• Title, Summary, Keyword: 변위

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Longitudinal Deformation Profile in Tunnel using Measured Data (계측자료를 이용한 터널의 종단변형도)

  • Jang, Won-Yil;Yang, Hyung-Sik;Chung, So-Keul
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.338-342
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    • 2008
  • Longitudinal deformation profile(LDP) has been obtained mostly by numerical analysis. In this study, LDP was plotted by measured data from horizontal inclinometer and crown settlement. Deformation of foe ahead was determined by comparing to the maximum deformation point and deformation of after excavation was determined by regression of the measured crown settlement data. The result shows that crown deformation began as f3r as 3D ahead of the face. Crown settlement at the face was 40% of ultimate deformation, which was 10% higher than numerical results, and the deformation converged after excavation of 4D.

A Study on the Interpolation of Disparity in Segmentation-based Stereo Matching (영역 분할 기반 스테레오 정합의 변위 보간에 관한 연구)

  • 곽노윤
    • Proceedings of the Korea Multimedia Society Conference
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    • pp.371-376
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    • 2002
  • 본 논문은 영역 분할에 기반한 스테레오 정합에 있어서, 분할영역 내부에 존재하는 단계적인 변위의 변화를 추정할 수 있는 스테레오 정합 알고리즘에 관한 것이다. 우선, 분할영역을 효과적으로 표현할 수 있는 복수의 샘플점들을 선정한 다음에 각 샘플점 주위에 인접한 영역 내부의 미소영역을 취하여 스테레오 정함을 수행한다. 이후, 획득된 각 샘플점들의 변위를 이용하여 평면의 방정식을 통해 내부 변위를 보간함으로써 연산 시간을 감축함과 동시에 영역 내부의 단계적인 변위의 변화를 추정할 순 있다. 제안된 방법에 따르면, 분할된 영역을 사용함으로써 분할영역 자체가 구속 조건이 되어 특징 기반 기법들의 단점인 변위 보간의 문제점을 해결할 수 있다. 특히, 복수의 샘플점들 간의 변위차를 이용함으로써 영상 평면에 대해 깊이 방향으로 기울어진 영역 평면에 대한 변위의 기울기를 보간할 수 있음에 기인하여 조밀한 변위 맵을 얻을 수 있었다.

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A Surface Displaced From a Manifold (다양체 기반의 변위곡면)

  • Yoon, Seung-Hyun;Kim, Myung-Soo
    • Journal of The Korea Computer Graphics Society
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2006
  • 본 논문에서는 다양체 (manifold) 구조와 스칼라 변위함수 (scalar displacement function)에 기반한 새로운 변위곡면 (displaced surface)의 표현 기법을 제안한다. 변위곡면은 제어메쉬 (control mesh)의 각 정점에서 변위된 국소적 패치들 (displaced local patches)을 블렌딩 (blending)함으로써 생성된다. 제안된 변위곡면은 점 군 (point cloud)의 형태로 주어진 기하학적 모델을 근사하기 위해서 사용된다. 점 군의 데이터로터 제어메쉬가 생성되고, 점 군의 점들이 제어메쉬의 국소적 패치들 (local patches)에 사영 (projection)되어 각 패치들로 부터의 스칼라 변위함수가 구해지고, 이러한 변위함수들을 최적화 하여 높은 정밀도를 갖는 최종적인 곡면을 생성된다. 점 군의 형태로 주어진 다양한 모델에 대한 실험 결과를 통해서 제안된 근사기법의 효율성과 정밀도가 입증된다. 본 논문에서 제안된 표현기법은 다 단계 (multi-level) 변위함수를 통해 다중해상도 표현 (multi-resolution representations)과 골격기반 형상변형 (skeleton-driven deformation)등과 같은 다양한 응용들에 효율적으로 사용된다.

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A Method Estimating Displacement using Measured Strain Response of Simply Supported Girder Bridges (단순지지 거더교의 실측 변형률 응답을 이용한 변위 추정 방법)

  • Jeon, Jun-Chang;Lee, Hee-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.18-24
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    • 2016
  • This study presents a simple method which can estimate displacement using measured strain response of simply supported girder bridges. The basic concept of the present method is derived from a relation between displacement and strain, and is generalized by introducing analytical tool. Static and dynamic laboratory test are conducted on simply supported plate which is designed to respond dynamically similar to actual bridges to experimentally verify the present method, and displacement and strain are measured at the midpoint of specimen. Displacement estimated by using measured strain is well agreed with measured one. This study demonstrates that the present method is suitable for estimating displacement of real simply supported bridge, in which the installation of a displacement transducer at the fixed reference point is difficult.

Lateral Displacement Analysis of Concrete Electric Pole Foundation Grounds (배전용 콘크리트전주 기초지반의 횡방향변위 분석)

  • Ahn, Tae-Bong
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.42-49
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    • 2009
  • The effects of various forces acting on concrete pole are analyzed using finite element method how the forces affect on ground displacement. The soil types, wind load location of anchor block embedded depth of pole, and distance between poles are varied to find out effects on lateral displacement. Anchor block is effective when it is located at 1/4 of embedded depth The displacement is decreases as elastic modulus increases. Concrete reinforcement for loosened ground is necessary for double poles because double poles cause large excavation. When embedded depth ratio decrease, lateral displacement increase as closer to ground surface. Large embedded depth is effective to reduce lateral displacement, and the distance between poles is not much large factor.

