• Title, Summary, Keyword: 미세인장결합강도

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The comparison on micro-tensile bond strengths of variable adhesive systems to Class V cavity (5급 와동에서의 수종 접착 시스템의 결합강도에 관한 비교연구)

  • Kwon, Jung-Mi;Choi, Kyung-Kyu;Park, Sang-Jin
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2004
  • 이 연구는 발거 소구치에서 5급 와동을 형성하여 접착 시스템 및 와동 위치에 따른 상아질에 대한 접착시스템의 미세 인장결합강도의 차이를 비교, 연구하였다. 접착방법은 resin-modified glass ionomer(Gl), compomer(부식여부에 따라 DE 및 DN군으로 분류), 그리고 상아질 접착제인 Single Bond(SB) 및 Cleayfil SE Bond(SE)와 복합레진(Clearfil AP-X)을 사용한 5개의 실험군으로 분류하였다. 소구치 협측 치경부에 wedge형태의 와동을 형성하고 5종의 접착 시스템을 제조자의 지시에 따라 적용, 충전하여 시편을 제작하여 미세인장결합강도를 측정하고, One-way ANOVA / Duncan's test로 통계분석하였다. SEM 검사는 미세인장결합강도의 시편제작과 동일한 방법으로 시편을 제작한 후 관찰하였다. 실험 결과, 상아질 접착제 및 복합레진(SB, SE)의 미세인장결합강도가 GI보다 높게 나타났고(p<0.05), 치은측이 교합측보다 더 낮게 나타났으며, CI, DE, SE에서 유의성 있게 낮게 나타났다(p<0.05). Compomer에서 conditioning 여부(DN, DE)에 따른 변화는 치은측에서만 유의차 있는 것으로 나타났다. SEM 관찰에서, 교합측의 상아세관은 결합 계면과 평행하게 주행하였고, 치은측에서는 결합계면에 수직으로 주행하는 것으로 관찰되었다.

THE EFFECTS OF COLLAGENASE AND ESTERASE ON THE MICROTENSILE BOND STRENGTH IN DENTIN BONDING (상아질 접착에서 collagenase와 esterase가 미세인장결합강도에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Young-Jung;Hyun, Hong-Keun;Kim, Young-Jae;Kim, Jung-Wook;Lee, Sang-Hoon;Kim, Chong-Chul;Hahn, Se-Hyun;Jang, Ki-Taeg
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.285-291
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of collagenase and esterase on the microtensile bond $strength({\mu}TBS)$ in dentin bonding. After resin composites were bonded to occlusal dentin. ${\mu}TBS$ specimens were formed and stored in PBS, collagenase, or esterase solution After 4-week storage, ${\mu}TBS$ was determined and, the results were as follows : 1. ${\mu}TBS$ values of Single Bond 2 were lower than those of Clearfil SE Bond for all storage medium (p<0.05). 2. In Single Bond 2 group, collagenase solution lowered bond strength more than PBS and esterase solution (p>0.05). 3. In Clearfil SE Bond group, esterase solution lowered bond strength more than PBS(p>0.05). Collagenase solution lowered bond strength more than esterase solution(p>0.05) and PBS(p<0.05).

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Micro-tensile Bond Strength of Composite Resin Bonded to Er:YAG Laser-prepared Dentin (Er:YAG 레이저로 삭제된 상아질에 대한 컴포지트 레진의 미세인장결합강도에 관한 연구)

  • Min, Suk-Jin;Ahn, Yong-Woo;Ko, Myung-Yun;Park, June-Sang
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.211-221
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    • 2006
  • Purpose The aims of this study were to evaluate micro-tensile bond strength of composite resin bonded to dentin following high-speed rotary handpiece preparation or Er:YAG laser preparation with two different adhesive systems and to assess the influence of different Er:YAG laser energies on the micro-tensile bond strength. Materials and Methods In this study, 40 third morlars were used. Flat dentin specimans were obtained and randomly assigned to eight groups. Dentin surfaces were prepared with one of four cutting types: carbide bur, Er:YAG laser (2 W, 3 W and 4 W) and conditioned with two bonding systems, Scotchbond Multipurpose Plus (SM), Clearfil SE bond (SE) and composite resin-build ups were created. After storage for 24 hours, each specimen was serially sectioned perpendicular to the bonded surface to produce more than thirty slabs in each group. Micro-tensile bond strength test was performed at a crosshead speed of 1.0 mm/min. Micro-tensile bond strengths (${\mu}TBS$) were expressed as means$\pm$SD. Data were submitted to statistical analysis using two-way ANOVA, one-way ANOVA, Student-Newman-Keuls' multiple comparison test and t-test. Results and Conclusion 1. Regardless of bonding systems, the ${\mu}TBS$ according to cutting types were from highest to lowest : 3 W, 2 W, Bur, and 4 W. In addition, there was no significant difference between Bur and 4 W (p<0.001). 2. Regardless of cutting types, SM showed significantly higher ${\mu}TBS$ than SE (p<0.001). 3. Bonding to dentin conditioned with SM resulted in higher ${\mu}TBS$ for 3 W compared to Bur, 2 W, and 4 W. There was no significant difference between 2 W and Bur (p<0.001). 4. Bonding to dentin conditioned with SE resulted in higher ${\mu}TBS$ for 3 W compared to 2 W, 4 W, and Bur. Bur exhibited significant lower ${\mu}TBS$ than all other cutting types. There were no significant differences between 3 W, 2 W and between 4 W and Bur (p<0.001). 5. The ${\mu}TBS$ of laser cutting groups were shown in order from highest to lowest: 3 W, 2 W and 4 W in two bonding systems. There was no significant difference between 2 W and 3 W in SE (p<0.001). : The ${\mu}TBS$ of composite resin bonded dentin was significantly affected by interaction between the cutting type and bonding system. In the range of 2 W-3 W, cavity preparation of the Er:YAG laser seems to supply good adhesion of composite resin restoration no less than bur preparation. In particular, if you want to use the self-etching system, including Clearfil SE bond for the purpose of a simplification of the bonding procedures and prevention of adverse effects by excessive etching, an Er:YAG laser may offer better adhesion than a bur.

