• Title, Summary, Keyword: 박스거더

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Ultimate Strength Interaction of Steel/Concrete Composite Trapezoidal Box Girders Subjected to Concurrent Action of Bending and Torsion (휨과 비틀림을 동시에 받는 강/콘크리트 합성 제형 박스거더의 극한강도 상호작용)

  • Kim, Kyung-Sik
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.465-475
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    • 2010
  • In the horizontally curved bridges, girders are subjected to the combined action of vertical bending and torsion due to their curvatures without any eccentric loads. As subjected to bending and torsion, the ultimate strength of steel/concrete composite box girders are limited by the diagonal tensile stress in the deck concrete induced by the St. Venant torsion. To determine the ultimate strength of composite box girders in bending and torsion and their interactions, this study conducted a 3-dimensional FEA and classical strength of materials investigation. Using ABAQUS, the FEA fully utilized advanced nonlinear analysis techniques simulating material/geometrical nonlinearity and post-cracking behaviors. The ultimate strength from numerical data were compared with theoretically derived values. Concurrent compressive stresses in the concrete deck improve the shear-resisting capacity of concrete, thereby resulting in an increased torsional resistance of the composite box girder in positive bending. The proposed interaction equation is very simple yet it provides a rational lower bound in determining the ultimate strength of concrete/steel composite box girders.

A Demolition Experiment of a Scaled Model for a Concrete Box Girder Bridge (콘크리트 박스거더 교량의 발파해체를 위한 교량모형 해체실험)

  • Yang, Hyung-Sik;Jang, Hyong-Doo;Ko, Young-Hun
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.103-108
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    • 2011
  • Along with series of concrete block experiments, a demolition experiment was conducted for a scaled concrete box girder bridge to investigate collapse and blast behavior. Tri nitro toluene (TNT), the standard explosive for strength was adopted as concussion charge. The result show that demolition was caused by not only direct detonation pressures at charging spots but also blast pressures at inner wall of concrete box girder.

An Experimental Study for Structural Safety Evaluation of PSC Box Girder Bridge with FRP Struts (FRP 스트럿을 가진 PSC 박스거더교의 구조안전성 평가를 위한 실험 연구)

  • Song, Jae-Joon;Park, Jong-Hwa;Park, Kyung-Hoon;Jo, Byung-Wan
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.205-213
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    • 2008
  • The structure of PSC box girder with FRP strut has a form of supporting the cantilever part in the widened upper slab by modifying the existing PSC box girder efficiently, and it is able to build an economical and aesthetically pleasing bridge as it reduces the size of the lower structure by reducing the self-weight of the upper structure. In this research, loading test of PSC Box Girder using full-scale mock-up was conducted and FEM analysis was performed. By comparing results, structural safety of the FRP strut and the upper slab following application of the strut in the PSC Box Girder Bridge were evaluated.

Flexural Behavior of Ultra High Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete Segmental Box Girder (초고강도 섬유보강 콘크리트 분절형 박스 거더의 휨거동)

  • Guo, Qingyong;Han, Sang-Mook
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.109-116
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    • 2014
  • The flexural behavior test of UHPC segmental box girder which has 160 MPa compressive strength and 15.4 m length was carried out. The effect of steel fibers in combination with reinforcing bars on improving the ductile performance of UHPC box girder was evaluated by comparing the flexural behavior of the UHPC segmental box girders made by the two kinds of mixing portion. The test variables are volume fraction of steel fibers and the arrangement of reinforcing bars. The behavior of UHPC box girder BF2 composed of 1% volume fraction of steel fibers and longitudinal reinforcing bars in web and upper flange with stirrup showed the similar ductile behavior with the girder BF1 composed of 2% volume fraction without stirrup in elastic stress region. But BF1 had the better stiffness and showed the more ductile behavior in inelastic stress region. Segmental interfaces of UHPC box girder have not any crack and slide until the final flexural collapse load.

