• Title, Summary, Keyword: 벼도열병균

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Comparison of Relationships in Infraspecies of Magnaporthe grisea Using DNA Sequence of Internal Transcribed Spacer II Region in Ribosomal DNA (도열병균(Magnaporthe grisea)의 Ribosomal DNA의 ITS II 부위 핵산 염기서열을 이용한 균주간 근연관계 비교)

  • 배신철;이신우;이인구;예완해;류진창
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.91-98
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    • 1996
  • 벼도열병균 14개 균주와 벼 이외 화본과 식물 도열병균 12개 균주를 대상으로 rDNA의 ITS II 부위를 증폭하여 그들의 핵산 구조 차이를 분석함으로 도열병균 균주간 분류를 시도하였다. 5.8S rDNA의 3`-말단 부위와 28S rDNA의 5`-말단 부위의 sequence 중 5`-CCCGGGAATTCGCATCGATCGATCGAATGAAGA-ACGCAGC-3`와 5`-CCCGGGATCCTCCGCTTATT-GATATGC-3`를 이용하여 PCR 증폭을 하였을 때 벼도열병균 14개 균주는 동일한 길이의 단일 밴드를 형성하였으며 벼 이외 화본과 식물 도열병균에서는 레드톱 식물로부터 분리한 도열병균만이 나머지 균주보다 38bp가 더 큰 길이를 가진 밴드를 형성하였다. PCR로 증폭된 DNA를 HaeIII와 MspI 제한효소로 절단하였을 때 벼도열병균 레이스간에는 제한효소 절단에 의한 전기영동 밴드 형태 차이를 관찰할 수 없었으나, 벼 이외 화본과 식물 도열병균 12개 균주는 3군으로 구분할 수 있었다. 벼도열병균 90=054와 강아지풀에서 분리한 도열병균 G90-5, 기장에서 분리한 G88-4, 바랭이에서 분리한 G88-5 그리고 레드톱에서 분리한 RT 균주의 ITS II 부위의 DNA 염기서열 비교 분석에 의하면 G88-4와는 다른 HaeIII와 MspI 제한효소 위치를 가지고 있었기에 제한효소 절단에 의한 전기영동 형태가 상이하였다. 또한 RT균주는 HaeIII와 MspI위치가 존재하지 않았다.

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Synthesis and fungicidal activity of new ${\beta}$-methoxyacrylate derivatives having thio-enol side chain (티오엔을 곁가지를 가진 메톡시아크릴레이트 화합물의 합성 및 살균활성 연구)

  • Lee, Hyeon-Kyu;Kim, Ji-A;Choi, Eun-Bok;Park, Chwang-Siek;Choi, Gyung-Ja
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.132-139
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    • 2005
  • New ${\beta}$-methoxyacrylate derivatives 1-4 having thio-enol side chain were prepared and subjected to in vivo screening for fungicidal activity against phytopathogenic fungi and many of them showed good fungicidal activities against especially rice blast and wheat leaf rust at 100 ppm.

Synthesis and Phytophathogenic Activities of Isopropylmethylphenyl benzenesulfonate Derivatives (Isopropylmethylphenyl benzenesulfonate 유도체의 합성과 식물병원균에 대한 생리활성)

  • Choi, Won-Sik;Nam, Seok-Woo;Kim, Hak-Cheun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.11 no.12
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    • pp.4854-4862
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    • 2010
  • Twenty five compounds isopropylmethylphenyl benzenesulfonate derivatives of thymol (1), 4-isopropyl-3-methylphenol (2), 5-isopropyl-3-methylphenol (3), 4-isopropylphenol (4), and 2-isopropylphenol (5) derivatives were synthesized. These compounds were analyzed for their structural confirmation with IR, GC/MS, and $^1H$-NMR. Synthetic compounds were tested against phytopathogenic fungi activities such as Pyrcularia grisea, Rhizoctonia solani, Phytophthora infestans, Colletotrichum orbiculare, and Sphaerotheca fusca. 2-Isopropyl-5-methylphenyl o-toluenesulfonate (1a), 2-isopropylphenyl 2,4,5-trichloro-benzenesulfonate (5b) and 2-isopropylphenyl 2-methyl-5-nitrobenzenesulfonate (5e) showed a potent in vivo antifungal activity against Pyrcularia grisea, Phytophthora infestans and Sphaerotheca fusca.

