• Title, Summary, Keyword: 문화욕구

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The Differential Effects of Cultural Disposition and Need for Cognitive Closure on Framing Effects (문화성향과 종결욕구에 따른 틀효과에서의 차이)

  • Joo, Mijung;Lee, Jaesik
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.173-201
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    • 2013
  • This study aimed to investigate the differential effects of individual's cultural disposition (individualism-collectivism or horizontal-vertical thinking) and need for cognitive closure(NFC) on framing effects. For this purpose, the participants were divided into 4 different cultural disposition groups based on Singelis et al.'s[1] INDCOL scale, and 2 different NFC groups based on Lee's[2] NFC Scale, and then asked to respond on 5 decision making scenarios. The results can be summarized as followings. First, participants preferred risk-avoidant option in gain frame, whereas risk-seeking option in loss frame. Second, there are no difference of cultural disposition on framing effects, but high NFC group showed larger framing effects than low NFC group in loss frame. Third, collectivism and vertical thinking in high NFC condition showed larger framing effects than low NFC condition.

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Effects of Cultural Tourism Commentators' Needs on Job Satisfaction and Continuance Will (문화관광해설사의 욕구가 직무만족 및 지속의지에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Ho-Pyo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.632-641
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence relationship on the cultural tourism commentators' job satisfaction and willingness to continue by the needs of cultural tourism commentators when insufficient compared to workers in other industries. For this, I used a questionnaire organized based on Maslow's hierarchy of needs to conduct a survey of guides who participated in cultural tour guides training program in Chungcheongbuk-do and Jeollanam-do from Aug. 10 through Sep. 7, 2015. 198 of total 200 copies of the questionnaire were collected. Except 30 copies in which missing values or insincerely filled out, 168 copies were used as data for the analysis in this study. And I used SPSS 18.0 to conduct exploratory factor analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, and regression analysis. The analysis showed that cultural tour guides' needs were identified as the four factors of self-actualization, social need, safety and esteem, and physiological needs. Also, self-actualization and social need exercised positive influence on job satisfaction, and regard to the job satisfaction exerted significant positive influence on willingness to continue working. Based on these findings, this paper suggests implications and limitation of the research as well as future directions for the study.

Case Study for Improving Service Design: Focusing on Gamcheon Culture Village (서비스디자인 개선을 위한 사례분석 : 감천문화마을을 중심으로)

  • Ding, Zhi-Bo;Song, Seung-Keun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.267-276
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the cultural needs of foreign tourists, to investigate the cultural service elements that can be provided in 'Gamcheon Culture Village', to suggest concrete policy to improve cultural services, and ultimately to cultivate excellent international tourism culture brands in 'Gamcheon Culture Village'. In order to find out the cultural needs of foreign tourists, we conducted a case study on 'Gamcheon Culture Village' among the places where the urban regeneration proceeded. The study period was four months, and basic data were collected from foreign tourists from six countries through literature reviews, interviews and participation observation. Analysis of data was based on urban regeneration, cultural desire and service design theory, and we conducted content analysis. This study presented five cultural service goals of 'Gamcheon Culture Village'. First, it displays and promotes local characteristic culture. Second, it develops and sells cultural products. Third, it brings up a good tourist image. Fourth, it provides an unusual food. Fifth, cultural experience optimization. Through this study, it is expected to help improve the cultural service of 'Gamcheon Culture Village'.

The Effects of GWP Organization Culture on Need for Achievement, Job Satisfaction, and Job Performance - Comparison Analysis of Workers in Manufacturing, Service, and Finance Industries - (GWP 조직문화가 성취욕구, 직무만족, 직무성과에 미치는 영향 - 제조, 서비스, 금융업 종사자 간 비교 분석 -)

  • Shin, Hyo-Jin;Ko, Young-Hee
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.39-65
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    • 2015
  • This study is the empirical analysis of the effects of GWP organization culture on need for achievement, job satisfaction, and job performance. For this analysis, among the major companies that have been selected as good corporates to work (GWP), the survey was conducted by targeting the employees in manufacturing/service/finance industries and the comparison analysis is on the relationship between the effects and variables of the GWP organization culture are effected the professionals in the industries. As for the results of the studies, firstly, in manufacturing industry, GWP organization culture has significant impacts on need for achievement(+) and job satisfaction(+) and does not have significant effects on job performance. Also, need for achievement has significant effects on job satisfaction(+) and job performance(+) and job satisfaction has significant effects on job performance(+). Secondly, GWP organization culture in service industry has significant effects on need for achievement(+) and job satisfaction(+) but does not have significant effects on job performance. Need for achievement has significant effects on job satisfaction(+) but does not have significant effects on job performance and job satisfaction does not have significant effects on job performance. Lastly, GWP organization culture in finance industry has significant effects on need for achievement(+), job satisfaction(+), and job performance(-) and need for achievement has significant effects on job satisfaction(+) and job performance(+) and job satisfaction has significant effects on job performance(+). Based on the results of the analysis, this study suggests the meanings and implications on the similarities and differences on how GWP organization culture affects employees in different industries.

