• Title, Summary, Keyword: 방음

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회전 방음벽

  • Lee, Seong-Chun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.89-89
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    • 2009
  • 본 사례는 특허출원 된 새로운 형태의 방음벽으로서, 풍하중의 크기 및 태양의 위치 그리고 시간대에 따란 열고 닫을 수 있는 방음벽에 관한 것이다. 본 사례의 방음벽은 일조와 조망이 필요한 시간대는 방음벽을 열어 일조와 조망을 보장하고, 큰 바람이 불 때는 방음벽을 열어 큰 풍하중을 회피하고, 특히 정숙을 요하는 계절이나 시간대에는 방음벽을 닫아 방음벽이 그 고유의 기능인 소음저감을 하도록 하는 방법이다. 본 사례의 방음벽은 방음벽의 전부 또는 상단 일부가 회전하면서 열리거나 닫힐 수 있는 구조이고, 회전방음판에 풍압감지수단과 태양위치식별수단과 함께 컨트롤러를 구비하여, 태양의 위치, 바람의 세기, 그리고 시간대에 따라 자동으로 방음벽이 열리거나 닫히도록 하였다.

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Comparison of the Insertion Loss Results of Semi-infinite Plane Screen by the Analytical Method and Boundary Element Method (반무한 방음벽의 삽입손실의 이론과 BEM해석에 의한 결과치 비교)

  • 김문섭;김관주
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.25-31
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    • 1995
  • 본 연구는 방음벽의 성능예측을 위해 BEM의 접근 방법을 시도하였으며 범용 음향 소프트웨어인 Sys-noise 5.2의 direct collocation bem을 사용하여 반무한 평면 방음벽에 대한 해석을 수행하였으며, 그 결과를 검증하기 위해 Maekawa에 의한 근사해와 해석적 점근해에 비교하였다. 또한, 수음점이 방음벽으로부터 떨어진 거리, 방음벽의 폭, 방음벽의 높이에 따른 삽입손실을 계산하였고, 방음벽에 흡음처리를 한 경우와 방음벽상단의 형상변화에 따른 삽입손실의 변화를 계산하였다.

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방음시설의 구조결정을 위한 차음효과예측의 문제점과 해결방안

  • 조기호
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.413-424
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    • 1994
  • 본 글에서는 도로교통소음을 예측할 경우; 소음영향평가시 계획한 도로변에 방음시설물의 설치여부를 결정할 경우, 그리고 방음시설을 설치할 경우에 그 방음 시설의 구조와 설치기준을 결정하기 위하여 적용할 수 있는 방음시설물에 의한 차음 효과예측법의 문제점과 해결방안을 언급하였다. 방음시설물의 종류와 구조 그리고 그 설치범위 등을 정확하고 공평하게 그리고 경제적으로 결정하기 위해서, 특히 환경영향 평가가 공정하게 실시되기 위해서는 국가에서 방음시설물 설치기준과 정밀 한 차음효과 예측법을 하나의 통일된 규정으로 확정하여야 한다. 이를 위해서는 본문 에 언급한 요소들을 참조하여 기존의 방음벽설치 지침을 대폭적으로 수정.보완하여야 한다. 그러나 보다 정확한 예측과 실세계에 근접한 소음값을 계산하기 위해서는 소음 원과 소음전파 공간환경의 특성을 고려한 연구가 계속적으로 이루어져야 한다. 그리고 도로교통소음을 공정하게 예방하기 위해서는 조속한 시일내에 이에 적합한 대상지역별 도로교통소음예방 규제기준값을 법규에 명시하여야 하고, 현재 교통로 주변에 주택을 건설하는 경우에는 사업자가 택지로 확보한 부지안에 설치하고 있는 방음벽은 최대한 소음원에 근접하여 교통로변에 설치할 수 있도록 관련규정을 개정 하여야 한다.

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Development of Noise-proof Facility Considered with Soundproofing Materials in a Tunnel Blasting (터널 발파에서 방음재질을 고려한 방음문 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Jeoung, Jae-Hyeung;Won, Yeon-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.27-35
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    • 2011
  • This study investigated a sound reduction degree by each soundproofing materials and the sound pressure level of a main frequency range to develop soundproofing facilities installed for reducing sound in a tunnel blasting. The frequency range and sound pressure level of soundproofing materials(eg. sand and water etc.) mainly used at a working spot were measured using the experimental apparatus considered with blasting situation. The full scale pilot test was also carried out using developed soundproofing facilities in this study. And the performance of developed soundproofing facilities was analyzed. As a result, the developed soundproofing facilities using water in sound insulation materials could reduce about 10dB(A) of blasting noise in compare with the existing soundproofing facilities.

