• Title, Summary, Keyword: 밀

Search Result 7,799, Processing Time 0.15 seconds

Noodle-Making Characteristics of Korean Wheat (국산밀의 제면특성)

  • 박남규;송정춘;김기종;이춘기;정헌상;정만재
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
    • /
    • v.6 no.2
    • /
    • pp.167-172
    • /
    • 1999
  • The noodle making characteristics were investigated for both eleven varities of Korean wheat, such as Chokwangmil, Geurumil, Eunpamil, Tnpdongmil, Woorimil, Oigeurmil, Alchanmil, Cobunmil, Geumgangmil, Seodunmil and Suwon 265, and two varieties of imported wheat, DNS(Dark Northern Spring Wheat) and ASW(Australian Standard White). After cooking of dry-noodle, the elasticities were 0.59-0.79 in the native wheat and 0.55-0.57 in the imported wheat. Among the varieties showing the highest value in the various texture properties of cooked dry-noodle, Alchanmil was highest in gumminess, Geungangmil in cohesiveness, Olgeurumil in adhesiveness, Geurumil in fimmess, Chokwang in chewiness, Tapdongmil in tensile strength Gobunmil in breaking strength. After cooking the wet-noodle, Tapdongmil in elasticity, Geurumil in adhesiveness, Geumgangmil in gumminess, cohesiveness, firmness and chewiness, and Suwon 265 in tensile strength showed the highest values in the respective textural properties. From the sensory evaluation of the cooked dry-noodle, the significant differences (p<0.05) among wheat varieties were observed in color, texture and overall quality. As a result, ASW was excellent in our all qualities of cooked dry-noodle followed by Tapdongmil, Alchanmil and Geumgangmil. The cooked wet-noodle also showed the high sensory scores (p<0.01) were showing the best in Tapdongmil, followed by Eunpamil, Geumgangmil and Woorimil.

  • PDF

알러지 저감 밀 '오프리'를 이용한 쿠키제조 특성

  • Gang, Cheon-Sik;Jeong, Yeong-Geun;Son, Jae-Han;Kim, Gyeong-Ho;Yun, Yeong-Mi;Kim, Yang-Gil;Park, Jong-Ho;Park, Tae-Il;Choe, Chang-Hyeon;Kim, Gyeong-Hun;Kim, Gyeong-Min;Jeong, Han-Yong;Park, Jin-Hui;Gang, Hye-Jeong;Lee, Seol-Hui;Jo, Mi-Seon;Lee, Jeom-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.259-259
    • /
    • 2018
  • PDF

Quality Characteristics of Korean Wheat Noodle by Formulation of Foreign Wheat Flour and Starch (수입밀과 전분의 혼합 비율을 달리하여 제조한 우리밀국수의 품질특성)

  • 박동준;구경형;김철진;이수정;양정례;김양하;김종태
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.32 no.1
    • /
    • pp.67-74
    • /
    • 2003
  • Quality characteristics of dough and noodles prepared from Korean wheat flours (Gru and Tapdong) were evaluated by substituting foreign wheat flours and starch in the formula. Korean wheat flours showed greater water absorption and weakness as well as protein and ash contents, but lower stability than the foreign wheat (control) By increasing substituted foreign wheat flours, water absorption of domestic Gru and Tapdong decreased. Dough development time decreased for Tapdong by substituting up to 30% with foreign wheat flours. When imported wheat flours added in Gru and Tapdong, weakness of dough was decreased. Adhesiveness of dough was increased in all samples according to water adding, and Gru particulary showed the most high adhesiveness at 65% water and 10~20% replacement. From the mechanical texture test, Tapdong noodles were increased in cutting force by increasing amounts of imported wheat but decreased in extension distance. However, Cru noodles showed the opposite tendency. Hardness, adhesiveness, and chewiness of noodles were increased in all samples by increasing amounts of substitution with imported starch. As a result of cooked noodles test, Korean wheat noodles showed relatively lower values in cutting force and extension distance than in those of the control Studies of noodle-related characteristics of Korean wheat flours indicated that domestic soft wheat such as Gru might have high quality above the foreign wheat in noodle preparation by adding flours containing high amylose or low gluten.

Noodle- Making Properties of Domestic Wheats Cultivars (국내산 밀의 제면 적성에 관한 연구)

