• Title, Summary, Keyword: 부주의 해양오염사고

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Overview of Major Oil Spill at Sea and Details of Various Response Actions 2. Analysis of Marine Oil Pollution Incidents in Korea (대형 기름유출사고와 방제조치에 관한 연구 2. 국내 해양 기름오염사고 분석)

  • Kim, Kwang-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.467-475
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    • 2013
  • In order to seize quantitative materials as part of studies on measures for oil pollution prevention and control, the statistics of oil pollution incidents in Korean coastal waters for 10 years from 2003 to 2012 were analyzed with relation to the number of oil spills and the volume of oil spilt according to causes, sources and sea areas of spills. Total number and total volume of oil spills for 10 years were found to be 2,833 cases and 17,877 kL, respectively. 50.4 %(1,429 cases) of total number of oil spills were caused by negligence, although oil spillage due to negligence was 294 kL(1.7 %). While oil spillage caused by marine accidents was 17,400 kL(97.3 %), marine accidents accounted for 27.9 %(790 cases) of total number of oil spills. While negligence had a great influence on the number of oil spills, marine accidents had a huge impact on the amount of oil spilt. Fishing boats accounted for 42.7 %(1,210 cases) of the number of oil spills, and although oil tankers accounted for 9.2 %(261 cases) of the number of oil spills, oil spillage from oil tankers was 15,488kL(86.7 %). It means that oil tankers such as VLCC or ULCC may be the main sources of major oil spills and a few very large spills are responsible for a high percentage of the amount of oil spilt. While the number of oil spill incidents was closely related to the accidents of fishing boats, the volume of oil spilt was greatly affected by the major oil spill incidents of oil tankers such as M/T Hebei Spirit. The number and volume of oil spills were shown to be 1,613 cases(56.9 %) and 3,804 kL(21.3 %) in South Sea, 700 cases(24.7 %) and 13,501 kL(75.5 %) in West Sea, and 520 cases(18.2 %) and 572 kL(3.2 %) in East Sea of Korea, respectively. The highest number of oil spills was found in South Sea and the most volume of oil spilt was shown in West Sea of Korea for 10 years.

Improving the Ship Marine Pollution Prevention Manager Education and Training Curriculum - Based on a Comparative Analysis between Korean and Foreign Legal Education - (선박 해양오염방지관리인 교육·훈련 교육과정 개선방안에 관한 연구 - 국내·외 법정교육 비교·분석을 기반으로 -)

  • Choi, Jung-Sik;Ha, Min-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.353-365
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    • 2020
  • The quantitative increase in maritime transport for domestic and foreign trade is one of the main reasons for the increase in marine pollution accidents. Despite the implementation of relevant laws in each country to prevent and mitigate marine pollution accidents caused by ships, human negligence (carelessness, intention, etc.) by ship workers has been reported as the biggest cause of marine pollution accidents. One of the most effective ways to reduce marine pollution accidents caused by ships is to reduce human negligence through systematic education and training of ship workers. Therefore, this study aimed to review the appropriateness of the statutory education and training curriculum for ship marine pollution prevention managers in accordance with domestic laws and regulations such as the 「Marine Environment Management Act」 and suggest improvement measures. To this end, we compared and analyzed the legal training·general education courses related to the prevention of marine pollution and marine disasters in Japan, where the laws and systems are similar to Korea, and investigated the cases of legal training for experts in land pollution prevention in Korea.