• Title, Summary, Keyword: 비평적 교수

Search Result 15, Processing Time 0.035 seconds

Analysis of Preservice Elementary Teachers' Critiques of Peers' Inquiry-Based Instruction (예비 초등교사들의 동료 탐구 수업 비평 분석)

  • Lee, Shinyoung
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
    • /
    • v.39 no.3
    • /
    • pp.389-403
    • /
    • 2019
  • This study aims to analyze criteria and characteristics for preservice elementary teachers' critiques of their peers' inquiry-based instruction. This study reviews critiques written by 31 preservice elementary teachers enrolled in an elementary school science inquiry methods course wherein the teachers designed and implemented inquiry-based instruction. These preservice teachers participated in inquiry-based instruction as if they were elementary students and then evaluated their peers' instruction. Analysis of the critiques reveals that preservice teachers evaluated their peers' instruction on the following criteria: instruction context, science content, teaching strategies, students, instructional goals, non-verbal attitude, and assessment. Their beliefs about teaching science inquiry were reflected in the critiques. Additionally, it was found that four orientation for teaching inquiry-didactic, academic rigor, activity-driven, inquiry orientation-reflected in critiques; some of critiques held more than one of these orientations. And they did not merely criticize but suggested alternatives to general teaching strategies; furthermore, of inquiry-instruction specific teaching strategies. They showed higher epistemic understanding of inquiry-based instruction after mid-term demonstrations. The evidence demonstrated that the proportion of critiques specifically about inquiry-based instruction increased after the mid-term demonstrations. Moreover, the post mid-term critiques emphasized interaction between students as well as understanding of the nature of science. These findings could provide implication for teaching inquiry and criticizing others' instruction as part of elementary school science courses in preservice elementary teacher education.

A Practice of Mathematics Lesson-Critique (수학 수업 비평의 실제)

  • Na, Gwisoo
    • School Mathematics
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.369-387
    • /
    • 2013
  • This research intends to give a practice of mathematics lesson-critique and some perspectives on a mathematics lesson in the elementary school level. We carried out a mathematics lesson-critique on a lesson chosen as a good lesson by a local educational district in Korea. The main themes of mathematics lesson-critique were the reconstruction of lesson models, the pursuit of relational understanding, the activation of mathematical communication, and the didactical transformation by a in-service teacher. Meanwhile we confirmed that we need to discuss the properness and adequateness of contents about division of natural numbers given in the elementary mathematics textbook and teachers' guide according to the revised 2007 mathematics curriculum.

  • PDF

A study on the effective cultural instruction based on the critical approach through film (영화를 이용한 비평적 문화교육 연구)

  • Yang, Miran;Bang, Youngjoo
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
    • /
    • v.17 no.4
    • /
    • pp.313-337
    • /
    • 2011
  • The purpose of the study is to investigate the effectiveness of the cultural instruction based on the critical pedagogy through film. The participants were 21 college students enrolling 'Understanding American/British culture'class and the class was 15 week long. During class, they discussed and selected the cultural topics related to the movies, complete the research papers, and then gave presentations. The students' portfolio, which consists of the goal statements, research papers, and the reflective journals, was analyzed to investigate the effectiveness of the instruction. The results showed that the instruction was effective in five aspects. They are, 1)accumulation of the cultural knowledge, 2)better understanding of the target culture and its people, 3)acquisition of the critical perspectives toward the target and their own cultures, 4)teaching method, and 5)increase of the motivation for studying other cultures. The study suggested that the instruction should be applied to English-medium class with more advanced students.

