• Title, Summary, Keyword: 비판적 사고력

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Correlation Between Critical Thinking Ability and Disposition of University Nursing Students for the Development of Convergence (대학생의 융복합 능력 함양을 위한 비판적 사고력과 비판적 사고성향의 연관성)

  • Yu, Seung-Hee;Kang, Jeong-Hee
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.197-203
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    • 2015
  • This study was investigate difference between critical thinking ability and disposition for the development of convergence. Data were collected from Nov. 5th to 16th 2012, using critical thinking instruments. There was no statistically significant difference in critical thinking ability according to scholastic standards and problem-based learning classes but difference according to level of education(senior students were higher than the other grades), clinical practice education and completion of critical thinking subject. There was no statistically significant difference in critical thinking disposition according to anything. Upon examining the correlation between critical thinking ability and disposition, it was significant, although small. Therefore we should separate for evaluation into two parts; critical thinking ability and disposition.

The Development of a Model for the Enhancement of Creative and Critical Thinking Skills through Hypotheses generating Activities and It's Applications on Teaching Science (가설 제안 활동을 통한 창의적 사고력과 비판적 사고력 신장에 기여하는 모델 개발 및 과학 교수에서 그 활용)

  • Kang, Soon-Hee
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.482-494
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to introduce a practical model to enhance creative and critical thinking skills through hypotheses generating activities for students. The 2007 Science National Curricula stresses the need for the enhancement of creative thinking skills for our students. The definition for the creativity in the narrow sense is the divergent thinking skills. The definition of the critical thinking skills is the strong sense of those skills. This model shows the use of the divergent thinking skills and convergent thinking skills together. The divergent thinking skills has been developed by making three alternative explanations about the causal question within a group of students by active discussion. The following procedure includes the selection of the most provable of the three explanations within a group of students also by active discussions. This process needs convergent thinking skills as well as critical thinking skills. This model can be used easily by exchanging from the one explanation about the causal question in any inquiry teaching strategy to three explanations about one. Although the partial modified strategy shows a small difference from any inquiry teaching strategy, but the effect of the enhancement of the creative thinking skills for our students shows significantly better (p<.05). More detailed study will be carried out in the near future.

The Effects of Strategy of enhanced Metacognition on the Improvement of Creative Problem Solving Skills (메타인지 강화 전략이 창의적 문제 해결력 신장에 미치는 효과)

  • Song, Ju-yeon;Park, Ji-eun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.7
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of the study was to develop a teaching strategy using metacognition and to investigate its effects on enhancing students' creative problem solving skills (i.e. creative thinking skills and critical thinking skills), metacognitive skills. With reference to previous studies, the researcher developed self-questionnaire to enhance metacognition. To achieve this aim, a learning strategy enhancing metacognition was developed and applied to design a creative problem solving instruction program. The strategy was implemented to university students over 9 weeks. The same test was used in two groups. To analyze the data statistically, ANCOVA was used. Results indicated that the experimental group presented statistically meaningful improvement in creative thinking skills, especially identifying a problem, making hypothesis, and controlling of variables(p<.05). Also, the strategy contributed to improve critical thinking skills, especially in inquiry process of recognizing problems, making hypothesis(p<.05). In addition, this strategy also helped students' metacognitive skills(p<.05). It was effective to improve thinking skills. It will contribute to improve convergence thinking skills.

Study on Social Studies Critical Thinking and Problem-Solving Ability Improvement through Utilizing Digital Textbooks (디지털교과서 활용을 통한 사회과 비판적사고력 및 문제해결력 신장에 관한 연구)

  • Yu, Jeil;Kim, Jeongrang
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.197-206
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    • 2015
  • The dissemination of smart appliances, along with the development of the latest information and communication technology has an effect on society. Their application can be seen in the smart learning environment, by use of digital textbooks with smart devices in the classroom. Hence in this study, the 4L-ACC activity using digital textbooks was applied in the third grade social studies class to improve critical thinking and problem solving skills of elementary school students. This study compared and analyzed the impact in critical thinking and problem-solving skills using digital textbooks versus standard social studies classes. As a result, in social studies classes that used the 4L-ACC activity compared to common social studies classes, elementary student's problem understanding, critical thinking, problem resolution, reflective thinking, and all lower areas of critical thinking and problem-solving were improved. In conclusion, using digital textbooks enhance student's ability to think critically and problem solve. This should provide learners a more comprehensive learning experience and therefore be integrated into more education environment.

The Effect of Inquiry Instruction Strategy Enhancing the Activity of Making Variables to Improve on Students' Creative Problem Solving Skills (변인 탐색 활동을 강화한 탐구 수업 전략이 창의적 문제 해결력 신장에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Jieun;Kang, Soonhee
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.58 no.5
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    • pp.478-489
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    • 2014
  • The purposes of this study were to develop teaching strategy enhancing the activity to explore variables and to examine the instructional influences on students' creative thinking skills and critical thinking skills. In this study, a model using listing-excluding-controlling variables (DPAS model) was designed and applied to the existing 'Teaching model for the enhancement of the creative problem solving skills'. And it was implemented to preservice science teachers for the one semester. Results indicated that the experimental group presented statistically meaningful improvement in creative thinking skills, especially in recognizing problems, making hypothesis, controlling of variables and interpreting & transforming of data (p<.05). In addition, the strategy contributed to improve critical thinking skills, especially in making hypothesis and making conclusion & generalization (p<.05).

