• Title, Summary, Keyword: 브리징 효과

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A Study on the Development of Multi-scale Bridging Method Considering the Particle Size and Concentration Effect of Nanocomposites (나노입자의 크기효과와 체적분율 효과를 동시 고려한 나노복합재의 멀티스케일 브리징 해석기법에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Seung-Hwa;Yu, Su-Young;Cho, Maeng-Hyo
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.243-246
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    • 2009
  • 본 연구에서는 분자동역학 전산모사와 미시역학 모델을 이용하여 나노입자의 크기와 체적분율 변화가 나노복합재의 물성변화에 미치는 영향을 효과적으로 묘사할 수 있는 순차적 브리징 해석기법을 개발하였다. 나노 입자의 크기변화와 체적분율 변화에 따른 영률과 전단계수를 분자동역학 전산모사를 통해 예측한 후, 이를 연속체 모델에서 구현하기 위해 다중입자 모델을 적용하였다. 나노입자의 크기효과를 반영하기 위해 입자와 기지 사이에 유효계면을 추가적인 상으로 도입하였고, 체적분율 효과는 나노복합재를 둘러싸는 무한영역의 물성값을 통해 조절되도록 하였다. 유효계면과 무한영역의 물성을 입자의 반경과 체적분율의 함수로 근사한 후, 다양한 입자의 크기와 체적분율에서 나타나는 나노복합재의 물성변화를 예측하였다. 제안된 해석기법의 적용을 통해 분자동역학 전산모사 결과와 잘 일치하는 예측해를 효과적으로 얻을 수 있었다.

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Multiscale analysis on the improvement of interfacial characteristics and filler size effect of covalently grafted nanoparticulate composites (나노입자와 기지 간 공유결합 형성에 따른 계면특성 향상과 입자 크기효과에 대한 멀티스케일 해석)

  • Yang, Seung-Hwa;Choi, Joon-Myung;Yu, Su-Young;Cho, Maeng-Hyo
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.127-130
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    • 2011
  • 본 연구에서는 나노입자와 고분자 기지 간에 공유결합을 형성시킨 나노복합재의 계면특성과 탄성계수에서 나타나는 크기효과를 고려하기 위해 분자동역학과 미시역학모델을 순차적으로 연계하는 멀티스케일 해석모델을 제안하였다. 나노입자의 체적분율이 동일한 5개의 나노복합재 셀에 대해, 입자의 표면 원자와 고분자 기지 간에 탄소로 구성된 공유결합을 생성시킨 후 분자동 역학 전산모사를 통해 탄성계수를 예측하였고, 공유결합이 존재하지 않는 나노복합재의 탄성계수와 이를 비교하여 계면의 물성증가와 탄성계수에서 나타나는 입자의 크기효과를 규명하였다. 향상된 계면의 특성을 연속체 해석 모델에서 고려하기 위해 분자동역학 해석결과와 미시역학 모델을 연계하는 순차적 브리징 기법을 적용하였고, 이로부터 계산된 계면의 물성의 타당성을 유한요소 해석을 통해 검증하였다. 그 결과 입자와 기지 간 공유결합을 통해 나노복합재가 보다 넓은 범위에 걸친 크기효과를 나타냈으며, 제안된 브리징 모델을 통해서 물리적으로 타당한 계면의 탄성계수 값을 계산할 수 있었다.

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Design Sensitivity Analysis of Coupled MD-Continuum Systems Using Bridging Scale Approach (브리징 스케일 기법을 이용한 분자동역학-연속체 연성 시스템의 설계민감도 해석)

  • Cha, Song-Hyun;Ha, Seung-Hyun;Cho, Seonho
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.137-145
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    • 2014
  • We present a design sensitivity analysis(DSA) method for multiscale problems based on bridging scale decomposition. In this paper, we utilize a bridging scale method for the coupled system analysis. Since the analysis of full MD systems requires huge amount of computational costs, a coupled system of MD-level and continuum-level simulation is usually preferred. The information exchange between the MD and continuum levels is taken place at the MD-continuum boundary. In the bridging scale method, a generalized Langevin equation(GLE) is introduced for the reduced MD system and the GLE force using a time history kernel is applied at the boundary atoms in the MD system. Therefore, we can separately analyze the MD and continuum level simulations, which can accelerate the computing process. Once the simulation of coupled problems is successful, the need for the DSA is naturally arising for the optimization of macro-scale design, where the macro scale performance of the system is maximized considering the micro scale effects. The finite difference sensitivity is impractical for the gradient based optimization of large scale problems due to the restriction of computing costs but the analytical sensitivity for the coupled system is always accurate. In this study, we derive the analytical design sensitivity to verify the accuracy and applicability to the design optimization of the coupled system.

