• Title, Summary, Keyword: 분변성대장균

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Development of fecal coliform prediction model using random forest method (랜덤포레스트기법을 이용한 분변성대장균 예측모델 개발)

  • Seo, Il Won;Choi, Soo Yeon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.124-124
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    • 2016
  • 하천에서의 분변성대장균은 분변성 오염 정도를 나타내는 지표로서, 이 농도가 높을수록 오염된 하천수와의 접촉을 통한 호흡기, 소화기 및 피부 관련 질병의 발발 확률이 높다고 알려져 있다. 따라서 하천에서의 수영, 수상스키 등과 같은 입수형 친수활동을 할 때, 분변성대장균 농도가 농도 기준 이하인지를 확인하고 이러한 정보를 친수활동에 이용할 필요가 있다. 그러나 분변성대장균의 경우, 현재 자동수질측정망에서 측정되고 있는 다른 수질인자들과는 달리 실시간 측정이 불가능하다고 알려져 있다. 분변성대장균을 측정하는데 있어 최소 18시간 이상이 필요하며, 이러한 분변성대장균 측정 방식은 하천 이용자들이 안전한 친수활동을 영위하는데 있어 적절한 수질 정보를 제공하지 못한다. 그러므로 분변성대장균을 예측하는 모델을 개발하고, 이를 이용하여 실시간 분변성대장균 정보를 생성하여 하천 이용자들에게 제공할 필요가 있다. 본 연구에서는 친수활동이 활발하게 이루어지는 곳 중 하나인 북한강의 대성리 지점에 대해 데이터 기반 모델을 이용하여 분변성대장균을 예측하였다. 데이터 기반 모델은 물리 기반 모델에서 필요한 지형데이터나 비점오염원 등의 초기 오염물의 양에 대한 데이터를 필요로 하지 않고, 대신 독립변수로 사용되는 기상 및 수질데이터를 필요로 한다. 이러한 기상 및 수질데이터는 기존 기상관측소, 수질관측소에서 매일 자동으로 측정되기 때문에 데이터 기반 모델은 물리 기반 모델에 비해 입력데이터를 구성하기가 쉽다는 장점을 지닌다. 이러한 데이터 기반 모델 중 분류 모델은 회귀 모델과 달리 분변성대장균 농도가 일정 수질기준 이상을 넘는지를 바로 예측할 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 분류 모델 중 높은 예측력을 가진다고 알려진 랜덤포레스트(random forest) 기법을 이용하여 분변성대장균 예측 모델을 개발하였다. 분변성대장균 예측 모델은 주어진 기상 및 수질 조건에 대해 분변성대장균이 200 CFU/100ml가 넘는지를 예측하였다. 예측된 분변성대장균이 기준을 넘는 경우를 2등급, 넘지 않는 경우를 1등급으로 명명하였다. 모델을 개발하기 위하여 북한강 대성리 인근 측정소에서 2010년부터 2015년까지 측정된 기상 및 수질데이터를 수집하였다. 수집한 데이터를 훈련 및 검증데이터로 샘플링하였으며, 이 때 샘플링한 데이터가 기존 데이터가 가지고 있던 등급별 비율을 유지하기 위하여 층화샘플링을 하였다. 본 연구에서는 샘플링에 의한 불확실성을 줄이기 위하여 랜덤하게 50번 샘플링된 각각의 훈련데이터에 대해 모델을 개발하였다. 50개의 모델의 검증 결과를 종합한 결과, 전체 예측률은 0.139로 나타났다.

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Fecal Coliform Bacteria Loading from the Polecat Creek Watershed in Virginia, USA (Polecat Creek 유역의 분변성 대장균 배출 부하 특성)

  • Mostaghimi, Saied;Im, Sang-Jun
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.106-111
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    • 2004
  • Fecal coliform bacteria is one of the most common cause of water quality impairments in Virginia, USA. Instream concentrations of fecal coliform (FC) bacteria were routinely monitored to assess surface water quality of the Polecat Creek watershed. Median concentration in water samples collected from 1995 to 2000 ranged from 80 cfu/100 mL to t 70 cfu/100 mL, while geometric mean concentrations ranged from 81 cfu/100 mL to 141 cfu/100 mL. The dilution and deposition by Lake Caroline may cause to lower FC concentration at monitoring site QPB, as compared FC concentration at QPD. Higher in-stream FC concentration occurred during the summer period(June-August), and lower concentration typically occurred during the winter period (December-February). This is due to more cattle in streams, and greater survival and regrowth of FC bacteria under warmer condition. The findings of this study can be helpful in planning the water quality monitoring program to avoid the inaccurate assessment of water quality due to the timing of sample collection.

