• Title, Summary, Keyword: 범죄

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The research of crimes for the pure people -Focused on Gwangju Metropolitan City- (생계형 범죄연구 -광주광역시를 중심으로-)

  • Kang, maeng-jin
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.131-132
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    • 2019
  • 생계형범죄라는 말은 '생계'를 위해 범죄를 저지르는 안타까운 일이 발생하는 상황에서 만들어진 용어이다. 생계형 범죄의 기준이 법적으로 규정된 바 없지만, 실무적으로는 기초수급대상자이면서 고령인 사람, 65세 이상으로 경미한 범죄를 저지른 사람, 70대 이상의 노인이 생계와 관련하여 저지른 가벼운 범죄. 그리고 기초수급대상자 이외에도 의료수급이나 빈곤층, 또 치매 등으로 사리 판단이 분명하지 않은 사람들이 저지르는 범죄가 그 대상에 포함이 되어 다루어지고 있다. 생계형범죄는 대부분 중하지 않은 범죄라고 볼 수 있다. 생계형범죄와 관련이 있는 것은 경미범죄 혹은 즉결심판대상범죄이다. 광주에서 2016년 경미범죄심사를 받은 사람들이 109명이었고 2017년에는 142명으로 증가를 했으며 2018년에는 66명으로 감소되었다. 이것은 범죄가 줄어든 것이 아니라, 경찰이 생계형범죄를 비롯한 경미범죄심사 대상자들을 즉결심판에 넘기면서 줄어든 수치이다.

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A Study on the Applicability of Data Mining for Crime Prediction : Focusing on Burglary (범죄예측에서의 데이터마이닝 적용 가능성 연구 : 절도범죄를 중심으로)

  • Bang, Seung-Hwan;Kim, Tae-Hun;Cho, Hyun-Bo
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.309-317
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    • 2014
  • Recently, crime prediction and prevention are the most important social issues, and global and local governments have tried to prevent crime using various methodologies. One of the methodologies, data mining can be applied at various crime fields such as crime pattern analysis, crime prediction, etc. However, there is few researches to find the relationships between the results of data mining and crime components in terms of criminology. In this study, we introduced environmental criminology, and identified relationships between environment factors related with crime and variables using at data mining. Then, using real burglary data occurred in South Korea, we applied clustering to show relations of results of data mining and crime environment factors. As a result, there were differences in the crime environment caused by each cluster. Finally, we showed the meaning of data mining use at crime prediction and prevention area in terms of criminology.

Study on the distribution of crime in urban space - Gwangju metropolitan city from the perspective of the environmental criminology - (도시공간의 범죄분포특성에 관한 연구 - 환경범죄학의 관점에서 광주광역시를 대상으로 -)

  • Kim, Young-Hwan;Mun, Jeong-Min;Chang, Dong-Kuk
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.235-241
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    • 2007
  • AThis research is rather on the crime occurrence of target area's space scope than on the approach to the cause of specific area's crime occurrence from the perspective of the environmental criminology emphasizing the crime prevention. By observing the composition of crime distribution, it is intended to search the strategies of crime prevention actually corresponded to the crime problems. For this, after segmenting the city into six sectors, targeting city crimes in Gwangju metropolitan city, in 2004, the basic materials about the crime frequency are analyzed through dividing the types on the base of the present state of crime occurrence, the types of crime, the locations of crime occurrence, the purposes of buildings, the types of intruders, the forms of intrusions. As a result of research. it is suggested that the activation method of community police activities is necessary for the prevention of community crime prevention.

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Study on the effect of fear of crime on the selection of private security (범죄에 대한 두려움이 민간경비 선택에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Sang-Woon;Shin, Jae-Hun
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.32
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    • pp.33-63
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    • 2012
  • Humans are influenced by economic factors, physical environment factors, social and environmental factors, influenced by the media. In particular, the occurrence of the crime for fear of crime due to the human activities of the area has reduced. Fear of crime inflienced by direct victim of a crime, disorder of the surrounding environment, and indirect victims of crime. Therefore, in order to reduce their fears about crime in the private security through crime prevention and. About the factors affecting their fears about crime in the actual selection of the private security and private security activities in order to solve these problems through crime prevention, through this study will be described. In this study, we randomly select the survey was in August 2011, as detached house in Seoul and Daegu. As a result, the fear of crime fears about crime were influenced directly or indirectly by factors of private security selection.

