• Title, Summary, Keyword: 변위

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Estimation of Displacement Response from the Measured Dynamic Strain Signals Using Mode Decomposition Technique (모드분해기법을 이용한 동적 변형률신호로부터 변위응답추정)

  • Chang, Sung-Jin;Kim, Nam-Sik
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.28 no.4A
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    • pp.507-515
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    • 2008
  • In this study, a method predicting the displacement response of structures from the measured dynamic strain signal is proposed by using mode decomposition technique. Evaluation of bridge stability is normally focused on the bridge completed. However, dynamic loadings including wind and seismic loadings could be exerted to the bridge under construction. In order to examine the bridge stability against these dynamic loadings, the prediction of displacement response is very important to evaluate bridge stability. Because it may be not easy for the displacement response to be acquired directly on site, an indirect method to predict the displacement response is needed. Thus, as an alternative for predicting the displacement response indirectly, the conversion of the measured strain signal into the displacement response is suggested, while the measured strain signal can be obtained using fiber optic Bragg-grating (FBG) sensors. As previous studies on the prediction of displacement response by using the FBG sensors, the static displacement has been mainly predicted. For predicting the dynamic displacement, it has been known that the measured strain signal includes higher modes and then the predicted dynamic displacement can be inherently contaminated by broad-band noises. To overcome such problem, a mode decomposition technique was used. Mode decomposition technique estimates the displacement response of each mode with mode shape estimated to use POD from strain signal and with the measured strain signal decomposed into mode by EMD. This is a method estimating the total displacement response combined with the each displacement response about the major mode of the structure. In order to examine the mode decomposition technique suggested in this study model experiment was performed.

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Traffic Volume Dependent Displacement Estimation Model for Gwangan Bridge Using Monitoring Big Data (교량 모니터링 빅데이터를 이용한 광안대교의 교통량 의존 변위 추정 모델)

  • Park, Ji Hyun;Shin, Sung Woo;Kim, Soo Yong
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.183-191
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    • 2018
  • In this study a traffic volume dependent displacement estimation model for Gwangan Bridge was developed using bridge monitoring big data. Traffic volume data for four different vehicle types and the vertical displacement data in the central position of the Gwangan Bridge were used to develop and validate the estimation model. Two statistical estimation models were developed using multiple regression analysis (MRA) and principal component analysis (PCA). Estimation performance of those two models were compared with actual values. The results show that both the MRA and the PCA based models are successfully estimating the vertical displacement of Gwangan Bridge. Based on the results, it is concluded that the developed model can effectively be used to predict the traffic volume dependent displacement behavior of Gwangan Bridge.

Seismic Performance Evaluation of SRC Composite Column using Direct Displacement Based Design Method (직접변위기반 설계법에 의한 SRC 합성기둥의 내진성능평가)

  • Jung, In-Kju;Park, Soon-Eung;Kim, Dong-Hyuk
    • Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.63-70
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    • 2012
  • In this study, the displacement-based design concept, the performance by the existing reinforced concerte column and steel reinforced concrete composite column for SRC purchased the maximum design ground acceleration improvement compared to the performance design. SRC have several advantages such as strength enhancement and high ductility. H-beam or steel tubes were used for embedded elements of the SRC composite columns. SRC cross-section for the P-M diagram and analysis on the nominal bending monent SRC designed for composite columns for disparity estimation is presented to the displacement-based seismic design. Performance improvement of the performance-based design performance targets for the design seismic displacement and design criteria for the direct displacement-based design methods and to improve the seismic performance due to the displacement coefficient method is proposed to design. SRC compared with the RC column designed to improve the performance and displacement ductility ratio displacement results in the performance design results showed significantly improved performance.