MICROTENSILE BOND STRENGTH OF SINGLE STEP ADHESIVES TO DENTIN (상아질에 대한 단일 단계 접착제의 미세인장 결합강도)

  • Cho, Young-Gon;Kee, Young-Jae
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.312-318
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    • 2005
  • This study compared the microtensile bond strength $({\mu}TBS)$ of three single step adhesives to dentin. Occlusal superficial dentin was exposed in fifteen human molars. They were assigned to three groups by used adhesives: Xeno group (Xeno III). Prompt group (Adper Prompt L-Pop). AQ group (AQ Bond). Each adhesive was applied to dentin surface. and composite of same manufacturer was constructed. The bonded specimens were sectioned into sticks with an interface area approximately $1mm^2$, and subjected to $\mu$ TBS testing with a crosshead speed of 1mm/minute. The results of this study were as follows; 1. The ${\mu}TBS$ to dentin was $48.78\pm9.83MPa$ for Xeno III. $30.22\pm4.52MPa$ for Adper Prompt L-Pop. and $26.31\pm7.07MPa$ for AQ Bond. 2. The mean ${\mu}TBS$ of Xeno group was significantly higher than that of Prompt group and AQ group (p<0.05). 3. There was no significant difference between the ${\mu}TBS$ of Prompt group and AQ group.

THE INFLUENCE OF CAVITY CONFIGURATION ON THE MICROTENSILE BOND STRENGTH BETWEEN COMPOSITE RESIN AND DENTIN (와동의 형태가 상아질과 복합레진 사이의 미세인장결합강도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ye-Mi;Park, Jeong-Won;Lee, Chan-Young;Song, Yoon-Jung;Seo, Deok-Kyu;Roh, Byoung-Duck
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.472-480
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    • 2008
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the influence of the C-factor on the bond strength of a 6th generation self-etching system by measuring the microtensile bond strength of four types of restorations classified by different C-factors with an identical depth of dentin. Eighty human molars were divided into four experimental groups, each of which had a C-factor of 0.25, 2, 3 or 4. Each group was then further divided into four subgroups based on the adhesive and composite resin used. The adhesives used for this study were AQ Bond Plus (Sun Medical, Japan) and XenoIII (DENTSPLY, Germany). And composite resins used were fantasists (Sun Medical, Japan) and Ceram-X mono (DENTSPLY, Germany). The results were then analyzed using one-way ANOVA, a Tukey's test, and a Pearson's correlation test and were as follows. 1. There was no significant difference among C-factor groups with the exception of groups of Xeno III and Ceram-X mono (p<0.05). 2. There was no significant difference between any of the adhesives and composite resins in groups with C-factor 0.25, 2 and 4. 3. There was no correlation between the change in C-factor and microtensile bond strength in the Fantasista groups. It was concluded that the C-factor of cavities does not have a significant effect on the microtensile bond strength of the restorations when cavities of the same depth of dentin are restored using composite resin in conjunction with the 6th generation self-etching system.