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Consideration on Precedence of Crime Occurrence on Stock Price of Security Company (범죄 발생의 경비업체 주가에 대한 선행성 고찰)

  • Joo, Il-Yeob
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.34
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    • pp.313-336
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to derive an optimal regression model for occurrences of major crimes on a security company's stock price through identifying precedence of the occurrences of major crimes on the security company's stock price, relationship between the occurrences of major crimes and the security company's stock price. Followings are the results of this study. First, the occurrences of murder crime, robbery crime, rape crime, theft crime move along the security company's monthly stock price simultaneously, and the occurrence of violence crime precedes 6 months to the security company's monthly stock price depending on the results of cross-correlation analysis of precedence of occurrences of major crimes, such as murder crime, robbery crime, rape crime, theft crime, violence crime on the security company's monthly stock price. Second, the explanation of the occurrences of robbery crime, rape crime, theft crime on the security company's monthly stock price is 61.7%($R^2$ = .617) excluding murder crime, violence crime depending on the results of multiple regression analysis(stepwise method) by putting the occurrences of major crimes, such as murder crime, robbery crime, rape crime, theft crime, violence crime into the security company's monthly stock price.

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Research on Fear of Criminal Victim of the Elderly Based on Risk Interpretation Model (위험해석모델에 따른 노인의 범죄피해 두려움에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, So-Young;Kim, Chang-Ho
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.45
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    • pp.221-242
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    • 2015
  • Verification for the causality of factors affecting fear of criminal victim which has a bad influence on the senior's quality of life and directions to prevent the crimes against the elderly have been suggested. This study proves the applicability for fear of crime to old people especially based on risk interpretation model consisting of perceived risk of crime, behavioral response and fear of crime. Analysis results are as follows. First, disorder factors as social characteristics showed statistically significant influences on perceived risk of crime, behavioral response and fear of crime. Second, direct experienced crime victimization only affected perceived risk of crime while indirect experienced crime victimization had an effect on perceived risk of crime and fear of crime as well. Third, perceived risk of crime influenced fear of crime. Fourth, perceived risk of crime was concerned with fear of crime. Fifth, behavioral response was affiliated with fear of crime. These results reveal that risk interpretation model can be applied to senior's fear of crime. Moreover, disorder factor as social characteristic and experienced crime victimization as individual characteristic help the elderly perceive the risk of crime, bring behavioral response. Consequently, they play a role of factors affecting fear of crime. It is emphasized that support policy is required for the elderly who had experienced crime and stabilization of community environment if necessary to improve the quality of life.

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A Study on an Effective Operation of Crimes Against Children (아동대상범죄 예방을 위한 실효적 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Eun-Young
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Disaster Information Conference
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    • pp.339-342
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    • 2016
  • 본 논문에서는 아동은 성인에 비하여 신체적 정신적으로 미성숙하며, 특히 범죄에 있어서는 스스로 대응할 수 있는 능력이 부족한 존재로서 우리 사회 전체가 함께 협력하여 범죄로부터 최우선으로 보호하여야 할 대상이다. 그리나 최근 아동을 대상으로 하는 강력범죄 및 학교 내외에서 발생하는 범죄들이 지속적으로 증가하면서 해마다 이에 대한 대안 및 정책들이 쏟아져 나오고 있다. 아동들은 주로 학교나 통학로, 주거지를 비롯한 주요 활동범위 내에서 범죄 피해를 당한다. 이러한 범죄의 피해를 예방하기 위해 도입된 '환경설계를 통한 범죄예방 기법 (CPTED)'은 도입 초기에 기대와는 달리 지역사회와의 고립이 초래되고, 일률적인 학교 시설 내에 CPTED가 범죄의 사각지대를 만드는 등의 부작용이 초래되고 있다. 또한 지역사회의 아동대상범죄 예방활동 역시도 지역 내 소통부재 및 예산확보 문제 등으로 지역 내 시설의 차별이 생기기도 하며, 제대로 된 범죄 예방활동이 이루어지지 못하고 있는 실정이다. 이에 본고에서는 CPTED의 가이드라인 제정 및 공간의 차이를 통한 다양한 기법의 적용방법을 모색하여 학교 내 시설에서의 아동대상범죄를 예방하고, 전 세계적 추세의 통한 아동안전친화도시 조성을 위한 조례제정 및 기본원칙을 제언하고자 한다.