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The Study on welfare service of multicultural families youth (다문화가정 청소년의 복지 서비스에 관한 연구)

  • Yu, Chang-Jun;Kim, Geon-Tae;Lim, Sang-Ho
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2012
  • This study intended to search improvement plan of welfare service based on welfare desire research in order to raise the effectiveness of welfare service for youth in multicultural family. The result of study is that youth in multicultural family has a difficulty in study and home problem. As a result of examination to hierarchy needs in daily life, youth in normal family showed higher desire of membership and love(t=-2.006, p<.05) than youth in multicultural family. Youth in multicultural family showed higher desire of self-realization(t=-4.636, p<.05) than youth in normal family. In result of hierarchy needs of welfare, it is indicated that youth in multicultural family has higher desire of safety(t=7.607, p<.05), desire of membership and love(t=8.346, p<.05), desire of self-respect(t=4.683, p<.05), and desire of self-realization(t=2.199, p<.05). Therefore, welfare service for youth in multicultural family needs the cooperation with community and improvement of speciality of welfare service employees based on unitary integrated system and requires the development of indices to reflect the desire of beneficiary.

문화공간으로서의 등대 활용방안 연구 - 문화공간으로서의 입지성을 중심으로 -

  • Kim, Jae-Gwan;Kim, Ga-Ryeong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.431-434
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    • 2013
  • 국민관광객과 방한 외래관광객의 증가(문체부, 2012)로 도서와 해안지역에 대한 관광수요가 확산됨에 따라 중앙정부와 지방정부는 등대(예 : 영도등대, 간절곶등대, 울기등대, 거문도등대)를 중심으로 국민생활속의 해양관광공간, 해양레저스포츠공간, 어촌체험공간, 유통관광중심의 어항개발 및 크루즈관광활성화를 위하여 노력하고 있다. 새로움을 추구하는 관광객의 욕구가 증가하면서 틈새관광(niche tourism)의한 형태로 도서 관광(small island tourism)이 주목되고 있다(김영준, 2011). 내륙 중심의 관광에서 해양 관광으로 관심이 변화 확산되면서 친수공간시설에 대한 관광수요의 증가가 예상된다(이한석, 심미숙, 2009). 이와 같은 현실에서 도서에 위치하고 있는 등대자원을 활용하여 관광객의 욕구를 충족시킬 수 있는 등대관광활성화가 기대된다. 등대가 전통적인 기능과 역할에 충실한 항로표지로서 뿐만 아니라 공공서비스장소로서 해양문화를 향유할 수 있는 체험의 장을 제공하고 건축문화유산으로서의 역사성과 등대 고유의 기능에 대한 관광객의 흥미와 욕구를 잘 접목시켜 해양관광자원으로서의 가치를 극대화할 수 있을 것이다.

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현대 패션에 나타난 신체장식 표현의 미적 가치에 관한 연구

  • 이정혜;김순자
    • Proceedings of the Costume Culture Conference
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    • pp.34-36
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    • 2004
  • 인간은 원시 시대부터 현대에 이르기까지 자신의 신체를 장식함으로서 많은 것을 표현하여 왔다. 신체장식은 미를 추구하고자 하는 인간의 본능적인 욕구에서 비롯되며 개인의 자의식을 표현하고 미적 경험과 심리적인 욕구를 충족시켜줄 뿐만 아니라 한 시대의 사회와 문화의 반영으로서 각 시대에 따른 다양한 상징적 의미와 내적 가치를 내포하고 있다. 과학의 비약적인 발달로 소외되고 혼돈에 처한 현대인들은 그 탈출구를 ‘원시로의 회귀’에서 찾고자 한다. (중략)

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A Study on Technology Operator Retraining of the Theater (공연장 기술 운영자 재교육에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, jang-weon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.297-298
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    • 2012
  • 국민들의 문화적 욕구를 만족시키고 생활의 질을 향상시키며 관련 산업의 발전 등 다양한 시너지 효과를 얻을 것으로 기대가 된다. 그렇기 때문에 이제는 더 이상 정부는 문화산업의 초석을 다지는 일을 늦추어서는 안된다. 앞선 문화적 욕구를 만족시키기 위해서는 공연장 기술 운영자들의 재교육 및 프로그램을 기획하고 개발하여 지원 정책을 수립해야 될 것으로 보아 공연장 기술 운영자들의 재교육에 관한 연구를 하였다.

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A Study on the Sociocultural Psychological factors influencing on the Successful Aging of the elderly (노인의 성공적 노화에 영향을 미치는 사회문화·심리적 요인)

  • Cho, Young-Mun;Kang, Seung-Lang
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.339-348
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to predict sociocultural psychological variables affecting successful aging of the elderly. The participants were 187 elderly people aged at least sixty who used 16 elderly welfare centers in G metropolitan city and J and S city from december 2018 to january 2019. Data analysis was done by using SPSS WIN 23.0 program, for one-way ANOVA, independent t-test, pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression. This study showed a positive correlation between successful aging and basic psychological need, ego-integrity, cultural competence. The ego-integrity(${\beta}=.372$, p<.001), cultural competence(${\beta}=.410$, p<.001), relationship(${\beta}=.168$, p=.003) have a 71.1% explanatory power for the successful aging of the elderly. It is necessary to develop sociocultural psychological programs to promote self-integration, cultural competence, and relationship for successful aging of the elderly.