• Title, Summary, Keyword: 보행자 보호 에어백

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An Optimal Design of a Pedestrian Safety System Using a Design Scenario (설계방법론을 이용한 보행자 보호 시스템의 최적설계)

  • Yun, Yong Won;Park, Gyung Jin
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.38 no.9
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    • pp.1019-1027
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    • 2014
  • Vehicle-into-pedestrian traffic accidents show a very high mortality rate compared to their frequency of occurrence. Throughout the world, governments and insurance companies tend to establish and implement new safety standards for pedestrian protection. In order to improve the performance of pedestrian protection, the Korean government has evaluated the pedestrian safety of vehicles under the Korea New Car Assessment Program (K-NCAP) since 2007. The pedestrian protection performance has improved gradually, but it remains insufficient. A pedestrian protection system consisting of a hood lift system and a pedestrian airbag can be a solution to pedestrian safety. A pedestrian airbag design procedure based on a newly defined design scenario is introduced to reduce the head injury criterion of pedestrians. The proposed design scenario is discussed from a practical viewpoint and applied to manufacture pedestrian protection systems.

Development and Feasible Study of Train to Pedestrian Protection Airbag (철도차량 접촉사고자 보호 에어백 개발연구)

  • Yoo, Wan-Dong;Ham, Joung-Sik;Cho, Kyue-Sang
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.82-91
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    • 2012
  • This paper deals with the development and feasible study of the train to pedestrian protection airbag. The concept of the airbag system is to protect the pedestrian like as workers on railroad. The airbag system includes cushions, gas generators, a housing, sliding fixture, anti-bouncing airbag, and a leg protection bumper. Those things were designed and fabricated. The performance of the airbag system was evaluated in the sense of the static deployment test, drop test, dynamic motion test and field(train level) test. The deployment logic, TTF(Time to fire), and the inner pressure of the cushion were also investigated for the airbag.

Pedestrian Protection System Design for SUV Using the Design of Experiments (실험계획법을 이용한 SUV의 보행자 보호 시스템 설계)

  • Lee, Youngmyung;Choe, Wonseok;Park, Gyung-Jin
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.24-32
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    • 2016
  • The mortality rate of car-pedestrian accidents is quite high, compared to the frequency of accidents. Researches on pedestrian protection are being actively performed worldwide. The A-pillar and lower part of the wind shield cause the most serious damage to the pedestrians. Typical devises to protect the pedestrians are the hood lift system and pedestrian airbag. The design of such devices for an sport utility vehicle is performed based on a design process using design of experiments (DOE). The design results are obtained by an orthogonal array (OA), analysis of mean (ANOM) and analysis of variance (ANOVA). A metamodel is also used in the design process.

Effectiveness of Active Hood and Pedestrian Protection Airbag Based on Real Vehicle Impact Test (실차평가시험을 기반으로 한 액티브 후드 및 보행자 보호 에어백 효과)

  • Yun, Yong-Won;Park, Gyung-Jin;Kim, Tai-Kyung
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.36-45
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    • 2014
  • Pedestrian to vehicle traffic accidents show a very high mortality rate compared to the frequency of occurrence. In order to improve the pedestrian protection performance of the vehicle, the korean government added a "pedestrian safety" entry from the year 2007. The performance for pedestrian protection of current vehicles gradually improved compared to the past, but it is still insufficient. It was found that the pedestrian protection performance was very weak, such as the top of the bonnet, the A-pillar and under the front windshield. A application of an active hood and pedestrian protection airbags can be countermeasures for these weak points of pedestrian safety. The active hood and pedestrian protection airbags are designed and manufactured to apply to the top of the hood and to the bottom of the windshield. The manufactured system is equipped in a test vehicle and evaluated based on the Korea New Car Assessment Program(KNCAP) test procedures for the performance of pedestrian safety. As a result, the outstanding effect of pedestrian protection has been achieved by the active hood and the pedestrian protection airbag. The rates of pedestrian injury are reduced by 82.2% and 95.4%, respectively.