Effect of Predisposing Temperatures on The Histopathology of The Rice Blast Fungus, pyricularia oryzae I. Effect of Blast Fungus Isolates on Penetration of Rice Varieties at Different Predisposing Temperature Regimes (접종전 온도처리가 벼도열병균의 조직병리학에 미치는 영향 I. 기생체 침입에 미치는 도열병균 균주의 영향)

  • KIM Chang Kyu;CRILL PAT
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 1980
  • Percent penetration on a specific rice variety was more affected by blast fungus isolate or predisposition temperature than by temperature and isolate combinations. A susceptible variety tested remained continuously susceptible regardless of whether the variety was grown at different temperature regimes and exposed to isolates/races with differences in pathogenicity and virulence. The expression of virulence by a particular blast fungus isolate race was observed to be changed by subjecting rice host plants to different predisposing temperature conditions prior to inoculation.

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Distribution of Races of Pyricularia oryzae in Kyungpook Province (경북지방(慶北地方)의 벼도열병균(稻熱病菌)레이스 분포(分布)에 대하여)

  • Lee, Joon Tak;Choo, Yeun Dae
    • Current Research on Agriculture and Life Sciences
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    • v.5
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    • pp.112-118
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    • 1987
  • This experiment was conducted to obtain the basic information for the effective control of rice blast. Eleven races of Pyricuiaria oryzae were identified, 5 races of KJ group and 6 races of KI group in Kyungpook province. Among them KJ301 was the most dominant one, and they were prevailed in the order of KJ401, KJ201, KJ101, KJ105, KI307 and $KI315^b$. The distribution ratio of KI group race was higher in the middle and northern region than the southern and coastal region. A positive correlation was found between the distribution ratio of KI group races and cultivated area of indica type cultivals. The total ratio of Blasticidin-S resistant isolates in P. oryzae was 31.2%. The distribution ratios of resistant isolates were 43.2% in the southern region, 29.4% middle, 25.0% nothern and 10.5% coastal region, respectively. The distribution ratio of Blasticidin-S resistant Isolates was correlated positively with amounts of the chemical sprayed, but not correlated with the race of P. oryzae.

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Influence of substituted phenyl backbone on the fungicidal activity of 2-thienyl and 2-furyl substituents in bis-aromatic ${\alpha},{\beta}$-unsaturated ketone derivatives (비스 방향족 ${\alpha},{\beta}$-불포화 케톤 유도체 중 2-thienyl 및 2-furyl 치환체의 항균성에 관한 치환 phenyl backbone의 영향)

  • Sung, Nack-Do;Yu, Seong-Jae;Kim, Tae-Young;Ok, Whan-Suk
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.22-28
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    • 1998
  • Twenty six derivatives of bis-aromatic ${\alpha},{\beta}$-unsaturated ketones as substrate(S) were synthesized and their fungicidal activities in vivo against rice blast(Pyricularia oryzae), tomato leaf blight(Phytophtora infestans) and barley powdery mildew(Erysiphe graminis) were examined. The quantitative structure-activity relationship(QSAR) between the fungicidal activities($pI_{50}$) and a physicochemical parameters of substitued($R_{2}$) phenyl backbone group in 2-thienyl and 2-furyl substituents were analyzed with regression equations. The activities of substituted($R_{2}$) phenyl backbone in 2-thienyl substituents, $1{\sim}10$ would depend largely on the resonance(R>0), molecular refractivity($M_{R}<0$) and optimal length of substituent(($L_{1})opt.=5.50{\AA}$). Whereas, in case of 2-furyl substituents, $10{\sim}26$ optimal molar attraction constant ($F_{opt}=0.49{\sim}l.11$), optimal steric($Es_{opt}=1.78$) constant and indicator variables(Io & Ip) for position of substituents. The fungicidal activity relationship of 2-thienyl substituents against Pyricularia oryzae and Phytophtora infestans have been a reciprocal proportioned.

