• Title, Summary, Keyword: 미국인에 대한 태도

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Differences in Attitudes between Korean and Chinese University Students Learning Korean in Korea (한국 대학생들과 한국에서 한국어를 배우는 중국 대학생들의 태도 차이)

  • Kim, Kyung-Hoon;Lim, Mi-Ran
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.436-443
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate whether there are differences in three attitudes-attitudes toward English learning, attitudes toward American, and attitudes toward American culture between Korean and Chinese university students learning Korean in Korea. The subjects are 211 students, who are 101 Korean and 110 Chinese. Gardner(1985)'s AMTB questionnaire was administered to measure the learners' attitudes. And the collected data were analyzed by t-test to examine the differences between two groups. The results of this study showed that there were statistically very significant differences in attitudes toward English learning and there were significant differences in attitudes toward American between two groups. But there were no differences statistically in attitudes toward American culture between two groups. To make better learning environment for English learners, the differences in other affective variables between two groups need to be studied.

Multi-Cultural Society and Social Distance for Foreigners in Korean Society (다문화사회와 외국인에 대한 사회적 거리)

  • Lee, Myoung-Jin;Choi, Yu-Jung;Choi, Set-Byol
    • Survey Research
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.63-85
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    • 2010
  • This study defines the substance and multi-dimension of emotional reactions which Koreans have toward foreigners to find the starting point of change in values which is an inevitable task in this multi-cultural society. The results indicate that the Bogardus scale which has been used to measure the social distance toward the minority race is found to have limitations in explaining the closed attitude of Koreans toward 'nation' and 'kinship through marriage'. To supplement such limitations, exploration on attitudes toward foreigners from different native places is performed based on the 'evaluation', 'power' and 'activity' dimensions of the Affective Control Theory. As a result, Americans are highly evaluated in all three dimensions while Japanese are evaluated low in the 'evaluation' dimension and high in the 'power' and 'activity' dimensions. North Korean defectors and ethnic Koreans from China (the Chosun race) are high in evaluation but low in other dimensions. West Asians are evaluated low in all three dimensions. By comprehending the influencing factors and the relative influence of social distance, it proves that the 'evaluation' dimension is the common denominator in all groups while 'power' dimension toward Japanese and 'activity' dimensions toward Chinese and West Asians influence social distance. All foreigners excluding Americans receive closer social distance when having higher education level. Moreover, American women and older North Korean defectors receive closer social distance.

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Advance Care Planning: Preliminary Report of Differences and Similarities between Korean and Korean American

  • Park, Jin Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.232-241
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to do preliminary report of differences and similarities between Koreans residing in Korea and Korean Americans residing in America regarding their awareness of end-of-life care, attitudes toward advance care planning, truth telling, and preferred decision-making model. Methods: Two participating groups were selected: a) Koreans residing in Korea, and b) Koreans Americans who had resided in the United States for at least 20 years. 25 Koreans and 23 Korean Americans who were older than 65 years old participated in this study. They were asked via a self-administered questionnaire that contained demographic questions and questions about end-of-life decision making regarding awareness of end-of-life care, attitudes toward advance care planning, truth telling, and preferred decision-making model. A Chi-square was used to measure differences between Koreans' and Korean Americans planning. A P value of less than 0.5 was considered significant. Data analysis was performed using SPSS 18.0. Results: In some aspects of awareness of end of life care, attitudes toward advance care planning, and truth telling, both groups had similar opinions. However, there were significant differences between groups in the necessity of end of life documentation, preferential informing the truth, and preferred decision making model. Conclusion: There were similarities and differences regarding some end of life issues between the Koreans and the Korean Americans.

