• Title, Summary, Keyword: 문화적 효과

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Effects of Cultural Challenge and Economic Hardship on Intention to Divorce among the Multicultural Couples : Interdependence and Relationship Patterns Viewed Through Actor and Partner Effects (문화적 도전과 경제적 곤란이 다문화부부의 이혼의사에 미치는 영향 : 자기효과와 상대방효과로 본 상호의존성과 관계패턴)

  • Hyun, Kyoungja;Kim, Jeonghwa
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.67 no.2
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    • pp.203-236
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    • 2015
  • Given the interdependence of a marital couple, this study examined the effects of both cultural challenge and economic hardship on intention to divorce among the multicultural couple using the actor-partner interdependence model(APIM), and explored dyadic patterns of actor and partner effects. 415 couples(n=830) participated in this self-administered questionnaire study. Results of path analyses based on APIMs revealed that for Korean husbands perceived cultural challenge contributed positively to divorce intention of the couple showing both actor and partner effects, whereas for immigrant wives such perception showed only an actor effect. In contrast, perceived economic hardship among the husbands had little effect on divorce intention of both husbands and wives, whereas such perception by wives had both actor and partner effects on divorce intention. Results of dyadic pattern analyses performed by Bootstrap indicated the actor-only pattern and the couple pattern of perceived cultural challenge on divorce intention of husbands and wives respectively. In case of perceived economic hardship comparison of the effect size suggested the partner-only pattern and the actor-only pattern for divorce intention of husbands and wives respectively. These findings implied that in order to promote conjugal harmony and to prevent the multicultural family from being dissolved, Korean husbands need to develop greater cultural competence so as to tolerate cultural differences between the couple, whereas immigrant wives and their families need to develop greater economic competence so as to foster a hope for economic reliance.

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A Study on Effects of Service Quality of Local Culture Art Service Quality on Effect and Customer Satisfaction (지역문화예술서비스품질이 경제적·문화적 효과와 고객만족에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Moon, Jae-Young;Park, Kyung-Sik;Lee, Eun-Ji
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.558-569
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    • 2020
  • There has been a steady increase in cultural arts recently, and the need for "regional culture and arts" has been raised as local residents have been making efforts to increase income and develop local areas for regional development. Therefore, this study was intended to establish empirically the effects of local cultural and arts service quality on performance effects and customer satisfaction. Research shows that it affects economic and social and cultural effects as a service quality dimension, and performance effects affect customer satisfaction and intention to reuse them. However, research between customers and employees showed some differences. Through this research, we want to identify what important service quality factors are to satisfy the customers and employees who are watching the performance arts, understand the level of awareness of the effects of the performance, and provide an opportunity to enhance customer satisfaction with the audience and staff.

eWOM효과에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 비교문화적 실증연구 -한국과 미국을 중심으로-

  • Park, Cheol
    • Proceedings of the Korean DIstribution Association Conference
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    • pp.41-58
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    • 2005
  • 본 연구는 eWOM(온라인 구전) 효과에 영향을 미치는 요인을 문화권(국가), 소비자특성(소비자 수용성), 그리고 온라인 경험 (인터넷 사용기간, 이용시간, 온라인 쇼핑횟수)로 나누어 살펴보았다. 문헌연구들을 통해 연구문제를 도출하고 이를 비교 문화적으로 실증하기 위해 총 1,176(한국 615명, 미국 561명)명의 온라인 리뷰 사용자를 대상으로 설문조사를 실시하였다. 그 결과 개인주의적인 미국보다는 집단주의적인 한국에서 eWOM의 효과는 더 큰 것으로 나타나 문화적 영향은 유의한 것으로 나타났다. 또한 소비자 수용성이라는 소비자 특성도 eWOM 효과(온라인 리뷰의 구매 직접영향정도)에 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 그리고 온라인 경험도 유의한 영향을 미쳤는데, 인터넷 사용기간 보다는 현재의 인터넷 이용시간이나 보다 관련이 있는 온라인 쇼핑횟수와 같은 변수가 eWOM 효과에 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다.

