• Title, Summary, Keyword: 방음벽

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회전 방음벽

  • Lee, Seong-Chun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.89-89
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    • 2009
  • 본 사례는 특허출원 된 새로운 형태의 방음벽으로서, 풍하중의 크기 및 태양의 위치 그리고 시간대에 따란 열고 닫을 수 있는 방음벽에 관한 것이다. 본 사례의 방음벽은 일조와 조망이 필요한 시간대는 방음벽을 열어 일조와 조망을 보장하고, 큰 바람이 불 때는 방음벽을 열어 큰 풍하중을 회피하고, 특히 정숙을 요하는 계절이나 시간대에는 방음벽을 닫아 방음벽이 그 고유의 기능인 소음저감을 하도록 하는 방법이다. 본 사례의 방음벽은 방음벽의 전부 또는 상단 일부가 회전하면서 열리거나 닫힐 수 있는 구조이고, 회전방음판에 풍압감지수단과 태양위치식별수단과 함께 컨트롤러를 구비하여, 태양의 위치, 바람의 세기, 그리고 시간대에 따라 자동으로 방음벽이 열리거나 닫히도록 하였다.

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Comparison of the Insertion Loss Results of Semi-infinite Plane Screen by the Analytical Method and Boundary Element Method (반무한 방음벽의 삽입손실의 이론과 BEM해석에 의한 결과치 비교)

  • 김문섭;김관주
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.25-31
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    • 1995
  • 본 연구는 방음벽의 성능예측을 위해 BEM의 접근 방법을 시도하였으며 범용 음향 소프트웨어인 Sys-noise 5.2의 direct collocation bem을 사용하여 반무한 평면 방음벽에 대한 해석을 수행하였으며, 그 결과를 검증하기 위해 Maekawa에 의한 근사해와 해석적 점근해에 비교하였다. 또한, 수음점이 방음벽으로부터 떨어진 거리, 방음벽의 폭, 방음벽의 높이에 따른 삽입손실을 계산하였고, 방음벽에 흡음처리를 한 경우와 방음벽상단의 형상변화에 따른 삽입손실의 변화를 계산하였다.

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A Study on the Effects of Absorptive Treatments for the Highway Noise Barriers (도로교통소음의 방음벽 흡음효과에 관한 연구)

  • 김재석;루이스칸;김갑수
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.146-156
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    • 1998
  • To mitigate excessive noise from highways, and high speed rail road, it is often necessary to construct a noise barrier. Absorptive barroer attenuation solution is obtained for the problem of diffration of a plane wave sound source by a semi-infinite plane. A finite region in the vicinity of the edge has an highly absorbing boundary condition ; the remaining portion of the half plane is rigid. The problem which is solved is a mathematical model for a hard barrier with an absorbing edge. If the wavelength of the sound is much smaller than the length scale associated with the barrier, the diffraction process is governed to all intents and purpose by the solution to a standard problem of diffraction by a semi-infinite hard plane with an absorbent edge. It is concluded that the absorbing material that comprises the edge need only be of the order of a wavelength long to have approximately the same effect, on the sound attenuation in the shadow side of the barrier. Traffic noise is composed of thousands of sources with varying frequency content. To simplify noise predictions when barriers are present, an effective frequency of 550Hz may be used to represent all vehicles. The wavelength of sound at f=550Hz for traffic noise is about 2 feet. According to the above conclusion, an absorptive highway noise barrier is only needed to cover to cover approximately a 2 foot length of absorbing material. It would be more economical to cover only the region in the immediate vicinity of the edge with highly sound obsorbent material.

