• Title, Summary, Keyword: 범죄예방

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A Study on Interdependence of Private Security and Techniques of CPTED (민간경비와 환경설계를 통한 범죄예방(CPTED) 기법의 상호의존성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jung-Duk;Lim, You-Seok
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.29
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    • pp.223-249
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    • 2011
  • In modern society, citizens' quality of life aspects of safety and crime prevention activities are actively considering the incidence of crime prevention in advance. It also can be quite important elicit the interest of who community members through effective crime prevention strategies. For crime prevention policies and techniques over time as more scientific and advanced methods are made. Today, A typical crime prevention strategies is private security zones and Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) is a corresponding to the new strategy. CPTED is a diversification can be called a crime prevention approach that emphasizes the principle of natural surveillance, access control, territoriality, activity support, maintenance and management. The defensible space of the space area related to crime prevention setting the activities of private security and CPTED determine. Also, the reality of crime prevention and protection should be considered space. The emphasis on proactive prevention of crime in modern society for the prevention of crime how to approach differing perspectives and disparate aspects of private security and CPTED. Technical and professional areas that overlap to some extent in a homogeneous aspect. Ultimately, CPTED is a crime prevention through space and environmental approach for crime. In addition, Ultimate goal of convergence, crime prevention, with the same or higher is required to study for the area after looking for the characteristics and limitations of private security and CPTED.

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A Study on an Effective Operation of Crimes Against Children (아동대상범죄 예방을 위한 실효적 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Eun-Young
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Disaster Information Conference
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    • pp.339-342
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    • 2016
  • 본 논문에서는 아동은 성인에 비하여 신체적 정신적으로 미성숙하며, 특히 범죄에 있어서는 스스로 대응할 수 있는 능력이 부족한 존재로서 우리 사회 전체가 함께 협력하여 범죄로부터 최우선으로 보호하여야 할 대상이다. 그리나 최근 아동을 대상으로 하는 강력범죄 및 학교 내외에서 발생하는 범죄들이 지속적으로 증가하면서 해마다 이에 대한 대안 및 정책들이 쏟아져 나오고 있다. 아동들은 주로 학교나 통학로, 주거지를 비롯한 주요 활동범위 내에서 범죄 피해를 당한다. 이러한 범죄의 피해를 예방하기 위해 도입된 '환경설계를 통한 범죄예방 기법 (CPTED)'은 도입 초기에 기대와는 달리 지역사회와의 고립이 초래되고, 일률적인 학교 시설 내에 CPTED가 범죄의 사각지대를 만드는 등의 부작용이 초래되고 있다. 또한 지역사회의 아동대상범죄 예방활동 역시도 지역 내 소통부재 및 예산확보 문제 등으로 지역 내 시설의 차별이 생기기도 하며, 제대로 된 범죄 예방활동이 이루어지지 못하고 있는 실정이다. 이에 본고에서는 CPTED의 가이드라인 제정 및 공간의 차이를 통한 다양한 기법의 적용방법을 모색하여 학교 내 시설에서의 아동대상범죄를 예방하고, 전 세계적 추세의 통한 아동안전친화도시 조성을 위한 조례제정 및 기본원칙을 제언하고자 한다.

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Crime Prevention by Using CPTED and Improvement (CPTED를 활용한 범죄예방 및 개선방안)

  • Park, Kwang-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.157-159
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    • 2016
  • 최근 학교폭력 및 묻지마 범죄가 꾸준히 증가추세에 있다. 2011년 12월 학교폭력에 의한 대구중학생 자살사건, 2010년 2월 김길태 사건과 6월 김수철 사건, 2016년 5월 강남역 노래방 살인사건과 6월 섬마을 여교사 사건 등 사회적 약자인 소년, 여성 대상범죄 및 묻지마 범죄가 사회문제로 대두되고 있다. 이에 따라 범죄예방 도구이자 전략으로써 CPTED가 하나의 대안으로 부각되고 있다. 국토교통부는 건축물, 건축설비 및 대지에 관한 범죄예방 기준인 '범죄예방 건축기준 고시'를 2015년부터 시행하고 있는데 적용대상 건물 등은 이 기준에 따라 설계하고 건축해야 한다. 현대 위험사회에서 강력범죄 및 경범죄의 사전예방을 위해서는 사회 안전시스템 구축이 요구되며 그 대안으로 환경설계를 통해 범행기회를 심리적, 물리적으로 차단하는 정책을 모색함으로써 환경범죄학 입장에서 범죄예방에 접근할 필요가 있다.

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A Study on the Effectiveness to the Crime Prevention by the Combined Security System of the Private Security and the Police (민간경비원과 경찰의 협력이 범죄예방에 미치는 영향)

  • Ahn, Hwang-Kwon;Kang, Min-Wan
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.10
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    • pp.173-188
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    • 2005
  • This paper is dealing with the effectiveness to the crime prevention by the combined security system of the private security and the public security(the Police). In the western countries the public and the private security have well co-operated each other in terms of the job distribution. But our country's The private security has not much serviced in the crime prevention. The public security system has in limited capability to prevent the crime, therefore the co-production through with the private security industry and the community network are required to prevent and reduce the crime we are facing on. The followings are the result of survey on the prevention of crime through The combined security system(co-production) of The police, the private security and the community network; 1) The private security could be a big help to the police work if the two system can be co-operated smoothly. 2) The crime prevention could be not good worked out if police work would only be in the upper level class. 3) The job satisfaction is a positive if the co-operation between the police and the private security is on well.