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The Path Analysis of Multicultural perception, Cultural competence and Professional self-concept of Nursing students (간호대학생의 다문화인식, 문화적 역량 및 전문직 자아개념의 경로분석)

  • Lim, Junghye
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.393-402
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    • 2017
  • This is a study path analysis for relationship among multicultural perception(MP), cultural competence(CC) and professional self-concept(PSC). The survey was performed on 245 nursing students in one university. Data was collected using structured questionnaire and analysed with PASW 18.0, AMOS 18.0. Model fit indices were in good agreement with recommended level($x^2/df=1.170$, GFI=.992, AGFI=.970, RMSEA=.027, CFI=.995, NFI=.967). Based on path model CC showed a direct effect on PSC while MP, satisfaction in major(SM), and interpersonal relationship(IR) showed a indirect effect. The MP and SM showed a direct effect on CC while IR showed a indirect effect and SM and IR showed a direct effec on MP. The findings indicate the necessity of developing educational programs to enhance nursing student's MP and CC for increasing of PSC.

The Mediating Effect of Social connectedness and responsibility in the relationship between Self-leadership and Cultural competency on Nursing Students (간호대학생의 셀프리더십과 문화적 역량 관계에서 사회적 유대감과 책임감의 매개효과)

  • Kwon, Jong Sun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.257-268
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the mediating effect of social connectedness and social responsibility in the relationship with self-leadership and cultural competency on nursing students. Method: The participants in the study were 207 nursing students in two college located in C province. Data were analyzed with the SPSS/WIN 24 program. Result: There were significant correlations among self-leadership, social connectedness, social responsibility, cultural competency. Social connectedness and responsibility showed partial mediating effect in the relationship between self-leadership and cultural competency. Conclusion: To enhance nursing students' cultural competency, it is necessary to develop effective strategies and education program to enhance self-leadership, social connectedness, social reponsibility.

Requirements Analysis of Integrated Search System for Local Festival (지역축제를 위한 통합검색시스템 설계에 관한 요구조건 분석)

  • Lee, Chang-Keun;Kim, Soon-Gohn
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.1128-1130
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    • 2012
  • 지역축제는 지역에서 정례적으로 개최되는 지역문화가 종합화되고 축약 적으로 상징화된 행사로서 지역발전에 미치는 효과는 크게 경제적 효과, 사회. 문화적 효과, 그리고 물리. 환경적 효과로 볼 수 있다. 지역축제는 지방자치가 실시된 1995년부터 지역 경쟁력을 강화하기 위하여 급속하게 증가 하였으며, 2008년 현재 전국적으로 개최되는 축제는 1년에 1100여개가 넘는 것으로 밝혀졌다. 문화관광부에서는 경쟁력 있는 지역축제를 육성하기위하여 지원규모에 따라 최우수, 우수, 지역육성 그리고 예비 축제 등으로 구분하여 지원하고 이들 중 상품성이 큰축제를 문화관광 축제로 지원한다. 본 논문에서는 이러한 문화관광 축제들을 선정하여 관광객들이 축제 관람 시 필요로 하는 다양한 정보들을 웹상에서 보다 쉽게 비교 검색이 가능하도록 통합검색시스템 설계에 관한 요구분석 내용을 기술한다.

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Relationships Among Demographic Characteristics, Leadership, Organizational Culture, Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment (인구통계학적 특성, 리더십 및 조직유효성간의 관계와 조직문화의 매개효과분석)

  • Jee, Kyoung-Yee;Kim, Jung-Won;Kwon, Jong-Wook
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.117-147
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    • 2012
  • The role of middle managers in local administrative organizations is getting important in showing administrative capacity of public officials who are members, enhancing effectiveness and competitiveness of an organization. The main purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of demographic characteristics as well as the mediating effects of organizational culture between leadership of middle managers and organizational effectiveness such as job satisfaction and organizational commitment using the sample from local administrative organizations of Kangwon province. Results of empirical study are summarized. In final suggestions, implications and some limitations of the present study are discussed as well.