Ductile Behavior of Ultra High Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete Segmental Box Girder (초고강도 섬유보강 콘크리트 분절형 박스거더의 연성 거동)

  • Jeong, Min-Seon;Park, Sung-Yong;Han, Sang-Mook
    • Journal of the Korean Recycled Construction Resources Institute
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.282-289
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    • 2017
  • The flexural behavior tests of UHPC segmental Box girder which has 160MPa compressive strength and 15.4m length were carried out. The test variables are area of prestressing wires, volume fraction of steel fibers and longitudinal reinforcing bars in upper flange and web. PS tendons which has 32 strands of 15.2mm diameter in lower flange, 24 strands and 14 strands in lower flange were arranged and volume fraction of 2%, 1.5% and 1.0% is used in box girder concrete. UHPFRC box girder which has 32 strands in lower flange showed the over reinforcement and brittle behavior. UHPFRC box girder which has 24 strands showed the similar peak load as 32 strands girder and ductile behavior as large deflection. UHPFRC box girder which has 14 strands showed half of the peak load of 24 strands box girder and ductile behavior. After the application of the formular for the reinforcement index to the behavior of the UHPFRC box girders, reinforcement index does not determine the characteristic of behavior of UHPFRC box girder exactly. So the index should consider the dimension precisely and modify the reference value corresponding to the 0.005 strain of the prestressing strands.

Constraints of Variational Section of PSC Box Girder by Placing Piers for Protecting Ship Collision (선박충돌 방지를 위한 교각 위치에 따른 PSC 박스거더의 형상변화 구속조건)

  • An, Hyun-Jung;Kim, Hyo-Jin;Kim, Bong-Geun;Lee, Sang-Ho
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.41.2-41.2
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    • 2010
  • 하천, 해상 등에 위치한 교량 설계시 선박충돌을 방지하기 위해 교각 위치를 변화시킬 필요성이 발생한다. 이 때, 교각 위치에 따른 변단면을 갖는 PSC(Prestressed concrete) 박스거더의 형상 변화를 효과적으로 변경하기 위해 고려해야하는 구속조건을 추출하고 정의하였다. PSC 박스거더는 변단면 시공에 일반적으로 적용되는 FCM(Free cantilever method) 공법이 착용된 교량을 착용했으며, 구속조건 정의를 위해 설계지침서를 분석하여 구속조건으로 작용하는 매개변수를 추출하였다. 정의한 구속조건의 적용성을 검증하기 위해 파라메트릭 모델링을 수행하였으며, 그 결과로 생성된 모델에 대한 물량을 산출하여 대상교량에서 산출된 실제 물량과 비교 분석하였다.

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Distortional Analysis of Multicell Box Girders with a Trapezoidal Cross-Section Using Force-Decomposition Method (하중분해법을 사용한 제형 다실박스거더의 뒤틀림 해석)

  • Kim, Seungjun;Park, Nam Hoi;Kang, Young Jong
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.28 no.6A
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    • pp.779-788
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    • 2008
  • In this present study, the three dimensional shell elements analysis method for exact distortional behavior of multicell trapezoidal box girders subjected to an eccentric loading is proposed. In order to perform the independent distortional analysis using shell elements, it is necessary to calculate exact distortional forces. In this study, the force-decomposition equation for applied eccentric load acting on multicell trapezoidal box girder is derived and the equation based on static force equilibrium and superposition theory decompose the eccentric load to the loads cause flexture, torsion and distortion. So by using this force-decomposition equation and shell element analysis, each behavior can be easily analysis independently. This independent analysis method is very useful to physically understand each major behavior of multicell box girder, especially distortional phenomenon. Furthermore, it may be also very useful for designer to perform the independent distortional analysis for diaphragm design using simple 3D shell elements model without preliminary complex calculation for distortional constants.