투명방음벽 : 설계, 분석 및 효과예측

  • 김연수;조문재;서상준
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.202-208
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    • 1993
  • 도시 주거지의 소음은 주로 자동차와 철도 등에 의한 교통소음이 주류를 이룬다. 저소음 차량 개발 등 국가적 차원의 노력은 차량소음을 줄이는 원천적이고 장기적 대책이 되겠지만 방음벽의 설치가 현실적으로는 최선의 방법이 될 수 있다. 이러한 제반 여건을 감안하여 대전시 중촌동 일원에 새로 건설되는 고가도로 구간의 인근에 거주하는 사람들의 소음대책을 위해 도로교통 소음 및 철도소음에 대한 영향을 컴퓨터 시뮬레이션 기법을 이용하여 예측하였으며, 이 결과에 따라 방음벽을 설치하였다. 또한 방음벽 설치시 주민의 여론을 수렴하여 방음벽은 투명방음판과 흡음형 방음판을 조합하여 설치하였다. 교통소음에 대한 컴퓨터 예측결과에 따라 설치된 방음벽에 대한 효과는 방음벽이 설치된 후 실측을 통하여 상호 비교하고 주민의 반응에 대해서도 알아보았다.

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Comparison of noise control plan for Road-traffic Noise on Highway (고속도로 교통 소음에 대한 다양한 방음대책 비교)

  • Ahn, Soyeon;Ryu, Hunjae;Kim, Chulhwan;Kim, Deuk Sung;Chang, Seo Il
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.939-942
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    • 2014
  • 고속도로 교통 소음 저감을 위해 상용소음예측프로그램인 SoundPLAN과 소음예측 시 주로 사용하는 도로 교통 소음예측식인 RLS-90을 이용하여 경제적이고 효율적인 방음대책 설계방안에 대한 연구를 하였다. 대상지역에서 측정한 실제 소음도와 예측 소음도의 차이를 비교하여 모델을 검증하고 장래교통량에 대하여 소음을 예측하여 방음대책을 설계하였다. 방음벽의 높이와 길이, 저소음 포장의 길이를 조절하고 저소음 포장과 방음벽을 혼용했을 경우에 대하여 소음규제 기준에 적합하게 설계하였고 각각의 설치 단가를 이용하여 경제성을 비교하여 보다 효율적인 방음대책을 알아보았다.

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Deterioration Evaluation Method of Noise Barriers for Managements of Highway (고속도로 방음벽 유지관리를 위한 방음벽 노후도 평가 방안)

  • Kim, Sangtae;Shin, Ilhyoung;Kim, Kyoungsu;Kim, Daae;Kim, Heungrae;Im, Jahae;Lee, Jajun
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.387-399
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    • 2019
  • This research aimed to prepare the classification of the damage types and the damage rating system of noise barriers for expressway noise barriers and to develop deterioration evaluation method of noise barriers by reflecting them. The noise barrier consists of soundproof panels, foundations and posts and the soundproof panels with 10 different types of materials are used in a single or mixed form.In this paper, damage of soundproof panel shows a single or composite damage, and thus a evaluation model of deterioration has been developed for noise barriers that can reflect the characteristic of noise barriers. Materials used mainly for soundproof walls were divided into material types for metal, plastic, timber, transparent and concrete. And damage types for noise barrier were classified into corrosion, discoloration, deformation, spalling and dislocation and damage types were subdivided according to the noise barrier's components and materials. Damage rating was divided into good, minor, normal and severe for each major part of noise barrier to assess damage rating of soundproof panel, foundation and post. The deterioration degree of noise barrier was evaluated comprehensively by using the deterioration evaluation method of whole noise barrier using weighted average. Deterioration evaluation method that can be systematically assessed has been developed for noise barrier using single or mixed soundproof panel and noise barrier with single or complex damage types. Through such an evaluation system, it is deemed that the deterioration status of noise barrier installed can be systematically understood and utilized for efficient maintenance planning and implementation for repair and improvement of noise barriers.

