• Title, Summary, Keyword: 비배수전단강도

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Feasibility of Artificial Neural Network Model Application for Evaluation of Undrained Shear Strength from Piezocone Measurements (피에조콘을 이용한 점토의 비배수전단강도 추정에의 인공신경망 이론 적용)

  • 김영상
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.287-298
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    • 2003
  • The feasibility of using neural networks to model the complex relationship between piezocone measurements and the undrained shear strength of clays has been investigated. A three layered back propagation neural network model was developed based on actual undrained shear strengths, which were obtained from the isotrpoically and anisotrpoically consolidated triaxial compression test(CIUC and CAUC), and piezocone measurements compiled from various locations around the world. It was validated by comparing model predictions with measured values about new piezocone data, which were not previously employed during development of model. Performance of the neural network model was compared with conventional empirical method, direct correlation method, and theoretical method. It was found that the neural network model is not only capable of inferring a complex relationship between piezocone measurements and the undrained shear strength of clays but also gives a more precise and reliable undrained shear strength than theoretical and empirical approaches. Furthermore, neural network model has a possibility to be a generalized relationship between piezocone measurements and undrained shear strength over the various places and countries, while the present empirical correlations present the site specific relationship.

Characteristics of Undrained Shear Strength and Development of Modified SPT on Very Soft Ground in Korea (국내 초연약지반의 비배수전단강도 특성 및 개량표준관입시험기 개발)

  • Jung, Hyuksang;Cho, Changkoo;Chun, Byungsik
    • Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.105-115
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    • 2009
  • In this study, SPT, FV, and CPT tests were performed at five very soft grounds in southern coast of Korea to characterize the $S_u$ of very soft ground. In addition, a new modified SPT that is applicable to very soft ground was developed. Tests results showed that in very soft ground (N<2), the $S_u$ was lower than 12.5 kPa using the empirical N-Su correlation, and lower than 50 kPa and 65 kPa using vane shear test and CPT, respectively. It was shown that the results of in-situ tests were higher than those estimated from the N-Su correlation, and it was also demonstrated that the range of estimated $S_u$ was quite wide. New correlations that relate the modified SPT $N_m$ with Su from FV and CPT were developed, which are $S_u=1.76N_m-10.47$ and $S_u=1.82N_m-9.71$, respectively.

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A Study on Undrained Shear Strength Characteristic of Pusan Clay (부산 점토의 비배수전단강도 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Ryu, Woongryul;Byun, Yoseph;Chun, Byungsik
    • Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.43-51
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    • 2010
  • In the downstream areas of the Nakdong river, Pusan clays are commonly found and thickness may reach to maximum of 100m. From geological point of view, Pusan clay are characterized as holocene clays, deposited for approximately 20,000 years ago. Recently, there have been many construction projects based on these soft ground areas. It is needed to know clearly soil properties of the areas for design and safety analysis, especially undrained shear strength of soft clays. However, Pusan clay have not been studied systematically because the clay layers are usually very deep, having high sensitivity characteristic. In this study, undisturbed UD samples obtained from the downstream areas of the Nakdong river were researched using laboratory tests (CthUE, CKcUC, CIUC, UU and UC) and in-situ tests (Field Vane, CPTu). The undrained shear strength characteristics of the samples were depicted using stress-strain relationship.

Development of Neural Network Model for Estimation of Undrained Shear Strength of Korean Soft Soil Based on UU Triaxial Test and Piezocone Test Results (비압밀-비배수(UU) 삼축실험과 피에조콘 실험결과를 이용한 국내 연약지반의 비배수전단강도 추정 인공신경망 모델 개발)

  • Kim Young-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.21 no.8
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    • pp.73-84
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    • 2005
  • A three layered neural network model was developed using back propagation algorithm to estimate the UU undrained shear strength of Korean soft soil based on the database of actual undrained shear strengths and piezocone measurements compiled from 8 sites over the Korea. The developed model was validated by comparing model predictions with measured values about new piezocone data, which were not previously employed during development of model. Performance of the neural network model was also compared with conventional empirical methods. It was found that the number of neuron in hidden layer is different for the different combination of transfer functions of neural network models. However, all piezocone neural network models are successful in inferring a complex relationship between piezocone measurements and the undrained shear strength of Korean soft soils, which give relatively high coefficients of determination ranging from 0.69 to 0.72. Since neural network model has been generalized by self-learning from database of piezocone measurements and undrained shear strength over the various sites, the developed neural network models give more precise and generally reliable undrained shear strengths than empirical approaches which still need site specific calibration.