  • 남재경;한영숙;현영희;오지영
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.16 no.6
    • /
    • pp.593-601
    • /
    • 2000
  • Seven domestic wheat cultivars, Suwon 261, Suwon 265, Eunpa, Kobun, Alchan, Olgru, and Kumgang, and a standard wheat, ASW(Australian Standard White Wheat), were compared in noodle-making properties. The ash contents of domestic wheats and flours were 0.1-0.3% higher than that of ASW. Therefore, domestic wheats required the control of ash contents during milling process. The protein contents which suggest the flour gluten content were 10.32, 11.3, and 9.57% in Suwon 261, Suwon 265, and Kumgang cultivars, respectively. Valorimeter values of Eunpa, Olgru, and Kumgang which indicate the dough formation time and stability were similar to that of ASW. Resistance rate of domestic wheats was lower than that of ASW. Maximum viscosity in Amylograph for Eunpa, Olgru, and Kumgang were in the range of 500-800BU, which were suitable for making noodles. Increase in weight and volume of Olgru noodle was negatively correlated with protein content. Turbidity was not positively correlated with weight and volume increase, but domestic cultivars except Suwon 265 and Eunpa showed a similar turbidity with ASW. The mechanical properties of wet and dry noodles were evaluated by TPA test before and after cooking. Springiness and cohesiveness of wet noodles increased by cooking, and the domestic cultivars showed higher values than ASW. Springiness and cohesiveness of dry noodle were not increased by cooking in any cultivars. Gumminess, chewiness and hardness of domestic wheat cultivars showed higher values than that of ASW. In the tensile test, wet noodles showed no difference between domestic cultivars and ASW. But dry noodles of domestic wheat cultivars showed higher values than ASW. In the color test for lightness, redness and yellowness, there were no differences between flour and dough of domestic wheat cultivars and ASW. In the sensory evaluation, Kumgang wheat cultivar was the most preferred among the wet and dry noodles of other domestic wheat cultivars and ASW. These results suggested Kumgang wheat cultivar to be a practical wheat variety for noodle-making.

  • PDF

Bread-Making Properties of Domestic Wheats Cultivars (국내산 밀의 제빵 적성에 관한 연구)

  • 남재경;한영숙
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.16 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-8
    • /
    • 2000
  • Six Domestic Wheat Tapdong, Eunpa, Kobun, Olgru, Uri, Kumgang cultivars and one standard wheat Dark Northern Spring (DNS) were milled and determined bread-making properties of dough and bread made the wheats. The ash contents of DNS showed 0.54%, on the other hand, domestic wheat flours showed lower contents than DNS, and Kumgang was the lowest. The Protein contents which suggest the flour gluten content showed 11.68% in DNS cultivars, however 13.85% in Kumgang, 12.35% in Eunpa, 12.32% in Kobun. Valorimeter value in Farinograph data for Kumgang, Kobun, Eunpa cultivars which evaluate the dough formation time and stability showed better result than DNS. Resistance rate in Extensograph for Tapdong and Kobun showed higher rate than DNS. Gelatinization temperature in Amylograph for DNS, Tapdong, Eunpa, Kobun, Kumgang revealed 59$\^{C}$, 59$\^{C}$, 58$\^{C}$, 58$\^{C}$, 59$\^{C}$ respectively, but Uri, Olgru cultivars showed upper temperature which suggest the two cultivars was not suitable for bread making. W(gluten strength) in Alveograph data for DNS showed 297, however, 386 for Tapdong, 327 for Kumgang which indicated that the upper domestic wheat cultivars satisfactory the bread-making properties. In the CO$_2$production of straight bread doughs measured with Meissle fermenter for 5hr, Kumgang cultivar showed the highest CO$_2$ as 333 mg per 30 g of dough. The breads prepared with the above domestic wheat flours showed acceptable quality in sensory test for parameters such as volume, color of crust, symmetry of form, crust, evenness, grain, color, texture, aroma, taste, but the bread made DNS seemed to be superior in organoleptic property to the breads made with domestic wheat flours. The sponge dough bread made with Kumgang cultivars showed the best organoleptic quality among the wheat flours tested. These results indicate that the Kumgang seemed to be practical wheat variety for bread-making.

  • PDF

Antioxidant Activity and In Vitro Protein Digestibility of Bakery Products prepared from Korean Wheat with Functional Ingredients (기능성 소재를 첨가한 우리밀 제빵 제품의 항산화 활성과 단백질 소화도)

  • Han, Inhwa;Park, Byung Geon
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.24 no.6
    • /
    • pp.853-861
    • /
    • 2014
  • Cookies, muffins and baguettes were formulated with Korean wheat flour and compared with those made from imported wheat flour in terms of total phenol content, antioxidant activity, and in vitro protein digestibility (IVPD). Chunnyencho and Honghawsi were added to improve quality of the bakery products. Addition of Chunnyencho did not show any significant improvement, whereas Honghawsi increased total phenol content of cookies. Total phenol content in 80% ethanol extract of muffins prepared with Korean wheat flour was 1.5 times higher than those made from imported wheat flour, whereas total phenol content was 1.2 times higher in the 80% methanol extract of baguettes prepared with imported wheat flour compared to those made with Korean wheat flour. Overall, total phenol content of Korean wheat flour was higher than that of imported wheat flour because total phenol content was higher in 80% ethanol extracts than in 80% methanol extracts. Antioxidant activity was not significantly different between ethyl acetate extracts of bakery products from imported wheat and Korean wheat, whereas antioxidant activity of 80% methanol extract of muffins with Korean wheat was 2.4 times higher than that from imported wheat. IVPD was not significantly different in any bakery products made from imported wheat or Korean wheat but was higher in baguettes than cookies or muffins. Conclusively, bakery products made from Korean wheat had higher total phenol content and antioxidant activity than imported wheat.