A Study on the Effects of Absorptive Treatments for the Highway Noise Barriers (도로교통소음의 방음벽 흡음효과에 관한 연구)

  • 김재석;루이스칸;김갑수
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.146-156
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    • 1998
  • To mitigate excessive noise from highways, and high speed rail road, it is often necessary to construct a noise barrier. Absorptive barroer attenuation solution is obtained for the problem of diffration of a plane wave sound source by a semi-infinite plane. A finite region in the vicinity of the edge has an highly absorbing boundary condition ; the remaining portion of the half plane is rigid. The problem which is solved is a mathematical model for a hard barrier with an absorbing edge. If the wavelength of the sound is much smaller than the length scale associated with the barrier, the diffraction process is governed to all intents and purpose by the solution to a standard problem of diffraction by a semi-infinite hard plane with an absorbent edge. It is concluded that the absorbing material that comprises the edge need only be of the order of a wavelength long to have approximately the same effect, on the sound attenuation in the shadow side of the barrier. Traffic noise is composed of thousands of sources with varying frequency content. To simplify noise predictions when barriers are present, an effective frequency of 550Hz may be used to represent all vehicles. The wavelength of sound at f=550Hz for traffic noise is about 2 feet. According to the above conclusion, an absorptive highway noise barrier is only needed to cover to cover approximately a 2 foot length of absorbing material. It would be more economical to cover only the region in the immediate vicinity of the edge with highly sound obsorbent material.

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A Reduction Effect in Noise Reflection by Different Shapes of Soundproofing-panel (도로소음원에 대한 방음패널 형상별 반사소음 저감효과)

  • Kim, Ilho;Park, Taeho;Chang, Seoil;Lee, Haein
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.120-125
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    • 2015
  • With rapid urbanization, the volume of traffic in urban area has been significantly increased. This in turn led to problem which can be described as Road Traffic Noise. Currently, to alleviate the road traffic noise damage, a demand for installation of soundproofing walls is rising. Among different shapes of soundproof walls being installed, the reflection-type acoustical insulation panel is highly drawing attentions of residents due to the fact that it does not obstruct their field of vision in contrast with the opaque acoustical insulation panel. On the other hand, improving the soundproofing wall of the reflection-type acoustical insulation barrier panel needs to be focused on since it has a possibility to cause a secondary damage by reflected sounds. Therefore, in this research, study has been carried out to improve the forms in order to minimize travelling of reflected sounds through changing the frontal surface shape and geometrical shape of the reflection-type soundproofing panel. A result from comparison between the normal reflection-type soundproofing panel and the improved soundproofing panel, with reduction effects in the noise reflection, showed that the curved type of soundproofing panel has an impact on reducing the noise up to 1.5 dB. Furthermore, from the research conducted, it appears that the increase and decrease in the reflected sounds can be changeable depending on various design factors. Thus, it turns out that the study shows a potential possibility to develop a reduction technology of the reflected sounds pertaining to overall condition on the soundproofing walls.

Performance Evaluation of Laminated-Tempered Glass as a Component of Noise Barrier on Metro Railway Elevated Bridge Against Train Induced Vibration and Wind Load (지하철 고가교 접합강화유리 방음판의 열차진동 및 풍하중에 대한 성능평가)

  • Kim, Suk-Su;Lee, Ho-Beom;Song, Jae-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.30-41
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    • 2017
  • Types of noise barrier installed for noise attenuation are largely divided into noise-absorbing format and noise-proofing format. In these days, installation of transparent noise barrier is general trend to solve problems that hinder sunshine and landscape. Some kinds of transparent boards are used to one of components in noise barriers, but in some cases, less transparency and worse pollution due to yellowing phenomena, and severe material deformation are to harm the urban aesthetics Therefore laminated-tempered glass board in that yellowing phenomena does not occur can be replaced as a transparent one to secure those shortcomings. In this paper, the structural safety against train induced vibration and the resistibility to wind load are analyzed for laminated-tempered glass system as a component of noise barrier installed on Metro railway elevated bridges. Also the appropriateness is evaluated through flexural bending performance test, compressive strength test, modulus of elasticity tests, and impact test for the system or the glass material itself. All of these processes are intended to present the deployment of logic to evaluate the adequacy for the system.