Characteristics of Tunnel Convergence Behaviour based on Variation of Rock Mass Rating (암반 등급 변화에 따른 터널 내공 변위 거동 특설)

  • Kim, Kwang-Yeom
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.545-553
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    • 2008
  • Face mapping and displacement monitoring during tunnel construction are the most influential information for the stability assessment of ground and around structures. Especially, the result of face mapping and displacement analysis is essential to the excavation and support design in NATM which is based on the drilling and blasting. However, there have not been so many studies to put those useful information into practice for decision-making process during construction. The study reviewed the tunnel behaviour based on the RMR rating and displacement monitoring when the geological condition of rock mass varies inevitably. The study analysed the crown settlement using convergence equation in order to compensate the disparity induced by the location and time of measurement and found a distinct relation between the geological condition and the line of influence. As a result of analysing the various parameters related to the tunnel convergence according to the geological condition, the study suggested the basic knowledge about the relation between face mapping and displacement behaviour of tunnel.

Estimation of Total Displacements by RMR Grades using 3-Dimensional Numerical Analysis (3D 수치해석을 이용한 퇴적암 터널의 암반 등급별 전변위 산정)

  • Yim, Sung-Bin;Yun, Hyun-Seok;Seo, Yong-Seok;Park, Si-Hyun
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.217-224
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    • 2007
  • Tunnel displacement happens during the process of stress redistribution by tunnelling. Tunnel displacement can be divided into 3 types such as displacements occurring before excavation, non-measured displacements after excavation and measured displacements after excavation. Because measurements of displacements occurring before excavation and non-measured displacement after excavation are difficult and time-consuming in the field, many researchers have studied on total displacement and its characteristics with excavation using numerical analysis. In this study, we used a 3-D back analysis to estimate total displacement by rock mass grades in tunnel constructed in sedimentary rock. We reduced error between measured displacements and calculated displacements from a 3-D numerical analysis, and then estimated suitable rock mass properties by RMR classes. Ultimately, Logistic nonlinear regressions of total displacement with tunnelling were estimated by least square estimation.

Development of the Drift Design Method of High-rise Buildings using Weight Control Factors (중량 조절계수를 이용한 고층 건물 변위설계법 개발)

  • Park, Hyo Seon;Seo, Ji Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.285-294
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    • 2005
  • Drift design is one of the core techniques in the structural design of high-rise buildings and resizing technique is regarded as a practical drift design method for high-rise buildings. In the resizing technique, the structural weight is re-distributed to minimize the target displacement without a change in structural weights. However, the structural weight determined from resizing algorithm is bound to the structural weight based on the preliminary design. Therefore, in this paper, a drift design method that can control the weight of the structure without causing drift control performance to deteriorate is proposed by incorporating the weight control factor in the formulation of resizing algorithm. The proposed drift design method is applied to the drift design of two frame-shear wall systems. The proposed drift design method, in this study, makes it possible to control both the drift and weight of a high-rise building.

Inelastic Seismic Behavior of Low-story Standard School Buildings according to Characteristics of Earthquake Loads and Hysteresis Models (지진하중의 특성과 이력모델에 따른 저층 표준학교건물의 비탄성 지진거동)

  • Kim, Jin-Sang;Yoon, Tae-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.9
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    • pp.4294-4301
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    • 2012
  • The inelastic response characteristics of the standard school buildings depending on selection of hysteresis models and variable earthquakes are studied. Three earthquake records of El-centro, Santa-Monica, Taft in accordance with KBC2009 standard and four inelastic hysteresis models such as Degrading tri-linear model, Clough model, Takeda model, and Modified Takeda model are used. The inelastic response characteristics such as story shear force, story drift ratio, story displacement are reviewed. As results, El-centro earthquake shows large response in transverse direction and Santa Monica earthquake shows larger response in longitudinal direction on the contrary. Taft earthquake shows less variation of story drift ratio and story displacement for all hysteresis models and stable response.