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A Public Opinion Survey on the Crime Prevention of the Private Security (민간경비의 범죄예방 역할에 대한 시민의식조사)

  • Gong, Bae-Wan
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.16
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2008
  • This study is trying to analyse the private security prevention role of citizen, For this analyse the public opinion survey on the crime prevention of the private security was carried in Kyungnam area about the crime prevention system and the storage and institution, the role of the crime prevention of private security etc. So that, we have experimented a fact-finding survey about civil consciousness. The result of this fact-finding survey about crime prevention system is on the hand pointed out the circumscription of the police power, and the other hand they have the age-old ceremonies on the dependence about police system. Because the public security order needs the compelling power to maintenance the peace and this power is exercising only by police. They don't have the trust about the role of the private security as the crime prevention institution. But, they consider the private security is just for anyone in particular and special class by their demand. And also, they consider the private security is very expensive to utilize for their security in the everyday life. There for, some people have trust for the private security and if they have a chance for the security, they consider to utilize the private security for their safe life as an security agency. The private security has a powerful experts and so many high-tech equipments for the security. Thus, we have to find a solution to get the best out of it. Because the private security is also a part of crime prevention institution as the police agency.

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Crime Prevention by Using CPTED and Improvement (환경설계를 통한 범죄예방 및 개선방안)

  • Park, Kwang-Hyun
    • Journal of Digital Contents Society
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.733-738
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    • 2017
  • This study is to find out empirically how the fear of crime is affected by the level of recognition of people. CPTED elements including natural surveillance, access control, utilization enhancement, territoriality securement, etc. Safety of residents could be considered and then increased when we plan, design, and operate a city. In Korea, CPTED is currently being applied to every town. However, it is not systemized and neither efficient, for there are no constraint provisions, and the foreign cases are not specifically customized to the current situation of the country. This study, therefore, aims to find the limits from analyzing related laws and regimes, administrative regulations, and applied cases, and to deduct improvement plans based on examined foreign cases.

Crime Prevention Using Ubiquitous Technique (유비쿼터스 기술을 활용한 범죄예방 활동)

  • Park, Ju-Sang
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.169-175
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    • 2007
  • As the concept of Ubiquitous Computing has become an important issue, we need to have a voice in the field of Crime Prevention Technology. Ubiquitous Computing means that IT network based on realization of 6A(Anytime, Anywhere, Anybody, Anynetwork, Anydevice, Anyservice) is deeply penetrated into our daily life. As ITS has developed with the aid of IT and Crime Prevention Technology together, we need to discuss u-Crime Prevention or Crime Prevention sector is mentioned as a major application of Ubiquitous Computing.

A Study on Construction of Crime Prevention System using Big Data in Korea (한국에서 빅데이터를 활용한 범죄예방시스템 구축을 위한 연구)

  • Kim, SungJun
    • The Journal of the Institute of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.217-221
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    • 2017
  • Proactive prevention is important for crime. Past crimes have focused on coping after death and punishing them. But with Big Data technology, crime can be prevented spontaneously. Big data can predict the behavior of criminals or potential criminals. This article discusses how to build a big data system for crime prevention. Specifically, it deals with the way to combine unstructured data of big data with basic form data, and as a result, designs crime prevention system. Through this study, it is expected that the possibility of using big data for crime prevention is described through fingerprints, and it is expected to help crime prevention program and research in future.

A Study on the Crime Prevention of Residential Zone through the Application of CPTED (CPTED 기법을 적용한 주거지역의 범죄예방에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.273-278
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    • 2008
  • As the new management strategy of urban crime, The crime prevention through environmental design is the one of the crime control strategies for preparatory Prevention. Therefore, The Purpose of this study is to find out the crime prevention strategy to encounter problems in reality concerning to the urban crime. In this purpose, We analyze how to form crime distribution through fieldwork about crime happened in the dong-gu residential zone of urban crimes happened in Gwang-Ju metropolitan city, 2004. And then, We examine the crime prevention strategy through CPTED(Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design).

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The Effect of Natural Surveillance of Detached House on the Fear of Crime (단독주택의 자연적 감시 확보가 범죄 두려움에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Jae-Hun;Kim, Sang-Woon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.230-237
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    • 2012
  • Since the 1950s, crime prevention was to figure out how dissident. Unlike traditional crime prevention was a point of view. Physical environment and a method to prevent crime, "Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design: CPTED)" is the prevention of crime, property crime, criminals and human right with the surrounding environment. These CPTED has a variety of factors. Natural surveillance of these is the most basic elements. Natural surveillance is monitored by monitoring the behavior of criminals, to prevent crime. CPTED was the large majority of existing studies focused on a study area. However, this study examined the area around a house. Made to secure the hypothesis of natural surveillance to affect fear of crime. Research on fear of crime and crime victimization declined. Thus, the securing of natural surveillance proved to be effective in crime prevention in this study.