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Insertion Loss by Noise Barrier on the Discontinuous Ground (불연속 지면위의 방음벽에 의한 삽입손실에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ye-Hyun;Kim, Dong-Ill;Jang, Ho-Kyeong
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.114-121
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    • 1995
  • Outdoor experimental study is presented the insertion loss caused by barrier considering discontinuous ground condition. Measurements ware made in 1/3 octave band over the frequency range 315 Hz~3150 Hz with the various geometry of the source, receiver and barriers. The frequency range of the interference pattern depends on the phase difference between path from the edge of barrier to receiver, and hence on the acoustical properties of the ground on the receiver side of the barrier. The insertion loss by barrier, in addition to diffraction, is shown to be dependent on the ground characteristic.

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방음벽의 원리

  • 임병덕
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.192-198
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    • 1993
  • 옥외에서 발생하는 소음은 음원과 수음점 사이의 시선을 차단하는 장애물을 설치하는 방법이외에는 달리 방도가 없는 경우가 많다. 빛과 마찬가지로 소리도 시선이 차단되면 소리의 그늘이 지는데 빛의 경우보다는 상당히 강한 음장이 이 그늘에 존재한다. 그늘 영역에서의 음장은 소리의 회절현상에 기인하는 것으로서 회절음장은 곧 방음벽의 차음효과를 좌우한다. 방음벽의 차음효과는 잉여감쇠(excessive attenuation)로 표시되는데 잉여감쇠에 영향을 주는 인자는 방음벽의 기하학적 조건, 음향학적 성질, 설치지면, 주변지형, 풍속 및 온도분포와 같은 기상조건, 음원의 특성 등 다양하지만 가장 기본적인 인자는 기하학적인 조건이다. 본고는 방음벽의 원리에 국한하여 살펴보기 위해 기술된 것이므로 주로 판 또는 쐐기 형태의 물체에 의한 회절현상을 취급하였다.

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투명방음벽 : 설계, 분석 및 효과예측

  • 김연수;조문재;서상준
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.202-208
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    • 1993
  • 도시 주거지의 소음은 주로 자동차와 철도 등에 의한 교통소음이 주류를 이룬다. 저소음 차량 개발 등 국가적 차원의 노력은 차량소음을 줄이는 원천적이고 장기적 대책이 되겠지만 방음벽의 설치가 현실적으로는 최선의 방법이 될 수 있다. 이러한 제반 여건을 감안하여 대전시 중촌동 일원에 새로 건설되는 고가도로 구간의 인근에 거주하는 사람들의 소음대책을 위해 도로교통 소음 및 철도소음에 대한 영향을 컴퓨터 시뮬레이션 기법을 이용하여 예측하였으며, 이 결과에 따라 방음벽을 설치하였다. 또한 방음벽 설치시 주민의 여론을 수렴하여 방음벽은 투명방음판과 흡음형 방음판을 조합하여 설치하였다. 교통소음에 대한 컴퓨터 예측결과에 따라 설치된 방음벽에 대한 효과는 방음벽이 설치된 후 실측을 통하여 상호 비교하고 주민의 반응에 대해서도 알아보았다.

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Acoustic Performance Evaluation and Prediction for Low Height Noise Barriers Installed Adjacent To Rails Using Scale Down Model (축척 모형을 이용한 근접 저상 방음벽의 음향성능평가 및 예측)

  • Yoon, Je Won;Jang, Kang Seok;Cho, Yong Thung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.124-134
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    • 2016
  • Research on low height noise barriers installed adjacent to railways to reduce the height of the noise barrier has actively progressed in many countries except Korea. The performance of low height noise barriers is evaluated to identify barrier acoustic characteristics using a scale model of the barrier in the present research. As shown in the experimental results, if it is considered the installation of 'ㄱ' type noise barrier, sound absorption material should be installed on both the top and the vertical surfaces of the barrier to improve insertion loss. Also, an analytical method such as the boundary element method, rather than a simple empirical equation, is required to evaluate the insertion loss of the barrier. In addition, noise level increase in passenger position is very small if a barrier with sound absorption material is installed. Finally, the two dimensional boundary element method is implemented to predict the acoustic characteristics of the low height barrier; the possibility of the application is confirmed from a comparison of the results of measurements and predictions.