  • PDF

A Theoretical Approach for criticizing the Model House of Apartment (아파트 모델하우스 비평을 위한 이론적 접근)

  • 전경화;김정근;홍형옥
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
    • /
    • no.19
    • /
    • pp.121-127
    • /
    • 1999
  • The objective of this study was to criticize the model house of apartment and suggest a evaluation model which could be used as an effective tool. The evaluation model had been developed based on the theoretical framework suggested by previous results of research related on housing design, which comprised the following four components : 1) the paradigm of future home and life-style, 2) marketing effects of housing developer, 3) goals and principles of housing design and 4) results of user-preferences study, an evaluation model was suggested as a preliminary form which would be modified in detail after series of tests in the field. The evaluation model will be used to provide standardized criteria for the quality of model houses, and eventually help to improve the quality of apartment housing design by balanced information from theorist, user and developer.

  • PDF

Classic novel class criticism: teacher as a storyteller (고전소설 수업 비평 : "이야기꾼"으로서의 교사에 대한 주목)

  • Park, Su-jin
    • Journal of Korean Classical Literature and Education
    • /
    • no.33
    • /
    • pp.45-82
    • /
    • 2016
  • Class, the fundamental unit of school education and the meeting place of teacher and students, plays an important role in study of the subject matter of education. Class criticism is material to the theory or method that helps researchers deeply understand and analyze class phenomena or teachers' actions during a class. In this study, I make a critique on the features of a classic novel class as attempt to expand on new prospects in the field of research on classical literature education. The classic novel class in this class criticism is typical one, which reads the work analytically. Nevertheless, the teacher turns the students' vague repulsion into empathy and helps them appreciate and internalize the work. Students' empathy and response are reflected in the interpreting-centered class because the teacher's insights about the work and experience, knowledge, and method of literature education are projected during the class. Especially, a situation in which the teacher spends a relatively long time narrating the background of the work clearly shows the value and meaning disseminated in a classic novel class. Based on the aforementioned, attempts to collect a variety of cases of a classic novel class and to understand the meaning of these cases have to be part of future research. The research on the attributes of a class such as criticism of classic novels enables us to renew introspection to discover classical literature education.

A Critical Approach to an Elementary Science Lesson Using a Digital Science Textbook (디지털 교과서를 활용한 초등 과학 수업에 대한 비평적 접근)

  • Lim, Heejun;Oh, Phil Seok
    • Journal of Science Education
    • /
    • v.38 no.2
    • /
    • pp.270-285
    • /
    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to explore what a science lesson using a digital textbook looked like and what kinds of implications could be drawn from the lesson. The study qualitatively described a 4th grade science lesson in the unit of Earth and Moon, analyzed the structure of the lesson, and critically interpreted the meaning of it. It was revealed that the introduction of a digital science textbook did not bring about changes in the already patternized structure of elementary science instruction as well as in the manner of classroom interaction. The result was followed by discussion concerning the ways the use of a digital textbook could change elementary science instruction and enable new types of classroom interaction. It was suggested that negotiations should be reached about the nature of digital science textbooks and their developments and that the teacher's own pedagogical roles in the science classroom should be improved.

  • PDF

비평 - 능인선원 종합사회복지관

  • Min, Seon-Ju
    • Korean Architects
    • /
    • no.3
    • /
    • pp.53-63
    • /
    • 1997
  • "제가 하고 싶은 비평은 우리 건축물의 좋은 점이 무엇이고 그것이 왜 좋은지를 먼저 찾아보는 것입니다. 저는 아직 연구가 부족해서인지 지금까지 우리의 건축이 (진심으로) 어떤 점에서 잘됐다는 얘기를 들어본 적이 별로 없습니다. 그런데 제가 아는 원로 건축가들은 어려운 중에 무척 열심히 살아오신 분들로 알고 있습니다. 아무리 여건이 나쁘다 하여도 그들의 작품 안에 좋은 점이 하나도 없으리라고는 생각지 않습니다. 그런데 아무도 그 좋은 점을 찾아내려하지 않으면, 그 건물이 사라지고(좋은 건물이 아니라고 생각하니까 언젠가는 헐리겠죠.) 도면도 기억도 사라진 후 우리는 계속 우리를 한심하게 생각하고 있을 것입니다. 우리가 우리의 좋은 점을 찾지 않는데 누가 우리의 좋은 점을 찾아주겠습니까? 한국 건축의 자부심(개혁?)은 건축가에 의해서가 아니라 건축 비평가에 의해서 먼저 이루어져야 합니다. 잘 팔리는 신파극 뒤에는 잘나가는 변사가 있듯이 말입니다. 물론 배우도 잘 나가야하지만. 그리고 저는 제가 모르는(건축가나 사용자나 같이 모르는) 서양철학에 비추어 이 건물을 이해하지 않겠습니다. 또 건축가가 건축역사의 어느 부분에 속할 것을 목표하여 설계하지 않은 이상, 건축사에 비추어 특히 세계건축사에 비추어 이 건물을 보지 않겠습니다. 저는 이 건물을 설계하는 이의 입장에서 또 사용하는 이의 입장에서 이해하려 노력하겠습니다.

