• Title, Summary, Keyword: 분수의 개념

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Introduction of Water Quality Management in Korean Pond Ecosystems (국내 연못생태계의 수질관리)

  • Hwang, Soon-Jin;Kim, Han-Soon;Cheon, Se-Uk;Lee, Jea-An;Kim, Chang-Muk;Shin, Jae-Ki
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.508-515
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted from July to December 2004, in order to find measures to improve the water quality and the function of pond ecosystems which are often negatively affected by phytoplankton and suspended particle matters. Most of the time, the management of ponds in Korea does not consider the ecological concepts such as self-purification and nutrient recycling. Instead, conventional methods depend on other factors such as fish farming and the function of fountains and waterfalls. Sustainability of pond ecosystems must be studied with the highest emphasis given to water quality. Water discharges of inflow and outflow as well as balance adjustment for different factors must be thoroughly studied. There is a great need for studies on sustainability because it can be realized through the horizontal or vertical balances of an ecosystem. Our current research offers useful information to the academia and public on maintaining sustainability in terms of structure and function of the pond.

Debates on the New National Elementary Mathematics Curriculum Content (초등학교 수학과 교육과정의 내용 선정과 조직에서의 쟁점 - 2006년 개정 교육과정을 중심으로 -)

  • Han, Dae-Hee
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.633-658
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    • 2010
  • This study aimed to analyze the debate on the Elementary School Mathematics Contents in the new National Elementary Mathematics Curriculum developed in 2006. With this, the feature of the new National Mathematics Curriculum compared with the past 7th National Elementary Mathematics Curriculum was investigated. And the drafts on developing the new National Elementary Mathematics Curriculum were investigated as well. Three main controversies were identified. The first controversy was related to the item which had been dealt in middle school curriculum and moved to elementary school in the new National Mathematics Curriculum (e.g. equations, direct proportion and inverse proportion). The second one was related to the order of teaching fraction. The third one was related to the fact that problem solving became one of the five domains in Elementary School Mathematics Curriculum. Those controversies came from a basic belief on the ranges and depths of elementary school mathematics, didactical point of view, or thoughts on what should the content in the National Mathematics Curriculum be. The issues and suggestions that were discussed in this paper might serve to improve the National Mathematics Curriculum.

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Coherent Understanding on Addition/Subtraction from the Viewpoint of Measuring (측정의 관점에서 본 덧.뺄셈의 통합적 이해)

  • Byun, Hee-Hyun
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.307-319
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    • 2009
  • Current school mathematics introduces addition/subtraction between natural numbers, fractions, decimal fractions, and square roots, step-by-step in order. It seems that, however, school mathematics focuses too much on learning the calculation method of addition/subtraction between each stages of numbers, to lead most of students to understand the coherent principle, lying in addition/subtraction algorithm between real numbers in all. This paper raises questions on this problematic approach of current school mathematics, in learning addition/subtraction. This paper intends to clarify the fact that, if we recognize addition/subtraction between numbers from the viewpoint of 'measuring' and 'common measure', as Dewey did when he argued that the psychological origin of the concept of number was measuring, then we could find some common principles of addition/subtraction operation, beyond the superficial differences among algorithms of addition/subtraction between each stages of numbers. At the end, this paper suggests the necessity of improving the methods of learning addition/subtraction in current school mathematics.

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Teaching & Learning of Function Based on the Class Structure Model for Integrated Education of Mathematics & Chemistry (수학과 화학 통합교육의 실행을 위한 교수.학습의 실제 - 중학교 1학년 함수단원을 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Jo-Ryoung;ChoiKoh, Sang-Sook
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.497-524
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    • 2011
  • This study was to understand students' learning about the function of math combined with molecular motions of science using the block scheduling. It was based on the revised Class Structure Model of Lee et al.(2010) where MBL as a tool was used to increase students' participation and understanding in the integrated concepts. The researcher provided the 6th grade students who lived in Sung Nam-Si, Kyung Gi-Do with 8 unit lessons, consisting of 5 stages of CSM. As a result of the study, the integrated education of Mathematics and Science showed synergic effect in studying both subjects and brought a positive result in gradual mathematization. It may be hard to combine all the contents of mathematics and science together. However, learning the relation between volume and pressure, and between volume and temperature of gas used as an example of function shown in our daily life was appropriate through Fogarty's integrated education model because it supported the objective of both subjects. Also, it was a good idea to develop CSM because it was composed of the contents from both subjects held in the same period of a year. Through the five stages, students were able to establish and generalize the definitions and the concepts of function.