Influence of application methods of one-step self-etching adhesives on microtensile bond strength (한 단계 자가 산부식 접착제의 적용 방식이 미세인장 결합강도에 미치는 효과)

  • Choi, Chul-Kyu;Son, Sung-Ae;Ha, Jin-Hee;Hur, Bock;Kim, Hyeon-Cheol;Kwon, Yong-Hun;Park, Jeong-Kil
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.203-210
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    • 2011
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of various application methods of one-step self-etch adhesives to microtensile resin-dentin bond strength. Materials and Methods: Thirty-six extracted human molars were used. The teeth were assigned randomly to twelve groups (n = 15), according to the three different adhesive systems (Clearfil Tri-S Bond, Adper Prompt L-Pop, G-Bond) and application methods. The adhesive systems were applied on the dentin as follows: 1) The single coating, 2) The double coating, 3) Manual agitation, 4) Ultrasonic agitation. Following the adhesive application, light-cure composite resin was constructed. The restored teeth were stored in distilled water at room temperature for 24 hours, and prepared 15 specimens per groups. Then microtensile bond strength was measured and the failure mode was examined. Results: Manual agitation and ultrasonic agitation of adhesive significantly increased the microtensile bond strength than single coating and double coating did. Double coating of adhesive significantly increased the microtensile bond strength than single coating did and there was no significant difference between the manual agitation and ultrasonic agitation group. There was significant difference in microtensile bonding strength among all adhesives and Clearfil Tri-S Bond showed the highest bond strength. Conclusions: In one-step self-etching adhesives, there was significant difference according to application methods and type of adhesives. No matter of the material, the manual or ultrasonic agitation of the adhesive showed significantly higher microtensile bond strength.

The micro-tensile bond strength of two-step self-etch adhesive to ground enamel with and without prior acid-etching (산부식 전처리에 따른 2단계 자가부식 접착제의 연마 법랑질에 대한 미세인장결합강도)

  • Kim, You-Lee;Kim, Jee-Hwan;Shim, June-Sung;Kim, Kwang-Mahn;Lee, Keun-Woo
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.148-156
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    • 2008
  • Statement of problems: Self-etch adhesives exhibit some clinical benefits such as ease of manipulation and reduced technique-sensitivity. Nevertheless, some concern remains regarding the bonding effectiveness of self-etch adhesives to enamel, in particular when so-called 'mild' self-etch adhesives are employed. This study compared the microtensile bond strengths to ground enamel of the two-step self-etch adhesive Clearfil SE Bond (Kuraray) to the three-step etch-and- rinse adhesive Scotchbond Multi-Purpose (3M ESPE) and the one-step self-etch adhesive iBond (Heraeus Kulzer). Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a preceding phosphoric acid conditioning step on the bonding effectiveness of a two-step self-etch adhesive to ground enamel. Material and methods: The two-step self-etch adhesive Clearfil SE Bond non-etch group, Clearfil SE Bond etch group with prior 35% phosphoric acid etching, and the one-step self-etch adhesive iBond group were used as experimental groups. The three-step etch-and-rinse adhesive Scotchbond Multi-Purpose was used as a control group. The facial surfaces of bovine incisors were divided in four equal parts cruciformly, and randomly distributed into each group. The facial surface of each incisor was ground with 800-grit silicon carbide paper. Each adhesive group was applied according to the manufacturer's instructions to ground enamel, after which the surface was built up using Light-Core (Bisco). After storage in distilled water at $37^{\circ}C$ for 1 week, the restored teeth were sectioned into enamel beams approximately 0.8*0.8mm in cross section using a low speed precision diamond saw (TOPMET Metsaw-LS). After storage in distilled water at $37^{\circ}C$ for 1 month, 3 months, microtensile bond strength evaluations were performed using microspecimens. The microtensile bond strength (MPa) was derived by dividing the imposed force (N) at time of fracture by the bond area ($mm^2$). The mode of failure at the interface was determined with a microscope (Microscope-B nocular, Nikon). The data of microtensile bond strength were statistically analyzed using a one-way ANOVA, followed by Least Significant Difference Post Hoc Test at a significance level of 5%. Results: The mean microtensile bond strength after 1 month of storage showed no statistically significant difference between all adhesive groups (P>0.05). After 3 months of storage, adhesion to ground enamel of iBond was not significantly different from Clearfil SE Bond etch (P>>0.05), while Clearfil SE Bond non-etch and Scotchbond Multi-Purpose demonstrated significantly lower bond strengths (P<0.05), with no significant differences between the two adhesives. Conclusion: In this study the microtensile bond strength to ground enamel of two-step self-etch adhesive Clearfil SE Bond was not significantly different from three-step etch-and-rinse adhesive Scotchbond Multi-Purpose, and prior etching with 35% phosphoric acid significantly increased the bonding effectiveness of Clearfil SE Bond to enamel at 3 months.