A Study on the Development of Multiscale Bridging Method Considering the Particle Size and Concentration Effect of Nanocomposites (나노입자의 크기효과와 체적분율 효과를 동시 고려한 나노복합재의 멀티스케일 브리징 해석기법에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Seung-Hwa;Yu, Su-Young;Cho, Maeng-Hyo
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.343-348
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    • 2009
  • In this study, an efficient sequential bridging method to characterize both the particle size effect and concentration effect on the mechanical properties of nanocomposites at high volume fraction is suggested through a molecular dynamics(MD) simulations and micromechanics of composites materials. The Young's modulus and the shear modulus of the nanocomposites at various particle radius and at 12% volume fraction were obtained from MD simulations and multi-inclusion model was adopted to describe both modulus in continuum model. In order to describe the particle size effect, an additional phase, effective interface, was adopted as characteristic phase and the non-dilute concentration effect which appears at 12% volume fraction was describe via the variation of the elastic modulus of the infinite medium. Both the elastic modulus of the interface and infinite medium were fitted into functions of particle radius for the applicability of the present bridging method at various particle radii. Using the present bridging method the elastic modulus of the nanocomposites was efficiently obtained with accuracy. In addition, the effect of the interface thickness and modulus on the elastic modulus of the nanocomposite was investigated.

Design of a High Performance Built-In Current Sensor using 0.8$\mu\textrm{m}$ CMOS Technology (0.8$\mu\textrm{m}$ CMOS 공정을 이용한 고성능 내장형 전류감지기의 구현)

  • 송근호;한석붕
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics C
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    • v.35C no.12
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    • pp.13-22
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    • 1998
  • In this paper, we propose a high-performance BICS(built-in current sensor) which is fabricated in 0.8${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$ single-poly two-metal process for IDDQ testing of CMOS VLSI circuit. The CUT(circuit under test) is 4-bit full adder with a bridging fault. Using two nMOSs that have different size, two bridging faults that have different resistance values are injected in the CUT. And controlling a gate node, we experimented various fault effects. The proposed BICS detects the faulty current at the end of the clock period, therefore it can test a CUT that has a much longer critical propagation delay time and larger area than conventional BICSs. As expected in the HSPICE simulation, experimental results of fabricated chip demonstrated that the proposed BICS can exactly detect bridging faults in the circuit.

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Reinforcing Characteristics on Volume and Shape of Ductile Short-Fiber in Brittle Matrix Composites (취성기지 복합재료에서 연성 단섬유의 함유량 및 형상에 관한 보강특성)

  • Sin, Ik-Jae;Lee, Dong-Ju
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.250-258
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    • 2000
  • The reinforcing effects of ductile short-fiber reinforced brittle matrix composites are studied by, measuring flexural strength, fracture toughness and impact energy as functions of fiber volume fraction and length. The parameters of fracture mechanics, K and J are applied to assess fracture toughness and bridging stress. It is found that fracture toughness is greatly, influenced by the bridging stress ill which fiber pull-out is occur. For the reinforcing effects as functions of fiber volume fraction($V_f$ = 1, 2, 3 %) and length(L = 3, 6. 10cm), the flexural strength is maximum at $V_f$ = 1% and both fracture toughness.

The Prediction of Elastic Behavior of the Nano-Sized Honeycombs Based on the Continuum Theory (연속체 이론을 기반으로 한 나노 허니콤 구조물의 탄성 거동 예측)

  • Lee, Yong-Hee;Jeong, Joon-Ho;Cho, Maeng-Hyo
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.413-419
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    • 2011
  • The nano-size hoenycomb structures have the higher ratio of the surface to the volume than macro-size honeycomb structures, and they can maximize the functionality of the electrical and chemical catalyst. The mechanical behaviors of the nano-sized structures are different from ones of the macro-size structure, and it is caused by the surface effect. This surface effect can be investigated by the atomistic simulation; however, the prediction of mechanical behaviors of the nano-sized honeycombs are practically impossible due to excessive computational resources and computation time. In this paper, by combining the bridging method considering the surface stress elasticity model with homogenization method, the mechanical behaviors of the nano-sized honeycombs are predicted efficiently.

Protective effects of Acanthopanax koreanum Kakai extract against carbon tetrachloride-induced liver injury in Sprague-Dawley rats (사염화탄소로 유도된 간 손상에 대한 섬오갈피 추출물의 보호 효과)

  • Yang, Yoon Kyoung;Wang, Lin;Kwon, Oran
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.106-112
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study was conducted in order to investigate the protective effects of ethanolic extract of Acanthopanax koreanum Nakai (AE) against carbon tetrachloride ($CCl_4$)-induced liver injury in rats. Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups in order to receive the following experimental diets with intraperitoneal injection of $CCl_4$ (2.0 mL/kg body weight, 20% solution 0.65 mL) for eight weeks (n = 8 per group): $CCl_4$ control (CON), $CCl_4$ + AE 1% (AE1), $CCl_4$ + AE 3% (AE3), or $CCl_4$ + acanthoic acid 0.037%, which is equivalent to AE 3% (AA). Results: Highest serum ALT activity and albumin level were observed in the $CCL_4$ control group, but showed a significant decrease by either AE or AA supplementation in a dose-dependent manner (p = 0.0063 and 0.0076, respectively). Both hemotoxylin and eosin staining and Masson's staining indicated remarkable prevention of $CCl_4$-induced liver damage in the AE3 group. $TNF{\alpha}$ and IL-6 production were significantly lowered in the AE treated groups, but not in the AA group (p = 0.0016 and p = 0.0002, respectively). The effects of AE3 were greater than those of AA for inflammation and liver toxicity biomarkers. Conclusion: Taken together, the results suggested that ethanolic extract of Acanthopanax koreanum Nakai provided hepatoprotective effects, leading to the reduction of inflammatory response. In addition, the effect of AE was superior to that of single compound AA.