Comparison of the Curricula and the Textbooks Concerning the Proportion and Ratio Area between Korea and Singapore (비와 비율 영역에 대한 우리나라와 싱가포르 교육과정 및 교과서 비교 -TIMSS 평가목표와 공개문항을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Kyung-Hee;Paik, Hee-Su
    • School Mathematics
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.473-491
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    • 2010
  • In the TIMSS assessment goal and open TIMSS 2007, Singapore recorded a lower overall achievement level compared with Korea; however, the excellent results shown by Singapore furnished an opportunity for various countries to research into the education in Singapore. This paper conducted a comparative analysis of the "Proportion, Proportional Expression, and Percentile" area out of the three topics involving "Fractions and Decimals", "Proportion, Proportional expression, and Percentile", and "Measurement", in all of which Singapore exhibited a higher percentage of correct answers than Korea. The paper was able to discover the following differences through a comparative analysis of how Korean and Singaporean textbooks deal with the open questions of TIMSS 2007 after looking into them according to four assessment goals. First, the Singaporean textbook introduced the concept of proportion one year ahead of the Korean textbook. Second, the Singaporean textbook repeatedly coped with the topic of "Proportion, Proportional Expression, and Percentile" in depth and by academic year, and its volume was larger than that of the Korean textbook. Third, there was a difference in the introduction and definition of the concept of proportion. Fourth, the way of introducing a proportional expression was also different, and the Singaporean textbook proposed many more questions that utilize this expression in ordinary life. Based on these differences, the paper suggested implications that could be applied to the Korean curriculum and textbook.

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An Analysis on the Proportional Reasoning Understanding of 6th Graders of Elementary School -focusing to 'comparison' situations- (초등학교 6학년 학생들의 비례 추론 능력 분석 -'비교' 상황을 중심으로-)

  • Park, Ji Yeon;Kim, Sung Joon
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.105-129
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    • 2016
  • The elements of mathematical processes include mathematical reasoning, mathematical problem-solving, and mathematical communications. Proportion reasoning is a kind of mathematical reasoning which is closely related to the ratio and percent concepts. Proportion reasoning is the essence of primary mathematics, and a basic mathematical concept required for the following more-complicated concepts. Therefore, the study aims to analyze the proportion reasoning ability of sixth graders of primary school who have already learned the ratio and percent concepts. To allow teachers to quickly recognize and help students who have difficulty solving a proportion reasoning problem, this study analyzed the characteristics and patterns of proportion reasoning of sixth graders of primary school. The purpose of this study is to provide implications for learning and teaching of future proportion reasoning of higher levels. In order to solve these study tasks, proportion reasoning problems were developed, and a total of 22 sixth graders of primary school were asked to solve these questions for a total of twice, once before and after they learned the ratio and percent concepts included in the 2009 revised mathematical curricula. Students' strategies and levels of proportional reasoning were analyzed by setting up the four different sections and classifying and analyzing the patterns of correct and wrong answers to the questions of each section. The results are followings; First, the 6th graders of primary school were able to utilize various proportion reasoning strategies depending on the conditions and patterns of mathematical assignments given to them. Second, most of the sixth graders of primary school remained at three levels of multiplicative reasoning. The most frequently adopted strategies by these sixth graders were the fraction strategy, the between-comparison strategy, and the within-comparison strategy. Third, the sixth graders of primary school often showed difficulty doing relative comparison. Fourth, the sixth graders of primary school placed the greatest concentration on the numbers given in the mathematical questions.

The Conceptual Formation of 'Gyeokchi' in the Early Joseon Period (조선 전기 '격치' 개념의 의미화)

  • Lee, Haeng-hoon
    • The Journal of Korean Philosophical History
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    • no.58
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    • pp.139-160
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    • 2018
  • 'Gyeokmulchiji' (格物致知), coming to knowledge based on the investigation of things) is a starting point for any study and politics of Confucianism. Much emphasis was placed on the conception of 'Gyeokchi' as a root of every learning and adminstration in the early Joseon period. As Confucianism established itself as a salient value system of the government, a mighty change and paradigm shift happened in its governmental system which had depended upon Buddhism up to that time. Thus, Confucian statecraft also stood out. Daehakyeonui (大學衍義) was preached as a model of regal learning and politics in the governmental agon, and its conceptual starting point was 'Gyeokchi.' The various interpretations and arguments about this concept shows the process in which Zhu Xi NeoConfucianism was deepened into Neo-Confucianism of Joseon's own. This conception reached the essence of 'Li' beyond the problem of cognitive subject and object, and provided a watershed which divided Giho (畿湖) and Yeongnam (嶺南) schools. Confucian method of study, which incorporates knowledge and practice, has great implications for our times when there are many voices of concern over humanities. The enhancement of universities and humanities is much needed to adjust the direction and pace of scientific technology, which is now entirely left with the logic of market. Accordingly, it is quite urgent for us to examine our object of learning again, which should integrate 'Sugi' (修己, cultivating oneself) with 'Chi-in' (治人, governing others), and knowledge with practice.