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Crime Prevention by Using CPTED and Improvement (CPTED를 활용한 범죄예방 및 개선방안)

  • Park, Kwang-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.157-159
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    • 2016
  • 최근 학교폭력 및 묻지마 범죄가 꾸준히 증가추세에 있다. 2011년 12월 학교폭력에 의한 대구중학생 자살사건, 2010년 2월 김길태 사건과 6월 김수철 사건, 2016년 5월 강남역 노래방 살인사건과 6월 섬마을 여교사 사건 등 사회적 약자인 소년, 여성 대상범죄 및 묻지마 범죄가 사회문제로 대두되고 있다. 이에 따라 범죄예방 도구이자 전략으로써 CPTED가 하나의 대안으로 부각되고 있다. 국토교통부는 건축물, 건축설비 및 대지에 관한 범죄예방 기준인 '범죄예방 건축기준 고시'를 2015년부터 시행하고 있는데 적용대상 건물 등은 이 기준에 따라 설계하고 건축해야 한다. 현대 위험사회에서 강력범죄 및 경범죄의 사전예방을 위해서는 사회 안전시스템 구축이 요구되며 그 대안으로 환경설계를 통해 범행기회를 심리적, 물리적으로 차단하는 정책을 모색함으로써 환경범죄학 입장에서 범죄예방에 접근할 필요가 있다.

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A Study on the Realities and Analysis of Crime Related to Security Guard (경호경비 관련 주요범죄에 대한 실태분석)

  • Kim, Chang-Ho;Ju, Choul-Hyun
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.16
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    • pp.65-79
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    • 2008
  • This study started with the need to have a basic understanding of the crimes related to security guard in Korea. For this purpose, it attempted to analyze the crimes related to security guard occurring in Korea for the years, the cause for those crimes to occur, and the basic cause for those crimes such as criminals' educational level, age, occupation and so forth investigate how those crimes occurred. And ultimately it was intended to provide referential materials for perfect security guard from the stage of its planning to the stage of implementation and termination by analyzing how the machinery of law treated those criminals. This study aimed to help security guards to perform their role by investigating the cause and disposition of crimes related to security guard occurring for the years in order to cope with the emergency situation frequently occurring in the job of security guard. To attain the goal of study, this study attempted to do the following tasks: First, to analyze existing crimes and investigate the crimes related to security guard in order to investigate how the criminal act occurred in relation to the crime related to security guard, numerous kinds of crimes. Second, to investigate in what case the criminal act occurred by analyzing the criminal environment, the yearly, monthly and weekly frequency of those crimes and the like in relation to this criminal act. Third, to grope the alternative to cope effectively with all sorts of dangerous situations on the spot of security guard by analyzing the crimes related to security guard and investigating the effective scheme for coping with it.

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Spatial Crime Analysis using GIS (GIS를 이용한 범죄의 공간적 특성)

  • Jeon Jae-Han;Kwon Jay-Hyoun;Yang Hyo-Jin;Choi Yun-Soo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies Conference
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    • pp.112-115
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    • 2006
  • 현대사회는 지능적으로 고도화되는 범죄에 대응하기 위하여 범죄 현상을 분석하려는 노력이 다각적으로 행해지고 있다. 컴퓨팅 기술과 GIS 기술을 이용한 범죄의 공간적 특성을 분석하려는 연구는 범죄 분야에서 최근 관심을 가지는 부분이다. 본 연구에서는 다양한 공간적인 특성이 나타나는 지역을 선정하여 범죄분포의 특성을 밝혀보고자 한다. 범죄는 발생 빈도가 높은 폭력, 절도, 강도, 성폭행의 범죄에 대해서 재구성하였으며 변수 도출을 위한 이론적 배경은 생활양식-일상이론과 환경범죄학을 기초로 하였다. 분석기법으로는 Hot spot 을 이용하여 범죄의 분포 형태를 분석하였으며 Buffer 분석을 하여 범죄 요인과 범죄 사이의 상관관계를 도출해 보았다.

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