  • PDF

A Study on the Application of Perry's Epistemological Development Scheme in Mathematics Education (Perry의 인식론적 신념 발달도식의 수학교육 적용 방안 연구)

  • Yi, Gyuhee;Lee, Jihyun;Choi, Younggi
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
    • /
    • v.26 no.4
    • /
    • pp.683-700
    • /
    • 2016
  • The traditional teaching-learning in mathematics, which pursue only one correct answer, should be reexamined to cope with an age of uncertainty. In this research, Perry's epistemological development scheme was noticed as a theoretical approach to diagnose problems of dualistic mathematics lessons and to search solutions of the problems. And Design-Based Research method was adopted, We developed the epistemological development scheme through considering Perry's theory and related studies, scaffoldings and teaching-learning to enhance students' epistemological positions in mathematics. Based on these discussions we designed teaching experiment about operations with negative numbers, and analyzed its didactic implications.

초등 수학 ICT활용 교수 ${\cdot}$ 학습 과정안 연구 및 개발에 관한 소고

  • Bang, Jeong-Suk;Kim, Min-Gyeong;O, Yeong-Wol
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.61-72
    • /
    • 2004
  • 본 연구는 예비 초등학교 교사들이 수학과에서의 ICT활용 교육을 이해하고 수업설계 부분을 강화한 ICT활용 교수 ${\cdot}$ 학습 과정안을 개발하는 능력을 키우기 위한 목적을 지닌다. 구체적으로, 예비 초등학교 교사들의 필수과목인 초등수학교육방법에 관한 강좌에서 수학과 수업 모형을 공부하고 ICT의 적극적인 활용 사례를 분석하며 기존의 과정안에 관한 비평 능력을 바탕으로 한 학기 프로젝트로써 초등수학 5학년과 6학년의 과정안을 개발한 사례를 논의한다. 교육과정 운영 및 과정안 개발 측면, 예비교사들의 ICT활용 교육에 관한 인식 등의 측면에서 연구${\cdot}$개발의 결과를 서술하고 본 연구로부터 얻을 수 있는 시사점에 대해서 논의한다.

  • PDF

A Study on Mathematics Instructional Design and Development of Information and Communication Technology for Prospective Elementary School Teachers (교원양성프로그램에서 ICT활용 교수·학습과정안 개발 연구 -초등수학교과를 중심으로-)

  • Pang, JeongSuk;Kim, Min Kyeong
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
    • /
    • v.8 no.5
    • /
    • pp.1-15
    • /
    • 2005
  • The purpose of the study was to integrate Information and Communication Technology(ICT) into elementary mathematics instruction and to help prospective elementary school teachers understand such integration through developing lesson plans and implementing them in classrooms. Specifically, pre-service elementary school teachers in two universities participated in the study for a semester. While taking the course of elementary mathematics teaching methods, the teachers analyzed pre-developed lesson plans, developed lesson plans using ICT in mathematics for grades 5 and 6, and implemented them. This paper includes how the teachers conceive integration of ICT to mathematics teaching and what are the implications of such integration.

  • PDF