A Study on the Planting Design for the Renewal of Urban Neighborhood Park - In Case of Okgu Neighborhood Park, Siheung, Gyeonggi-do, Korea - (도시근린공원 리뉴얼을 위한 식재디자인 연구 - 경기도 시흥시 옥구공원을 대상으로 -)

  • Lee, Sang-Man;Jeong, Moon-Soon;Han, Bong-Ho;Park, Seok-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.88-103
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    • 2019
  • This paper aims to identify planting design for the renewal of Okgu Park, located in Siheung, Gyeonggi-do. I designate planting concept fit spatial functions and also suggest planting designs that are proper for a growth environment. The spatial functions of the research site are divided on the basis of the park facilities, its surroundings, and usage. To understand the planting concept, this paper looks into the distribution of plant species and the precise planting structure. To understand the planting concept and the current usage of shade space in the park, I examine the distribution of plant species and the precise planting structure. There are 48 kinds of plants, with Zoysia japonica area (28.84%), Prunus yedoensis (8.0%), Pinus thunbergii (6.73%) and Zelkova serrata (6.38%) taking up the majority. 27 places were chosen for researching the precise planting structure. The research shows that the average green coverage ratio is 38.14% and the average green capacity coefficient is $0.72m^3/m^2$. The growth defective rate of trees in the shade areas is estimated by averaging the classified growth conditions of individual trees per block of shade areas. Areas with an inferior environment for growth and low spatial usage in Okgu Park are selected as subjects for planting design. After comparing the spatial functions with planting concepts and analyzing the growth of plants, I identify $36,236m^2$ areas with inferior growth condition. I also examine structures and the surrounding areas to find areas that require urgent planting improvement, specifically identifying landscape space and shade space around the fountain and the buffer space nearby the North gate. I rearrange spatial functions in the selected areas to devise a planting design considering the existing vegetation, layer structure, and its usage. I set the planting concept and direction to improve the landscape of the selected areas through implementing a planting design so the park users can be satisfied with each space.

Comparative Analysis of Satisfaction according to Opened-Fencing in Campus Afforestation Project Types - Focused on University in Seoul - (대학교 담장개방 녹화사업 유형에 따른 이용 만족도 비교 분석 - 서울 소재 대학 캠퍼스를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Se-Mi;Kim, Dong-Chan
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.57-66
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    • 2011
  • This study researched those universities for which fence opening and greening projects are being conducted by Seoul city. The forms of opened fences at 24 universities which have accomplished this project were classified into several types for each type of university, representative cases with many diverse facilities and active users were selected and investigated. The study was carried out using methods of field observations, literature review, and surveys. To maintain the confidentiality of the collected questionnaire analysis, the analysis of each type's usage frequency, overall satisfaction and a regression analysis with space environment and facilities, a one-way ANOVA for was used to validate the difference between types regarding satisfaction with the project. The results of usage type analysis were found to agree with the 3 analysis criteria-- installation location, user characteristics, and usage purpose--which were the legislative concepts. In overall satisfaction with facilities, it appeared that except for Seoul Women's College of Nursing with its rural district neighborhood type park, users were satisfied: with the small urban neighborhood park of Methodist Theological College, Konkuk University's small urban square park, and Sejong University's green space small city park. In general, users appeared to not have satisfaction with such features as fountains / hydroponic facilities, fitness facilities, and square facilities, which should be taken into consideration when pursuing further opening and greening projects. Regarding full satisfaction with the space environment, it was found that users were not satisfied with Seoul Women's College of Nursing's rural district neighborhood-style park, whereas they were satisfied with Methodist Theological College's small urban neighborhood park, Konkuk University's small urban square-style park, and Sejong University's green space small city park. In addition, it was shown that facilities use, convenience and privacy of the four parks were largely unsatisfactory for users, and that the small city parks located at roadsides were unsatisfactory regarding noise level, both of which should be most highly considered when conducting similar projects in the future.