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The Effect of Clan Culture on Market Culture of Public Organization Focusing of Mediating Effect of Women Leader's Position and Carrier (글로벌기업의 집단형 문화가 합리형 문화에 미치는 영향 -여성 리더의 직위와 경력의 매개효과를 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Hyuk Young;Kim, Taek
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.271-280
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    • 2020
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study examines the mediating effect of women leader's characteristics in the relationship between clan culture and market culture of global companies. In addition, this study attempts to analysis the mediating effect of women leader's position and carrier in the relationship among facilitator, mentor, producer, and director leadership using partial mediation and completed mediation model. Research design, data, methodology : Conceptual research model is designed with three constructs such as clan culture, woemn leader's characteristics, and market culture. Based on five hundred cases with leadership styles and organizational culture of global companies, this study examine the mediating effect of women leader's characteristics in the relationship between clan culture and market culture using structured equation modeling. Results : Facilitator leadership have a significantly positive influence on women leader's position and carrier. Mentor leadership have a significantly positive influence on women leader's carrier while they are not correlated with mentor leadership and women leader's position. Women leader's position and carrier have a significantly positive influence on director leadership while women leader's position and carrier not have a positive influence on procucer leadership. Also facilitator and mentor leadership have a significantly positive on producer and director leadership. Conclusions : By controlling for the mediating effect of women leader's characteristics, this study have improved the academic contributions as well as policy and practical implications through empirical study of clan culture that affect market culture in the filds of leadership style and organizational. In addition, this study means that the mediating effects on the variables of women leader's position and carrier were examined.

Development of 3 Dimensional Information system for culture and art (문화예술 3차원 정보시스템 개발)

  • Lee, C.W.;Kim, W.S.;Lee, M.S.;Kim, C.H.;Hong, S.W.;Lee, C.J.
    • Journal of The Korea Computer Graphics Society
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.279-283
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    • 1995
  • 21세기 정보화 시대에 효과적으로 대비하기 위해 세계 여러나라에서 추진하고 있는 정보화 사회를 구축하는데 필수적인 요소로 lnfrastructure인 초고속 정보 통신망을 구축하고 있다. 이에 따라 국내에서도 정부주도로 초고속망을 이용한 대국민 서비스 사업을 추진하고 있고, 이 사업의 일환으로 문화체육부에서도 국립중앙박물관을 중심으로 대국민 서비스용 문화정보망 구축을 추진하고 있다. 이러한 문화정보망 사업의 최종 목표는 종래의 개념을 넘어선 인간에게 가장 현실감을 줄 수 있는 "가상박물관"과 같이 문화재를 글, 그림 이외에 3차원 업체형상을 가진 문화재를 3차원적으로 표현하여 보이지 않는 부분을 볼 수 있도록 문화재를 이동, 회전 및 확대, 축소 표현이 가능한 3차원 형상정보 데이타베이스를 구축하여야 한다. 본 과제에서는 이러한 3차원 형상정보 데이타베이스 구축을 위해, 컴퓨터 그래픽스 기술과 인공지능 기술이 복합적으로 구현된 3차원 입체형상 자동 입력 시스템 및 모델링 시스템과 지원 도구 개발을 목표로 진행되고 있다. 이 시스템이 완성되면 문화재 형상의 영구보존, 문화재의 특성(크기,색,무늬,질감) 보존, 문화재 형상 복원 및 문화재의 시대적 상대평가를 용이하게 하는 효과를 얻을 뿐아니라, 컴퓨터 그래픽스 기술 및 정보처리 기술을 문화재 연구와 전시에 적용하여 문화정보망 사업의 구체적 효과를 가시화 할 수 있다.

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The Differential Effects of Cultural Disposition and Need for Cognitive Closure on Framing Effects (문화성향과 종결욕구에 따른 틀효과에서의 차이)

  • Joo, Mijung;Lee, Jaesik
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.173-201
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    • 2013
  • This study aimed to investigate the differential effects of individual's cultural disposition (individualism-collectivism or horizontal-vertical thinking) and need for cognitive closure(NFC) on framing effects. For this purpose, the participants were divided into 4 different cultural disposition groups based on Singelis et al.'s[1] INDCOL scale, and 2 different NFC groups based on Lee's[2] NFC Scale, and then asked to respond on 5 decision making scenarios. The results can be summarized as followings. First, participants preferred risk-avoidant option in gain frame, whereas risk-seeking option in loss frame. Second, there are no difference of cultural disposition on framing effects, but high NFC group showed larger framing effects than low NFC group in loss frame. Third, collectivism and vertical thinking in high NFC condition showed larger framing effects than low NFC condition.

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