Effect of 2% chlorhexidine application on microtensile bond strength of resin composite to dentin using one-step self-etch adhesives (2% 클로르헥시딘 적용이 한 단계 자가부식 접착제를 이용한 복합 레진의 상아질에 대한 미세인장 결합강도에 미치는 효과)

  • Jang, Soon-Ham;Hur, Bock;Kim, Hyeon-Cheol;Kwon, Yong-Hun;Park, Jeong-Kil
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.486-491
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: This study examined the effect of 2% chlorhexidine on the ${\mu}TBS$ of a direct composite restoration using one-step self-etch adhesives on human dentin. Materials and Methods: Twenty-four extracted permanent molars were used. The teeth were assigned randomly to six groups (n = 10), according to the adhesive system and application of chlorhexidine. With or without the application of chlorhexidine, each adhesive system was applied to the dentin surface. After the bonding procedure, light-cure composite resin buildups were produced. The restored teeth were stored in distilled water at room temperature for 24 hours, and then cut and glued to the jig of the microtensile testing machine. A tensile load was applied until the specimen failed. The failure mode was examined using an operating microscope. The data was analyzed statistically using one-way ANOVA, Student's t-test (p < 0.05) and Scheffet's test. Results: Regardless of the application of chlorhexidine, the Clearfil $S^3$ Bond showed the highest ${\mu}TBS$, followed by G-Bond and Xeno V. Adhesive failure was the main failure mode of the dentin bonding agents tested with some samples showing cohesive failure. Conclusions: The application of 2% chlorhexidine did not affect the ${\mu}TBS$ of the resin composite to the dentin using a one-step self-etch adhesive.

EFFECT OF CHLORHEXIDINE ON MICROTENSILE BOND STRENGTH OF DENTIN BONDING SYSTEMS (Chlorhexidine 처리가 상아질 접착제의 미세인장결합강도에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Eun-Hwa;Choi, Kyoung-Kyu;Kim, Jong-Ryul;Park, Sang-Jin
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.148-161
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of chlorhexidine (CHX) on microtensile bond strength (${\mu}TBS$) of dentin bonding systems. Dentin collagenolytic and gelatinolytic activities can be suppressed by protease inhibitors, indicating that MMPs (Matrix metalloproteinases) inhibition could be beneficial in the preservation of hybrid layers. Chlorhexidine (CHX) is known as an inhibitor of MMPs activity in vitro. The experiment was proceeded as follows: At first, flat occlusal surfaces were prepared on mid-coronal dentin of extracted third molars. GI (Glass Ionomer) group was treated with dentin conditioner, and then, applied with 2 % CHX. Both SM (Scotchbond Multipurpose) and SB (Single Bond) group were applied with CHX after acid-etched with 37% phosphoric acid. TS (Clearfil Tri-S) group was applied with CHX, and then, with adhesives. Hybrid composite Z-250 and resin-modified glass ionomer Fuji-II LC was built up on experimental dentin surfaces. Half of them were subjected to 10,000 thermocycle, while the others were tested immediately. With the resulting data, statistically two-way ANOVA was performed to assess the ${\mu}TBS$ before and after thermo cycling and the effect of CHX. All statistical tests were carried out at the 95 % level of confidence. The failure mode of the testing samples was observed under a scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Within limited results, the results of this study were as follows; 1. In all experimental groups applied with 2 % chlorhexidine, the microtensile bond strength increased, and thermo cycling decreased the micro tensile bond strength (P > 0.05). 2. Compared to the thermocycling groups without chlorhexidine, those with both thermocycling and chlorhexidine showed higher microtensile bond strength, and there was significant difference especially in GI and TS groups. 3. SEM analysis of failure mode distribution revealed the adhesive failure at hybrid layer in most of the specimen. and the shift of the failure site from bottom to top of the hybrid layer with chlorhexidine groups. 2 % chlorhexidine application after acid-etching proved to preserve the durability of the hybrid layer and microtensile bond strength of dentin bonding systems.

Evaluation of Microtensile Bond Strength of Sealant Depending on the Duration of Etching and the Use of Bonding Agent (치면열구전색제의 산부식 시간과 접착제 유무에 따른 미세인장결합강도 평가)

  • Shim, Seoyoun;Song, Hojun;Yang, Sunmi;Kim, Jaehwan;Kim, Seonmi;Choi, Namki
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.299-306
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    • 2018
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of etching time and bonding agents on bond strength of sealant applied to the occlusal surface of primary molars. Forty non-carious exfoliated human primary molars were included in the study. The teeth were randomly divided into 4 groups for measurement. For group I, no acid etching treatment was used. For group II, III, and IV, acid etching gels were applied on the occlusal surface for 15, 30, and 60 seconds, respectively. Each group was divided into 2 subgroups; one group was treated with bonding agents on the enamel while the other was not. Microtensile bond strength was evaluated using a universal testing machine. There were no statistically significant differences in bond strength with varying duration of etching among groups. The results revealed that the use of bonding agents prior to application of fissure sealant increased the bond strength(p < 0.05). It could be concluded that etching time greater than 15 seconds does not significantly enhance the bond strength, but the use of bonding agents as an intermediate layer between the primary molar and fissure sealant would be beneficial in increasing the bond strength.