• Title/Summary/Keyword: 비점오염원

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Development and Application of the SWAT HRU Mapping Module for Estimation of Groundwater Pollutant Loads for Each HRU in the SWAT Model (SWAT HRU별 지하수 오염부하량 산정을 위한 SWAT HRU Mapping Module 개발 및 적용)

  • Ryu, Ji Chul;Mun, Yuri;Moon, Jongpil;Kim, Ik Jae;Ok, Yong Sik;Jang, Won Seok;Kang, Hyunwoo;Lim, Kyoung Jae
    • Journal of Environmental Policy
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.49-70
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    • 2011
  • The numerous efforts have been made in understanding generation and transportation mechanism of nonpoint source pollutants from agricultural areas. Also, the water quality degradation has been exacerbated over the years in many parts of Korea as well as other countries. Nonpoint source pollutants are transported into waterbodies with direct runoff and baseflow. It has been generally thought that groundwater quality is not that severe compared with surface water quality. However its impacts on groundwater in the vicinity of stream quality is not negligible in agricultural areas. The SWAT model has been widely used in hydrology and water quality studies worldwide because of its flexibilities and accuracies. The spatial property of each HRU, which is the basic computational element, is not presented. Thus, the SWAT HRU mapping module was developed in this study and was applied to the study watershed to evaluate recharge rate and $NO_3-N$ loads in groundwater. The $NO_3-N$ loads in groundwater on agricultural fields were higher than on forests because of commercial fertilizers and manure applied in agricultural fields. The $NO_3-N$ loads were different among various crops because of differences in crop nutrient uptake, amount of fertilizer applied, soil properties in the field. As shown in this study, the SWAT HRU mapping module can be efficiently used to evaluate the pollutant contribution via baseflow in agricultural watershed.

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Assessment of Pollutant Loads in the Dongjin River (동진강 유역의 오염부하량 평가)

  • Lee, Kyeong-Bo;Kim, Jong-Cheon;Kim, Jong-Gu;Lee, Deog-Bae;Park, Chan-Won;Kim, Jae-Duk
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.91-97
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the influence of pollutant loads on the water quality in the Dongjin River area from January 2003 to December 2004. The average value of BOD and T-N showed the highest peak in Yongho, Dukcheon watershed among Dongjin River. Concentrations of BOD, T-N and T-P in Jeongeup watershed were 2.29 mg $L^{-1}$, 4.40 mg $L^{-1}$ and 0.27 mg $L^{-1}$, respectively. Concentration of BOD in Chilbo was 1.19 mg $L^{-1}$ which would be in the grade I according to water quality criteria by Ministry of Environment. The BOD level in Wonpeung and Sinpeung watershed ranged from 4.06 to 7.35 mg $L^{-1}$. The T-N effluent loads of non-point pollutants were high in Wonpeung, Gobu, Yongho Dukcheon, Jeongeup and Sinpeung watershed in order. The major sources of BOD, T-N and T-P effluent loads were Livestock. The T-P effluent load of non-point pollutant was 68 kg $day^{-1}$ in Wonpeung, 58 kg $day^{-1}$ in Yongho Dukcheon and 45 kg $day^{-1}$ Jeongeup watershed. The delivered loads of BOD was high in Gobucheon, while both T-N and T-P were high in Yongho Dukcheon. The delivery ratio of BOD and T-N at dry season was below 100% in all watershed of Dongjin River. The delivery ratio of T-N at raining season was high in Yongho Dukcheon and Chilbo watershed

Long-term (2002~2017) Eutropication Characteristics, Empirical Model Analysis in Hapcheon Reservoir, and the Spatio-temporal Variabilities Depending on the Intensity of the Monsoon (합천호의 장기간 (2002~2017) 부영양화 특성, 경험적 모델 분석 및 몬순강도에 따른 시공간적 이화학적 수질 변이)

  • Kang, Yu-Jin;Lee, Sang- Jae;An, Kwang-Guk
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.605-619
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    • 2019
  • The objective of this study was to analyze eutrophication characteristics, empirical model analysis, and variation of water quality according to monsoon intensity in Hapcheon Reservoir for 16 years from 2002 to 2017. Long-term annual water quality analysis showed that Hapcheon Reservoir was in a meso-nutrition to eutrophic condition, and the eutrophic state intensified after the summer monsoon. Annual rainfall volume (high vs. low rainfall) and the seasonal intensity in each year were the key factors that regulate the long-term water quality variation provided that there is no significant change of the point- and non-point source in the watershed. Dry years and wet years showed significant differences in the concentrations of TP, TN, BOD, and conductivity, indicating that precipitation had the most direct influence on nutrients and organic matter dynamics. Nutrient indicators (TP, TN), organic pollution indicators (BOD, COD), total suspended solids, and chlorophyll-a (Chl-a), which was an estimator of primary productivity, had significant positive relations (p<0.05) with precipitation. The Chl-a concentration, which is an indicator of green algae, was highly correlated with TP, TN, and BOD, which differed from other lakes that showed the lower Chl-a concentration when nutrients increased excessively. Empirical model analysis of log-transformed TN, TP, and Chl-a indicated that the Chl-a concentration was linearly regulated by phosphorus concentration, but not by nitrogen concentration. Spatial regression analysis of the riverine, transition, and lacustrine zones of $log_{10}TN$, $log_{10}TP$, and $log_{10}CHL$ showed that TN and Chl-a had significant relations (p<0.005) while TN and Chl-a had p > 0.05, indicating that phosphorus had a key role in the algal growth. Moreover, the higher correlation of both $log_{10}TP$ and $log_{10}TN$ to $log_{10}CHL$ in the riverine zone than the lacustrine zone indicated that there was little impact of inorganic suspended solids on the light limitation in the riverine zone.