Determination of Undrained Shear Strength using Miniature Cone and T-bar Penetrometers for Kaolin Clay (소형콘과 T-bar 관입기를 이용한 카올린 점토의 비배수전단강도 산정에 관한 연구)

  • Sespene, Shemelyn;Choo, Yun Wook
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.429-438
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    • 2018
  • Cone and T-bar penetrometers have been frequently used to estimate the undrained shear strength of clay. For small-size model tests, miniature penetrometers should be used but their correlation factors have not been well published. In this study, a testing setup was developed to derive empirical factors of the miniature cone and T-bar penetrometers. A 350mm-diameter chamber and kaolin clay were utilized to prepare soil specimens consolidated under four different pre-consolidation pressures controlling undrained shear strength. Two miniature cones with two diameters of 10-mm and 16-mm and a T-bar penetrometer with 10-mm diameter were used to investigate boundary effect, penetration rate effect, and diameter and shape effect. Unconsolidated-undrained triaxial tests were carried out with samples taken from the specimens to measure undrained shear strength. Finally, empirical factors for the penetrometers were constructed to correlate tip resistance to undrained shear strength.

Characteristics of Undrained Cyclic Shear Behavior for the Nak-dong River Sand Due to the Aging Effect (Aging 효과에 따른 낙동강 모래의 비배수 반복전단거동 특성)

  • Kim Dae-Man;Kim Young-Su;Jung Sung-Gwan;Seo In-Shik
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.21 no.8
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    • pp.13-26
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    • 2005
  • It was known that the aging effect of sands is insignificant in comparison with clays, and hence the study on this effect had seldom been performed prior to the early 1980s. However, field tests for this effect have been actively carried out since it was investigated that penetration resistance of reformed sands increased with the lapse of time. Recently, the aging effect of sands has also been examined in laboratory testings. In this study, undrained static triaxial tests were performed to evaluate the effect on the Nak-dong River sands, with different .elative densities $(D_r)$, consolidation stress ratios $(K_c)$, and consolidation times. As a result of the tests, it was proved that the undrained cyclic shear strength $(R_f)$ increased with the aged time on the sands. The in situ range of Rf on the sands, which is applicable to the magnitude of earthquake in the Nak-dong River area, was proposed by using the test results.

Evaluation on Partially Drained Strength of Silty Soil With Low Plasticity Using CPTU Data (CPTU 데이터를 이용한 저소성 실트 지반의 부분배수 강도 평가)

  • Kim, Ju-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Geosynthetics Society
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.55-66
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    • 2017
  • The standard piezocone penetration rate of 2 cm/s is proposed in specifications regardless of soil type. However, conditions of standard Piezo Cone Penetration (CPTU) Testings in silty soils with low plasticity vary from undrained to partially drained or fully drained penetration conditions. The partially drained shear strengths of Incheon, Hwaseong and Gunsan silty soils were estimated from the analysis results of the distributions of CPTU-based shear strengths. The CPTU-based shear strengths were compared between the undrained shear strength line and the fully drained shear strength line, which were determined from approximately ${\varphi}^{\prime}=3^{\circ}$ and ${\varphi}^{\prime}=15^{\circ}$, respectively. The internal friction angles obtained from the back analysis and UU-tests tended to increase with decreasing plasticity index, which range approximately from ${\varphi}^{\prime}=2^{\circ}$ to ${\varphi}^{\prime}=14^{\circ}$. The results matchs well with CPTU-based estimation results.

Ring Shear Characteristics of Waste Rock Materials in Terms of Water Leakage (누수유무에 따른 광산폐석의 링전단특성)

  • Jeong, Sueng Won
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.307-314
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    • 2016
  • Shear characteristics of soils can be investigated using various types of shear stress measuring apparatus. Ring shear tests are often applied for examining the residual shear strength under the unlimited deformation. This paper presents drainage-consolidation-shear velocity dependent undrained shear strengths measured in terms of water leakage. A series of ring shear tests were performed under the constant normal stress (50 kPa) and controled shear velocity ranging from 0.01~1 mm/sec under the undrained condition. As a result, undrained shear strengths are dependent on shear velocity. It exhibits that straining hardening behavior is observed for the shear velocity lower than 0.1 mm/sec; however, the strain softening behavior is observed for the shear velocity higher than 0.1 mm/sec. Water leakage can cause the increase in shear stress irrespective of shear velocity. Shear stress increases with increasing amount of water leakage. It is due to the fact that the small grains and water flow out through the rubble edge in the ring shear box. Repetitive saturation and consolidation processes may minimize the error.

Analysis of Interrelationship between Undrained Static and Cyclic Shear Behavior for Nak-Dong River Sand (낙동강 모래의 비배수 정적 및 반복 전단거동 상호관계 분석)

  • Kim, Dae-Man;Kim, Byung-Tak
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.22 no.10
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    • pp.151-163
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    • 2006
  • This paper presents the interrelationship between undrained static and cyclic shear behavior. Laboratory works were performed through the undralned static and cyclic triaxial test using Nak-Dong River sand. And static triaxial test involved the triaxial extension test for comparison with cyclic shear behavior Cyclic triaxial test was performed with a variety of combination conditions of initial static shear stress $(q_{st})$ and cyclic stress $(q_{cy})$. In this result, the stress path of cyclic shear behavior was correspondent with static shear behavior passing the critical stress ratio (CSR) line because of the development of flow deformation. After that, a failure occurred according to failure line (FL) of static shear behavior. The stress path of cyclic shear behavior showed essentially the same with static shear behavior, although it appears a little different in test method.