• Title, Summary, Keyword: 부동 라이너

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A Study on the Cavitation Corrosion of Gray Cast Iron Liner by Antifreeze (부동액에 따른 회주철 라이너의 캐비테이션 부식에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Byeong-Ho;Kim, Byung-Hyun;Koo, Young-Ho;Seo, Jae-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.76-82
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    • 2017
  • The cylinder liner of a diesel engine is commonly made of gray cast iron. However, this cylinder liner can be damaged by the cavitation phenomenon in wet conditions. This cavitation has remained an unsolved problem until now. In this study, the cause of cavitation corrosion due to antifreeze solution was examined using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and a 3D microscope. The necessary data to prevent the damage caused by cavitation erosion and the corrosion of gray cast iron cylinder liner was obtained. Analysis determined that the gray iron structure consists of an ${\alpha}-matrix$, flake graphite, and steadite. Cavitation erosion was initiated in the coarse flake graphite and propagated into the steadite with pitting. Under repetitive reaction conditions, the ${\alpha}-matrix$ was partially separated from the gray cast iron. This study is expected to be used as the basic data for the prevention of gray cast iron cavitation erosion and corrosion by controlling the graphite and steadite phases.

Friction Characteristics of Piston Assembly (II) -Experiment- (피스톤계 마찰 특성 (II) -실험적 연구-)

  • Cho, Myung-Rae;Ha, Kyoung-Pyo;Kim, Joong-Soo;Oh, Dae-Yoon;Han, Dong-Chul
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.88-93
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    • 2003
  • The aim of this paper is to investigate the friction characteristics of piston assembly, which composed of ring pack and piston skirt. The friction force of piston assembly was measured by using the movable liner in the single cylinder engine, and the various parameters were tested. The friction force was suddenly increased at the expansion stroke due to higher cylinder pressure. The viscous friction was dominant at the mid stroke, but the boundary friction was dominant at the top and bottom dead centers. Through the experiment, we could validate previous theoretical study, and confirm that th e radial clearance and ring tension were very effective to reduce friction loss of piston assembly.

Development of Piston Friction Force Measurement System (피스톤계 마찰 측정 장치 개발)

  • Ha, Gyeong-Pyo;Kim, Jung-Su;Jo, Myeong-Rae;O, Dae-Yun
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.26 no.8
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    • pp.1608-1614
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    • 2002
  • This Paper presents a novel piston friction force measurement system that has characteristics of relieving the Pressure force acting on the upper surface of the liner; the system uses general rubber O-rings for combustion chamber sealing, and does not need special changes to the piston top land. The lower supporter of the floating liner increases stiffness in liner axial direction, and results in the increase of natural frequency. The upper supporter has multi-layer structure designed fer low axial stiffness and high radial stiffness. With the use of the present system, the effects of variation in clearance and piston ring tension were studied.