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Antifungal Effects on Plant Pathogenic Fungi and Characteristics of Antifungal Substances Produced by Bacillus subtillis SJ-2 Isolated from Sclerotia of Rhizoctonia solani (벼 잎집무늬마름병균(Rhizoctoniz solani)의 균핵에서 분리한 Bacillus subtilis SJ-2의 식물 병원 곰팡이에 대한 항균 활성 및 항균 물질의 특성)

  • 김병섭;조광연
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.165-172
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    • 1995
  • 벼 잎집무늬마름병균(Rhizoctonia solani)의 균핵에서 분리한 길항세균 SJ-2를 대치 배양 방법에 의해 벼도열병균(Pyricularia oryzae)외 6종의 식물 병원균에 대한 억제 효과를 조사하였다. 형태 및 생리적 특성을 조사한 결과, 이 균은 Bacillus subtilis로 동정되었다. 이 균은 AM 1(antibiotic medium 1)액체 배지에서 항균 물질을 분비하였으며, 배양 2일째 가장 항균 활성이 높았다. Butyl alcohol로 배양액에서 항균 물질을 조추출하여 100$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml의 농도로 조제한 감자 한천 배지에서 P. oryzae의 15개균에 대한 생육을 조사한 결과 P. oryzae, R. solani, Cochliobolus sativus에 대해서는 100% 생장을 억제하였으며, C. miyabeanus, Alternaria alternata, Botrytis cinerea, Cladosporium fulvum, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, Fusarium moniliforme, F. oxysporum에는 80% 이상의 억제 효과를 보인 반면 난균강에 속하는 병원균에 대한 효과는 낮게 나타났다. 활성물질을 분리 정제하여 동정한 결과 B. subtilis가 분비하는 항균 물질로 알려진 polypeptides계의 iturins로 밝혀졌다. 이러한 항균 물질은 벼 도열병균(P. oryzae)의 포자 발아 및 발아관의 팽대(swelling)를 야기했으며, 벼 잎집무늬마름병균(R. solani)에는 균사의 용균(lysis)현상을 일으켰다.

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Phytopathogenic Activities of Essential Oils and Their Main Compounds (식물오일과 그 성분들의 살균활성)

  • Choi, Won-Sik;Kim, Kwan-Young;Jang, Do-Yeon;Um, Dae-Yong;Kim, Tae-Jun;Jung, Bong-Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.201-209
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    • 2006
  • Antifungal activities of 43 different plant oils were evaluated against different phytopathogenic fungi. Thyme oil showed highest antifungal activity among the tested oils. The major of thyme oil were found to be thymol, carvacrol, bomeol, p-cymene and linalool. Thymol and carvacrol were found to be responsible for thyme's antifungal activity. The spore germination assay was conducted on Alternaria mail and Botrytis cinerea. Thymol and carvacrol strongly inhibited spore germination in the fungi test. In addition, thymol and carvacrol showed a curative effectiveness to gray mold disease on cucumber crop. The antifungal activities of alkylphenol and alkylaniline compounds, which has similar molecular structure to that of thymol or cavacrol, were also tested. It was found that alkylphenol compounds also show higher inhibition to spore germination. Thus, thymol, carvacrol and alkylphenol compounds can be used an potent antifungal agents.

Prediction and Annotation of ABC Transporter Genes from Magnaporthe oryzae Genome Sequence (벼도열병균 게놈서열로부터 ABC transporter 유전자군의 예측 및 특성 분석)

  • Kim, Yong-Nam;Kim, Jin-Soo;Kim, Su-Young;Kim, Jeong-Hwan;Lee, Jong-Hwan;Choi, Woo-Bong
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.176-182
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    • 2010
  • Magnaporthe oryzae is destructive plant-pathogenic fungus and causes rice blast. The pathogen uses several mechanisms to circumvent the inhibitory actions of fungicides. ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters are known to provide protection against toxic compounds in the environment. PC facilitated bioinformatic analysis, particularly with respect to accessing and extracting database information and domain identification. We predicted ABC transporter genes from the M. oryzae genome sequence with computation and bioinformatics tools. A total of thirty three genes were predicted to encode ABC transporters. Three of thirty three putative genes corresponded to three known ABC transporter genes (ABC1, ABC2 and ABC3). Copy numbers of the ABC transporter genes were proven by Southern blot analysis, which revealed that twenty genes tested exist as a single copy. We amplified the DNA complementary to RNA corresponding to eleven of these by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction.