답 분석)

  • Hong, Mi-Young;Jeon, Kyung-Moon;Lee, Yang-Rak;Yi, Bum-Hong
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
    • /
    • v.22 no.2
    • /
    • pp.378-386
    • /
    • 2002
  • In this study, the students' responses on the chemistry items of in the general science of College Scholastics Ability Test (CSAT) implemented for the past 3 years since 1999 were investigated. The number of items by content and inquiry process, the average percent correct by content and inquiry process, the distribution of items by the level of percent correct, and the items with high and/or low percent correct were analysed. There were the fewest items in 'environment' area, especially in 'ozon layer', no test item had been made. The most difficult content area was 'acid rain' in 'environment'. By inquiry process, the most number of items belonged to 'analyzing & interpreting data', and 'identifying problems & formulating hypothesis' was the most difficult process. No test item came under the level of 'very difficult', and many items under the 'easy' or 'very easy' level. Students were generally poor at solving test items demanding several concepts, and very good at simply requiring basic concept treated in lower grade. Educational implications are discussed.

Comparison of Textbook Objectives and Paper Test Items Based on Physics I 'Space-Time and the Universe' (고등학교 물리 I '시공간과 우주' 단원의 지필평가 문항과 교과서 목표와의 비교)

  • Yang, Donghyuk;Yun, Eunjeong;Park, Yunebae
    • Journal of Science Education
    • /
    • v.44 no.1
    • /
    • pp.38-49
    • /
    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the paper test items of high school physics I 'Space-Time and the Universe' unit and how similar the textbook goals are to the cognitive and content areas. This study analyzed paper test items used from nine high schools and KICE about the unit. In order to analyze the distribution of items, they were classified by contents and by cognitive level which is knowledge, comprehension and application levels. As conclusion, application level items were a few, and unbalanced contents distribution appeared in school items. In comparison through the ratio difference index, the objectives of the textbook and the school items were very similar, but the similarities were low when comparing the school items with the KICE items. Based on the above, we suggested some ways to increase the validity of test items.

선다형 평가문항을 통한 오류분석

  • Choe, Yeong-Gi;Hong, Gap-Ju;Do, Jong-Hun;Kim, Min-Jeong
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
    • /
    • v.14
    • /
    • pp.151-162
    • /
    • 2001
  • 교육평가는 선발의 기능을 할 뿐 아니라 학습자의 학습상태나 오류경향에 대한 진단을 통해 학습자의 학습에 도움을 주어야 한다. 이르한 측면에서 오류분석은 평가가 지녀야 하는 가장 중요한 기능 중 하나라고 할 수 있다. 인터넷의 대중적 보급과 시간적, 공간적, 기술적 효율성은 평가환경에 대한 새로운 가능성을 제시하고 있다. 인터넷 환경에서의 평가문항은 선다형을 기본으로 하게 되는데, 선다형 평가문항을 통해서는 학습자들의 오류를 직접적으로 관출할 수 없다는 한계가 있다. 그러나 선다형 평가문항을 통한 오류분석이 불가능한 것은 아니다. 본 연구의 목적은 선다형 평가문항에서의 오류분석을 위한 구체적인 방법과 절차를 모색하는 것이다.

  • PDF

A Study of Self-Perception on Designing in Mathematical Assessment Items of on Pre-Service and In-Service Teachers' in Secondary School (중등 예비교사와 현직교사의 수학과 평가문항 개발에 대한 자기인식 연구)

  • Park, Mi-Yeong
    • School Mathematics
    • /
    • v.17 no.2
    • /
    • pp.331-353
    • /
    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate expertise of mathematic teachers in development of designing assessment items, derived from development of assessing tools, which is a part of assessing competence of mathematic teachers. Analysis was made upon the difference between Pre-service and In-service teachers in terms of self-perception on assessment items. The assessing references of self-perception on developing in designing assessment items consist of followings: one's Beliefs and Self-Rating in designing assessment items. This investigation on self-perception was carried out by both pre-service teachers who are currently enrolled students in college and in-service teachers who are currently incumbent in secondary schools. This analysis based on 310 teachers' answers on self-perception of designing assessment items, both in- and preservice.

An Analysis of the Characteristics of the Processes of Pre-Service Chemistry Teachers in Making Written Test Items Using Think-Aloud Method (발성 사고법을 이용한 예비 화학 교사의 지필평가 문항 제작 과정의 특징 분석)

  • Noh, Taehee;Kim, Hyeree;Han, JaeYoung;Kang, Hunsik
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
    • /
    • v.37 no.2
    • /
    • pp.225-237
    • /
    • 2017
  • In this study, we investigated the characteristics of the individual processes of pre-service chemistry teachers in making written test items. For this, we analyzed the think-aloud processes of eight pre-service chemistry teachers while making six written test items about gas laws and their in-depth interview scripts. The characteristics of the processes were found to be divided into six categories; the lack of systemicity in planning stage for making written test items, the lack of awareness and consideration for the interrelationship between instruction and assessment, the diverse criteria in determining test item types, the difficulties in judging behavioral domains and difficulties of items in the table of specification, the limitation in using teacher's guides and misunderstanding of teacher's guides, and the limitation in point and/or content of review and differences depending on the time of review. These can provide some significant guidelines and implications in finding ways to improve pre-service chemistry teachers' ability to make written test items.