Performance Analysis of an Active System for Pedestrian Protection Using Impact Analysis (충돌 해석을 이용한 능동형 보행자 보호 시스템의 성능 분석)

  • Park, Jong-Sun;Jeong, Seong-Boem;Yun, Yong-Won;Park, Gyung-Jin
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.100-107
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    • 2013
  • Although automotive safety technologies have been developed steadily, the efforts for pedestrian protection still seems to be insufficient. In a car-pedestrian accident, the structures such as the engine under a hood, the lower part of a windshield and the A-pillar are the major causes of fatal pedestrian injuries. Recently, there have been several studies on the active safety system to reduce the pedestrian injuries. The safety system consists of an active hood lift system and a pedestrian airbag. In this research, the safety performance of the active hood lift system and the pedestrian airbag is investigated by using the finite element method. The finite element model of the system is set up based on the head impact test, and the impact analyses are performed. The necessity and the usefulness of the safety system are verified.

Study on Pedestrian Protection device in collision using Pneumatic cylinder and simple link mechanism (공압 실린더 및 단순 링크기구를 이용한 충돌 보행자 보호 장치에 관한 연구)

  • Noh, S.H.;Lee, D.R.
    • Journal of the Korea Society For Power System Engineering
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.64-71
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    • 2008
  • This study is on pedestrian protection device using pneumatic cylinder and simple link mechanism when vehicle collide with pedestrian. This study ensured the safety space between engine and hood after it applies to simple link mechanism and pneumatic cylinder. It can absorb the damage which measure the specific device if vehicle collide with pedestrian. Combination of simple link mechanism and pneumatic cylinder was more superior than the present pedestrian protection device. Simple link mechanism could confirm superior height and survival probability than when only cylinder operated. It also ensured enough space between engine and hood. And if a cylinder is not working because of old cylinder, poor repair or damage of accident vertical cylinder would be difficult to execute because there exists the irregular space between engine and hood. If simple link mechanism operates with only one cylinder it could ensure the regular space because simple link mechanism set up at the middle of hood. So this device could confirm high safety for pedestrian.

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타이어와 자동차의 미러 이야기

  • Kim, Won-Ha
    • The tire
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    • pp.22-25
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    • 2007
  • 탈거리의 발달은 급기야 전 세계를 하루 생활권으로 만들었다. 비행기, 기차, 자동차, 선박 같은 교통수단의 발달은 이른바 글로벌시대를 열어 전 세계가 하나의 가족이 되어 가는데 가장 큰 역할을 했고, 특히 자동차는 사람이나 화물을 운송하는 주요 수단으로서 현대인들에게 의식주 못지않게 중요한 필수품이 되었으며, 전 세계적으로 그 수요가 급속히 증가하고 있는 실정이다. 자동차는 시간과 공간을 효율적으로 사용할 수 있게 하는 등 많은 이익을 주는 반면 교통사고 및 교통체증에 의한 인적, 물적, 경제적 손실 등과 같은 많은 사회적 문제들을 유발시키고 있는 것도 사실이다. 일반적으로 교통사고는 인간적, 차량적, 도로적 요인 등 개개별 요인과 이들의 교호작용에 의해서 발생하기 때문에 차량의 안전운행을 위한 대책은 이들 요인들의 종합적인 분석을 통하여 해결할 수 있다. 이에 따라 운전자와 보행자를 동시에 보호할 수 있고, 운행 시 운전자의 편의를 제공할 수 있는 차량안전시스템 및 이를 위한 제어기술, 정보통신기술, ITS기술, 차량동역학기술 및 차체설계기술 등이 개발 되고 있고, 과거 자동차에서는 볼 수 없었던 시트벨트, 에어백, 범퍼, 차체충격흡수장치, 도어 임팩트 빔 등이 개발되어 교통사고 시 피해를 극소화하는데 기여하고 있다.

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