The Development of Teaching Strategy for the Enhancement of the Creative Problem Solving Thinking Skills through General Chemistry Laboratory and the Effects of It's Applications(I) (창의적 문제 해결력 지향 일반화학실험 교수 전략 개발 및 적용 효과(제I보))

  • Bang, Dam-I;Park, Ji-Eun;Song, Ju-Yeon;Kang, Soon-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.55 no.2
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    • pp.290-303
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to introduce the practical model on the enhancement of the divergent and convergent thinking skills through inquiry instruction in science class. In this study, the creative thinking skill has been defined by divergent thinking skill as the narrow sense. In the science field, the problem solving thinking skill is just same as the inquiry thinking skill. Also, the problem solving thinking skill has been defined by convergent thinking skill as the critical thinking skill. This new instruction had been used for the college student in the class of general chemistry laboratory for the one semester. The first results had been founded that the students' divergent thinking skill had been increased significantly. Especially, the skills of recognition of problems, the skills of making hypothesis, and the skills of transformation and interpretation of data had been increased significantly. The second results had been founded that the students' convergent thinking skill had been increased significantly. Especially, the skills of making hypothesis, the skills of transformation and interpretation of data, and the skills of making conclusion and generalization had been increased significantly. The third results had been founded that the students' the creative and problem solving thinking skill had been increased significantly. Especially, the rest of all skills exception the skill of control variables had been increased significantly.

The Development of Inquiry Teaching Strategy for the Enhancement of Divergent and Convergent Thinking Skills and the Effects of Its Applications (발산하기와 수렴하기를 강화한 탐구 교수 전략의 개발 및 적용 효과)

  • Hong, Hyein;Kang, Soonhee
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.59 no.1
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    • pp.54-68
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to develop teaching materials using pyramid model of divergent thinking, inverse pyramid model of convergent thinking and evaluate the effects of its applications. The teaching materials was implemented to 110 students (The experimental group is 57, The control group is 53) in middle school for about 8 months (from May to October). Results indicated that the experimental group presented statistically meaningful improvement in creative thinking skills, especially in fluency, flexibility and originality. There was no interaction effect about creative thinking skills between the teaching strategy and cognitive level, achievement, gender of those students. Also the teaching materials contributed to improve critical thinking skills, especially in making hypothesis, control of variables transformation and interpretation of data. There was no interaction effect about critical thinking skills between the teaching strategy and cognitive level, achievement, gender of those students.

The Development of a Role Play Instruction Model to Increase Higher- order Thinking Ability in Geographical Education (고급사고력 신장을 위한 역할놀이 교수-학습 모형 개발에 관한 현장 연구)

  • Park Seon-heui
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.109-125
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study is to develop a role play instruction model to increase higher-order thinking abilities in geographical education. This study reviewed the references which included the contents of higher-order thinking abilities, and discussed the educational significance and application of role play instruction model. The developed role play instruction model was applied to four classes in high school in Korea. After applying the model, this study asked some question about the model to the students which engaged in this model. Higher-order thinking essentially means thinking that takes place in the higher-levels of the hierarchy of cognitive processing. Higher-order thinking abilities contain critical thinking abilities, creative thinking abilities, problem solving and decision making abilities, meta-cognition abilities. The role play instruction model is an effective method which can increase higher- order thinking abilities. The questioning to students which engaged in the class of applying to role play instruction model provides feedback about development instruction models to increase higher-order thinking abilities.

Development of Teaching Strategy Using Inter-Disciplinary Analogy to Enhance Students' Creative Problem Solving Skills and Examination of Its Effectiveness (II) (학문 통합적 비유를 활용한 창의적 문제 해결력 지향 대학교 화학 실험 수업 전략의 개발 및 효과 (제II보))

  • Bang, Dam-I;Kang, Soon-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.55 no.5
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    • pp.857-874
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    • 2011
  • The purposes of this study were to develop teaching strategy enhancing creative problem solving skills and to examine the instructional influences on studints' creative thinking skills, critical thinking skills, creative personality and academic self-regulation. In this study, a model using inter-disciplinary analogies(PDCA model) was designed and applied to the existing 'Teaching model for the enhancement of the creative problem solving skills'. And it was implemented to preservice science teachers for the one semester. Results indicated that the experimental group presented statistically meaningful improvement in creative thinking skills, especially in the originality of identifying a problem, making hypothesis, and controlling variables (p<.05). In addition, the strategy contributed to improving critical thinking skills, especially in inquiry process of recognizing problems, making hypothesis, interpreting and transforming of data (p<.05). This strategy also helped students' academic self-regulation (p<.05). But there was no significant improvement in creative personality(p<.05).

Development of a Wiki debate learning model for improving of the critical thinking ability (비판적 사고력 신장을 위한 위키 기반 토론학습모델의 제발)

  • Keum, Hye-Yun;Moon, Gyo-Sik
    • 한국정보교육학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.217-222
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    • 2008
  • CMC(Computer-Mediated Communication) 기술을 활용한 웹 기반의 토론/토의 학습이 최근 학교 현장에서 많은 주목을 받고 있다. 그 중 위키(Wiki)는 공동 주제에 대한 참여자들의 창의적 발상과 비판적 사고력을 신장할 수 있는 새로운 형태의 비동기식 토의 방식으로 기존의 게시판 형태와 비교할 때 많은 장점을 발견 할 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 초등학교 고학년 학생을 대상으로 토론 학습을 하기 위한 위키 시스템 기반의 토론학습 모델을 개발하고, 비판적 사고력의 신장에 미치는 영향을 조사한다.

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