Performance analysis of the optical displacement sensor for accurate in-plane motion measurement (정확한 평면운동 측정을 위한 광 변위센서의 성능분석)

  • Kang, Hoon;Lee, Hunseok;Oh, Jin-Seok
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.639-646
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    • 2016
  • In this study, the contactless measurement method with a optical displacement sensor(ODS, ADNS 9500) was proposed to overcome flaws in a rotary encoder based measurement under particular circumstances, such as a slippage and a case of little rotational inertia. The performance tests of the optical displacement sensor using data acquisition board and National Instruments's LabVIEW program were performed to accomplish accurate displacement measurements and the performance characteristics according to measurement direction, speed, acceleration, height and surface types were discovered through the repetitive tests. The experimental results indicate that, in order to get an accurate in-plane motion, the height(distance between the ODS and the target surface) has to be maintained at the range of 2.4 mm to 3.2 mm and the sensitivity(resolution) should be modified and applied to the formulae for displacement calculation, considering its measurement direction, speed and surface type.

Estimation of Displacements Using the Transformed Response in Time and frequency Domain

  • Jung, Beom-Seok
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.27-33
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    • 2003
  • 본 논문에서는 측정된 가속도신호만을 사용하여 변위응답을 추정하는 시간영역과 주파수영역에서의 동적 응답변환 알고리즘을 제시하였다. 본 알고리즘에서 사용되는 변환변위응답은 속도와 변위성분의 초기조건에 대한 정보 없이 측정된 가속도신호의 적분에 의하여 계산되며 실제 변위응답과 상관관계를 갖는다. 이에 측정된 구조물의 동적응답이 무재하부분과 자유진동부분을 포함하고 있을 때 변환응답을 보정하여 초기치 문제를 해결할 수 방법을 제시함으로써 가속도신호만을 사용하여 실제 변위응답을 추정할 수 있도록 하였다. 제시된 응답변환 알고리즘의 타당성을 평가하기위해 실교량에 대한 현장시험자료를 적용하여 변위응답을 추정하고 실측된 동적 변위와 비교하였다. 또한, 주파수영역에서의 응답변환에서 적분구간을 상이하게 사용함으로써 동적성분과 정적성분으로 분리된 추정응답을 평가할 수 있었으며 이에 따른 충격계수의 계산은 신뢰성 있는 평가방법임을 확인하였다.

Parmanent Grayvity Retaining Wall Displacment Due to Dynamic Loads (동적하중에 의한 중력식 옹벽의 영구변위)

  • 김성교
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.38-51
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    • 1984
  • Mononobe-Okabe에 의해서 옹벽에 대한 동적 토압계산법이 개발된 이래 본론두중 옹벽의 과동에 의한 변위에 대해서는 많은 연구가 이루어졌으나 Mononobe-Okabe식이 원래 옹벽 자체의 관성을 고려치 아니하였고 또 동적 하중의 작용점을 제시하지 않으므로서 전도모멘트를 계산할 수 없게 하므로서 옹벽의 전도에 의한 변위에 대해서는 연구가 되지 아니하였다. 본 연구의 목적은 해석적 방법과 모형실험을 통해서 지진 및 폭파 등의 동적 하중에 의한 옹벽의 전도에 의한 변위를 고찰하고자 하는 바 그 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1. 활동에 대한 항복가속도가 있는 것과 마찬가지로 전도에 대한 항복가속도가 있다. 이 항복가속도는 옹벽의 안전율이 증가함에 따라 증가한다. 2. 이론치와 실험치는 경향으로 보아 일치한다. 실험치가 이론치보다 작은 것은 모형실험에서 옹벽측면과 컨테이너 사이의 마찰에 기인한 것으로 보아지며 마찰을 줄임으로써 이론치에 더 접근시킬 수 있을 것이다. 3. 옹벽의 회전각도의 크기는 지반가속도가 클수록, 옹벽저면이 작을수록 그리고 흙의 내부마찰각이 작을수록 크게 증가한다. 4. 실용적인 규격의 옹벽의 변위는 활동에 의한 것보다 전도에 의한 것이 훨씬 크며 전체 변위의 대부분을 차지한다. 5. 옹벽 상단의 횡적 변위는 옹벽 설계를 결정짓는 중요한 요소가 될 수 있다.

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