Examining Cultural Differences in Parental Control and Child's Emotional Outcome (부모의 양육 통제와 아동의 정서적 결과에 대한 비교 문화 연구)

  • Nahm, Eun Young
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2008
  • 이 연구는 한국계 이민자 가정과 백인가정 사이의 부모의 행동적 심리적 통제와 아동의 정서적 행복감에 관한 차이를 알아보기 위해 실시하였다. 미국 시애틀 지역의 8에서 9세 사이의 자녀를 둔 31한국계 가정과 31백인 가정이 연구에 참여하였다. 각 각의 부모들과 자녀들에게 질문지를 실시하여 그 결과를 비교하였다. Acceptance/rejection and control 질문지 결과는 한국계 이민자 가정의 아버지들이 백인 아버지들보다 자녀들에게 전반적으로 더 많은 통제와 공격적 양육태도를 보여주었다. Child Regulation Index결과, 한국계 어머니들도 자녀들에게 더 많은 행동조절 지시를 하는 것으로 나타났다. 이에 반해 아동들의 심리내적인 정서를 알아보기 위해 실시한 Reynolds child depression scale에서 한국계 이민자 가정 아동들이 백인 부모의 자녀들보다 자기 자신에 대해 덜 행복하게 느끼고 있음을 보고하였다. 특히 전체적으로 어머니들의 통제가 아동의 심리내적 정서와 관계가 있음이 확인되었고, 본 연구의 결과를 토대로 부모의 심리적 행동적 통제와 아동의 정서적 행복감에 대해 논의하였다.

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Attitude toward Fashion Cultural Products and Purchase Intention - A Comparison of American, Japanese, and Chinese Who Visited Korea - (패션문화상품에 대한 태도와 구매의도 -방한 미국인, 일본인, 중국인의 비교 연구-)

  • Cho, Yun-Jin;Lee, Yu-Ri
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.57 no.10
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    • pp.74-86
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    • 2007
  • An empirical study was conducted on fashion cultural products, targeting foreigners from diverse cultures. Its purpose was to identify foreigners' attitudes toward fashion cultural products of which design sources were derived from the Korean culture. The quantitative research using questionnaires was targeted at Americans, Chinese and Japanese who visited Korea. The questionnaires were back-translated into different languages for completion by the test subjects. Out of a total of 424 surveys returned, 393 were deemed usable. As a result of data analyses using SPSS 12.0 and AMOS 5.0, we found that: First, two attitude factors, the authenticity and aesthetic elements, exerted a significant effect on the intent to purchase. However, the last attitude factor, care and carriage convenience, did not significantly influence the purchase intention. Second, there was no significant difference in the attributes regarded as important when purchasing fashion cultural product between people from the U.S. and Japan. However, people from China showed differences in the attributes compared to the U.S. and Japan. Third, we found that attitudes toward fashion cultural products were different among respondents of three countries. It was revealed that the Chinese liked Korea's fashion cultural products the most, followed by Americans and Japanese. This research is significant because investigating foreigners' attitudes toward fashion cultural products for reaching out to a broader market abroad would contribute to help building an market entry planning.

Sex Role Orientation and the Amount of Time Spent in Household Production by the Husband and the Wife in the U.S. (미국인의 성역할 태도와 부부의 가사노동 시간)

  • 김효정
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.75-87
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of sex role orientation on the amount of time spent in meal preparation and cleanup, clothing care, and indoor cleaning accomplished by husbands and wives in couple-headed households in the U.S.. The overall research hypotheses examined were : (1) there is a relationship between demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the husband and wife and the sex role orientation of the husband and wife; (2) for both husbands and wives, there is a relationship between sex role orientation and the amount of household production time that is accomplised by each individual; and (3) the relationship between sex role orientation and the amount of household production time remains when demographic and socioeconomic factors are controlled. The 1981 data from the 1975-1981 Time Use Longitudinal Panel Study collected at the University of Michigan were used for this study. The major findings is that a relationship between sex role orientation and the amount of time spent in three household production activities was not found, when all independent variables were controlled. That is, sex activities was not found, when all independent variables were controlled. That is, sex role orientation was not a predictor affecting the amount of time that husbands and wives spend on meal preparation and cleanup, clothing care, and indoor cleaning.

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