Analysis for Measuring Displacement of Tunnel Face using Horizontal Inclinometer (터널 시공 중 수평경사계를 이용한 변위 분석)

  • Jang, Won-Yil;Yang, Hyung-Sik;Chung, So-Keul
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.428-434
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    • 2007
  • Displacement of tunnel face is important issues for the evaluation of tunnel safety. In this study, conventional convergence and displacement data measured from horizontal inclinometer were analyzed to investigate the trend and characteristics of tunnel deformation during construction. Trend of measured displacement agreed with general understanding of tunnel deformation prior to excavation. It shows that displacement measured from horizontal inclinometer can be used to preestimate the total deformation of tunnel.

Lateral Displacement and Ground Rising Movement with Soil Embankment (성토에 따른 지반의 측방변위와 지표면 융기량)

  • Jeong, Ji-Cheol;Shin, Bang-Woong;Oh, Se-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.63-69
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    • 2004
  • During and after the construction of embankment on soft ground, consolidation settlements and lateral displacements develop. But generally it's very difficult to predict the magnitude of lateral deformations and the correct distribution of lateral displacements with depth under the toe of embankment because the consolidation and the shear deformations of soft ground occur simultaneously. This study shows that later displacements of ground surface arise by embankment loading act on soft clay hight water contents in laboratory model testing. The results of model test are observed settlement of embankment, amount of maximum rising and displacement of ground surface with loading velocity. The formula were proposed to predict lateral movement by test series.

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Evaluation of Ductility in Reinforced Concrete Members Using Material Models in Eurocode2 (유로코드 2 재료모형을 사용한 철근콘크리트 부재의 연성도 평가)

  • Choi, Seung Won
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.287-297
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    • 2015
  • In concrete structural design provisons, there is a minimum allowable strain of steel to ensure a ductility of RC members and a c/d is limited for the same purpose in EC2. In general, a ductility capacity of RC members is evaluated by a displacement ductility which is a ratio of ultimate displacement to yield displacement, and it is necessary to calculate accurately a yield displacement and an ultimate displacement to evaluate a displacement ductility. But a displacement in members is affected by various member characteristics, so it is hard to calculate a displacement exactly. In this study, a displacement ductility is calculated by calculating a yield displacement and an ultimate displacement through a moment-curvature relationship. The main variables examined are concrete strength, yield strength, steel ratio, spacing of confinement, axial force ratio and concrete ultimate strain. As results, as a concrete strength is increased, a ductility displacement is increased. But as yield strength, steel ratio, spacing of confinement and axial force ratio are increased, a displacement ductility is decreased. And a displacement ductility is necessary to calculate a response modification factor (R) of columns for seismic design, so it is appeared that it is important to calculate a displacement ductility more accurately.

Suggestion on Reasonable Boundary Conditions for Modeling a Tunnel Shield by Displacement Control Method (변위 제어를 통한 터널 쉴드 모델링의 적정 경계조건 제안)

  • Kim, Jeong-Soo;Kim, Moon-Kym
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.512-515
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    • 2011
  • 터널 해석은 주로 지표침하와 터널 라이닝 내 단면력 산정에 초점이 맞춰지며 이는 시공단계를 고려한 3차원 수치해석 모델을 이용해 결정할 수 있다. 수치해석 시 shield는 응력 제어, shell element로 모델링하는 방법 등으로 모사될 수 있다. 한편 변위 제어를 통한 쉴드 모사는 shield를 적절한 경계조건으로 처리함으로서, 다른 shield 모사 방법에 비해 모델링 작업을 간소화하고 해석의 효율성을 높일 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 변위 제어에 의한 shield 모사를 위한 적정 경계조건을 제안한다. 이를 위해 시공단계가 고려된 유한요소해석을 사용하여, 쉴드 및 굴착면에서의 경계조건 변화와 이에 따른 지표침하 관측 수행하였다. 제안된 shield 변위 제어로부터 얻어진 해석결과를 이론적인 해와 비교함으로서, 제시된 shield 모델링 방법의 적정성과 지반 거동 변화를 평가하고자 한다. 해석 결과는 지반 모델의 지표침하를 기준으로 관찰되었으며, 변위제어에 의한 결과와 요소에 의한 모델링 결과가 유사하게 얻어짐을 보여준다. 또한 변위제어의 쉴드 모사에서 회전 구속보다 변위 구속 조건에 지배적으로 영향을 받음을 확인하였다.

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The deformation behavior of soil tunnels reinforced with RPUM and fiberglass pipes (RPUM과 유리섬유 파이프로 막장을 보강한 토사터널의 변형거동)

  • Nam, Gi-Chun;Heo, Young;Kim, Chi-Whan;You, Kwang-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.185-193
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    • 2002
  • In this paper, deformation behavior of shallow subway tunnel excavated in weathered soil and reinforcement effects of longitudinal support measures are investigated via three dimensional FDM analysis. Two excavation methods, half-face excavation and full-face excavation, are considered in simulation to study the influences of excavation methods on tunnel deformation behavior. In addition, the reinforcing effects of RPUM and fiberglass pipe are compared. Face extrusion, covergence, preconvergence, and sidewall displacement are investigated to analyze tunnel deformation behavior, and surface settlement is used to analyze the effects of excavation methods and longitudinal supports measures. The simulation results show that half-face excavation induces larger convergence, preconvergence, sidewall displacement, surface settlement than full-face excavation, while full-face excavation induces larger extrusion than half-face excavation. In addition, under same excavation method, all displacements are larger when RPUM is only used for longitudinal support than when RPUM is jointly used with fiberglass pipes.

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