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Stiffened Effect of Knee Brace of Cross-Beam in Steel Box-girder Bridges (강박스거더교 가로보 니브레이스(Knee Brace)의 보강효과)

  • Gil, Heung Bae;Jang, Gab Chul;Kang, Sang Gyu;Lee, Il Keun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.29 no.3A
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    • pp.227-234
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    • 2009
  • Recently, a knee brace is usually installed in connection between cross-beam and main-girder of steel box-girder bridges. The knee brace is installed as a structural stiffener and mainly aims to relieve stress at joints and to prevent main-girder from lateral deformation. However, research on the knee brace is insufficient to obviously evaluate the necessity. The stiffened effect of knee brace is determined by using finite element analyses. Stress distribution, stress level of members and deflection of the cross-beam are evaluated by parametric FE analysis for the installation of knee brace and the depth ratio of cross-beam/steel box girder. It is seen from comparison of numerical analysis results that the knee brace installed in cross-beam of steel boxgirders bridges is not efficient as a structural stiffener with respect to stress relief and stiffened effect.

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Analysis on Torsional Behavior of PSC Box Girder with Corrugated Steel Web Considering Tensile Strength of Slab (슬래브의 인장강도를 고려한 복부 파형강판 PSC 박스거더의 비틀림 거동 분석)

  • Ko, Hee-Jung;Kim, Hyun-Su;Lee, Hak-Eun
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.41.1-41.1
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    • 2010
  • 복부 파형강판 PSC 박스거더는 상부와 하부에 콘크리트 슬래브를 갖고 있으며, 복부에만 강판이 사용되는 특수한 형태의 교량이다. 해당 형식의 비틀림 거동을 이해하기 위해서는 상, 하부 콘크리트의 비틀림 거동에 대해 먼저 분석한 후, 비틀림에 의한 전단변형률이 거더 단면의 모든 구간에서 동일하다는 적합조건을 이용하여 복부의 비틀림 거동을 이해해야 한다. 기존의 복부 파형강판을 갖는 PSC 박스거더에 대한 연구는 전단거동(Easley, 1969; Elgaaly et al., 1996; 문지호 외, 2004; 이종원 외, 2005) 및 휨 거동(Elgaaly et al., 1997; Abbas et al., 2006, 2007; 문지호 외 2008)에 대하여 수행되어 왔으며, 이러한 연구들은 파형강판 자체에 국한되는 경향이 있다. 특히나 전체 복합거더의 비틀림 거동에 대한 연구는 크게 부족한 상황이며, 기존의 연구(Mo et al., 2000)는 균열 발생 이후의 비틀림 거동에 대해서만 수행되었고, 슬래브가 갖는 인장 강도를 무시하였다. 본 연구에서는 콘크리트의 비틀림 발생 이전과 이후를 모두 예측할 수 있는 방법을 제안하였고, 이를 토대로 시행오차법이 적용된 해석 알고리즘을 제작하였으며, 유한요소해석을 통하여 검증하였다.

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FINITE STRIP ANALYSIS OF FOLDED LAMINATED COMPOSITE PLATES (유한대판법에 의한 복합적층절판의 해석)

  • Yoon, Seok Ho;Han, Sung Cheon;Chang, Suk Yoon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.41-52
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    • 2001
  • In this paper the analysis of laminate composite folded plates with arbitrary angle connection like box girder is studied by finite strip method Total stiffness of laminated plate is obtained by integration of the stiffness in each layer or lamina through laminate thickness and total stiffness in each layer or lamina through laminate thickness and total tiffness matrix is obtained by substitutionto equilibrium equation derived from the minimum total potential energy theorem. The assumed displacement functions for a finite strip method in plate or box girder analysis are combinations of one-way polynomial functions in the transverse direction and harmonic functions in the span-wise direction. Finite strip method with the merits of the simplification in modeling and the reduction of analytical time is accurate in the analysis of laminate composite folded plates shaped like box firders.

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