The Analysis of Effect of Surface Shape and Pattern of Noise Barrier Panel on the Noise Reduction (방음벽 전면형상에 따른 소음 효과 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, IlHo;Ahn, Hosang;Park, Jong-Bin;Kim, Gwang Soo;Lee, Ju Haeng;Ko, Junhee
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.34 no.12
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    • pp.835-839
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    • 2012
  • In recent decades, a lot of noise barriers have been installed along paved road in order to reduce the road induced noise, which increases as traffic volume grows. For better range of sight, transparent noise barriers are widely installed despite of reflecting noise. In this study, the effect of surface shape and pattern of noise barriers on the reduction of reflecting noise was analyzed to maximize the noise reduction. According to the number of shape and pattern, it was observed that there were noise reduction effect as of 0.9~1.5 dB(A). It was found that the spatial field where the noise concentrates or disperses changes according to the width of blocks on the barriers as well. It suggests that there might be possibility of surface shape modification to optimize the noise reduction technology.

An analyses of the noise reduction effect of vegetation noise barrier using scaled model experiments (모형실험을 통한 식생형 방음벽의 소음저감 효과 분석)

  • Haan, Chan-Hoon;Hong, Seong-Shin
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.223-233
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    • 2016
  • Design of a vegetation type sound barrier was presented as a noise barrier on the boundary of neighborhood facilities including schools, and apartments. The suggested noise barrier is made of unit blocks that are to be formed by stacking over the wall structure containing the plant and soils in the blocks. The advantage of the vegetation noise barrier is to acquire not only sound absorptive effects of plants and soils, but also sound diffusive effect caused by the irregular surface of the barrier which could eventually mitigate the noise. First, the optimum size of the units to obtain the highest noise reduction was investigated using 1/10 scaled model experiment, and sound attenuation experiments were carried out using a 1/2 mock-up model which is 2 m high and 5 m long. Total 1,137 unit blocks were made of synthetic woods with the size of $10{\times}10{\times}9cm$. These unit blocks were installed on the both side of the 1/2 mock-up steel framed noise barrier. As a result, it was revealed that the block typed vegetation noise barrier has 7 dB higher insertion loss in comparison with the general plane noise barrier. Also, it was found that the appropriate size of unit blocks is $20{\times}20cm$ which has large effect of sound insertion loss.

Deterioration Evaluation Method of Noise Barriers for Managements of Highway (고속도로 방음벽 유지관리를 위한 방음벽 노후도 평가 방안)

  • Kim, Sangtae;Shin, Ilhyoung;Kim, Kyoungsu;Kim, Daae;Kim, Heungrae;Im, Jahae;Lee, Jajun
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.387-399
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    • 2019
  • This research aimed to prepare the classification of the damage types and the damage rating system of noise barriers for expressway noise barriers and to develop deterioration evaluation method of noise barriers by reflecting them. The noise barrier consists of soundproof panels, foundations and posts and the soundproof panels with 10 different types of materials are used in a single or mixed form.In this paper, damage of soundproof panel shows a single or composite damage, and thus a evaluation model of deterioration has been developed for noise barriers that can reflect the characteristic of noise barriers. Materials used mainly for soundproof walls were divided into material types for metal, plastic, timber, transparent and concrete. And damage types for noise barrier were classified into corrosion, discoloration, deformation, spalling and dislocation and damage types were subdivided according to the noise barrier's components and materials. Damage rating was divided into good, minor, normal and severe for each major part of noise barrier to assess damage rating of soundproof panel, foundation and post. The deterioration degree of noise barrier was evaluated comprehensively by using the deterioration evaluation method of whole noise barrier using weighted average. Deterioration evaluation method that can be systematically assessed has been developed for noise barrier using single or mixed soundproof panel and noise barrier with single or complex damage types. Through such an evaluation system, it is deemed that the deterioration status of noise barrier installed can be systematically understood and utilized for efficient maintenance planning and implementation for repair and improvement of noise barriers.