Effects of Environmental Factors on Aeromonas spp. Population in Naktong Estuary (낙동강 하구 생태계의 환경요인과 Aeromonas spp. 분포와의 관계)

  • 전도용;권오섭;하영칠
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.391-397
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    • 1989
  • Population of Aeromonas and environmental parameters were investigated at three sites from August 1986, to December, 1986 in Naktong Estuary. The variation range of Aeromonas was $4.3\times10^{2}-4.6\times 10^{4}$ MPN/100ml. The result of ANOVA indicates significant differences among the populations of Aeromonas in each site. The highest population of Aeromonas occurred at site 2, and the lowest at site 3-B. To scrutinize the effects of environmental parameters on the distribution of Aeromonas spp, principal component analysis and multiple stepwise regression were used. The results showed that distribution of Aeromonas spp. was mainly influenced by outflow of freshwater and inflow of inorganic nutrients and correlated with heterotrophic bacteria, available nitrogen, fecal coliform bacteria, and temperature.

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A Study on the Hand Hygiene of Food Handlers of Food Court and Cafeteria in University Campus (대학 구내 휴게음식점 종사자의 손 위생관리에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jong-Gyu;Park, Jeong-Yeong;Kim, Joong-Soon
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.133-142
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    • 2010
  • This study was performed to investigate awareness of hand washing, hand washing behavior, and the levels of indicator microorganisms on hands of food handlers who work in the food court and cafeteria of a university campus. The three methods used were questionnaire survey by interview, direct observation in restrooms, and microbiological examination according to the Food Code of Korea. A positive attitude toward hand washing compliance was reported by the responded food handlers; however, improper hand washing and poor hand hygiene of the food handlers were recognized by the unnoticed direct observation. Significant differences were found between the questionnaire survey and the direct observation (p < 0.05) in hand washing compliance after using the toilet, duration of hand washing, use of hand washing agent, washing different parts of the hands, hand-drying method, temperature of water, and method of turning off the water. Samples taken from their hands before work showed higher level of standard plate count, total and fecal coliforms, and Escherichia coli than those taken after washing with water. After washing hands with antiseptic liquid soap, the bacterial populations including Staphylococcus aureus on hands were dramatically reduced. This study indicates that there is a remarkable difference between the food handlers' awareness of hand washing and their hand washing behavior. Poor hand washing compliance and hand hygiene were indicated by the positive results of total and fecal coliforms, E. coli, and S. aureus on hands of some food handlers. The findings of this study suggest that the hand hygiene of the food handlers need to be improved. More training/education on hand washing and hand hygiene of the food handlers should be necessary.

Microbiological Pollution Investigation of Lowland Spring Water at the Jeju City Waterfront, Jeju Island (제주도 내 제주시 해안가 저지대용천수의 미생물학적 오염도 조사)

  • Kim, Man-Chul;Han, Yong-Jae;Heo, Moon-Soo
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.324-331
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    • 2012
  • Bacteriological examination of spring water in Jeju City was conducted. A total of 21 spring water samples were collected from January to April, 2010. During the study period, the range of temperature was 0.6 to $15.4^{\circ}C$, and the results of the analyses showed that hydrogen ion concentrations (pH) for spring water were 0.43 to 7.9. Salinity levels for the samples averaged from 3.0 to 1.64%, and levels of water-dissolved oxygen were 1.85 to 6.06 mg/l. The range of total coliforms in spring water samples at 21 stations located in the designated spring water were <1.8->1,600 MPN/100 ml. Furthermore, the range of geometric means of total coliforms was 9.9-151.6 MPN/100 ml, while the range of fecal coliforms in spring water samples at 21 stations located in the designated spring water area was <1.8->1,600 MPN/100 ml. Finally, the range of geometric mean of fecal coliforms was 3.1-151.6 MPN/100 ml. The level of microbial contamination was examined in 21 samples for indications of bacterial contamination such as heterotrophic bacteria, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella spp., Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Staphylococcus aureus, and Shigella spp. were frequently detected in the spring water. Salmonella spp., Shigella spp., Vibrio parahaemolyticus, and S. aureus were detected in the range of $0-0.5{\times}10^1$, $0-0.1{\times}10^1$, $0-0.1{\times}10^1$, and $0-0.3{\times}10^1$ CFU/ml, respectively, while E. coli O157:H7 was not detected in the examined spring water samples.

Study on microbiological safety of simple processed agricultural products (유통 단순가공 농산물의 위생지표세균 및 식중독균 오염실태 조사연구)

  • Sung, Gyunghye;Hwang, Inyeong;Park, So Hyun;Park, Sunhee;Kim, Byung Jun;Lee, Ju Hyun;Min, Sang Kee
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.49 no.6
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    • pp.599-604
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to explore methods for efficient management of the quality and safety of simple processed agricultural products in Busan. We tested 258 samples of simple processed agricultural products for distribution of aerobic bacteria and coliforms, and identified food-borne pathogens. The average aerobic bacterial and coliforms counts were 7.1 and 4.1 log CFU/g in simple processed vegetables, 6.8 and 3.5 log CFU/g in dried vegetables, and 6.2 and 2.9 log CFU/g in simple processed fruits. Additionally Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella spp., Campylobacter jejuni/coli and Listeria monocytogenes were not detected in any samples. However, Bacillus cereus, Clostridium perfringens and E. coli were detected in 41 samples (16.3%), 2 samples (0.8%), and 4 samples (1.6%), respectively. This analysis revealed that none of C. perfringens and E. coli isolates harbored pathogenic toxic genes. However, all of B. cereus isolates carried at least 1 toxin gene.